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Questions tagged [conditional-constructions]

For questions about constructions which associate a hypothetical or imagined 'condition' with a 'consequence' which is inferred to be true if the 'condition' is true OR predicted to occur if the 'condition' occurs. "If John arrives tonight we will have a party."

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Is “If he had come tomorrow, I would have gone.” grammatically correct

Is this sentence grammatically correct? If he had come tomorrow, I would have gone. I am trying to convey that He will not come and I can't go. Does it convey the same meaning? "If +had perfect+...
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20 views

Difference in meaning using Would + present or simple past

I'm wondering what the difference is between these two phrases. What would happen if aliens visited Earth? What would happen if aliens visit Earth? Am I right in thinking that the first phrase ...
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1answer
17 views

Conditional and participle

I came across a website that says past participle can also be used to replace conditional clause. For example: Given the choice, most people would want to choose good health over good fortune. ( ...
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2answers
20 views

What message does “should you decide to accept” really convey?

In 'Mission Impossible' movies a recurring phrase is ... your mission, should you decide to accept it, is ... Which of the below alternatives best catches the true meaning of the sentence? ... ...
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53 views

Third conditional with modals in both sentences - can it look the same?

2nd conditional: I would leave if I could. 3rd conditional: I would have left if I could --the same form of "could" but I would have left if I could have used the car. Is that correct? Is ...
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27 views

Can "if + past simple be used in not conditional meaning?

I was told not to use the "if + past simple" construction outside of the second conditional, but is that truly correct? What about: A hundred years ago, people could bury their relatives in their ...
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visit a garden in the north, and you could be

I was told that a bare infinitive phrase followed by "and" and a sentence could mean "if ... then ...." For example, "Give John 10 dollars, and he will ask for 100 dollars" means "If you give John 10 ...
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1answer
31 views

Should hypothetical sentences be past tense all throughout?

Should it be past tense all throughout when writing hypothetical sentences? If I were to imitate someone who was currently famous, it would be Hugh Laurie. If I were to imitate someone who is ...
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1answer
22 views

How to use 'I learned that if I faced' in its reported-speech kind of context

It is said that in reported speech, verbs tense will change. Also, when using 'if', verb tenses change. So what is the correct form of the below sentence? I learned that if I faced another question ...
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1answer
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Verb tenses question

I'm doing my homework and I can't figure out the answer of this exercise. It says: Even if I (...) I still wouldn't copy in a test. A. Didn't study B. Wouldn't study C. Hadn't studied I think ...
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1answer
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Grammatical correctness of the following sentence if and would

This is the sentence I am trying to understand grammatically In fact, if you want to go on a diet, one of the first things a dietician in Sri Lanka would tell you is to moderate the use of coconut ...
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1answer
27 views

Is “If I was just counting the number of people” apt in this context?

Rui: Hey, Momo. Um, do you have plenty of experience being in relationships? Momo: Did you hear that from someone? I wouldn't call it plenty, but If I was just counting the number of people......
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Choice of Conditionals

Could you help me with Conditionals? Let's say it's Tuesday and I say to my friend: I planned to visit Jane on Friday but I heard she'd gone on holiday. Can I paraphrase the above sentence with ...
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3answers
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What does it mean? “She is the last person who you would have down as a cheat.”

I have seen this sentence on a newspaper. It is about a case in which a husband is worried about his wife cheating on him...". Here is sentence: "...I love her so much. I honestly thought she was ...
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2answers
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How to use conditional “if” in this situation?

Which one of those 2 versions is the corrent one? 1. "If I wanted to tell you who I am, I'd have done it already." 2. "If I had wanted to tell you who I am, I'd have done it already."
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Articles in zero conditional

I've been learning zero conditional, almost all examples use the example with ice cream, tutorials say that in this example we do not use article because it's in general, but I can't find any specific ...
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3answers
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If she were… would have coped

I was supposed to fill the blank without changing a meaning of the first sentence. She is not self-confident enough; that’s why she did not cope with the situation then. If she were more self-...
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1answer
170 views

Had Andrew a little patient… - error in the example sentence?

At https://www.learngrammar.net/a/examples-of-inversion-used-in-conditional-sentences there's one example which I think has an error in it. Specifically Had Andrew a little patient, he could have ...
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1answer
24 views

Which conditional if sentence should I use in this situation?

A: I can know the future. You better not to call the police. B: If you really knew the future, you would know that I've already called the police. After googling, For speaker (B), I excluded ...
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2answers
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Conditional: I would be planning

Brief question: If I were a teacher, I would be planning a trip there twice a year. Is it ok to use a gerund in the main clause? Is the usage correct? Thanks in advance.
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Why sometimes it is correct not to put a comma after an if-clause?

There is a recommendation to put a comma after an if-clause which is placed at the beginning of a sentence. For example: If there was the time when songs like this were not needed, I would not live ...
2
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1answer
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Explain this conditional sentence

If I were taller, I would not buy those heels. Does this mean I still have the opportunity to get tall and if I become tall in near future, I will not buy heels? Or have I already bought the heels ...
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1answer
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Can you use 'were to' in if-clauses to freely represent a real situation?

It is often said (as here and here) that 'were to V' in if-clauses represents an unlikely future in a hypothetical world, and must be accompanied by a hypothetical main clause having 'would', 'could', ...
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2answers
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Why I need to use `at` with games

I would like to understand why do I need to use at with games? For example, He would be better at tennis if he practiced well. Why I used at here and not in or on?
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2answers
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“Had not gone” or “didn't go” and “every night” in conditional

You’re always tired. If you had not gone to bed so late every night, you wouldn’t be tired all the time. Or: If you didn’t go to bed so late every night, you wouldn’t be tired all the time. I'...
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3answers
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Could/could've- which of the two indicates that something has no chance of happening?

If there's no chance of something happening in the future, what tense do we use to indicate that? Let's say I have a friend whom I'm not meeting tomorrow, and they call me and say "If you came over ...
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1answer
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“I wouldn't have said anything”

In Desperate Housewives Season 1 Episode 1, Julie (the daughter) told Susan (the mother) to ask Mike out. Susan said she didn't know if she's ready to start dating. SUSAN: I don't wanna talk to you ...
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2answers
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“if at all” repeats main-clause subject and verb?

Is "if at all" of the following understood as "(even) if the new law helps new immigrants at all"? The new law will fail to help new immigrants significantly, if at all. I'd appreciate your help.
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3answers
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Using Conditionals

To complete the following sentence with a suitable form of the verb in bracket, I used past perfect (hadn't come),** but the answer key says the correct tense is past simple (didn't come).** I ...
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1answer
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was or were in conditional clauses [duplicate]

I'd like to know whether "was" or "were" should be used in the main clause of the following: If there were a 200-story office building without an elevator, those whose office was / were on the ...
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2answers
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is the following sentence grammatically incorrect - should conditional

I am seeking some clarity on the usage of "should" as a conditional verb. I saw the following sentence online and could not figure out what exactly the person was saying. scenario: a user posted this ...
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2answers
472 views

How to understand “…you like it the shape it is”

Fred and George looked at each other. Then Fred said abruptly, “I've told you before, Ron, keep your nose out if you like it the shape it is. Can't see why you would, but -” I don't know how to ...
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1answer
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'will' and 'be going to' which is correct?

I'm not a native-speaker, so sometimes future tense (be going to, will) is tricky to me. a. If it rains this weekend, I'm gonna stay home. b. If it rains this weekend, I will stay home. c. If this ...
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2answers
32 views

will … should they occur

I'd like to know whether the conditional clause "should they occur" requires an auxiliary like "will" in the main clause of the following: In general, governments [will?] act to prevent the ...
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3answers
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My dogs would have already barked, if it really HAD BEEN A BURGLAR

I know a bit how to use 3rd conditional, but not quite. Situation: You suddenly heard sound from the lower ground of your house, which made you nervous about a burglar might be sneaking into your ...
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2answers
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Use of “could” for future event

Can we use "could" to express future events? How could we recover this much amount from him in future, if he will not earned any income? How we could manage our time for tomorrow's program? Without ...
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1answer
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“I'd ask if(=whether) ~ ” Do my examples make sense? Plz correct me

After listening to the audio file of two job interviews, my English teacher asked us, "If you were the interviewer, what additional questions would you say?" and then he wrote down some examples on ...
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1answer
284 views

Would been vs would have been

Having a hard time telling the difference between these, and which ones are wrong. 1) 0.5 seconds later and he would been dead. 2) 0.5 seconds later and he would have been dead. 3) 0.5 seconds ...
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1answer
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Can I use a “would + was” structure in a conditional that refers to a real situation in the past?

I am trying to describe a protocol in the Methods section of my paper (protocol: refer the patient to hospital X if the test is positive). It is something that happened in the past and I consider it a ...
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2answers
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Reporting a sentence with an 'if' condition

If someone said, for example, "I will not cry if I lose" how could I report their speech correctly? He said he wouldn't cry if he ... (loses or lost ?) The same question about another sentence: ...
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2answers
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“If they hadn't found me, I'd be dead now”

While reading "Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone", I came across the next line, said by Hermione Granger: 'If they hadn't found me, I'd be dead now. <..> But, according to the rules, the ...
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1answer
37 views

Future in the past + adverbial clauses which indicate time or condition

I've seen the following examples in my textbook so far. He said that his son would graduate from college next spring. He said that he might come tomorrow. I wonder that if a clause which ...
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1answer
97 views

If I had known you ARE/WERE coming along, I wouldn't have gotten here really

Let's your most hated person in the class suddenly popped up joining your group for a planned eating out. Now you are annoyed, and you said: If I had known you ARE coming along, I wouldn't have ...
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1answer
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Interpretation of adverbial clauses meaning time or condition, such as when, if

I'm learning English with text books, and one of them says tenses of adverbial clauses which means time or condition(such as when-clause or if-clause) depend on the main clauses to which they are ...
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32 views

Is it idiomatic to say “…this would have been equivalent to an increase from X to Y”?

I am seeking help with the construction of the part in bold. Act B replaced Act A. Act A was based on weeks, and Act B is based on hours. The entrance requirement was significantly increased [...
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1answer
19 views

what would have been

In an email I received, the professor wrote: I am trying to decide how best to proceed with our content for this week. For now, I will post slides for what would have been today's lecture by this ...
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1answer
32 views

If he didn't have that Mustang

Jack: Oh, yes, principal Trugly is horrible. I got detention for a week just for skipping homeroom. No one can stand her. They call her Ugly Trugly Jack's mom: That is awful! - We used to ...
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1answer
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“If I do that” vs “if I did that.”

When speaking in the present tense, should I use former or the latter? Should I leave? But if I do/did that, she will (would?) spend the rest of the night drinking alone I checked if I do that and ...
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1answer
174 views

That would be great if you have one or That would be great if you had one?

Which one is correct? That would be great if you have one or That would be great if you had one?
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1answer
38 views

Does “whether” need “or not” at the end here?

Should i add "or not" after this sentence ? I want to know whether you would publish the results today. I want to know whether you would publish the results today or not.