Questions tagged [conditional-constructions]

For questions about constructions which associate a hypothetical or imagined 'condition' with a 'consequence' which is inferred to be true if the 'condition' is true OR predicted to occur if the 'condition' occurs. "If John arrives tonight we will have a party."

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grammar - Conditionals

Let's say, I have something that I rarely use, but I don't want to throw it away because I think I may need it in the future. So, do I use conditional 1 or 2? I thought I should keep it in case I ...
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if you hadn't done this, it would be… or it would have been

Which one is correct? If you hadn't done this, it would be this. or If you hadn't done this, it would have been that. I am having trouble with understanding this structure.
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implied if-clause in conditionl sentences

Suppose you see a mistake while reading something and say: I would have used another word. Which is the implied if-clause? if I were the author or if I had been the author If you see a friend ...
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27 views

Why was the verb put in simple past tense in this sentence?

While reading Oxford Practice Grammar Advanced, I came across this sentence in one of the book's exercises: If she got up early enough and came downstairs, we had breakfast together. I wonder why ...
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What conditional to use when something possible in the future would affect something in the future happening afterwards

Imagine in half a year you want to go to a festival. Imagine you are not vaccinated before that. You want to say that there would be fear because of that. Which of these is correct? I assume the first:...
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Further questions: Even if with subjunctive mood or indicative mood

My main question is; Even if can be used with subjunctive mood or something like indicative mood. Actually I do know Even if used with subjunctive mood. But my main point is latter one. ===============...
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2answers
83 views

The difference between “if” and “even if”

I've tried to figure out the difference between "if" and "even if". My reasoning is as follows. Do I correctly understand? Even if your partner were a saint, he would not accept ...
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1answer
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What type of mood is this main clause in this sentence: “If he comes to apologize, I will forgive him."?

If he comes to apologize, I will forgive him. When it comes to a conditional type 1 clause, what type of mood is this main clause? This main clause is a Future indicative? Or I had better consider ...
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35 views

Past perfect or past simple + if

Which one is more correct? It is hard to say whether the more up-to-date file had indeed been on his desk before the meeting took place. If it had been he should be regarded as a liar. It is hard to ...
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19 views

Using would with present tense

Is this correct? I would buy it if it actually does what it is supposed to do? Should we replace this sentence with this? If so, please explain. I would buy it if it actually did what it was supposed ...
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“Would be” in a conditional sentence

I heard this sentence in a series. I would be a fan of your work if you could get us two seats on the next flight. What is the conditional type of this sentence?
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“If I would have given you my snail address, could you send me some reprints.”

What is the difference between If I would have given you my snail address, could you send me some reprints. and If I would give you my snail address, could you send me some reprints. In particular,...
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what does “not if” mean here?

If I said, "Jonathan ignore me not if I speak." Does this mean: "Jonathan do not ignore me if I speak." Or does it mean: "If I don't speak, Jonathan may or may not ...
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If going to plus would

If I am going to do X, what would the cost of doing Y be? Is this sentence grammatically correct? I want to imply that now that I have to do X and doing X is inevitable, I think doing Y is not that ...
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Past Perfect Tense of Can in “If-clause” Type 3

Which one is correct and why? We would have been pleased if you could have come. We would have been pleased if you had been able to come.
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I could've if I wanted

I could've if I wanted to. Aside from figuring out its meaning, is this grammatically correct? Or it should be only: I could if I wanted to.
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“If you could sign up for my website, it would be great.”

I have some vague queries about 2nd conditional sentence structure. If you could sign up for my website, it would be great. Is this a sort of 2nd conditional sentence that assumes an unlikely ...
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2answers
44 views

we don't know . . . unless

Are the following sentences correct? We don't know how the word was used in the 13th century, unless we could go back in time. We don't know how the word was used in the 13th century, unless we went ...
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If … when … then clause and Present Perfect/ Present simple

One father wants to say to his little baby something like: If you work very hard when you grow up then you will achieve success. If you work very hard when you have grown up then you will achieve ...
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Mix of the 2nd and the 1st Conditional

If she got back late last night, she won't come to school today. Is it grammatically OK? It sounds right, but I couldn't find any reference to a conditional sentence that has Past Simple in the if-...
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179 views

Is the clause “I ever have” in the sentence “the best gift I ever have” grammatically correct?

I am hesitant whether the sentence "the best gift that I ever have", is appropriate for expressing that the gift that will be given to me in the future (might happen or might not) will be ...
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151 views

Examples of modal verbs with Zero Conditionals (Present Real Conditionals)

Yesterday I asked this question, but haven't got any answer so far... So I try to ask that my question in another way (thorough some simpler questions): Can the following sentences be considered ...
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Modal verbs in Zero Conditionals (Present Real Conditionals)

What modal verbs can be used in Zero Conditionals (Present Real Conditionals)? For example, I have stumbled across such examples: If you want to go to university, you must study hard. If it can be ...
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Mixed conditionals in a sentence

If I had won the lottery, I would be travelling the world. OR If I had won the lottery, I would have travelled the world. Which one of these is correct?
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Is “If I die one day, at least I lived.” grammatical?

Is “If I die one day, at least I lived.” grammatical? I am not sure if it's correct or should I use "I have lived"?
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Is the use of 'should' in 'How could it be that … should …' correct?

Example sentence: 'How could it be that all this should be lost when he leaves?" The 'should' clause here describes an uncertain event in the future. I feel safer with 'How could it be that all ...
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type 2 and type 3 conditional sentences (a subordinate clause within the protasis or apodosis)

I read this sentence today: If I were five years old again, I would sleep in every Saturday while I still had the chance! I am confused why is had used in the last part. When the first part is ...
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had in result clause of second conditional [duplicate]

I read this sentence today: If I were five years old again, I would sleep in every Saturday while I still had the chance! I am confused why is had used in the last part. When the first part is ...
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1answer
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Type 1 conditional and Inverted should

I was studying about inverted conditional clause when I came across this sentence. Should you require any further information about the program please do not hesitate to ask for it. I am confused ...
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Can you tell if this conditional is wrong

I was writing a conditional sentence when I found out that it was not in any conditionals grammar(type 0,1,2,3). I also think it is grammatically incorrect. If I were the Prime Minister, I would ...
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What is the correct “tense” that follows 'if' in this question, and the tense of the clause that follows next?

My sentence structure is: However, if Steven refused (refuses? refuse?) to remove the instruction from the note, it will (would?) confuse people. I am confused about the tense that follows 'if' in ...
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mixed conditional sentence

Assumming that tommorrow my friend will take a examination, but he didn't study anything, so it's too late for him now, he is doomed for sure :). Is it grammatically correct if I say to my friend: If ...
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1answer
111 views

How would I vs How I would

In the following sentence: One of the questions in a test I solved was about how would I organize the process if I was HR Google grammar checker suggests that I should put "I would" ...
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1answer
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Is Future Tense for If Conditional Necessary in Mathematical Context?

We use a future tense for a conditional sentence. If you rest, you will feel better. If you believe, you will receive whatever you ask for in prayer. Must one follow this rule in mathematical ...
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I was afraid he would offer vs I was afraid he offered

Are both sentences below grammatically correct and do they mean the same? I was afraid he would offer me meat. I was afraid he offered me meat.
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Why is, “If I don't use the microphone, nobody will hear me,” not considered a double negative

I understand that you can't have a double negative...but also, 'anyone/anybody' in this sentence wouldn't make sense: If I don't use the microphone, nobody will hear me So why is this not considered ...
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35 views

What type of conditional is this

Well, I was reading a book when I read this sentence Should you fail to do so, we would have no choice but to take further action. I want to know what type of conditional is this? The if statement ...
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“To do something, it's required to do something else” - Is this construction correct?

I have a technical document with the following sentence: Exception: To assign a_very_special_variable, use a separate line. Exception: To assign a_very_special_variable, it’s required to use a ...
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Omitting relative pronoun in a conditional clause

Though it's generally discouraged, this approach is acceptable in some rare cases. Though generally discouraged, this approach is acceptable in some rare cases. "it" in the first sentence ...
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28 views

Conditional 2nd type, with might; what tense is it referring to?

If I tell this to someone: If you asked me nicely, I might get you a drink. Do I mean 'Please ask nicely, and I get you a drink' or am I emphasizing that 'you have already asked me but it was not ...
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What conditional type is “We could go into it if that's necessary.” ? That seems to be not fitting any of them

Is that a mixed or a mistake or just an informal way to say smth? Or may be it's just the 1st with a polite "could" instead of Will?
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Past simple in the second conditional

In the Friends TV show Phoebe complains about her bank and five hundred extra dollars in her account. She explains that she can't spend that money in the following words: Let's say I bought a really ...
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61 views

Past tense of “Would like to”

When someone wants to ask politely for something, they use “would like to” structure. For example: “I would like to try on this jacket, please.” I wonder if this structure has past tense. I know ...
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29 views

Would be or Would have been, and why?

He would be a king, unfortunately he died due to a disease He would have been a king, unfortunately he died due to a disease Would be or Would have been, and why?
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Could a conditional cause confusion between hypothetical and what happened?

I have a scenario where I would normally use a second conditional like this: "If I wanted to, I could do this and that even now". Now from the context it was somewhat implicit, that it was ...
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2answers
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“are” or “were” in a clause embedded within a counterfactual clause

In the following sentences, the boldfaced coupular verb is found in a clause within a counterfactual clause. Should "are" or "were" be used? Why? Imagine a 100-story skyscraper ...
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Nature of the use of -ing after some 3rd conditional constructions

Good day. I am a student currently about to finish English Studies at college. I usually have observational competence to whether a sentence is grammatically correct or not, but I am now trying to ...
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“If you weren't guilty, you wouldn't have gone on the run.” or “If you had not been guilty, you wouldn't have gone on the run.”

If you weren't guilty, you wouldn't have gone on the run. When I first read this sentence, I thought that it should have been written like the below one. If you hadn't been guilty, you wouldn't have ...
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72 views

What's the difference between “If I had done” and “If I did”?

If I had known she was coming, Id have come too. 1st Question: I really understand this sentence but what if I say it like “If I knew she (would come or not or was coming or not?), I'd come too.” Am ...
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85 views

If he owns a Cadillac, I own an invisibility cloak

Does B's reply sound natural in the following dialogue? Here, he is obviously denying he has an invisibility cloak to show he doesn't believe John has a Cadillac. Are there any constraints on this ...

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