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Questions tagged [conditionals]

Questions concerning conditional grammar in English. A conditional is a sentence, often starting with "if" or "unless", in which one half expresses something which depends on the other half.

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If you say/said..., then it means/would mean

Person A: in the morning my friend asked how I got to work today. I replied "on a cab". He said it should be "in a cab". Why? Person B: if you said (=were to say) you got to work ...
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Why use "revived" instead of "revive" in "if your diet has lapsed it's time you revived it"? [duplicate]

The following sentence was found in Oxford Online Dictionary: if your diet has lapsed it's time you revived it. I can't see for myself why "revived" is being used here. I think it should ...
Tran Khanh's user avatar
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How to use if clause with present perfect

If you have drunk too much milk, you might have been taller. Is this sentence grammatically correct?
sedat yıldız's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
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what is the Difference between using "could not" and "might not" in 3rd conditional sentences?

If I had missed the train, we might not have met. If I had missed the train, we could not have met. Is there any difference between these sentences?
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Third Conditional with Should

The Third Conditional if + subject + past perfect, subject + modal + have + past participle The modal verbs 'could,' 'would,' 'may' and 'might' are commonly used in the Third Conditional, but is it ...
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8 answers
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Confusing use of "if" in "Advanced Grammar in Use"

I'm currently leafing through Advanced Grammar in Use by Martin Hewings and on page 18 there is a unit (unit 9) describing the difference between "will" and "be going to". Among ...
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The use of conditionals

1 If I win this competition, I will be buying cars 2 If I win this competition, I will buy cars 3 If she arrives, I will be waving at her 4 If she arrives, I will wave at her 5 If I won the competiton ...
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Which one of the sentences is type 1 conditional and which one is type 0?

Which one of the following sentences in bold is type 1 conditional 1 and which one is type 0 in the following examples? Example 1 A: There’s something wrong with my keyboard. B: What’s wrong? A: I can’...
Chien Te Lu's user avatar
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1 answer
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We went to a meeting yesterday. We would ask questions if we had any. - past real conditionals?

Example 1 We went to a meeting yesterday. We could ask questions if we had. Example 2 We went to a meeting yesterday. We would ask questions if we had any. Are the conditionals in the examples ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Should it be "....could marry..." or "....could have married...? --- If you didn't like me when you met me, how the hell could you marry me?

Imagine a husband says to his wife -after years of marriage- that he didn't like her all along ever since when they first met. So, the wife gets shocked and wants to ask how he married her. So, the ...
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Is there any difference between the simple and continuous aspect in conditionals 0, 1 and 2?

I have some questions related to conditionals. Let's start with 0: If I have drunk I don't drive If I have drunk I'm not driving 1 conditional If she comes I will be cooking something If she ...
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Different ways of making 0 conditional

I was told that when it comes to 0 conditional we can use modals,past simple and continuous and present perfect. Is that right or we can create 0 conditionals with different tenses too? 1 If I can ...
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1 answer
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The use od third conditional

Can we use simple and continuous forms in both clauses with 3 conditional 1 If I had played I would have won 2 IF I had played I would have been winning 3 Id I had been playing I would have been ...
Adam's user avatar
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You would say that sam has run/ran/had run a red light

John: What does "running a red light" mean? (1) Sam: If I were to drive past a red traffic light without stopping, you would say, "Sam has run a red light". (2) Sam: If I were to ...
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2 votes
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Usage of "I wish… so that…"

Is it natural when I write: "I wish Lan knew my phone number so that she could call me." "I wish Lan had known my phone number so that she had called me." I'm not sure if I can ...
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if I had been convinced (the third conditional)

The following is from a movie on YouTube called "A Date With The Unknown" (a link to that moment): Tommy was the prosecutor in Rusty's trial. During the trial Rusty's computer was presented ...
prof1589's user avatar
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anyone could guess you write/wrote/had written it

In a classroom, one student (A) to another (B): A: I'm surprised! How did you know I wrote it on the board? (The writing is still there on the board) B: It's pretty simple. Looking at the handwriting, ...
Mr. X's user avatar
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Are these sentences conditionals or not?

I've always considered conditionals to have a condition and then a conditional outcome. But then I came up with these sentences: If somebody found your phone, then that would explain how they found ...
August99's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
242 views

If we must take the train to the place, we will have to wake up early that day. - "Should" in if-clause to mean "have to"?

Example 1 If we have to take the train to the place, we will have to wake up early that day. Example 2 If we must take the train to the place, we will have to wake up early that day. Example 3 If ...
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If a giant asteroid were/was heading towards our planet, many people would tell each other that humanity were/was facing an imminent threat. - which?

Example 1 If a giant asteroid were/was heading towards our planet, many people would tell each other that humanity were/was facing an imminent threat. I know verb should be back-shifted in a ...
vincentlin's user avatar
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When they passed the admission test, they would enter the university. - if he doesn't even have a child yet, is this construction correct?

Example 1 Hey, Amy. If you guys had a child, you would have to take care of them until they turned 18. When they passed the admission test, they would enter the university. It would mean you would ...
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Is the following text grammatically correct?

I've encountered the following text: The war might have continued, at terrible cost to all three countries, had not domestic turmoil in Japan, coupled with effective disruption of Japanese supply ...
Lazarus Frost's user avatar
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1 answer
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How to talk about past possibilities?

How do English-speaking people convey uncertainty about past possibilities using if clauses in their writing and speech? For instance, when one is unsure about whether an event occurred in the past, ...
vahid vahidi's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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CNN: "Had he lived, he would be 95 years old this year." | Why is it "....would be...." instead of "....would have been..."?

"Had he lived, Martin Luther King Jr. would be 95 years old this year." CNN-Martin's question remains unaswered This sentence seems to start with Conditional Type 3 structure, but it does ...
Yunus's user avatar
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Second conditional or past real conditional?

There is this quote from the show Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey that confuses me: If it wasn't for Edmond Halley, Newton's great book would've never been conceived, nor written, nor printed. Now I ...
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1 answer
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tenses when using 'imagine' to describe an imaginary situation [closed]

I know how to use conditional tenses like this: If all these drivers were made redundant by autonomous cars, the unemployment rates in these countries would rise significantly. But what about when ...
newbie forever's user avatar
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Reporting Conditionals

I'm wondering how to report Conditionals. Do we have to step back in terms of tenses? I also found this https://www.englishcollege.com/conditionals-reported-speech-if-clause. As a native speaker can ...
Malvena's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is it possible to mix zero (main clause) with second conditional (if clause)?

This is a sentence from the BBC: If you think now on a company like Spotify, where we already pay out almost 70% of our revenues back to the creative community, if we were to take the 30% out of our ...
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Are these sentences conditionals?

After going through all the conditionals (real and unreal and mixed unreal), I doubt these two types of sentences. Are they conditional sentences? He would have been more careful about it if he knew ...
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It will be great if/it would be geat if

What's the difference between the following? It will really be great if you can pass the salsa over here. It would really be great if you could pass the salsa over here. If you move your chair a bit,...
Nyambek's user avatar
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1 answer
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Should with 2nd and 3rd conditionals

Here is a link which I came across on this site. Should in conditional sentences It prohibits the usage of 'should' with type 2 and type 3. There are multiple sources which concur with this rule and ...
brp7's user avatar
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1 answer
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Why C and B are the correct answers? Is the bold part a conditional type?

While small amounts of other minerals ---1--- the savory hill, the salt pile would have a near translucent quality if not for the thin layer of reddish clay ---2--- the exterior. A. pervades B. is ...
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“Was there not” or “Wasn’t there” - what’s the difference?

Is there a difference between “Was there not” or “Wasn’t there” in the meaning? Example: Was there not an emptiness…?. Or can be interchangeably used for the same “ Wasn’t there an emptiness…?” Or is ...
VilemRousi's user avatar
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1 answer
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How to properly express conditional causal relationship

Is this correct and normal way to express causation relationship?: {Something} would not be required, had {something_other} been done properly. Or maybe this form is more natural?: If {...
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0 answers
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If you add some salt if or if you added some salt if

My mother is cooking, I am standing next to her and I want to say something about her cooking: (1) If you add some salt, it will be better. (2) If you added some salt, it would be better. Which ...
Nyambek's user avatar
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1 answer
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When/If you eat KFC chicken, you are a fast food lover. - do they mean different to you?

A lot of online materials say “if” and “when” are interchangeable when the conditional sentence is something repeated and habitual. But I just found an exception. (1) If you eat KFC chicken, you are ...
vincentlin's user avatar
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1 vote
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"would" after "if" - "If you would just tell me, it would be easier for the both of us"

"If you would just tell me, it would be easier for the both of us" Why is there "would" after "if"? It has to be an exception because normally you can't do it.
Kyamond's user avatar
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Conditional questions

I am confused about the conditionals in English. Why is it necessary to add "had" in the third conditional but not in the second conditional? They are both similar but the difference is that ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is it possible to use the Present Continuous for the Future in the 1st Conditional?

As I understand grammar, these first two examples are correct when discussing with the 1st Conditional. If I get a pay rise, I will travel to the UK. If I get a pay rise, I am going to travel to the ...
Alexander Jorgensen's user avatar
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1 answer
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Second and third condition if

Why is the probablity of the second conditional if more than that of third conditional if? I read somewhere that the probablity of the 2nd conditional is 40% where the 3rd conditional is 0%. My ...
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1 vote
3 answers
145 views

What is the use of "would" in this context

Could you explain what the use of "would" in this sentence is? In this context, someone opens the conversation with the question: A: what does this mean? A man who never drew but selfish ...
Nyambek's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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If he loves God, he will sacrifice his son. - is this correct usage in a review article?

How do we use conditionals in a review of a story? Example 1 God asks Abraham to sacrifice his son to test him. If Abraham loves God, he will sacrifice his son. And he is going to, so he loves God. ...
vincentlin's user avatar
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Until I fell asleep, I would/used to scroll my smart phone. - is this acceptable?

Example 1 As soon as/Once my father bought me a gift, I would/used to bring it to the school and show it off to my friends. Example 2 After my father bought me a gift, I would/used to bring it to ...
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He had a good time with his manager. If he asked for a raise, he would get it. And he got it - a real past conditional valid here?

Example 1 What was he to do? If he leg go of the van, the people inside would fall. If he didn't help the people in the water, they would freeze. I am curious as to how this kind of conditional is ...
vincentlin's user avatar
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Would have vs would

So, I was watching a movie where I encountered this dialogue. "There was no way we could have known our pilots would have been this ineffective against them". Isn't "would have" ...
Rayhan's user avatar
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2 answers
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if or after you are ready [closed]

Question 17 We can go _____ you’re ready. A) if B) after C) before D) while The answer to the question above is "after". But what about "if"? Which is used by the ...
loloist's user avatar
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2 answers
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It will be awesome/interesting/nice, etc. if you can join us. - is "it" a dummy it?

Example 1 It will be awesome/interesting/nice...etc. if you can join us. Example 2 If you can join us, it will be wesome/interesting/nice...etc. Can it be written this way like Example 2? I always ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What is the grammar of the conditional "If students are having difficulties..., early detection can help"?

I read an essay, and one of the sentences is like this. If students are having difficulties with basic skills like reading, writing and mathematics, early detection can help educators to remediate ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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How tasty would it be?

As a student of English, I have met two possible types of uses of the word "would". The first type of use refers to a situation that can actually happen, while the second one refers to a ...
Peter's user avatar
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If using would implies conditionality are those conditions always unlikely? Because in conditionals when the condition is probable will must be use

I mean yes "would" implies hypothetical situation and conditionality, but didn't we have rule about conditionals that if the condition is probable we must use will and if it's unlikely we ...
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