Questions tagged [complements]

For questions about expressions needed to complete the meaning of other expressions. Related to tags subject-complement and object-complement.

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40
votes
10answers
15k views

Plural of “that's my boy”

Is there a plural of this phrase that preserves the sprachgefühl? The obvious "those are my boys" somehow doesn't feel right.
22
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4answers
4k views

Why has “strangely” been used instead of “strange” in the sentence “Harry felt strangely”?

Isn't "feel" a linking verb here? If so, shouldn't "strange" be used in lieu of "strangely"? A tinkling bell rang somewhere in the depths of the shop as they stepped inside. It was a tiny place, ...
17
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3answers
5k views

What exactly is the word “there” in an existential construction? And related questions

Consider the example below: "There was a cat under the table." There have been numerous questions asked that have involved the topic of existential constructions and the word "there" that is used ...
14
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3answers
3k views

“What it does is {VERB / to VERB / VERBing} …”?

For these expressions What a paper shredder does is tearing the paper/tear the paper in small pieces which can be easily disposed. What he wants to do is to become/become a ballplayer. Which ...
11
votes
1answer
444 views

Is “chicken” a modifier in “chicken soup”?

Wikipedia says "chicken" is an adjunct which modifies the head noun "soup." But I think this analysis is a little bit weird. How could it be modifying "soup"? "Chicken" doesn't seem to be describing ...
11
votes
1answer
771 views

Bare infinitive vs to-infinitive

I found these sentences in my book: He did nothing but cry. He had no choice but to obey. Example #1 uses a bare infinitive ("cry"), but example #2 uses a to-infinitive ("to obey"). Why ...
9
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3answers
51k views

Is “considered” always followed by “as”?

I have the following idea: The reconstruction of object models is performed using a graph matching approach, which is considered a corner fixing dilemma. The reconstruction of object models ...
7
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3answers
424 views

Why is “Their insistence was that …” incorrect, when “His fear is that …” is correct?

Their insistence that the meetings should be held at lunch-time angered the staff. (correct) *Their insistence was that the meetings should be held at lunch time. (incorrect) His fear that he ...
6
votes
5answers
4k views

Can I say to my girlfriend “You are my whole”?

I want to say to my girlfriend that she is everything for me. And my question is if I can say her this thing by the sentence "You are my whole". I made a little googling about but I didn't find a ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

What's the difference: We had hoped 'to live/to be living' in our new house by now…

We had hoped to live/to be living in our new house by now, but the builders are still working on it. UPDATED: I mean what is semantically the difference between to live and to be living there? Why ...
4
votes
4answers
983 views

What do you think about the grammar of this quote …?

"It took me 17 years and 114 days to become an overnight success" ..' According to me it should be "it took me 17 years and 114 days to become an overnight successful person" or it should be "it took ...
4
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3answers
327 views

How to understand and analyse the expression of “<somebody> returned a hero”? Is there an ellipsis?

I came across the expression of "<somebody> returned a hero" in the context below, With Chonghou in prison, Zeng Jize, son of a celebrated general, Zeng Guofan, was sent to Russia to ...
4
votes
3answers
327 views

I am without an article? (with regard to a job title)

Is it grammatically okay to say I am [..] instead of I am [article] [...] Example I am software developer Programming tag since my question actually is can I say 'I am developer'? I would ...
4
votes
2answers
225 views

Marking the functions of a sentence: 'She may like it'

I am reading Cambridge Grammar of English Language (CaGEL) all over again, though not cover to cover. One page no. 215, I came across The major functions in the structure of the clause are the ...
4
votes
3answers
359 views

two subject complements in passive form?

Hi I am English learner. Recently, I have a question. There is a sentence: He was selected chairman. On this passive form, I think the word selected is a subject complement. Therefore, He is ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Grammatical structure of the sentence “There is no dinosaur skin left to study.”

I am trying to figure out the grammatical structure of the following sentence: There is no dinosaur skin left to study. This is what I have: There is -> (what?) -> no skin -> (which/what?...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Should I remove “to” in this sentence

They went to jogging this morning. They went jogging this morning. Should I remove "to" in this sentence,If yes than why.
4
votes
3answers
698 views

A locative complement before the direct object - is 'Do not park here your motorbike' correct?

I was walking with a friend and we saw a sign that said Do not park here your motorbike. Thank you. To me, it looks incorrect, and I think the correct sentence should be Do not park your ...
4
votes
2answers
437 views

Does this sentence have two objects and complement for one of them?

I reflected. Poverty looks grim to grown people; still more so to children: they have not much idea of industrious, working, respectable poverty; they think of the word only as connected with ragged ...
4
votes
3answers
15k views

It's/they're a pair of shoes

It might seem a trivial question but it occured to me whlie I was writing for an assignment. I know if I put a pair of in subject place, I should use a singular verb e.g. A pair of shoes is there. ...
4
votes
2answers
283 views

Which is correct: bad or badly?

I think that "I feel badly that he is sick" is correct because the word badly modifies the verb FEEL: How I feel. Someone suggested that "I feel bad that he is sick" is correct because the word BAD ...
4
votes
3answers
160 views

Confusing word order of “more a lowering of some positions…”

Consider: “It was a risk-off shift in the last three days,” Benno Galliker, a trader at Luzerner Kantonalbank AG in Lucerne, Switzerland, said. “It’s probably more a lowering of some positions ...
3
votes
3answers
59 views

What is the grammatical function of the bold phrase in the sentence?

Some of the world's oldest preserved art is the cave art of Europe, most of it in Spain and France. The above sentence is from IELTS test reading passage, and it is oral English. I want to make ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Is the bold phrase an object complement?

I read the following paragraph from a book and I want to confirm whether the bold phrase is an object complement or a subject complement? Then The New York Times wrote an absolute rave review of ...
3
votes
2answers
208 views

Should “come to know” be used with “about”?

Can it be used like "that's how I came to know about them"? E.g., being introduced to the work of artists.
3
votes
1answer
91 views

How many complements are in “I ask you to clean the room”?

How many complements are needed in the below sentence? "I ask you to clean the room." This sentence above has one complement or two complements?
3
votes
1answer
88 views

Is this a predicative complement?

Why,” Adam cried, “these boys are not alike! They don’t look alike.” “Of course they don’t. They’re not identical twins.” “That one-that one looks like my brother. I just saw it. I wonder if ...
3
votes
4answers
104 views

How to parse this sentence “I heard him drop his keys.”

"I heard him drop his keys" I = subject heard = verb "him drop his keys." = direct object. But how can I understand 'drop his keys'? "I heard him singing in the shower." Here, "singing in the ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Is it distransitive or complex transitive as in “She told her cat to leave”?

She told her cat to leave. Here are two kinds of parsing. 1.Distransitive + indirect object and direct object She (S) + told (V) her cat (I.O) to leave (D.O) 2.Complex transitive + direct ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Which sentence is grammatically incorrect?

It is fun to talk with foreigners. Do you have something to eat? This is a deep lake to swim. She must be warm-hearted to help you. She lived to be ninety. On the answer sheet, the answer ...
2
votes
2answers
66 views

Is “The way we are learning English is not good” a clause?

Can I call the following a clause? The way we are learning English is not good. Here, what kind of clause is "The way we are learning English" I think it's a noun clause because it sits before ...
2
votes
4answers
110 views

“No one had told Smith about {there would be / there being} a lecture the following day.”

No one had told Smith about __________ a lecture the following day. A.there would be B.there being Could you tell me why teachers suggest the correct answer is B rather than A? I personally ...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

What does “It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated…” mean? (From Lincoln's Gettysburg Address)

Lincoln's Gettysburg Address included a sentence that started like this¹: It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work… What is this construction? It is… for us…...
2
votes
2answers
121 views

Where is the object of 'has' in: The nation has among the highest inflation rates?

The president of Venezuela announced last week that he and other government officials should take pay cuts as part of budget reductions. The Reuters news service says the reductions are meant to ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Are there solutions to know which verbs are followed by the infinitive or the gerund? [duplicate]

I can know some patterns like these. I enjoy cooking. He wants to swim. But for other verbs like admit, allow, agree, appear and so on. It seems that I have to remember which verbs are ...
2
votes
1answer
419 views

complement of lexical verb 'dare'

"Never mind that, do you think he remembers what You-Know-Who looks like?" Their mother suddenly became very stern. "I forbid you to ask him, Fred. No, don't you dare. As though he needs ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Can nouns license their complements to be followed?

The spying row between Australia and Indonesia shows no sign of easing, and overnight a powerful minister within the Indonesian government said talks about any future cooperation on asylum seekers ...
2
votes
2answers
171 views

Is this verb kick followed by resultative complement?

Kurt Tippett kicked two goals last night. (Aussie ABC News) It seems that this sentence is ‘one-complement pattern with monotransitive verb (Angela Downing’s term). Can we call ‘two goals’ the ...
2
votes
1answer
411 views

Gerunds and complements in a sentence

What's the role of the word flying in both sentences and drones in the latter, please? Troy enjoys flying. Losi's hobby is flying drones. And how to differentiate between a gerund and a complement ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

position of “by about 12 minutes”

1.My watch is by about 12 minutes fast. 2.My watch is fast by about 12 minutes. Which position is better for the completement "by about 12 minutes"?
2
votes
2answers
108 views

How to Discern an Asyndetic Coordinate Subject Complement?

". . .to let fall is absolute indifference, absolute contempt;" I think this got maybe discerned an asyndetic coordinate subject complement. May something like He was a moody man, his temper was ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

The usage of “being” and “in which”

Here, I am confused about how to make a meaningful sentence. This is my idea. I want to say: Another example for under-segmentation is shown in Fig 14. By this effect, nearby dormers have merged. ...
2
votes
2answers
350 views

Why can we say “Enough money to do something” but not “a ready machine to do something”?

We can say: I have enough money to go to Italy. Which means: I have money which is enough to go to Italy But why does the following sentence not work? I have a ready machine to run for 10 ...
2
votes
2answers
110 views

The first thing I can see in this picture ‘are’ 2 people

The first thing I can see in this picture are 2 people I happened to see this sentence, and it says using 'is' instead of 'are' is wrong. As I looked up some grammar stuff, you can invert the ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

Watercolor is by reputation an amateur's medium

consider: Watercolor is by reputation an amateur's medium. I think I can rephrase above sentence as below: From the reputation point of view, watercolor is an amateur's medium. Am I right? If ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Intransitive verb + one's way construction

The following seems to be transitive verb + one's way constructions. She pushed her way through the crowd. She cut her way through the jungle. I parse that as this: S+V+O+O.C Yet, the ...
2
votes
3answers
264 views

adjectives before and after nouns: “My white computer” vs. “My computer is white”

what is the difference between these 2 sentences in meaning and when adjective comes after the noun like in these sentences? My white computer My computer is white PS: I am not an advanced ...
2
votes
2answers
372 views

Gerund phrase or participle phrase

Q1 : Nothing would prevent him speaking out against injustice. I guess that "speaking out against injustice" is a gerund phrase as an object complement. Am right? Q2: Last night I saw him riding his ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

What does “with both classmates and teachers” modify? How to parse this sentence?

We worry about our friendship with both classmates and teachers. Is the phrase with both classmates and teachers a complement of "our friendship" or a modifier?
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Does the sentence “I am surprised” have the pattern (S+V+C)?

I am confused about this sentence pattern (S+V+C): I am surprised [ to see you ]. I am surprised [ at how many have never heard of it ]. I am surprised [ by his response ]. I am surprised [...