Questions tagged [clauses]

А clause is a unit of grammatical organization next below the sentence in rank and in traditional grammar said to consist of a subject and predicate.

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How Is This A subordinate Clause?

The instructor said that the sentence below contains a subordinate clause ("... if only for financial reasons."), but I feel that what is being called a 'subordinate clause,' is just a ...
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What is the difference between these noun clauses?

This comes from an exercise in one of Betty Azar's books. Do you know how many minutes there are in 24 hours? Do you know what the distance between the Earth and the Moon is? The question is, why can ...
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“that-clause” as relative clause vs as pronoun clause

I am confused by the difference between: It is contention about the consequence of an economic arrangement that is incompatible with the needs of any place. and It is contention about the ...
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Complex sentence without a dependent maker word?

To practice compound-complex sentences I write the following sentence: Two young people meet, finding that they are clicking with each other, and then they get married. I wonder if the first two ...
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Why did “whether or not” in second clause instead of first clause?

In Tenet (2020), Priya and Protagonist are talking about wounded Katherine: Protagonist: Assuming she makes it out alive, whether or not you feel she knows too much. Priya: I can't. Protagonist: If ...
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an attributive clause or adverbial clause?

They give me more time to spend as they see fit. Here, is “as they see fit” a attributive clause or a adverbial clause?
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Subject/Object , Wh clause (noun clause)

S1: The plumber is Ben. S2: Ben is the plumber. As here, The above two sentences are equivalent. So when we create wh- clause (noun clause) Which one is right I don’t know [who is Ben]. I don’t know [...
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in order to confess [closed]

a. He was tortured to confess to crimes he hadn't committed. b. He was tortured to make him confess to crimes he hadn't committed. c. He was tortured in order to confess to crimes he hadn't committed. ...
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One of my friends who

a. One of my friends who works at your office told me that. b. One of my friends, who works at your office, told me that. Are both sentences grammatically correct? Is the punctuation of both ...
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What does the ‘that which’ mean here?

This is a paragraph from the English version of ‘Ich und Du’ by Martin Buber published by Bloomsbury on page 19. Can anyone tell me what do the ‘that’ and ‘it’ in ‘with that which meets it’ refer to?
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where he can overcome

a. He is not a resourceful man, where he can overcome these obstacles. b. He is not a resourceful man, such that he can overcome these obstacles. c. He is not a resourceful man such that he can ...
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Is it possible to combine two sentences structured like this: if A then B. if no A then no B

The following two sentences seem redundant. How do I combine them into a single sentence? Shortcomings are actually valuable opportunities that enable you to explore your potentials. Without ...
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Can prepositions be directly followed by that-clauses?

As we know, many transitive verbs can be followed by that-clauses which serve as direct objects. I was told by our linguists that some prepositions such as "except, but, in" could be ...
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Would an adjective clause be considered part of a prepositional phrase?

For example: I'm looking for the man who killed my father. Is the object "the man" or is it "the man who killed my father"?
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Why does “a comma” exist between “to+infinitive clause” and “a relative clause” in this sentence?

In the link https://www.archives.gov/founding-docs/declaration-transcript, it is written We hold these truths to be self-evident , that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their ...
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Restrictive and non-restrictive clauses

I have seen a few restrictive and non-restrictive clauses with no ‘that’ and ‘which’ respectively. For example: It’s a car I bought last year. The pen I bought today. To me, the sentences should be ...
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Can I use the combination “to-infinitive and relative clause” for the same noun in a row?

Can I use "to-infinitive and relative clause" in a row for the same noun? I have an example about it. The main sentence: The idea to make children happy that I always cared about, is ...
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Can I use a non-defining and defining clause for the same noun?

I'm curious if I can use a non-defining and defining clause/phrase in a row for the same noun in a sentence. For instance, I sold the ring, an expensive one, that I bought a few years ago. (I intend ...
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Compound parallel clauses

Context: "I couldn't sleep well because I felt insecure and everything was falling apart again." "I woke up fearing that I had lost my job and that she would leave me." "I ...
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What does “that” refer to in “… partnership between the workforce and management THAT continually focuses…”?

IHTIMAM is a process that creates a safety partnership between the workforce and management that continually focuses everyone's attention and actions on their own and others daily safety behavior. My ...
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Clause with how

I don't know how difficult it is to learn a new language I don't know how difficult to learn a new language is I don't know how difficult learning a new language is are these sentences ...
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Where is the main clause in “Like when I put a dead goldfish into Dr. Green's fish tank”?

I admit it. I did a lot of things when I was younger that maybe I shouldn't have. Like when I put a dead goldfish into Dr. Green's fish tank. My question is Is "like" a conjunction word in ...
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What is the difference between these sentences (usage of “upload”)?

I am unable to upload a file in my computer, what i want to upload. I am unable to upload a file in my computer that i want to upload. What is the difference between these sentences written above?
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Are these clauses independent or dependent?

This fog is so thick, you can cut it with a knife. This fog is so thick that you can cut it with a knife. Also, if only one is a dependent clause, please explain why.
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Verb of principal clause followed by relative caluse

The boy who ate fruit came. The boy came who ate fruit. Here both sentences have relative clause "who ate fruit" and a principal clause "the boy came". Here is my question: Both ...
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“I can't see (where the car is parked).” What kind of clause is that one?

I was reading a grammar book and I came across a practice where you are asked to locate the adjectival clause in a sentence. I can't see where the car is parked. was one of the items. However, I can'...
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A question about the conjunction “while”

Isaac Newton changed the world while in quarantine from the plague. Isaac Newton changed the world while he was in quarantine from the plague. while is clearly a conjunction in the second sentence ...
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Independent clause and part of a sentence

1.What is the independent clause here? 2.How does 'accidentally spilled his cargo, leaving a pulpy mess' function here? Last month a porter carrying a basket of tomatoes in the crowded Shasha market ...
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Independent clause and main verb

What is the independent clause and main verb in this sentence? Wall Street's glass ceiling cracked at last on March 1st,as Jane Fraser took charge of Citigroup, becoming the first woman to head a big ...
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Two subjects for a single verb

The one who gets first position, for him, there is a reward. Is this a right sentence? I think it has an issue: Because "The one" is already present so 'him' is additional. What does this ...
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about the position of adverb `ever`

A example: I don't think I'll ever go there and the alternative: I don't think I'll go there ever And I wanna know is there any difference between both sentences? Furthermore, I don't know whether ...
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getting to New York for the first time was for me - complement

I found this sentence from The White Tiger by Arvind Adiga It must be like getting to New York for the first time was for me. Context: The speaker is justifying his driver’s tendency of missing the ...
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in such a way as to make me fall

a. Tom pushed me such that I would fall, but I managed not to. b. Tom pushed me in such a way that I would fall, but I managed not to. c. Tom pushed me so that I would fall, but I managed not to. d. ...
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too late for me to get there in time

a. They told me too late to go there for me to be able to get there in time. b. They told me too late to go there to be able to get there in time. Are both sentences grammatically correct and ...
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How should I frame these sentences?

If you would have told me I would have done it. I would mind if you wouldn't do it. I wouldn't mind if you would do it. If you wouldn't have told me I would have done it. Are there sentences correct?
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when he was under the influence of

a. A discussion of his behavior when he was under the influence of medications was helpful to him. b. A discussion of his behavior, when he was under the influence of medications, was helpful to him. ...
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when I was growing up

a. All my friends when I was growing up have good jobs now. b. All my friends growing up have good jobs now. Are the above sentences grammatically correct?
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kidnapped to be exploited [closed]

a. They were kidnapped to be exploited as slaves. b. They were kidnapped to toil as slaves. Which of the above sentences are grammatically correct? I think (b) is incorrect, but I am not sure.
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“that are known” vs. “which are known”

From The New York Times: Mr. de Blasio called for stricter laws to curb sexual assaults on crowded trains that are known as grinding. Why do they use that and not which? A quote from Grammarly: ...
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What type of dependent clause is “just so you know”?

For example: "Just so you know, I'll be at the beach." I think it's an adverb clause but I'm not sure.
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If we write a statement that is very common, should we use the past tense or present tense or future tense?

If we write a statement that is very common, should we use the past tense or present tense or future tense? Which one is correct? Or it depends on how old I imagine the reader is? Examples I came up ...
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Question word(s), subject and verb of subordinate-clause in “Could you tell me which flight he will be on”

I'm trying to find subordinate-clauses' subjects and verbs, but there's something that confuses me: For example when I'm looking for the question word, subject, and verb in: "I don't know who ...
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Is it “is” or “are” after “that” in the expression …X of Y that is/are? Context provided in the question

I am aware of solutions that use "can" or "will" to circumvent the issue, but I really want to know the answer. In the sentence below, "efficacy" is what I want to center ...
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Different Usage of “for whom” [SOLVED]

Hello Dear StackExchange Users; I know here is a whole of bunch similar questions about the use of "for whom" or clauses. But I had checked them before asking and could not find anything ...
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What is the grammar of “the fact that [contents of the fact] ”?

(Note: I'm a native English speaker, who is interested in learning English grammar, because I found that learning French became more interesting through learning French grammar) Consider the following ...
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omission: but nothing .

I'd like to know what is omitted between "but" and "nothing to . . ." in the following sentence. Is the second sentence correct? Phil was making a living as a writer, but nothing ...
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No comma before independent clause?

As I know, dependent clauses must be separated with a comma. Below are 2 sentences from the University of Leicester website. I don't understand why there are no commas where I expect them. Are these ...
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A Complicated, Challenging Sentence which includes “If Clause”, a Conjunction and Noun Clause- Need to be explained

I was reading An Essay Concerning Human Understanding by John Locke and came across a really strange sentece. Here is the sentence: We shall not have much reason to complain of the narrowness of our ...
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Quite Confusing Text Like a Riddle Needs to Be Explained

I was reading Great Chain of Being by Arthur O. Lovejoy and came across a paragraph like a puzzle at least for me. This is the text: I cannot refrain from expressing to the Harvard Department of ...
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Comma before “is up to you”

For unordered lists, use asterisks. Whether to use asterisks or hyphens for unordered lists [a comma?] is up to you. As far as I know, in imperative sentences like the first one, the comma before &...

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