Questions tagged [complements]

For questions about expressions needed to complete the meaning of other expressions. Related to tags subject-complement and object-complement.

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19 views

What would you say if there are no verbs which can have an adjective complement?

Dye the hair red. (o) “Dye” can have an adjective complement. Tint the hair red. (x) “Tint” cannot have an adjective complement. In this case, what would you say? Tint the hair to be red. Tint the ...
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41 views

Is “to be innocent” in the accused declared himself to be innocent the object complement?

The accused declared himself to be innocent. Got a quick question, is to be innocent the object complement?
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12 views

To infinitive as object complement

i have a question concerning whether "to resist" in the sentence below is an object complement. "He lacked the strength to resist"
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30 views

Verb+adjective into adverb+adjective

Can verb+adjective complement be freely inverted into adverb+adjective? For example: Something seems beautiful. It’s something seemingly beautiful. Something looks special. It’s something visually ...
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1answer
35 views

Get something hot

If I say "I want to get my coffee hot", (In the literal sense), does it mean I want to cause my coffee to be hot? or literally the same as "I want to receive my coffee hot"?
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15 views

It's a question about complements

It is important that he ________ what he is learning is worthwhile. a-believe / b-believes /c-to believe /d-believing Why is the answer of this question is a and not b?
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1answer
21 views

Grammar and role of the word “protected”

What is the role of the word "protected" in the following sentence? She kept her money protected in a safe. I mean, she is the sub., kept is the v. and ... so what about the word "...
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1answer
31 views

Smell bright, taste bright

Smell bright and taste bright is grammatically correct, but why are they not used but look bright is used?
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25 views

Complement vs adjunct

For this sentence: I have trouble solving the problem. Is solving the problem a complement or an adjunct? What if the sentence is I have trouble in solving the problem ? Is in solving the problem an ...
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2answers
69 views

What is ‘intelligent’ complementing in the beginning of this sentence?

I have the following sentence and diagram: To sound intelligent on political issues was Wayne’s goal. The infinitive phrase is the subject of the sentence. What is intelligent complementing exactly, ...
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17 views

be careful that-clause and be careful wh-clause

I'll be more careful what I say in the future. We were very careful that he didn't find out. The that-clause in sentence 2 is a complement of the adjective careful. The wh-clause in sentence 1 seems ...
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26 views

“Adjective Complements” in major English grammar books?

Are there any major English grammar books (like CGEL, PEU, etc.) that list "adjective complements" as one of main constituents of a predicate (or a sentence pattern)? https://www....
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1answer
48 views

When is a complement of verb gerund?

I am confused about when a complement of a verb is a gerund. For instance He is going to school. here "going" is the complement of verb "is" yet not a gerund He is playing for ...
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1answer
27 views

What's the difference between post attributive and complement?

After six months of arguing and final 16 hours of hot parliamentary debates, Australia's Northern Territory became the first legal authority in the world to allow doctors to take the lives of ...
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25 views

{past tense verb} [optional adverb] is… - what is this grammar?

I came across with this sentence Located on the Trusted Server is a private key named Certificate Authority (CA) I guess it's another way to say something like: "The thing that is located on ...
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1answer
55 views

Adjective or noun?

In the sentence "He became captain of the team", 'captain' (noun) is the subject complement of 'became' and 'of the team' (a PP) is the object complement of 'captain'. Since complements ...
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29 views

Kick someone to somewhere

Is it correct to say like that meaning to send someone there? Kick someone to hell
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18 views

Use to or Used to exercises , help me complete the sentence

When we were children, we ____________________ collect stamps. Mr. Wood ______________ read at leat four hours a day when he was young. John __________________ walk to school in the ...
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1answer
22 views

“Donna became quickly irritated”

Donna became quickly irritated. I'm confused about the position of "irritated". Is that considered as a direct object as it answered the verb "became"? I read it is a complement, why? Which type?
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2answers
2k views

“Starting” or “to start?”

What is the difference between them and when I should use -ing form and when -to+infinitive in similar cases? "I could see her eyes starting to tear up." or "I could see her eyes to ...
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578 views

Specifier, adjunct, or complement? how to know? syntax

How can I know if an embedded clause is a Specifier, an adjunct, or a complement? For example, in a sentence like: One notion that nobody has mentioned yet was proposed during the conference. Can ...
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1answer
29 views

Valency of being situated

Being situated seems to need some kind of complement. According to Cambridge Dictionary, it may be used in the following ways: with in/on/near/... with an adverb with a to-infinitive However, it ...
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2answers
154 views

to infinitive vs happen + to infinitive difference

Is there any difference between the following sentences, respectively? “It so happens that today is my birthday.” -- Today is my birthday. “I happen to have exactly what you need.” -- I have ...
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26 views

Grammatical function of “all” in “You ladies all have to understand its importance.”

Does all within: You ladies all have to understand its importance. play the role of an adverb?
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3answers
134 views

What is the grammatical function of the bold phrase in the sentence?

Some of the world's oldest preserved art is the cave art of Europe, most of it in Spain and France. The above sentence is from IELTS test reading passage, and it is oral English. I want to make ...
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1answer
524 views

How to distinguish the attribute & complement in a sentence?

As an example: In some cultures, people regard men as breadwinners. my textbook says: ''as breadwinners'' is the complement to ''regard'', but I think it is the attribute to ''men''. Which one is ...
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2answers
250 views

Marking the functions of a sentence: 'She may like it'

I am reading Cambridge Grammar of English Language (CaGEL) all over again, though not cover to cover. One page no. 215, I came across The major functions in the structure of the clause are the ...
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63 views

complement omission after “than”

The average age is higher than it has been in recorded history. Can you tell me why "than it has been" doesn't have a complement in the sentence above?
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4answers
171 views

How to parse this sentence “I heard him drop his keys.”

"I heard him drop his keys" I = subject heard = verb "him drop his keys." = direct object. But how can I understand 'drop his keys'? "I heard him singing in the shower." Here, "singing in the ...
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1answer
183 views

Subject-dependent inversion

In front of him opens a magnificent view on mountains. Is such a subject-dependent inversion possible? Or should I use there opens a magnificent view on mountains in front of him?
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103 views

relative clause or object complement

Note that because every 2-element subset chosen from a set of 5 elements corresponds to a unique 3-element subset consisting of the elements not chosen. My questions concern whether consisting of the ...
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1answer
116 views

“That would be more than enough”. Is 'more' the head of the complement or 'enough'?

It has over 100,000 words and meanings. You'd think that would be more than enough for most of us but meanings change and new words are being created all the time. Might I trouble you to tell me ...
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3answers
733 views

two subject complements in passive form?

Hi I am English learner. Recently, I have a question. There is a sentence: He was selected chairman. On this passive form, I think the word selected is a subject complement. Therefore, He is ...
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2answers
37 views

Sentence structure , object and complement

He offered to lend the book to the student. Subject: He Verb: offered I don't know what the object should be, is it "to lend the book"? but then the object itself would be comprised of a verb and ...
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1answer
138 views

Intransitive verb + one's way construction

The following seems to be transitive verb + one's way constructions. She pushed her way through the crowd. She cut her way through the jungle. I parse that as this: S+V+O+O.C Yet, the ...
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1answer
2k views

Nominal to-infinitive clause as complement of an adjective

Source: "A Cmmunicative Grammar of English" by Geoffrey Leech and Jan Svartvik (p.328-329) As you can see, the book says: ● Nominal to-fininitive clause as subject: To say there is no ...
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1answer
251 views

Is it distransitive or complex transitive as in “She told her cat to leave”?

She told her cat to leave. Here are two kinds of parsing. 1.Distransitive + indirect object and direct object She (S) + told (V) her cat (I.O) to leave (D.O) 2.Complex transitive + direct ...
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1answer
134 views

Complements: -ing form or infinitives

Not sure if this was already discussed, but I am confused about the use of -ing form/infinitives as complements. I've found in several threads in Stack Exchange that the verb "to be" has to be ...
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2answers
60 views

When is inversion between the subject and the object or the subject and the complement possible?

When is inversion between the subject and the object or the subject and the complement possible? For instance: I stood at the window watching the kids play. <---> At the window watching the ...
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1answer
51 views

Why is “difference” used following “is”?

Could anyone please explains to me when to use "different" and when to use "difference"? I searched the web about that and I have seen that difference is a noun and different is an adjective and for ...
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2answers
258 views

Should I use “is” or “has” here?

I am confused about how to use "is" or "has" in one way or the other. Is it correct to say " he is gone to the back gate " or it should be "he has gone to the back gate" because I think "gone is a ...
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3answers
73 views

“A Thai youth soccer team were found alive Monday” Why is an adjective “alive” following a verb “found”? or “found alive” is an idiom?

I have read this sentence in a newspaper of USA Today, "Thai soccer team found alive after 10 days lost in caves": A Thai youth soccer team and its coach were found alive Monday in a vast, flooded ...
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2answers
101 views

These terms are important for me to work here happily

Can I use infinitive clauses in that way? 1-) These terms are important for me to work here happily. 2-) These terms are important to work here happily.(If it is obvious that I am talking ...
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2answers
69 views

Do we have to use adjective complements just after adjectives?

Examples: I had already been very sorry but with your behaviour, I was extremely disappointed. (Instead of "but I was extremely disappointed with your behaviour") I was good at software ...
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99 views

I prevented you from going there

I prevented you from going there. What is the function of "from going there" ? I think that it is an adverbial prepositional phrase because I have studied object complements and learned that ...
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2answers
451 views

Why can we say “Enough money to do something” but not “a ready machine to do something”?

We can say: I have enough money to go to Italy. Which means: I have money which is enough to go to Italy But why does the following sentence not work? I have a ready machine to run for 10 ...
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1answer
459 views

The complements of linking verbs

We know that the complements of action verbs can be neither an adjective nor a prepositional phrase, but, it seems that that situation changes for linking verbs. He was upstairs. "Upstairs" ...
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35 views

How scared are you of snakes?

Do you think that it is grammatically correct to ask questions by leaving adjective complements alone? How happy are you about the exam results? How disappointed were you with my last ...
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45 views

Directly asking questions about adjective complements

Can we ask some questions about adjective complements? I was disappointed with your behaviour.(1) Can we ask its question like With what were you disappointed? (2) or What were you ...
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36 views

I want to be a good person to invite to a party

Can we say this sentence is grammatically correct English? I want to be a good person to invite to a party. The intended meaning is: I want to be a person who is good to invite to a party. ...