Questions tagged [conditional-constructions]

For questions about constructions which associate a hypothetical or imagined 'condition' with a 'consequence' which is inferred to be true if the 'condition' is true OR predicted to occur if the 'condition' occurs. "If John arrives tonight we will have a party."

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mixed conditional: present-tense in the if-clause and “would” in the main clause

I have seen quite a few mixed conditionals, and I'm wondering whether the following is correct: a. If John is in Tokyo now, he would be in a coffee shop. If the above is correct, how does it ...
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Distinguishing present from future in a conditional sentence

Consider the following sentences, used in an email message: I'm going to be on vacation next week. If you need anything, call me. It could mean If you need anything now, call me, because next ...
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Is it a correct conditional sentence?

Today I read the following sentence in the newspaper: "If you have noticed boys who play gully cricket, you would have figured out how they...." Now I have to ask: Is it a correct conditional ...
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How to understand the sentence if it is unreal Conditional Present or future?

a) If you did not study hard, you would not pass the exam. b) If you studied hard, you would pass the exam. b) If I had time, I would visit him. c) if you helped me, I would finish the work early. ...
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Only if do you need

I do not understand why we say this "only if he asks do you need to tell him" instead of this "only if he asks you need to tell him" can you help me please
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non-counterfactual conditional

Is the following correct? I guess it's fine, and it does not express counterfactuality as in "If John were at home now, he would be watching TV." If John is at home now, he would be watching TV. ...
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Second and first conditional difference

What is the difference between these two conditions? If you get a chance (1st conditional) If you got a chance (2nd conditional) Does the first sentence Just means the condition of getting a chance ...
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1answer
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Were allowed or had been allowed

This is not a bad analogy for global immigration policy. When migrants move from a poor country to a rich one, they typically make three to six times as much money as before. If everyone who ...
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3answers
53 views

If he had time, he always called in to see us

If he had time, he always called in to see us. The structure of this sentence is making me puzzled. I mean why it could not have been like this- "If he had time, he would have called in to see us." ...
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confusion of conditional constructions

Am I crazy? If I am, would I realize it? Why can't I use will here? I think it is in first conditional form. So will should be used
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“something I’d do as a matter of course had I not been under Atticus’s interdict” — why “I'd do” and “had I not been”?

From To Kill a Mockingbird: In later years, I sometimes wondered exactly what made Jem do it, what made him break the bonds of “You just be a gentleman, son,” and the phase of self-conscious ...
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“What if you asked him if the sun rise / rose in the east?” Universal truth

Two confusing sentences: What if you asked him if he love / loved you? What if you asked him if the sun rise / rose in the east? (universal truth) Is there any rule that we should use only ...
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Replying to “Shall we…” with “…if we shall”

My friend asked me: Shall we head up to the North again? I'm wondering about the suggestion. Is it correct to answer with: I am wondering if we shall? or: I am wondering if we should? Also,...
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If clause with passive sentences

Which one is correct? If you select this mode, no more question is asked. If you select this mode, no more question will be asked.
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Type 3 conditional vs mixed conditional

I have to comment on the following situation using an if clause (i.e. write a conditional sentence regarding the given situation) : They never agree to anything I suggest. That's how they lost ...
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44 views

Is there any conditional in this sentence?

Maybe it will be possible to pass the English speaking interview in a few months if you will be watching movies with English subs every day and clarify the misunderstanding of English grammar. Is ...
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1answer
53 views

I would be a writer vs I would have been a writer

I want to know what is the difference between these two examples below. .1 If I had studied English grammar very hard, I would have been a good writer. .2 If I had studied English grammar very hard, ...
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If we used or if we have used

I'm wondering which one of these two sentences is correct? And if they both are correct, then what's the difference between them? For displacement maps we use 32 bit depth images in order to avoid ...
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1answer
25 views

“Should you require X, you are to advise us by date Y”

When someone says: Should you require X, you are to advise us by date Y — does that also mean that I am to advise them even if I do not require X? Or does that only say that advising them is only ...
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1answer
37 views

First or Second conditional form?

Which form would a native English speaker use here? I'm the kind of person who doesn't like a movie if it's not very convincing. I'm the kind of person who wouldn't like a movie if it wasn't very ...
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1answer
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Can we use “then” in the first conditional sentences?

I want to know if I can use 'then' with first conditional sentences. For example. If you want to learn anything, then read a lot of books in the same field.
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whether + infinitive

I am not sure how the construction "whether + [infinitive verb]" is used. Examples: I don't know whether to turn left or right. (= I don't know if I turn left or right ?) I don't know whether to turn ...
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1answer
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Past Perfect tense in “if clause” type 3

"If he had come here yesterday at 5 p.m., he might have seen his sister." What does this sentence mean and which situation do I imagine with this sentence? Do I imagine the situation that he came ...
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structure “had it been..” vs “was it..”

I am still confused about the "had it not been" structure after reading so many related threads. When describing, say Elon Musk, about his drive and passion (which he has been having), which of the ...
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If you heat ice, it melts/it will melt

I know the conditionals but I have doubts regarding the use of probable conditional for universal truths. and the conversion of them into indirect speech I have referred to Michael Swan's and Raymond ...
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1answer
37 views

“would” vs “would have” in “I would remember it”

"Are you sure you did not see her?" What should be the ideal response from below choices : "Yes, if I saw her, I would remember it." OR "Yes, if I had seen her, I would remember it." OR ...
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“Were he able to go, he would have gone” is this correct?

I would like to know whether the sentence "Were he able to go, he would have gone" is correct in English. Or shall I always say " If he were able to go, he would have done so"? Help!!
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First Conditional Sentences

In order to make a first conditional sentence, I need to build my sentence this way: If the train is delayed, I'll be late or If it snows, I won't go to the party. I've read though in the ...
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Use of “When” in present vs “whenever”

I know that if and when are conditionals and you don't say "If I will" OR "when I will".You use present to talk about future: When I become a millionaire, I will go to Paris But what if I actually ...
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1st and 2nd conditional mixed?

I am so confused because I see lots of 1st and 2nd conditional mixed sentences.(or maybe it not) There is an example in music video called "Queen of Mean". https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r9o1QS-itsU ...
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conditional sentence:Type 2 vs type 3

Context from an article: "People here are really fat. It's because parents here give mobile phones to young kids. I think .. If they did not do it, kids would be of normal weight If they had ...
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1answer
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“What if … was” vs “what if … were.”

What if she disliked my company but was/were too shy or embarrassed to let me know? I think this is a unreal conditional sentence ... but I'm not very sure because according to Grammarly's blog, ...
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1answer
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What type of conditionals does McGonagall use?

I am confused about the type of conditionals used in the sentence below "You'd be stiff, if you'd been sitting on a brick wall all day," said Professor McGonagall. It's the part of the text from ...
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“would” or “would have” in a conditional sentence

Is the following sentence correct? If your jogging clothes were not made of permeable fabric you would drown in your sweat. I think it should be If your jogging clothes were not made of ...
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1answer
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Correct Use of conditional II & conditilan III

"If Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor of the telephone, had been around today he’d have been quite bemused by how we’ve dis-invented his invention." In above sentence conditional has been used. It'...
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Using “would have” + past participle in conditional clauses

Can I use "would have" + past participle structure for conditional clauses? For many years he would practice that kind of style of management, that is, not getting into the details of problems ...
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1answer
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If one had, one could? (“one” in a relative clause)

Is it possible to use one when we mean to say there's the general possibility of something happening in a conditional like this? When people say if one had enough monkeys, one could write the ...
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1answer
27 views

Using of “would” when “if” is not present

Is this sentence correct? He would help you in difficult days. In this sentence "if" is not used. Instead, it is conditional because of "in". Is it appropriate to use "would" in this sentence?
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A Type-3 If clause with simple past?

What's the type of this IF clause: If she didn't want to get into an argument, Valerie would have followed the majority undoubtedly. It seems it's type 3 but the if statement in the sentence not ...
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4answers
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Conditional Sentences: “If I hadn't gone” or “If I didn't go”?

If I hadn't gone to bed late yesterday, I wouldn't be tired now. If I didn't go to bed late yesterday, I wouldn't be tired now. What is the correct way to express it, or are both possible?
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How to use a conditional for denying this claim?

Suppose someone says that they were not prepared enough to get into a university, but the university (say Harvard for example) still accepted them. How to deny this claim by using conditionals? ...
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A question regarding subjunctive mood

I'm not sure whether the following sentences are correct: 1) I wonder what will happen if we are late. 2) I wonder what the teacher will do if I forget my homework. Would them be better to be ...
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What is the correct verb form for expressing unreal situations in this sentence?

let's think of a huge meteor that (was/were/is) near the Earth. The intended meaning is that a huge meteor didn't exist before and let's have a thought experiment on what if a huge meteor were near ...
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1answer
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“were to” VS “is to”

The following three major challenges have to be met if a family business is to flourish for 100 years and more. The following three major challenges have to be met if a family business were to ...
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“Assuming we are to…” vs “Assuming we were to”

I've been doing some exercises lately when one thing struck me: Miss Baiocci would, I am sure, be a real asset to your organisation, knowing as she does a great deal about the way a company such as ...
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1answer
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“If the bike wouldn't start soon, I wouldn't get the helmets.”

I'm currently researching into Conditional Sentences, and from the sources I've seen so far (which range from ELL to its ELU, Wordreference,...), the "will" can be used in the if-clause, as in, for ...
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Would have been beeping

I would just like to know if this is idiomatic? If that machine were broken, that would have been beeping since I turned it on.
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Explain 3rd conditional complex sentence

Could you explain to me the bolded part of the sentence? Why do we use this tense/form? Is it correct? If he had known that it would have upset you, he would have been more careful. I ...
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1answer
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If zero and first conditional [duplicate]

If you are well-organised, you (manage OR will manage) your time. Everyone in my test was saying "will manage" is the correct answer, but the way I understand it is this sentence is talking about a ...