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Questions tagged [cleft-constructions]

'Cleft' constructions focus on a specific constituent of a simple sentence transforming the sentence into a copular (BE) sentence with a subordinate clause and moving the constituent into a focal position.

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Usage of “to” between “to be” and the following verb

Here are several examples: Luis lost his job and was short of money, so what he did was (to) sell his flat and move in with his brother. The reason hundreds of students marched through the city ...
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What clause is the sentence in the following paragraph?

We all have ways of showing our sweetie how much we love them. But celebrity relationship expert, Kailen Rosenberg, shares why it’s so important and has tips, that’ll really show them how much, ...
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“Often” as complement of BE

Often is an adverb according to Oxford Dictionaries Online. ADVERB 1 Frequently; many times. 'he often goes for long walks by himself' 'how often do you have your hair cut?' 1.1 ...
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Personal Pronouns and complement of verb be

Which personal pronouns are complement of verb be? First example: A: It was him who broke the window pane. or B: It was he who broke the window pane. Second example: C: It’s me. Can you ...
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usage of time and place in the cleft sentence

http://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/pronouns/it In this link, I found the sentence '' It is August that you are going on holiday''. I wonder why it is not ''in August''? I think ...
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What we saw was/were + plural noun + V-ing

The intended context is as follows. You saw a video that had been transmitted from the drones that had flown over terror suspects and killed them. In that video, you didn't see any of the drones, ...
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it cleft-constructions

Fabricius was the first to discover the valves of the veins. If I change this sentence into It-cleft sentences, have four answers. It was Fabricius who was the first to discover the valves of ...
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Why “that” is used instead of “they”?

The others figure it was Rocket that took them, and they're all pissed off. Source I always say, they took my pen or they took my umbrella. but here that sounds like: non living being came to ...
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Cleft sentences with “it”

I've got a bit technical example. But hopefully, you don't need to know the topic. I was discussing design of, say, an application (or plugin, to be more specific). What I said was: Generally, you ...
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Would the sentence be okay without the 'it'?

I still can't get it out of my mind, how she reacted to it all the other day. I still can't get out of my mind how she reacted to it all the other day. Are both these sentences grammatically ...
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cleft and pseudo cleft sentences(All (that) I did was **touch** the window, and it broke.)

Why is the following example (A) correct as a cleft sentence, but not sentence (B)? As I have learned, we can only use 'pronoun, noun, gerund, or infinitive', not the base form of verb (help) after ...
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Difference between that and what

I'm struggling to find the difference between that and what especially when using in the following sentence. The sentence that makes me confused is: It is concatenation that does the trick. In ...
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How do I form an it-cleft construction?

The aim of studying English is to keep abreast of the times. If the sentence is changed into an it-cleft construction... It is to keep abreast of the times that is the aim of studying English. It is ...
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“that's all this analysis will tell us is”

"I don't really have an opinion of whether Steven Avery is innocent or guilty," Spalding says in the piece. "I have more of an opinion of whether I think there's been planted evidence or not and ...
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All he had WAS/WERE bruises and cuts

All he had were bruises and cuts. All he had was bruises and cuts. What are the differences between these sentences? Are they both grammatical and, if so, which one is more natural?
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“It is you who doesn't OR don't want this” - Stuck between 'don't' and 'does not'

I got stuck while writing this in a post "It is you who does not want ...." While the third person 'it' takes 'does not', when I reveal that it is 'you', should I use 'don't'? In my final ...
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Cleft Sentence: “No one saw the thief” — “It was anyone who did not see the thief”?

No one saw the thief. If I rewrite the sentence as "It was anyone who did not see the thief", is it the same in meaning with the original one?
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If it is “it wasn't me” then is it “it wasn't us”?

I've many times heard this phrase: It wasn't me Here the case of me is accusative. In that case should we say It wasn't us if the agent is plural?
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Subject of infinitive clause with “expected”

You are expected to be well informed. Is it possible to rewrite the above sentence in this way: It is expected from you to be well informed.
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21k views

“It was me” or “It was I”

It was ... salted the earth around your flower deck. I wrote the second form "It was me". I have chosen the most "appropriate" answer to this question as somebody who is learning English. This ...
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1answer
162 views

“It's the people who love you >you're the hardest on<.”

In this sentence, the middle part "--who love you" is an attributive clause which depicts "the people", but how to explain the latter clause? Is it an emphatic sentence? Could someone explain the ...
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“who” in emphatic sentence

1)Tom went to the party with Mary yesterday. 2)It was Tom who/that went to the party with Mary yesterday. 3)It was Mary who/that Tom went to the party with yesterday. Sentence 2 and 3 are emphatic ...
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“All you should do is study hard” vs “All you should do is to study hard”

All you should do is study hard. All you should do is to study hard. Is the one with to correct? When should I use to like that?
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Is “Is it his job to always be available?” correct?

Which of the following sentences is correct? For which reasons? Is it his job to always be available? Is his job to always be available?
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The only thing she’s done wrong is [show it to me]

The only thing she’s done wrong is show it to me. (The Silkworm, by Robert Galbraith) The last thing he wanted to do was rescue her. (The Town, Chuck Hogan) Both the sentences seem to have ...
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What the demand is going to be like for it in the future

Efforts by the Treasury to sell bonds due in more than 30 years would face obstacles as the Federal Reserve begins raising interest rates from a record low, according to dealers that underwrite U.S. ...
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Is this 'that' placed right?

Then I noticed a small plate of complimentary marshmallows near Chloe’s elbow and it suddenly seemed clear that I didn’t love Chloe so much as marshmallow her. What it was about a marshmallow that ...
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Correctness of “It is rarely that + [clause]”?

It is rarely that police arrest people without adequate suspicion. I suppose it means that: The police rarely arrest people without adequate suspicion. but I couldn't find this in my grammar book....
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What does this “it” indicate?

It is a pleasure to me to reflect upon this subject in the language of Burke, who uttered the well-known touching eulogy over the neglected bier of its European prototype. It argues a sad defect ...
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It is things VS it is a thing

Please check both sentences and let me know, which one is correct. As per my opinion it is(is) for singular thing so it should be it is the worst thing not it is the worst things. I read it somewhere:...
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Meaning of “bake your noodle”

In the movie The Matrix 1999, the Oracle said to Neo: What's really going to bake your noodle later on is, would you still have broken it if I hadn't said anything. I don't quite understand the ...
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242 views

Is the sentence “That is my black cat (that) you are after” an emphatic sentence?

I have been taught that that the sentence pattern "It is …… that ……" is an emphatic sentence: It is my black cat (that) you are after. But I wonder whether this sentence is also an emphatic ...
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It is + inverted clause

The sentence in question: It is in chaos do we find reality. I wouldn't have posted this question if the sentence were worded like this: We find reality in chaos. or In chaos (do) we find ...
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What kind of it clause is this?

When they went upstairs to the crowded common room, it was to find Fred and George had set off half a dozen Dungbombs in a fit of end-of-term high spirits. -- Harry Potter and the Prisoner ...
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What does this it~to construction mean?

His aunt and uncle hadn't been able to think of anything else to do with him, but before they'd left, Uncle Vernon had taken Harry aside.    "I'm warning you," he had said, putting ...
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What does “while” mean in this context?

“Well, Voldemort’s going to try other ways of coming back, isn’t he? I mean, he hasn’t gone, has he?” “No, Harry, he has not. He is still out there somewhere, perhaps looking for another body ...
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Is “this way” the subject?

The pain in Harry's head was so bad he fell to his knees. It took a minute or two to pass. When he looked up, the figure had gone. A centaur was standing over him, not Ronan or Bane; this one looked ...
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Is this a dummy-it construction or a cleft construction?

"I would never have believed it of any of you. Mr. Filch says you were up in the astronomy tower. It's one o'clock in the morning. Explain yourselves." It was the first time Hermione had ever ...
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Any problems in saying `good to know (about) that`?

Are there any problems in saying the following when responding to one answer in the comment? good to know (about) that? How do I refine that? well to know that? nice to know that?
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“I don't know what [is] the difference [is] between some words [is]”

I was proofreading an earlier question which was phrased in this way: i am learning English and i do not know what is different between some words. Apart from the correction of some other minor ...
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What relationship do 'it' and 'that' have?

He'd forgotten all about the people in cloaks until he passed a group of them next to the baker's. He eyed them angrily as he passed. He didn't know why, but they made him uneasy. This bunch were ...