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Questions tagged [abbreviations]

For questions about the shortened forms of words or phrases.

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Can you abbreviate an attributive phrase and then use the abbreviation as a noun and vice versa?

Over the period, there was an increase in the total length of UK calls using national and international line (NAIL) calls. Here, the abbreviation is used as an attributive phrase. Then, I used it as ...
An IELTS Learner's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
23 views

When writing data reports, if the name of a category is too long, how should I abbreviate it?

Over the period, there was a progressive increase in the total length of UK calls using national and international lines (NaIL) and mobile phones, while a curve was seen in the figures for local fixed-...
An IELTS Learner's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
47 views

Understanding the Difference Between 'e.g.' and 'For Example' in English Usage [closed]

I often encounter the abbreviations "e.g." and the phrase "for example" in English texts and am curious about the specific differences in their usage. Are they completely ...
Iman Mohammadi's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
16k views

Should a full stop punctuation be used in Abbreviations?

I've noticed a full stop (period) after "UTC" on the Enthusiast badge page. In my understanding, the presence or absence of the period after the abbreviation doesn't seem to affect the ...
Arulkumar's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
99 views

What does "n.x" stand for in books?

I know in books, "p. 12" means page 12, but what is meant by "n. 9"?
Franz_'s user avatar
  • 27
1 vote
1 answer
437 views

How to read A.D. and B.C.?

I know they refer to Before Christ and Anno Domini, but I'm not sure if I should read Before Christ or just "B, C"(the pronunciation of letters).
oln's user avatar
  • 13
7 votes
2 answers
2k views

English abbreviation : they're or they're not

Are they here yet? a. No, they're not. b. Yes, they're. I was told the answer is a. Why is it not b?
Muuu Mu's user avatar
  • 137
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0 answers
46 views

Is 'improvs' a normal abbreviation of 'improvisation'?

The 'improvisation' was apparently abbreviated as 'improvs' in this scenario: For example, when we are brainstorming or when we are conducting some sort of idea generation at work, or even when we ...
Lerner Zhang's user avatar
  • 3,539
2 votes
2 answers
536 views

Can I say, "Any help needed?" to offer my help?

I saw a lady on street who seemed lost. She was searching for somewhere by Google Map. I wanted to help her. At that time, could I just say, "Any help needed?", which is grammatically not ...
user479727's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
96 views

The abbreviation of "debit" is "dr."

How come "dr." means "debit"? Where does "r" come from? Thank you!
Maurice's user avatar
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2 answers
33 views

an sp³ carbon or a sp³ carbon?

It is a chemical term used to denote the hybridization of an atom. It is an initialism of "s orbital and p orbital" to get "sp". "sp" starts with a consonant letter so ...
Aditya Kumar Panda's user avatar
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1 answer
399 views

Capital and Lowercase Acronyms

Why is the acronym for sport utility vehicle (SUV) capitalized but for miles per gallon (mpg) it is lowercased?
TechWriterTen's user avatar
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1 answer
164 views

What is "7k run"? [closed]

What is "7k run"? I didn't find any sense in a respective dictionary entry that would match the context This is the text, My work day: 4am start, 7k run and cold showers
Sergey Zolotarev's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
56 views

The Big D, little a double l-a

What is the meaning of "little a double l-a"? The phrase comes from "Big D" lyrics. I know Big D refers to Dallas. I am sorry if I have asked a question that has an obvious answer. ...
Maurice's user avatar
  • 1,449
2 votes
1 answer
102 views

Should there be a period in "¾-in(.) wrench"?

Use a ¾-in wrench to tighten the nut The above example is from 'Writing in the Technical field' by Thorsten Ewald this above sentence, why didn't we use a period after the inch symbol?
anonymous's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
605 views

Why didn't we pluralize the abbreviated form in the sentence below in spite of the non-abbreviated form being pluralized?

Of the nine traction power sub-stations (TPSS), five shall be equipped with four DC feeders and four shall be equipped with six DC feeders. the above sentence is an example in the book ' Writing in ...
anonymous's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

What does P.P.A. mean?

I'm reading a book called Introduction to Algorithms, Fourth Edition, and I'd like to know what does the abbreviation "P.P.A." mean in the paragraph below?: Julie Sussman, P.P.A., came to ...
Jorge Luiz's user avatar
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1 answer
20 views

Punctuation Structure

And don't let anyone play tricks with you. I - er - gather that discipline was not always your strong point at Melbury? This text is from Good Bye Mr. Chips (Novel, first chapter). Can anyone explain ...
Abid's user avatar
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1 answer
110 views

a.s. abbreviation

This is one of the etymologies of 'whale' in Moby Dick: Whale It is more immediately from the Dut. and Ger. Wallen; a.s. Walw-ian, to roll, to wallow. What does the abbreviation 'a.s.' stand for ...
Eric's user avatar
  • 453
4 votes
2 answers
3k views

Long form of "typo" [closed]

The definition of typo, according to Cambridge Dictionary: a small mistake in a text made when it was typed or printed Can anyone tell me the long form of typo?
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0 answers
20 views

Verb: abbreviation stand for/ are used for

I am working on my reseach project and in a tabelle I used abbreviation. After the tabelle i want to explain them. How to explain it? in tabelle , the following abbreviation stand for: A is ..., B is ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
770 views

What is the abbreviation for "column"?

While references usually refer to page numbers, e.g. Smith, J. On a a certain subject. In: Obscure Journal 2022, pp. 75-81. it is sometimes (e.g., in some lexicons) necessary to refer to text ...
Hagen von Eitzen's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
464 views

Is there a simple abbreviation for "petrol" or "gasoline"?

I'm making a list of vehicles, and I'd like to add the type of fuel used in engines of said vehicles right after the engine size, which is rather easy when the fuel is diesel, because that's ...
MotoGeeBee's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
138 views

Meaning of ID in "ID CARD"

What exactly does "ID" stand for? Is it an abbreviation of "identity document", or is it just the first two letters of the word "identity"? If it is an abbreviation of &...
Al-cameleer's user avatar
27 votes
4 answers
7k views

If a sentence ends with an abbreviation (e.g. "[...] he lived in the U.S."), does that mean "U.S" is a correct abbreviation?

I came across the sentence "He visited Chicago many times when he lived in the U.S.", and seemingly the last period is for the ending of the sentence. So is "U.S" a correct ...
Taro's user avatar
  • 567
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0 answers
111 views

Comma after “viz.” in “viz.(,) that”?

Concerning the usage of “viz.” in American English, in ODO we find examples with and without the comma after “viz.” when a “that”-introduced clause follows: This leads many people towards the second, ...
user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
84 views

Comma in “i.e. that”

Consider the sentence: We claim that these sets are disjoint, i.e., 𝑋ᵢ ∩ 𝑋ⱼ = ∅ for different 𝑖,𝑗 ⩾ 0. A proofreader (from whom I can no longer get an answer) changed it: We claim that these ...
user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
58 views

TA (Abbreviation, AmE) [closed]

Context: in a book, two college girls are talking about their lives in a quite colloquial, friendly tone. One of them says: "I made out with my girl TA last week". Does anyone know what &...
Repelús's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
44 views

How do you indicate plural with abbreviations in lowercase?

If I want to make a lowercase abbreviation plural, how do I do it? I've found loads and loads of information about how to pluralise acronyms, written in uppercase, but nothing about lowercase ...
Helen's user avatar
  • 1,796
-1 votes
1 answer
51 views

What does "CCs" stand for?

Chadd E. Hunt tweeted: And this my friend is why you do not ride bicycles, mopeds or anything under 400 CCs on a road that has commercial traffic. You will literally get swept up and dropped by the ...
NewPlanet's user avatar
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61 views

What does "DPs" mean?

After collaborating in writing a paper with a person, he submitted the paper to a journal, in his email to us, he wrote: It has been a nice collaboration, thanks for the excellent work! Should we ...
Phil Nguyen's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
33 views

How to make these titles more concise?

I have two lists. The first one is a list of some task with the title of "the tasks that I have performed in this project" and the second one is a list of some skills with the title of "...
alireza's user avatar
  • 1,060
0 votes
1 answer
343 views

What is the meaning of "PO"? [closed]

I encountered a sentence, "My parents were so POed when I got into this." when I was watching an anime show. What does PO stand for? I guess its meaning is something like angry but have no ...
kuwabara's user avatar
  • 1,488
-3 votes
1 answer
408 views

What does "pc’d" mean? [closed]

I read on https://redd.it/q75w0s: Travel rewards can only get a 1.5 c/pt (plus any preferred rewards increases) redemption rate when redeeming for travel or dining statement credits (a feature like ...
Franck Dernoncourt's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
119 views

What is PSA short for?

I saw an article with the following passage. This is a PSA for all the ‘nice guys’ out there — please kindly f--k off. While I understand by the context that it's some kind of warning or heads-up, I ...
Konrad Viltersten's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
252 views

Can you use "PM" for "pro memoria"?

As the heading suggests, I'm wondering whether the abbreviation "PM" can be used for "pro memoria". I've looked it up in a number of dictionaries, but none of them list 'pro ...
Helen's user avatar
  • 1,796
0 votes
1 answer
38 views

Abbreviating the thing one'll surely do

When someone says as an example: Ask me any questions you had. I want to respond like this: Will sure do. Or Sure will. I've seen these two structures but it feels more correct to use an adverb ...
JOUA's user avatar
  • 323
1 vote
1 answer
674 views

Why is the abbreviation pp used to mean pages?

I read on https://english.stackexchange.com/a/117978/17712 pp stands for pages Why is the abbreviation pp used to mean pages? I tried to search for the answer, but couldn't find the answer yet. I ...
Franck Dernoncourt's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
461 views

'Phone' or 'mobile'? - British English

What is the correct/standard and idiomatic British English short form of 'mobile phone' - phone, or mobile?
Al-cameleer's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
8k views

Is there a short form for “somewhere”?

I had look through the dictionary and found there are short form for “somebody” and “something”, which are “SB” and “sth”. However I couldn’t find a short form for “somewhere”. Is there a short form ...
Sophia Lau's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
340 views

What does the abbreviation CMT stand for?

I'm watching a show about prisoners called Jailbirds. They're taking their commissaries and then the male guard said: "You wanna save your CMTs too." I'm not sure what CMT stands for here.
Dennis Nguyen's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
77 views

If it’s SF it’s bad SF

What does "SF" stand for? Given both Kafka's Metamorphosis Animal Farm being a novella, SF is possibly a novella too. Searching returns back San Francisco, I am not sure it is correct in ...
NewPlanet's user avatar
  • 3,663
0 votes
1 answer
93 views

what does this abbreviation mean?

What does this mean: a force 10 disaster area it is taken from Mr. Bean Facebook page ? In particular what means the number "10" there ?
user2925716's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
42 views

How do we capitalize a hyphenated adjective which starts with an abbrevation in the beginning of a sentence?

I am really confused right now and I can't seem to find a straight answer to this question. I was writing an essay and I am stumped on the correct capitalization when it came to starting a sentence ...
ghostwriter1996's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
282 views

Inquiry about first, middle and last names

I have a question regarding my name and how to write it in the United States application forms since I'm planning to undergo some exams there. I'm an Arabic National My first name is Omar My father ...
Omar's user avatar
  • 21
-2 votes
1 answer
74 views

Is 'UR' an abbreviation or a name?

Is the word 'UR' here a name or an abbreviation? Thanks in advance.
Chea's user avatar
  • 1
2 votes
1 answer
124 views

Word for changing abbreviation into text

On the Internet, I found the phrase Function changes a short abbreviation into a text block For instance, an abbreviation of "US" changes to "United States". I feel there should ...
HoRn's user avatar
  • 153
6 votes
3 answers
1k views

How do you pronounce FAQs?

I've found online translators like Microsoft Bing Translator could be used in place of typing. Just read your text to the translator in Standard English and it would type it out for you. I read the ...
NewPlanet's user avatar
  • 3,663
0 votes
1 answer
178 views

What do you call the number assigned to official documents at the university?

I wonder what you call the number that's assigned to an official document when it's archived – more precisely I'm wondering about official documents at the university, like strategic plans, ...
Hannah's user avatar
  • 506
0 votes
2 answers
755 views

What do the letters "ft." often seen on songs authors names - stand for?

What do the letters "ft." very often seen on songs authors names - stand for? Don't Look Back In Anger - Vintage New Orleans Oasis Cover ft. Maiya Sykes (YouTube)
Virtuous Legend's user avatar