Questions tagged [conditional-constructions]

For questions about constructions which associate a hypothetical or imagined 'condition' with a 'consequence' which is inferred to be true if the 'condition' is true OR predicted to occur if the 'condition' occurs. "If John arrives tonight we will have a party."

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Use of first conditional

We can't know for sure what will happen in the future. In this case, do we use a first conditional? For instance: If the weather improves, we're going to the beach. Here, we don't know wheather the ...
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Indicating someone else made a guess about past events

Imagine the following scenario: You were in class, and your professor made a guess and said Professor: "Climate change may have led the dinosaur to extinction." After the class, you are ...
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Difference between 'would+present' and 'would have+past participle' in these cases

Difference between 'would+present' and 'would have+past participle' in these cases. 1° EXAMPLE: When John was 30, the doctor told him that he wouldn't live/wouldn't have lived past 40. Now he's fifty ...
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Modal Verbs: Should We Use the Second Conditional to Refer to Events That Remain Possible (but Are Unlikely) in Past Tense?

My question relates to hypothetical situations in the past; however, I am looking at it from a narrative perspective, where the outcomes of past events are presented as uncertain. Traditionally, to ...
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What kind of structure is it?

I’m glad this programme is about singing because I love it and what I lack in ability, I make up for in enthusiasm! It's taken from the BBC podcast I understood the meaning with the help of an ...
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if it was built to help rather than harm

How do we make sense of the boldfaced if-clause? It's at odds with the traditional conception of conditional sentences, which would require a matching main clause containing "would," 'could,&...
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"If he were to be selected, I would be very happy"

I know if I say "If it were to rain, it would be a pleasant day". = If it rained, it would be a pleasant day". But my query is if I say, "If he were to be selected, I would be very ...
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Though seems conditional Type 2, it is not fully compliant to Type 2. So, is such a Type 2 still acceptable: if+present, would

The following sentence is from a text in which someone is complaining about his brother who has not been interested in his elderly mother. (Here is the link: https://www.insider.com/why-i-cut-contact-...
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Idiomatic mixed conditional sentences

This is related to my other question. So I went to look up mixed conditionals and the sentence from the linked question fits the form of 'present condition/past result' conditional. Now the rules say ...
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If the boat were to capsize, it’s designed to re-right itself [closed]

The following conditional sentence is hard to reconcile with traditional grammar. I'm wondering what makes it okay as a conditional sentence and how to make sense of it in a way that conforms to ...
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Type 2 IF Conditional. vs Type 3 Situation Comparison

If I am standing there talking to someone while they are getting ready I can use TYPE 2? such as all of these? If you woke up earlier, then you wouldn’t need to rush. If you didn’t leave so late, ...
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If conditional If I was him or If I were him or If I was he or If were he? [closed]

Which of the follow are correct and why? I've seen most of these constructions all over the internet but unsure the difference and if even correct at all. These are examples I chose because they're ...
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Difference between past simple and past perfect in conditional tenses

I have been confused about the difference between simple and past perfect in conditional tenses. “If we had looked at the map, we wouldn’t be lost.” “If we looked at the map, we wouldn’t be ...
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Whether using present or past simple in the imaginary past event

I might have thought she __ not able to speak, if I had not heard her singing. It's just a made-up sentence, please apologize if it doesn't make sense. Anyway, if only if I have to choose between is ...
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He did something regularly to see if I needed anything. An event of need actually occured?

He checked on me regularly during my stay to see if I needed anything. I've been confused of if I needed anything. Actually needing something has occured in the first place? Which article can make me ...
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Conditional statement

I'm Spanish and I'm doing some exercises to practise for my exams and I have just seen this question: If I ___ eaten so much food, I wouldn't feel sick now. The options to fill the gap were: hadn't /...
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Can someone explain this conditional? (Past simple + past perfect)

I've just come across one conditional that I don't quite understand. If what she said was true, Marilyn had almost certainly left town last night. I understand that the first part of the sentence is ...
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Conditionals: Main clause in negative

Do the rules on conditional constructions depend in any way on whether the main-clause is in negative? Here is one example: We are trying to write-down all the steps, so that if another person wants ...
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Irregular Conditionals

I saw the following example sentence in this link: If Gina would explain her situation a little better, I think they'd see where she's coming from. As seen, both the if- and main clauses use the &...
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Which sentence is correct? The first one or the second one?

Which sentence is correct? The first conditional or the second conditional? A: If I don't start packing soon, I will miss the flight. If I didn't start packing soon, I would miss the flight. B: Relax, ...
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Example of a *real* condition in the past

Consider the following hypothetical example. A friend of mine named Alex passed away last year. I've found a notebook in his room with pictures of lions. This suggests that he was likely interested in ...
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Using the third conditional when the condition is "real"

I've heard the third conditional structure is used when the condition is not real. Here are some examples. But I think I've come across an example that negates the above rule. Here it is: If Alex had ...
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If I had time, I should go to the gym" vs "If I had had time, I should have gone to the gym"

(As in conditional sentences) "If I had time, I should go to the gym." "If I had had time, I should have gone to the gym." I am not sure about American English, but I reckon in ...
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Peculiar If Sentence

I'm not sure what is suggested here, can you shed light on this if usage: The history of efforts to regulate cigarette- and their relative ineffectiveness- demonstrated the power of the industry to ...
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Had better plus present perfect vs 3rd conditional

If I say You had better have invited him. I'm referring to the point that the addressed person hasn't been invited yet. I was thinking that I can also say it like this: It would have been better if ...
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Correct or wrong?: "When I will meet him, I will explain."

Background I think the present simple is usually used after when if it's like a condition. E.g.: I'll call you when I arrive. (correct) I'll call you when I will arrive. (wrong) However, on english-...
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The Present Simple is used as a condition. Why not 'will'?

I'm not sure if it's the right word, but I feel like the Present Simple is sometimes used as a 'condition'. For example: If you do that, this will happen. I'll call you when I arrive. Clean your ...
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Can the following sentence (without if) be regarded as a conditional type 2 sentence?

I was wondering if the following question can be regarded a conditional sentence of the 2nd type: To hear some men talk, you'd think that women belonged to a different species! In fact the sentence ...
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Inversion with "to not have"?

I came across this quote and was intrigued by its grammar: "The soul would have no rainbow, had the eyes no tears" At first glance, "had the eyes no tears" this seems like a type ...
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If I took the test and failed, it would (have) be/been a waste of time

Let’s say I’m talking to a fellow student about whether or not we should take a certain test this semester or the next semester. We haven’t started to study for the test, so thus far no time has been ...
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mixed conditional verb

I know there are 4 types of conditional sentence. zero, one, two, three and mixed conditional; that the mixed conditional has two types: When the condition refers to the past, but the consequence to ...
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Are the following translations of the sentences using "thought" and "think" correct?

I think that usage of the words "think" and "thought" is the most difficult in English grammar. Even though I watched several videos and searched the internet, I am unable to ...
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A question about conditional construction [closed]

My question is about the type of conditional verb in the past(condition and condition's result is about the past). A: I don’t understand this. B: If I were you, I would ask your teacher for help. A:...
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Can I say (have go this through)?

I saw this sentence from my friend's WhatsApp story. He's an English learner like me. This is the sentence by the way: Had I not been a jerk I would not have been going this through. I think, there'...
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Comma after a conditional clause in the middle of a sentence

The description of some algorithm (searching in a program-transition graph for a program state with certain properties) finishes with We return “true” if we find such a state(,) and “false” otherwise....
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present or past tense in conditional sentence?

Look at the following sentence: The importance of leisure time would be more vivid if we consider / considered that too much work will result in burnout. Which one is correct? consider or considered?...
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is "If +past simple + would have+past participle" grammatically wrong?

Is "If I knew French, I would have spoken it" grammatically wrong? cause I think it doesn't fit into the those 4 types of conditionals. the closest one to it maybe the third conditional but ...
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would probably not have won

a. If Harry hadn't worked out every day last week, he might not win his tennis match tomorrow. b. If Harry hadn't worked out every day last week, he might not have won his tennis match tomorrow. c. If ...
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possible current result of possible past event

I want to express a possible result of an action that might have been carried on in past, but I don't have any idea whether the action is done or not. Consider this sentence: If you'd read the book, ...
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use of which as a conjunction in a conditional clause

Constructing a shelter is a great act. Especially if there is a need for a shelter in a town, in which case the reward is limitless. I see something unusual in the word 'which' here. I think there ...
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What does this conditional sentence mean exactly?

The importance of leisure time would become more vivid if we considered that constant work results in burnout. What does this sentence mean? Does it mean that: Currently we do not consider that ...
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I always fail to use the correct conditional construction!

Which one of the following options are correct? I think the second one is correct because it is about past and we need third conditional. Is it right? Curfews were a big part of my childhood and I ...
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If (someone) didn't (do something), (someone) will (experience something)

I've never seen the structure in the title before. I want to know which type of conditional is this: If you didn't do much maths at school, you 'll find economics difficult. Why not: If you didn't ...
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Is using 'should' to omit 'if there is' appropriate?

I'm learning through an English app. It says there, to omit if in this sentence below: If there is a fire, leave the room. I can use in case, so, the sentece will be: In case of fire, leave the ...
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Appropriate clause with 'if'

Which one should I use? If you could solve this problem, I'll give you a chocolate. If you solved this problem, I'll give you a chocolate.
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What is the correct tense for the result clause where the conditional clause is in the form "If sb/sth had"?

I came across an article on conditional sentences on Grammarly.com (https://www.grammarly.com/blog/conditional-sentences-was-instead-of-were/) where the two sentences below are given as correct: If I ...
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Why is 'He won't forget it if he is rich' incorrect?

What I've learned about conditional sentences is when we have will, it must be the first kind of conditional sentences (type I). But, take a look at this Who's wrong? The app or I? It's an app called ...
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at the same time as or at the same time when

The sentence: At the same time as the value of x decreases, the variable y and its absolute value decrease. Can we use when instead as? At the same time when the value of x decreases, the variable ...
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You would have got or get?

Is it “get” or “got” ? For example: You would have got tired of it. Or You would have get tired of it. Thank you.
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I'm never going to guess the answer if you don't give me a clue. / I will never guess the answer if you don't give me a clue

From Oxford dictionary I have the first sentence. But from my grammar book is the following quote: "When the future event doesn't depend on the action described in the if-clause, we use be going ...
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