Questions tagged [backshifting]

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46 views

Which one is the correct form of reported speech for the following sentence?

Which one is the correct form of reported speech for the following sentence? why? "When were you born?", he asked him. => 1- He asked him when he had been born. 2- He asked him when he was born....
3
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1answer
122 views

“she was raped” or “she had been raped” in this reported speech

A) A 21 year old girl studying in Vidynagar alleged that she was raped by a boy in a hotel in the city on August 23. Based on above complaint police arrested accuse. B) A 21 year old girl ...
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2answers
38 views

Are both of these sentences correct?

I have to transform the following sentence into indirect speech: 'I haven't got any money',he said My transformation is : He said he hadn't got any money. The answer key only lists He said ...
2
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1answer
51 views

Backshifting in Reported Speech

The exec was making a presentation to the company board."Computers have allowed us to cut costs," he explained. "We expect even more dramatic improvements as computers become increasingly self-...
2
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2answers
97 views

“If I knew what you want/wanted to eat tonight”

Context: I am talking to my friends, trying to find out what she wants to eat tonight. "What do you want to eat tonight?" "You know what I want to eat." "If I knew what you wanted to eat, I ...
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1answer
2k views

“I askED him if he knowS…” or “knew” - which one is correct?

I don't know why but when I say "I asked him if he knew..." type of sentences making both verbs past tense, it seems like I am saying it wrong... I already used the past tense verb in the first part ...
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2answers
5k views

How old were you?

Let's say I knew how old somebody is at the moment, but I forgot it. In that case, I think I can ask, "How old were you?", am I right?
5
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3answers
829 views

Changing the verb for indirect quote/reported speech expressing habitual actions

The below-mentioned question is asked in my exam, I think my answer is correct, please tell if I am right, I have to challenge the question in 2 days if its answer given is wrong. correct answer is ...
3
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2answers
69 views

Should I treat quotes from God as universal truth for narration?

This is totally for my assignment not a theist atheist thing. Actually the sentence I need to narrate is Lord Shiva once said, "I am responsible for everything." Now Shiva is actually a Hindu god ...
2
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1answer
137 views

“until something” in reported speech

How can I transform the following sentence into reported speech? Let's say my colleague said to me: I will practice until I reach my goal If I want to say it in reported speech, should it be ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Facts in reported speech – to backshift or not

Are these two sentences right ? Mona told me that London was the biggest city in England. He wanted to know where Manchester was. I found these two sentences by chance in exercise book ...
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1answer
31 views

Reported speech uncertainty

Can you help me with these? Which of them are correct or sound more natural? How far into the sentence does the reported speech go- I feel like if I transform everything it changes the meaning and ...
2
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1answer
8k views

'would have had to

I found this passage from my reading book so it couldn't be wrong :D But I don't get it! It used to be that if you wanted to watch a movie, you'd have to watch it from your television. I think my ...
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1answer
2k views

Is the sentence 'Tom said he hadn't got any money' reported speech from 'Tom said, “I haven't got any money”'?

I came across this pair of sentences in 'Cambridge English Preliminary for Schools Trainer' by Sue Elliott and Liz Gallivan CUP 2012: Tom said he hadn't got any money. Tom said, 'I haven't got any ...
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1answer
19 views

incorrect time in the sentence?

This sentence is from some game manual: For example, if a player started a battle with a “XYZ” Order and then attempts diplomacy with the card bonus, he must retreat if he draws a "HJK" Is that ...
2
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1answer
122 views

Sequence of tenses for facts irrelevant of the moment of speech

Let's consider two sentences: (1) I suggested that the word zeitgeist was of German origin. (2) The lecturer said the Pluto's orbital period is more than 200 years. In both cases, the facts are ...
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2answers
166 views

He said that his job IS/WAS boring

before few weeks my friend said: "my job is boring" I need to report his speech to third person, What should I say? and why? He said that his job is boring. He said that his job was boring.
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3answers
2k views

“I thought you WRITE or WROTE poetry” - which is correct?

Could you tell me if I want to inquire a person what he does and he answers that he writes fiction and I tell him "I thought you wrote poetry." Or "I thought you WRITE poetry.", the action is in the ...
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2answers
279 views

Tense agreement: “confirmed it is” v.s. “confirmed it was”

Google:"confirmed it is" Google:"confirmed it was" Both have >400k hits but from what I learned in school, the former is ungrammatical. Or is it not? IBM confirmed it is building more data centres ...
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1answer
56 views

Is a verb missing from “…the company had turned away from DJs and towards the audiophile market…”?

From the article Technics’ new “standard” SL-1200GR turntable expected to cost $2,000 on factmag.com: Earlier this week, Technics’ creative director Hiro Morishita told The New York Times why the ...
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2answers
242 views

confusion over which tense: Present Simple or?

A few weeks ago, I sent a message to a foreign friend when I heard a earthquake happened in her country. But the message didn't send successfully. Today she contacted me, I gave her a message like ...
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2answers
378 views

Confusion about “Backshift” of Verbs in Indirect Speech (To Kill a Mockingbird)

The following are some lines from To Kill a Mockingbird: I maintain that the Ewells started it all, but Jem, who was four years my senior, said it (had started?) started long before that. He said ...
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2answers
75 views

a question about tense backshifting

The mom had prepared some food for her son before he left. The mom had prepared some food for her son before he was going to leave. The mon had prepared some food for her son before leaving. Do ...
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1answer
42 views

the backshifting in one sentence

Wisconsin has dissected Zellner's court filing to determine evidence that was overlooked at the time Avery was convicted of killing Halbach. Zellner contends that the new battery of tests can be done ...
1
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1answer
92 views

mixing tenses in a sentence with “while” [duplicate]

The following is an excerpt from the Washington Post article, titled "When did the world turn against Justin Timberlake and embrace Britney Spears?": They had a bad break-up three years later. ...
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1answer
500 views

“He didn't say he liked coffee” or “He didn't say he likes coffee”?

According to this link, the verb tense in the subordinate clause can be either present or past tense when the main clause's verb is in past tense IF the fact stated in the subordinate clause still ...
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5answers
5k views

Why is this sentence wrong “He wasn't a stranger because I have met him before”?

"He wasn't a stranger because I have met him before." What's wrong with this sentences?
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2answers
67 views

Is past tense “existed” obligatory in “You could show that the amino acid now existed as a negative ion using electrophoresis.”

From Chemguide: Adding an alkali to an amino acid solution: If you increase the pH of a solution of an amino acid by adding hydroxide ions, the hydrogen ion is removed from the -NH3+ group. ...
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1answer
4k views

When she said that she loves or loved

Which one of these two sentences is correct? When she said that she loved me When she said that she loves me
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1answer
65 views

backshifting of the “had to”

There are many sites explaining the rules of backshifting in the reported speech but I am not able to find the one for backshifting of "had to". I had to do it, he said. Which is the correct form ...
2
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1answer
59 views

backshifting in the context of one clause

The other [feature] was Schmitt's characterization of all legal norms as resting, explicitly or implicitly, on a sovereign decision, which either applied rules generally to people's actions or ...
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2answers
66 views

Choice of tense and meaning in “My friend considered going to an event where X came (had come?)” [duplicate]

My friend considered going to an event to see X. Now if I wanted to convey a similar meaning, which of the sentences below would you suggest I use? And what's the difference between the two? My ...
2
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1answer
395 views

“Bare infinitive” vs. “perfect infinitive” in past time narration

They emerged from the tunnel and were on the airport highway, with its lights on both sides attached to tall standards. Witty had watched Hardy operating the automobile at first, and had not ...
2
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2answers
3k views

Difference in “was having dinner” & “had been having dinner”

1.He said that he was having dinner when they knocked on the door. 2.He said that he had been having dinner when they knocked on the door. What is the difference in using past continuous & ...
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3answers
1k views

The teacher told us that ice {floats/floated} on water [duplicate]

If: The teacher said to the students, "Ice floats on water." Then did: The teacher told the students that ice floats on water. The teacher told the students that ice floated on water. ...
7
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3answers
154 views

Meanng of past-tense “wished” in “If I bought that apartment, we'd have a place to party whenever we wished”

Both these conditional sentences are grammatical: If I bought that apartment, we'd have a place to party whenever we wish. If I bought that apartment, we'd have a place to party whenever we ...
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2answers
935 views

Which tense is better: “He wanted me to ask you how you were (are?) doing.”

I bumped into him on my way back home. He wanted me to ask you how you were doing. I bumped into him on my way back home. He wanted me to ask you how you are doing. Are both the above sentences ...
2
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1answer
57 views

tenses/ backshifting died/dies

I would love you till the sun died. I would love you till the sun dies. Are both of them grammatically correct? Is there a difference in their meaning?
3
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2answers
75 views

harmony of tenses, sentence construction , like/liked

I had no idea you liked movies of this sort. I had no idea you like movies of this sort. Are both the above sentences grammatically correct? Would the first one be more grammatically accurate ...
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3answers
1k views

Usage of had *ed and were in the same sentence

So, I have a sentence: The amount of workers had increased significantly when CNC machines were launched. I wanted to say that when CNC machines were launched (or have been launched, not sure), ...
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2answers
786 views

Sentence with “while” in a reported speech: is backshifting necessary?

Yesterday I saw a girl when I was parking my car. She was crying. She explained to me while her boyfriend was driving her home, they had had a terrible argument.Her boyfriend had stopped the car and ...
3
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2answers
333 views

How to backshift epistemic 'would'

Katia asks John to tell her whatever he knows about her father. John responds with Litvenko's age, medical condition (rheumatoid arthritis) and that he speaks several different languages - ...
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2answers
600 views

Felt + need/needed

I came across a sports article which reads, Twenty of the 22 players who played in the inaugural day-night Test felt the pink ball needs more refinement. Why is there 'need'? Shouldn't it be '...
3
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1answer
181 views

mixed tenses/tenses agreement

Would it be okay if I called you when I got back home? Would it be okay if I called you when I get back home? Are both the above sentences grammatically correct? I'm still kinda confused ...
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2answers
55 views

Tenses agreement..Have/had..and how backshifting works

It'd be great if you showed me the paintings you had drawn. It'd be great if you showed me the paintings you have drawn. Are both the above sentences grammatically correct? Should I backshift ...
2
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2answers
691 views

Had been/have been… tenses agreement

Just the other day, I was talking to my mom about how the people who had been brave enough to take part in world war 2 were people we should look up to. Just the other day, I was talking to my ...
3
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2answers
113 views

When constructing a hypothetical sentence, do I have to keep all the tenses in the past?

If I bought that book, it would be so I had something to give to you on your birthday. Is the above sentence grammatically correct? Or would "have" be a better option than "had"?
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3answers
959 views

Does this sentence make sense? “I got married to her for seven years.”

There is a sentence "I got married to her for seven years." Is the sentence right? Or should I correct the sentence into "I was married to her for seven years." or "I got married to her seven years ...
3
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1answer
275 views

Backshifting 'could' and 'would' in a work of fiction

"Hold on there!" he grabbed my arm. "You're not going back until you tell me what this is all about." I could have broken his grip, but then he could order me dragged back by the heels, and ...
2
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3answers
2k views

Is “I heard you had …” a valid expression?

The full sentence I used was "I heard you had Diwali next week, will you celebrate?". The auto-complete functionality of a Google search for "I heard you had" provides a lot of results, like "I heard ...