Questions tagged [adjectives]

An adjective is a word that describes a noun. In English the adjective usually (but not always) precedes the noun it describes.

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When to use an object pronoun or a possessive adjective before a gerund

The rule says that we can use a possessive adjective or an object pronoun before a gerund. Is there a rule that says when to use each or are they interchangeable? Some say that it's wrong to use an ...
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Is this -ing form a gerund or a participle?

Education is enlightening. In this example, is enlightening a gerund or a participle? From my point of view (which can be wrong), enlightening is a gerund. Can anyone please explain?
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"waterway ... flowed sombre" - Should Joseph Conrad have used an adverb, not an adjective?

SPOILER ALERT: This question asks about the last line of Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad. If you are reading the novel, you may want to skip this question. Should an adverb (i.e. sombrely) have ...
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43 votes
10 answers
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"I hate red color" or "I hate red": why exactly is the first option ungrammatical

If a person wants to say that the most hated color for him is red (in general, no specific hues implied), could he say: I hate red color. I've found very little results for this sentence at ...
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When articles are placed after adjectives?

I couldn't afford that big a car. It was so warm a day that I could hardly work. The sentences stated above have been taken from Practical English Usage by Michael Swan. If I write- I couldn't ...
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The order of adjectives: Is it exactly the same in GB, the USA, and elsewhere in the English-speaking world?

When learning the order of adjectives in a sentence, I thought up a word "saSHcomp" standing for the "Size-Age-Shape-Color-Origin-Material-Purpose" order. Later, I found out that there's a slightly ...
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"I am surprised": passive voice or adjective?

The sentence is: "I am surprised." I wonder why it cannot be considered as the passive form of "Someone surprises me." If it is true that it is in passive form, then why do people say that surprised ...
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Confusion about 'less' and 'fewer' in sentences with countable/uncountable nouns

There were no less (or no fewer) than fifty persons in the dining hall. In 25 words or fewer/less, please summarize what took place. fewer / less calories? The hamburgers should contain no less/fewer ...
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When do "well" and "good" mean the same?

I know good normally is an adjective ("[object] is good"), and well is normally an adverb ("[activity] is performed well"). But quite a few times I've seen good used in place of well. For example, you ...
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Does an uncountable noun take an article if it has an adjective before it?

We all know that uncountable noun does not take an article. But then, if there's an adjective modifying an uncountable noun what should happen? An article before adjective + uncountable noun? OR ...
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What is the difference between an adjective before the noun and after the noun?

For a long time I'm having trouble understanding the difference between two kind of expressions like those below in terms of meaning, not grammar: Excited people are looking forward to seeing ...
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Hyphenation of adjectives composed of three words

Hyphenating an adjective composed of two words is, from what I understand, fairly straightforward: if the adjective is before the noun, it must be hyphenated The three-eyed raven Customer-...
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3 answers
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How can I identify a word that ends with "-ing" as being a noun, a verb, or an adjective?

How can I distinguish between words which have the -ing in a sentence that are nouns, verbs, or adjectives? For example sometimes -ing come with word to give us a noun, and sometimes a verb or an ...
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a / an - adjective - noun

The article a becomes to an when the following noun starts with a vowel. Not a adventure but an adventure. But how is it, when there's an adjective before the noun? Not a thrilling adventure or ...
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What is the difference between "general" and "generic"?

I am finding an example to clearly differentiate and demonstrate the use of these two words. At the moment, I am relying more on my feelings to decide which word to use. Say I am writing an article ...
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"nearby" (close by) as an adjective, a preposition, or an adverb

Would you show me if there could be any potential difference semantically between the two? Please, would you possibly take into account the bounds of possibility that the word "nearby" in ...
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Is "release date" grammatically correct?

Why I always heard something like "Iphone release date and price unveiled". Shouldn't it be "be released" by someone? (Iphone can't release anything itself as a lifeless object) I look up some the ...
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17 votes
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"I am hurting" in the meaning of "I am hurt"? Why?

Once in a while I hear someone use the phrase I am hurting. It appears to mean I am hurt, not I am hurting you. For example, consider the text on this drawing: When and why is it correct to say I'm ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Using the adjectives 'very' and 'own' for our (own!) body organs

The adjectives 'very' and 'own' mean precisely as stated or being exactly the same and not any other. I understand a subtle difference between my bike and my own bike in below mentioned instance - ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Adjectives order: opinion or size?

Grammatically speaking, opinion goes before size, i.e. opinion, size, age, shape, color, origin, material, purpose. However, I saw this example in Practical English Usage, third edition, page 12: ...
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Adjective or verb?

Participles can be used both as verbs and adjectives. But I get confused sometimes and struggle to understand the role the participles play in a given sentence, like this one: The man, who was ...
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"-ic" vs "-ical", which to use

Is there a rule about when an adjective should end with "ic" or "ical"? Geometr-ic Analyt-ical Theoret-ical Kinet-ic
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4 answers
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The grammar of 'Ready to take' versus 'Easy to take'

Why is this ungrammatical?: * The medicine is easy to be taken. when we can say: The medicine is ready to be taken. What is the difference between "ready" and "easy" that makes the ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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There is a little water in the pot. There is some water in the pot

There is a little water in the pot. There is some water in the pot. What is the difference between them? How can I distinguish these sentences? I am a bit confused.
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4 answers
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Is this sentence grammatically correct? "You are so offended"

Is this sentence grammatically correct? You are so offended. (Since offended is adjective in past tense)
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2 answers
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One adjective for two or more nouns

Could we use one adjective for two nouns? Is the following sentence correct? It has low speed and voltage.
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42 votes
8 answers
128k views

The difference between "Older" and "Elder"

What is the difference between "Older" and "Elder" ? And are they interchangeable ?
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16 votes
3 answers
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'Golden spoon' or 'Gold spoon' -if the spoon is made of gold?

Adjective or noun? A golden spoon or A gold spoon What to use? A spoon is made of gold. Dictionary says: golden (adjective) -made of gold But then... (the same page) golden (adjective) - ...
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7 votes
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what (color hair vs. hair color) do you have?

My hair color is black, and the question should be what is your hair color? or what hair color do you have?. However, it turns out surprisingly to me that the question with do is: what color hair do ...
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10 votes
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How can I figure out whether a word is an adverb or an adjective?

How can we confirm the word modifying an adjective is an adverb which may well be adjective sometimes? In this sentence, what are the parts of speech of 'bright' and 'red'? She wore a bright red ...
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What is the difference between "respective" and "corresponding"

Before you begin please connect your laptop's power adapter and an Ethernet cable to their respective outlets. I found this sentence on Northwestern University's website. Every time I find this ...
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18 votes
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Can adjectives modify a pronoun like "rich they", "poor you" and "beautiful I"?

I want to modify a pronoun with adjectives like "rich he", "poor they" and "beautiful I". Can I do that? For example, can I say "I saw rich him driving a supercar", "Poor you can't buy foods enough", ...
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12 votes
3 answers
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Noun used as an adjective in "passenger seat"?

A friend of mine (a native speaker of Japanese) wrote "passenger's seat", which a native speaker of English corrected to "passenger seat". Onelook.com has entries for the latter but not the former, ...
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7 votes
2 answers
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How to properly position adjectives

Sometimes I find myself in the position to describe something and of course making massive use of adjectives. Check out the following sentences, I would say, for example: three large red apples; ...
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6 votes
0 answers
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"Respected" vs. "Respectable" [duplicate]

I want to know the difference between respected and respectable. In which circumstances, can I conclude that a certain person/peaple/object is respected or respectable? For example, what's the ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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“energy saving” vs. “energy savings”

Assume that A and B are two systems. For example A consumes 3unit and B consumes 4unit of the energy. Now we know to A saves 0.25% in energy consumption than B.I want to draw a diagram and want to ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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If you have more than one adjective to describe a noun, is there is a specific order you put them? [duplicate]

According to an answer in Quora to the question: What are the most frustrating grammatical errors you see online? there is a specific way to position adjectives based in their type, how accurate is ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Close Vs Closed and Open Vs. Opened

Which board is proper to describe the state of any shop/restaurant? For instance, A restaurant with the board Close OR Closed? A restaurant with the board Open OR Opened? Well, if I think '...
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5 votes
3 answers
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what could hot and spicy mean?

a hot spicy Mexican dish made with meat, beans and chillies I am wondering if the italic part could mean: a mixture of both a hot and spicy dish Therefore, the dish would be at the same time not only ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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Which sentence is correct, "The shop is open" or "The shop is opened"?

As for "The shop is open" or "The shop is opened",which sentence is right?
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4 votes
2 answers
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Etymology of "dog slow"

When I think of dogs I have an image of them being fast animals, running and jumping, chasing a ball or another dog. So, I am surprised that dog slow means very slow. What is the etymology of this ...
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3 votes
3 answers
2k views

Would you help me with adjectives, alive and live?

Although she forgot to water it for a week, the plant was still alive/live. Which one is right? My professor has just told me that you must use ALIVE. But I don't know why yet.
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2 votes
1 answer
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Can a noun be used to describe another noun

While reading an article I came across the following sentence: The more successful group, in terms of their creativity quality of their solutions... Is this grammatically correct? Can a noun be ...
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2 votes
3 answers
2k views

If both gold and golden refer to "made of gold", how do I choose?

I always thought that if something is made of gold, it is a gold thing, if it looks like gold but might not be, it is golden. But looking in the dictionary, I can see I was wrong. In the Cambridge ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Does healthy or strong go first when used together?

He is a strong healthy man. He is a healthy strong man. Which is the correct answer and why?
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2 votes
1 answer
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Adj + (of) a + noun construction

I'd like someone to explain me this contruction. How often and how is it used? For example: It is not that big (of) a deal. and He is not that good (of) a husband. Are these examples ...
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3 answers
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"Six women were there" - is six a noun or an adjective?

Six women were there. Is the number "six" a noun or an adjective here? Or maybe "six women" is a compound noun?
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1 vote
1 answer
112 views

Which order of adjectives is correct?

She is a well-developed, tall, young woman. She is a tall, young, well-developed woman. In the sentences, which order of adjectives is correct? I'd like to know the rule for placing various ...
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1 vote
5 answers
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Adjective Used as an Adverb?

That cake looks good. In formal proper grammar, may good (adjective) get used as an adverb? Or, may you read it as, That cake (noun phrase, nominal[?], argument[?]), looks (verb, predicate[?]), good ...
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0 votes
2 answers
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Can adjectives make a noun definite?

If we use an adjective for a countable object so it makes it specific, then can we use "the" before it? For example to me "the green color" or "green", means "the color that is green among the known ...
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