Questions tagged [conditional-constructions]

For questions about constructions which associate a hypothetical or imagined 'condition' with a 'consequence' which is inferred to be true if the 'condition' is true OR predicted to occur if the 'condition' occurs. "If John arrives tonight we will have a party."

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First Conditional Sentences

In order to make a first conditional sentence, I need to build my sentence this way: If the train is delayed, I'll be late or If it snows, I won't go to the party. I've read though in the ...
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Use of “When” in present vs “whenever”

I know that if and when are conditionals and you don't say "If I will" OR "when I will".You use present to talk about future: When I become a millionaire, I will go to Paris But what if I actually ...
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1st and 2nd conditional mixed?

I am so confused because I see lots of 1st and 2nd conditional mixed sentences.(or maybe it not) There is an example in music video called "Queen of Mean". https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r9o1QS-itsU ...
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conditional sentence:Type 2 vs type 3

Context from an article: "People here are really fat. It's because parents here give mobile phones to young kids. I think .. If they did not do it, kids would be of normal weight If they had ...
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19 views

“What if … was” vs “what if … were.”

What if she disliked my company but was/were too shy or embarrassed to let me know? I think this is a unreal conditional sentence ... but I'm not very sure because according to Grammarly's blog, ...
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1answer
57 views

What type of conditionals does McGonagall use?

I am confused about the type of conditionals used in the sentence below "You'd be stiff, if you'd been sitting on a brick wall all day," said Professor McGonagall. It's the part of the text from ...
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1answer
18 views

“would” or “would have” in a conditional sentence

Is the following sentence correct? If your jogging clothes were not made of permeable fabric you would drown in your sweat. I think it should be If your jogging clothes were not made of ...
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1answer
36 views

Correct Use of conditional II & conditilan III

"If Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor of the telephone, had been around today he’d have been quite bemused by how we’ve dis-invented his invention." In above sentence conditional has been used. It'...
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Using “would have” + past participle in conditional clauses

Can I use "would have" + past participle structure for conditional clauses? For many years he would practice that kind of style of management, that is, not getting into the details of problems ...
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1answer
14 views

If one had, one could? (“one” in a relative clause)

Is it possible to use one when we mean to say there's the general possibility of something happening in a conditional like this? When people say if one had enough monkeys, one could write the ...
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1answer
24 views

Using of “would” when “if” is not present

Is this sentence correct? He would help you in difficult days. In this sentence "if" is not used. Instead, it is conditional because of "in". Is it appropriate to use "would" in this sentence?
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25 views

A Type-3 If clause with simple past?

What's the type of this IF clause: If she didn't want to get into an argument, Valerie would have followed the majority undoubtedly. It seems it's type 3 but the if statement in the sentence not ...
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4answers
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Conditional Sentences: “If I hadn't gone” or “If I didn't go”?

If I hadn't gone to bed late yesterday, I wouldn't be tired now. If I didn't go to bed late yesterday, I wouldn't be tired now. What is the correct way to express it, or are both possible?
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How to use a conditional for denying this claim?

Suppose someone says that they were not prepared enough to get into a university, but the university (say Harvard for example) still accepted them. How to deny this claim by using conditionals? ...
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24 views

A question regarding subjunctive mood

I'm not sure whether the following sentences are correct: 1) I wonder what will happen if we are late. 2) I wonder what the teacher will do if I forget my homework. Would them be better to be ...
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2answers
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What is the correct verb form for expressing unreal situations in this sentence?

let's think of a huge meteor that (was/were/is) near the Earth. The intended meaning is that a huge meteor didn't exist before and let's have a thought experiment on what if a huge meteor were near ...
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1answer
28 views

“were to” VS “is to”

The following three major challenges have to be met if a family business is to flourish for 100 years and more. The following three major challenges have to be met if a family business were to ...
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1answer
20 views

“Assuming we are to…” vs “Assuming we were to”

I've been doing some exercises lately when one thing struck me: Miss Baiocci would, I am sure, be a real asset to your organisation, knowing as she does a great deal about the way a company such as ...
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1answer
44 views

“If the bike wouldn't start soon, I wouldn't get the helmets.”

I'm currently researching into Conditional Sentences, and from the sources I've seen so far (which range from ELL to its ELU, Wordreference,...), the "will" can be used in the if-clause, as in, for ...
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1answer
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Would have been beeping

I would just like to know if this is idiomatic? If that machine were broken, that would have been beeping since I turned it on.
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Explain 3rd conditional complex sentence

Could you explain to me the bolded part of the sentence? Why do we use this tense/form? Is it correct? If he had known that it would have upset you, he would have been more careful. I ...
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1answer
80 views

If zero and first conditional [duplicate]

If you are well-organised, you (manage OR will manage) your time. Everyone in my test was saying "will manage" is the correct answer, but the way I understand it is this sentence is talking about a ...
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1answer
54 views

“I never thought”, “I've never thought”, “I never would have thought”

Let's suppose that you face an old friend on the street accidentally for the first time after a couple of years and you are going to express your surprise out of this coincidence. Which one of the ...
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1answer
30 views

Is this sentence correct gramatically?

They would have come to the party if they knew where it was. It sounds like a third conditional to me. Instead, I would say They would have come to the party if they had known where it was. ...
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1answer
56 views

“I could eat a horse” - Why 'could'?

"I could eat a horse" is a well-known phrase. I wonder why the modal-verb 'could' is used. According to this source (EnglishPage), "Could" is a modal verb used to express possibility or past ...
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2answers
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Correcting conditional sentences

If we had the confidence he did not commit the crime we would have said so. I read this sentence somewhere, shouldn't it be: If we had had the confidence he had not commited the crime we would ...
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Conditinal sentence put gap

Sentence: Madina is allergic to honey.If she _____ (eat)honey,her tongue _____ (to get inflamed). I filled gaps with "eats" and "will get". And rigth anwser was "eats" and "gets inflamed" is this ...
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Using “would” + present simple in a conditional sentence

While watching a tv-series, I saw this sentence: A: I wonder what she will be wearing tonight. Do you think she'll be in her high school field hockey uniform? That'd be crazy, right? B: ...
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2answers
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“Didn't” or “Wouldn't” in this context?

I have just watched a scene from a show where they said this: Person 1: Imagine you were home alone, feeling sick, what would you do? Person 2: I would call my mom. Person1 : And if she ...
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2answers
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Using will in interrogatives?

I really find it difficult to frame a proper English sentence. I want to ask if this sentence is correct or not: will she be happy if she comes to know that you bought it from the stolen money? ...
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1answer
48 views

“If it should” vs “If it does” vs “Should it”

What is the difference between: 1) If my car should break down, please, call the mechanic. 2) If my car breaks down, please, call the mechanic. 3) Should my car break down, please, call ...
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1answer
37 views

Reported speech sentence

The sentence goes: If you do not do it by Friday, you will be punished. What is the reported speech of the above sentence please? Is it: She said if I did not do it by Friday I would be punished She ...
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2answers
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to emphasize an possible affect, should I use future continuous tense or future tense?

The professor is talking about some rules related to databases. He makes the statement That means I cannot add this tuple to the solution. Because if I do, it will be introducing a duplicate. ...
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1answer
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How to express hypothetical judgements for hypothetical situations?

I don't think this viral video deserves its fame, on the other hand, I probably wouldn't be saying that if there wasn't some intricate marketing behind it. Is this a way to express ...
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Conditional in the Past

We say: If he comes, I will help him What if we add "She knew"? She knew that if he came I would help him Is it correct? What if we say: If he has arrived by April, I would help him And then "...
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2answers
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Can/will vs could/would in IF clause

I have a question about can vs could in the IF clause. If you could contact us directly, it would be helpful. If you can contact us directly, it will be helpful. Which one do you think is ...
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1answer
17 views

Whether to use second or third conditional sentence

I have read about conditional sentences over here, now I have to form a conditional sentence but I am not sure whether it should be in second or third conditional sentence. Do either of the following ...
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1answer
71 views

Usage of “would” and “could” in If clause

I wonder, whether it is grammatically correct to say "it would be great if you could do this for me"? I'm aware of the second conditional's existence, though I don't want to imply the meaning "it is ...
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1answer
44 views

Conditional sentences - usage of “shall” in main clause

I read here that in first type of conditional sentences, simple future is used in the main clause. However, it was not clear if only will should be used or shall can also be used. For example below ...
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Past Perfect in Future in the Past

I want to see how the below sentence will be in Future in the Past When you have finished your work by the morning, I will be very glad What if we add "He knew" making all of this Future in the Past ...
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1answer
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Is “ Had it not been him, it would be more complicated.” more correct than “ Had it not been him, it would've been more complicated.”

Which statement would be more preferable " Had it not been him, it would be more complicated." or : " Had it not been him, it would've been more complicated." ? Thank you.
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1answer
21 views

“If I was” vs “If I am” vs “If I become” vs “I would be”?

Which sentence is better to use? "Please active my trial, if I was happy, I'll switch to paid version." "Please active my trial, if I am happy, I'll switch to paid version." "Please active my ...
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2answers
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Which tense fits the context best? (“would win” or “won”)

Which tense fits the context best? The Super Grocery Store organized a competition for kids. Whoever could guess the correct number of jellybeans in the big jar, would win a prize. The Super ...
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1answer
111 views

Usage of “will” with “if” clause in conditional sentences

I have read that "will" should not be used with "if" clause in conditional sentences. However, I feel that below sentence is grammatically correct even though "will" is used with "if" clause. Could ...
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1answer
21 views

If will - sentence structure

Please read below an example: You should discuss with her the consequences of her providing consent. If she will not provide consent, then you should consider whether you are able to continue to ...
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17 views

past simple or past perfect with an if sentence

I would not worry if the parcel was sent or had been sent surface , but you told me it had been sent airmail I think the first one is very close to this "if I was rich , I would be happy". BUT as the ...
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We can change the encounter on next Sunday if you will have time

We can change the encounter on next Sunday if you will have time. I am not sure if in the above sentence "will" should be omitted. Not sure how the English grammar describes this kind of conditional ...
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1answer
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Conditionals “when talking about possible events in present”

Conditionals always make me confused. My question is that when I want to build a sentence relating to possible events in the present time. Which conditional form should I use? For example, I am ...
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1answer
22 views

if the output were executed (conditional sentences)

In the sentence below, I'd like to see if "were executed" is correct in the context and if it sounds acceptable to the native ear. What would the output be, e.g. on the computer screen, if the ...
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616 views

Is “If he had come tomorrow, I would have gone.” grammatically correct

Is this sentence grammatically correct? If he had come tomorrow, I would have gone. I am trying to convey that He will not come and I can't go. Does it convey the same meaning? Can "If +had ...