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Questions tagged [conditional-constructions]

For questions about constructions which associate a hypothetical or imagined 'condition' with a 'consequence' which is inferred to be true if the 'condition' is true OR predicted to occur if the 'condition' occurs. "If John arrives tonight we will have a party."

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1answer
29 views

Type 3 conditional vs mixed conditional

I have to comment on the following situation using an if clause (i.e. write a conditional sentence regarding the given situation) : They never agree to anything I suggest. That's how they lost ...
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1answer
42 views

Is there any conditional in this sentence?

Maybe it will be possible to pass the English speaking interview in a few months if you will be watching movies with English subs every day and clarify the misunderstanding of English grammar. Is ...
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1answer
47 views

I would be a writer vs I would have been a writer

I want to know what is the difference between these two examples below. .1 If I had studied English grammar very hard, I would have been a good writer. .2 If I had studied English grammar very hard, ...
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23 views

If we used or if we have used

I'm wondering which one of these two sentences is correct? And if they both are correct, then what's the difference between them? For displacement maps we use 32 bit depth images in order to avoid ...
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1answer
21 views

“Should you require X, you are to advise us by date Y”

When someone says: Should you require X, you are to advise us by date Y — does that also mean that I am to advise them even if I do not require X? Or does that only say that advising them is only ...
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1answer
35 views

First or Second conditional form?

Which form would a native English speaker use here? I'm the kind of person who doesn't like a movie if it's not very convincing. I'm the kind of person who wouldn't like a movie if it wasn't very ...
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1answer
31 views

Can we use “then” in the first conditional sentences?

I want to know if I can use 'then' with first conditional sentences. For example. If you want to learn anything, then read a lot of books in the same field.
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1answer
36 views

whether + infinitive

I am not sure how the construction "whether + [infinitive verb]" is used. Examples: I don't know whether to turn left or right. (= I don't know if I turn left or right ?) I don't know whether to turn ...
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1answer
42 views

Past Perfect tense in “if clause” type 3

"If he had come here yesterday at 5 p.m., he might have seen his sister." What does this sentence mean and which situation do I imagine with this sentence? Do I imagine the situation that he came ...
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27 views

structure “had it been..” vs “was it..”

I am still confused about the "had it not been" structure after reading so many related threads. When describing, say Elon Musk, about his drive and passion (which he has been having), which of the ...
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1answer
147 views

If you heat ice, it melts/it will melt

I know the conditionals but I have doubts regarding the use of probable conditional for universal truths. and the conversion of them into indirect speech I have referred to Michael Swan's and Raymond ...
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1answer
30 views

“would” vs “would have” in “I would remember it”

"Are you sure you did not see her?" What should be the ideal response from below choices : "Yes, if I saw her, I would remember it." OR "Yes, if I had seen her, I would remember it." OR ...
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2answers
36 views

“Were he able to go, he would have gone” is this correct?

I would like to know whether the sentence "Were he able to go, he would have gone" is correct in English. Or shall I always say " If he were able to go, he would have done so"? Help!!
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First Conditional Sentences

In order to make a first conditional sentence, I need to build my sentence this way: If the train is delayed, I'll be late or If it snows, I won't go to the party. I've read though in the ...
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3answers
61 views

Use of “When” in present vs “whenever”

I know that if and when are conditionals and you don't say "If I will" OR "when I will".You use present to talk about future: When I become a millionaire, I will go to Paris But what if I actually ...
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14 views

1st and 2nd conditional mixed?

I am so confused because I see lots of 1st and 2nd conditional mixed sentences.(or maybe it not) There is an example in music video called "Queen of Mean". https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r9o1QS-itsU ...
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39 views

conditional sentence:Type 2 vs type 3

Context from an article: "People here are really fat. It's because parents here give mobile phones to young kids. I think .. If they did not do it, kids would be of normal weight If they had ...
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1answer
24 views

“What if … was” vs “what if … were.”

What if she disliked my company but was/were too shy or embarrassed to let me know? I think this is a unreal conditional sentence ... but I'm not very sure because according to Grammarly's blog, ...
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1answer
59 views

What type of conditionals does McGonagall use?

I am confused about the type of conditionals used in the sentence below "You'd be stiff, if you'd been sitting on a brick wall all day," said Professor McGonagall. It's the part of the text from ...
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1answer
19 views

“would” or “would have” in a conditional sentence

Is the following sentence correct? If your jogging clothes were not made of permeable fabric you would drown in your sweat. I think it should be If your jogging clothes were not made of ...
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1answer
39 views

Correct Use of conditional II & conditilan III

"If Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor of the telephone, had been around today he’d have been quite bemused by how we’ve dis-invented his invention." In above sentence conditional has been used. It'...
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0answers
23 views

Using “would have” + past participle in conditional clauses

Can I use "would have" + past participle structure for conditional clauses? For many years he would practice that kind of style of management, that is, not getting into the details of problems ...
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1answer
20 views

If one had, one could? (“one” in a relative clause)

Is it possible to use one when we mean to say there's the general possibility of something happening in a conditional like this? When people say if one had enough monkeys, one could write the ...
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1answer
26 views

Using of “would” when “if” is not present

Is this sentence correct? He would help you in difficult days. In this sentence "if" is not used. Instead, it is conditional because of "in". Is it appropriate to use "would" in this sentence?
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1answer
26 views

A Type-3 If clause with simple past?

What's the type of this IF clause: If she didn't want to get into an argument, Valerie would have followed the majority undoubtedly. It seems it's type 3 but the if statement in the sentence not ...
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4answers
81 views

Conditional Sentences: “If I hadn't gone” or “If I didn't go”?

If I hadn't gone to bed late yesterday, I wouldn't be tired now. If I didn't go to bed late yesterday, I wouldn't be tired now. What is the correct way to express it, or are both possible?
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How to use a conditional for denying this claim?

Suppose someone says that they were not prepared enough to get into a university, but the university (say Harvard for example) still accepted them. How to deny this claim by using conditionals? ...
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24 views

A question regarding subjunctive mood

I'm not sure whether the following sentences are correct: 1) I wonder what will happen if we are late. 2) I wonder what the teacher will do if I forget my homework. Would them be better to be ...
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2answers
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What is the correct verb form for expressing unreal situations in this sentence?

let's think of a huge meteor that (was/were/is) near the Earth. The intended meaning is that a huge meteor didn't exist before and let's have a thought experiment on what if a huge meteor were near ...
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1answer
30 views

“were to” VS “is to”

The following three major challenges have to be met if a family business is to flourish for 100 years and more. The following three major challenges have to be met if a family business were to ...
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1answer
38 views

“Assuming we are to…” vs “Assuming we were to”

I've been doing some exercises lately when one thing struck me: Miss Baiocci would, I am sure, be a real asset to your organisation, knowing as she does a great deal about the way a company such as ...
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1answer
44 views

“If the bike wouldn't start soon, I wouldn't get the helmets.”

I'm currently researching into Conditional Sentences, and from the sources I've seen so far (which range from ELL to its ELU, Wordreference,...), the "will" can be used in the if-clause, as in, for ...
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1answer
10 views

Would have been beeping

I would just like to know if this is idiomatic? If that machine were broken, that would have been beeping since I turned it on.
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2answers
35 views

Explain 3rd conditional complex sentence

Could you explain to me the bolded part of the sentence? Why do we use this tense/form? Is it correct? If he had known that it would have upset you, he would have been more careful. I ...
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1answer
81 views

If zero and first conditional [duplicate]

If you are well-organised, you (manage OR will manage) your time. Everyone in my test was saying "will manage" is the correct answer, but the way I understand it is this sentence is talking about a ...
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1answer
191 views

“I never thought”, “I've never thought”, “I never would have thought”

Let's suppose that you face an old friend on the street accidentally for the first time after a couple of years and you are going to express your surprise out of this coincidence. Which one of the ...
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1answer
30 views

Is this sentence correct gramatically?

They would have come to the party if they knew where it was. It sounds like a third conditional to me. Instead, I would say They would have come to the party if they had known where it was. ...
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1answer
62 views

“I could eat a horse” - Why 'could'?

"I could eat a horse" is a well-known phrase. I wonder why the modal-verb 'could' is used. According to this source (EnglishPage), "Could" is a modal verb used to express possibility or past ...
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2answers
21 views

Correcting conditional sentences

If we had the confidence he did not commit the crime we would have said so. I read this sentence somewhere, shouldn't it be: If we had had the confidence he had not commited the crime we would ...
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1answer
61 views

Conditinal sentence put gap

Sentence: Madina is allergic to honey.If she _____ (eat)honey,her tongue _____ (to get inflamed). I filled gaps with "eats" and "will get". And rigth anwser was "eats" and "gets inflamed" is this ...
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0answers
29 views

Using “would” + present simple in a conditional sentence

While watching a tv-series, I saw this sentence: A: I wonder what she will be wearing tonight. Do you think she'll be in her high school field hockey uniform? That'd be crazy, right? B: ...
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2answers
30 views

“Didn't” or “Wouldn't” in this context?

I have just watched a scene from a show where they said this: Person 1: Imagine you were home alone, feeling sick, what would you do? Person 2: I would call my mom. Person1 : And if she ...
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2answers
33 views

Using will in interrogatives?

I really find it difficult to frame a proper English sentence. I want to ask if this sentence is correct or not: will she be happy if she comes to know that you bought it from the stolen money? ...
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1answer
126 views

“If it should” vs “If it does” vs “Should it”

What is the difference between: 1) If my car should break down, please, call the mechanic. 2) If my car breaks down, please, call the mechanic. 3) Should my car break down, please, call ...
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1answer
38 views

Reported speech sentence

The sentence goes: If you do not do it by Friday, you will be punished. What is the reported speech of the above sentence please? Is it: She said if I did not do it by Friday I would be punished She ...
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2answers
48 views

to emphasize an possible affect, should I use future continuous tense or future tense?

The professor is talking about some rules related to databases. He makes the statement That means I cannot add this tuple to the solution. Because if I do, it will be introducing a duplicate. ...
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1answer
13 views

How to express hypothetical judgements for hypothetical situations?

I don't think this viral video deserves its fame, on the other hand, I probably wouldn't be saying that if there wasn't some intricate marketing behind it. Is this a way to express ...
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0answers
17 views

Conditional in the Past

We say: If he comes, I will help him What if we add "She knew"? She knew that if he came I would help him Is it correct? What if we say: If he has arrived by April, I would help him And then "...
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2answers
35 views

Can/will vs could/would in IF clause

I have a question about can vs could in the IF clause. If you could contact us directly, it would be helpful. If you can contact us directly, it will be helpful. Which one do you think is ...
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1answer
17 views

Whether to use second or third conditional sentence

I have read about conditional sentences over here, now I have to form a conditional sentence but I am not sure whether it should be in second or third conditional sentence. Do either of the following ...