Questions tagged [adjectives]

An adjective is a word that describes a noun. In English the adjective usually (but not always) precedes the noun it describes.

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10
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1answer
3k views

When to use an object pronoun or a possessive adjective before a gerund

The rule says that we can use a possessive adjective or an object pronoun before a gerund. Is there a rule that says when to use each or are they interchangeable? Some say that it's wrong to use an ...
12
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2answers
799 views

Is this -ing form a gerund or a participle?

Education is enlightening. In this example, is enlightening a gerund or a participle? From my point of view (which can be wrong), enlightening is a gerund. Can anyone please explain?
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7answers
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“waterway … flowed sombre” - Should Joseph Conrad have used an adverb, not an adjective?

SPOILER ALERT: This question asks about the last line of Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad. If you are reading the novel, you may want to skip this question. Should an adverb (i.e. sombrely) have ...
43
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10answers
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“I hate red color” or “I hate red”: why exactly is the first option ungrammatical

If a person wants to say that the most hated color for him is red (in general, no specific hues implied), could he say: I hate red color. I've found very little results for this sentence at ...
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2answers
2k views

When articles are placed after adjectives?

I couldn't afford that big a car. It was so warm a day that I could hardly work. The sentences stated above have been taken from Practical English Usage by Michael Swan. If I write- I couldn't ...
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6answers
32k views

“I am surprised”: passive voice or adjective?

The sentence is: "I am surprised." I wonder why it cannot be considered as the passive form of "Someone surprises me." If it is true that it is in passive form, then why do people say that surprised ...
12
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3answers
12k views

Does an uncountable noun take an article if it has an adjective before it?

We all know that uncountable noun does not take an article. But then, if there's an adjective modifying an uncountable noun what should happen? An article before adjective + uncountable noun? OR ...
7
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1answer
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Confusion about 'less' and 'fewer' in sentences with countable/uncountable nouns

There were no less (or no fewer) than fifty persons in the dining hall. In 25 words or fewer/less, please summarize what took place. fewer / less calories? The hamburgers should contain no less/fewer ...
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3answers
2k views

What is the difference between an adjective before the noun and after the noun?

For a long time I'm having trouble understanding the difference between two kind of expressions like those below in terms of meaning, not grammar: Excited people are looking forward to seeing ...
2
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1answer
1k views

a / an - adjective - noun

The article a becomes to an when the following noun starts with a vowel. Not a adventure but an adventure. But how is it, when there's an adjective before the noun? Not a thrilling adventure or ...
9
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3answers
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Is “release date” grammatically correct?

Why I always heard something like "Iphone release date and price unveiled". Shouldn't it be "be released" by someone? (Iphone can't release anything itself as a lifeless object) I look up some the ...
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5answers
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“nearby” (close by) as an adjective, a preposition, or an adverb

Would you show me if there could be any potential difference semantically between the two? Please, would you possibly take into account the bounds of possibility that the word "nearby" in ...
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3answers
85k views

“I am hurting” in the meaning of “I am hurt”? Why?

Once in a while I hear someone use the phrase I am hurting. It appears to mean I am hurt, not I am hurting you. For example, consider the text on this drawing: When and why is it correct to say I'm ...
8
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1answer
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Using the adjectives 'very' and 'own' for our (own!) body organs

The adjectives 'very' and 'own' mean precisely as stated or being exactly the same and not any other. I understand a subtle difference between my bike and my own bike in below mentioned instance - ...
6
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1answer
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Adjectives order: opinion or size?

Grammatically speaking, opinion goes before size, i.e. opinion, size, age, shape, color, origin, material, purpose. However, I saw this example in Practical English Usage, third edition, page 12: ...
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3answers
6k views

Adjective or verb?

Participles can be used both as verbs and adjectives. But I get confused sometimes and struggle to understand the role the participles play in a given sentence, like this one: The man, who was ...
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2answers
2k views

When do “well” and “good” mean the same?

I know good normally is an adjective ("[object] is good"), and well is normally an adverb ("[activity] is performed well"). But quite a few times I've seen good used in place of well. For example, you ...
11
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4answers
739 views

The grammar of 'Ready to take' versus 'Easy to take'

Why is this ungrammatical?: * The medicine is easy to be taken. when we can say: The medicine is ready to be taken. What is the difference between "ready" and "easy" that makes the ...
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2answers
5k views

There is a little water in the pot. There is some water in the pot

There is a little water in the pot. There is some water in the pot. What is the difference between them? How can I distinguish these sentences? I am a bit confused.
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4answers
2k views

Is this sentence grammatically correct? “You are so offended”

Is this sentence grammatically correct? You are so offended. (Since offended is adjective in past tense)
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2answers
882 views

One adjective for two or more nouns

Could we use one adjective for two nouns? Is the following sentence correct? It has low speed and voltage.
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8answers
121k views

The difference between “Older” and “Elder”

What is the difference between "Older" and "Elder" ? And are they interchangeable ?
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3answers
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'Golden spoon' or 'Gold spoon' -if the spoon is made of gold?

Adjective or noun? A golden spoon or A gold spoon What to use? A spoon is made of gold. Dictionary says: golden (adjective) -made of gold But then... (the same page) golden (adjective) - ...
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5answers
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What is the difference between “general” and “generic”?

I am finding an example to clearly differentiate and demonstrate the use of these two words. At the moment, I am relying more on my feelings to decide which word to use. Say I am writing an article ...
8
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2answers
5k views

what (color hair vs. hair color) do you have?

My hair color is black, and the question should be what is your hair color? or what hair color do you have?. However, it turns out surprisingly to me that the question with do is: what color hair do ...
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3answers
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Noun used as an adjective in “passenger seat”?

A friend of mine (a native speaker of Japanese) wrote "passenger's seat", which a native speaker of English corrected to "passenger seat". Onelook.com has entries for the latter but not the former, ...
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5answers
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How can I figure out whether a word is an adverb or an adjective?

How can we confirm the word modifying an adjective is an adverb which may well be adjective sometimes? In this sentence, what are the parts of speech of 'bright' and 'red'? She wore a bright red ...
7
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1answer
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Close Vs Closed and Open Vs. Opened

Which board is proper to describe the state of any shop/restaurant? For instance, A restaurant with the board Close OR Closed? A restaurant with the board Open OR Opened? Well, if I think '...
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0answers
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“Respected” vs. “Respectable” [duplicate]

I want to know the difference between respected and respectable. In which circumstances, can I conclude that a certain person/peaple/object is respected or respectable? For example, what's the ...
4
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2answers
619 views

“energy saving” vs. “energy savings”

Assume that A and B are two systems. For example A consumes 3unit and B consumes 4unit of the energy. Now we know to A saves 0.25% in energy consumption than B.I want to draw a diagram and want to ...
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1answer
5k views

What is the difference between “respective” and “corresponding”

Before you begin please connect your laptop's power adapter and an Ethernet cable to their respective outlets. I found this sentence on Northwestern University's website. Every time I find this ...
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5answers
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Can adjectives modify a pronoun like “rich they”, “poor you” and “beautiful I”?

I want to modify a pronoun with adjectives like "rich he", "poor they" and "beautiful I". Can I do that? For example, can I say "I saw rich him driving a supercar", "Poor you can't buy foods enough", ...
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3answers
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How can I identify a word that ends with “-ing” as being a noun, a verb, or an adjective?

How can I distinguish between words which have the -ing in a sentence that are nouns, verbs, or adjectives? For example sometimes -ing come with word to give us a noun, and sometimes a verb or an ...
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3answers
792 views

what could hot and spicy mean?

a hot spicy Mexican dish made with meat, beans and chillies I am wondering if the italic part could mean: a mixture of both a hot and spicy dish Therefore, the dish would be at the same time not only ...
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3answers
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Would you help me with adjectives, alive and live?

Although she forgot to water it for a week, the plant was still alive/live. Which one is right? My professor has just told me that you must use ALIVE. But I don't know why yet.
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2answers
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Etymology of “dog slow”

When I think of dogs I have an image of them being fast animals, running and jumping, chasing a ball or another dog. So, I am surprised that dog slow means very slow. What is the etymology of this ...
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3answers
1k views

If both gold and golden refer to “made of gold”, how do I choose?

I always thought that if something is made of gold, it is a gold thing, if it looks like gold but might not be, it is golden. But looking in the dictionary, I can see I was wrong. In the Cambridge ...
2
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1answer
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Adj + (of) a + noun construction

I'd like someone to explain me this contruction. How often and how is it used? For example: It is not that big (of) a deal. and He is not that good (of) a husband. Are these examples ...
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2answers
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Does healthy or strong go first when used together?

He is a strong healthy man. He is a healthy strong man. Which is the correct answer and why?
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3answers
3k views

“Six women were there” - is six a noun or an adjective?

Six women were there. Is the number "six" a noun or an adjective here? Or maybe "six women" is a compound noun?
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1answer
102 views

Which order of adjectives is correct?

She is a well-developed, tall, young woman. She is a tall, young, well-developed woman. In the sentences, which order of adjectives is correct? I'd like to know the rule for placing various ...
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2answers
166 views

Can adjectives make a noun definite?

If we use an adjective for a countable object so it makes it specific, then can we use "the" before it? For example to me "the green color" or "green", means "the color that is green among the known ...
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6answers
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“bigger” vs. “more big”

As we know, comparatives compare two things. So, for example, we say that one thing is larger or more temperate than another thing. Now, let us consider the following examples. A. The African ...
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1answer
385 views

“Black and white dogs”: ambiguity with coordinate adjectives

A black and a white dog means "two dogs". A black and white dog means "one dog". Then what about black and white dogs? Does this mean two things? "Dogs, each of black and white color" and "dogs of ...
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2answers
2k views

Grammatically correct? 'big fat funny cats' and 'fat silly cats'

As someone who didn't emphasize on learning grammar at all, I still sometimes find a case that calls for grammar rules. I was asked which one is correct: fat silly cats or silly fat cats? ...
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3answers
2k views

The Times is a highly (respected or respectable) journal?

What is the correct usage? The Times is a highly (respected or respectable) journal. And if we changed the sentence to this, would you change your choice? The Times is a highly (respected or ...
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3answers
85 views

Should there be a comma between a shape adjective and color adjective?

Example: A tall(,) green pole. This site says that cumulative adjectives don't need comma. In my example, "tall" describes shape, and "green" describes color. So they are ...
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2answers
227 views

Are the highlighted past participles acting as adjectives or passive voice in these examples?

The park was covered with snow. Mr. Smith is known to everyone in this town. The legislator participates in the delegation and is involved in sweeping reforms. English is spoken in the ...
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4answers
371 views

Are these Dummy subjects?

Are these Dummy subjects? It was nice to see him It's obvious that in this sentence "It" is a dummy subject and the sentence can be reconstructed as "To see him was nice". But what about this: It ...
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7answers
26k views

Why can “low” become “lower” and “lowest”, while “up” can't?

Why can "low" become lower (comparative) and lowest (superlative), while "up" can become only comparative (upper), rather than superlative (uppest)? The second question is what does act as a ...