Questions tagged [functions]

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The correct sense of the word Challenge in context

"It could prove valuable," he told her. "Monetarily?" she challenged. While translating it into my language (Urdu), the word challenged is really challenging. Despite analysing all ...
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1 answer
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Function of infinitive clause in a sentence

I am having a confusion with a sentence ; [To look at], the helmet resembles nothing so much as a novelty head massage gadget with several spidery arms. What is the function and type of "to look ...
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Identifying the function and type of the phrases

There are some sentences which i can't figure out the function of the phrase. Can you help me? 1- [To look at], the helmet resembles nothing so much as a novelty head massage gadget with several ...
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1 answer
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In the sentence "As a father,". What's the purpose of each of the following parts listed in the description?

In the phrase: As a father, ... what are the functions of the "as a" part and the "father" part?
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1 answer
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Does "to show" function as an adverb modifying an adjective in this sentence? [closed]

Does the usage of the infinitive to show serve the purpose the task below? Task: write a sentence using the infinitive "to show" as an adverb modifying an adjective. I tried to use "to ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Why the infinitive phrase in this sentence functions as Adverb and not adjective?

Marian had plenty of work to finish In the correction form, it says that the function of to finish is adverbial. But why it is not an adjective? Which work? The work to finish. So it is an adjective!!...
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2 votes
1 answer
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The more precisely - An Adverb Phrase? And its function?

I am reading Kane and Abel by Jeffrey Archer where I found the following sentence: He spat into the fire, the more precisely to express his opinion of the child's parentage. Is "the more ...
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2 answers
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Can a noun or word have more than one case?

Can a noun or word have more than one case? I was thinking the phrase "you look like a spider climbing up the stairs" before I thought that within that phrase or sentence, "spider" ...
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2 votes
2 answers
32 views

What is the grammatical function of “that” in “that which works”?

There is no one road to success. Each one must find that which works. What is this "that"?
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1 answer
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Is the word "as" a preposition in the sentence "He ran as though his life depended on it"?

Is the word "as" a preposition in the sentence "He ran as though his life depended on it"? I'm 99% sure that it's not, due to the verb "depended". I just want to be 100% ...
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1 vote
2 answers
313 views

Verbs in these sentences

In the sentence “I went jogging” am I correct in thinking “went” is the verb? And jogging a gerund? In the sentence “David jogs for a mile every day” Jogs is the verb? In the sentence “David had ...
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What is the grammatical name and function of this part of the sentence?

In the sentence Conciously postponing a decision is not the same as indecision. what is the grammatical name and function of the part in italics?
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What is the function of "exhausts" in this context? Does "more than exhausts" refer to "the psychic knowledge"?

What is the function of "exhausts" in this context? Does "more than exhausts" refer to "the psychic knowledge"? Both Kate Fox Jencken and Margaret Fox-Kane died in the early 'nineties, and their ...
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Function of did

What is the function of did in this paragraph? I did get quite a few letters from all over the country.. I tried to search on google about this but I haven't found something useful.
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1 answer
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Linguistic approach to noun-verb transition

I have noticed that many nouns can be used as verbs and vice versa. Why is that so with English? What is the linguistic approach to this? Is that because English is an analytic language?
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1 answer
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Be-verbs modified by adverbs?

Could you please tell me what the function of the adverb "partly" is in the sentence, "It is partly her fault"? In other words, what does "partly" modify in that sentence?
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Use of "was not to"

Why there uses "to" and what part of speech the word blame? I was not to blame for your death.
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Can this clause function as an adverbial of reason?

I couldn’t analyse the structure of this sentence properly. Specifically, i don’t know what is the function of the clause “over giving weighting factor to the role of youngsters.” This is the whole ...
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1 vote
1 answer
140 views

What is the grammatical function of "circumstances as they are" in this sentence?

I find this sentence in an online article strange and even jarring for several reasons. With limited provisions, he awaits reinforcements, but circumstances as they are, is believed lost to the ...
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4 votes
2 answers
267 views

Marking the functions of a sentence: 'She may like it'

I am reading Cambridge Grammar of English Language (CaGEL) all over again, though not cover to cover. One page no. 215, I came across The major functions in the structure of the clause are the ...
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2 answers
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"at least for" is considered under what syntactical feature? [closed]

It was love at first sight, at least for the wide-eyed young teen Elizabeth
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2 votes
1 answer
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What's the function of "a" in "a mere three years later"?

The Supreme Court overruled this decision a mere three years later. (source: Wikipedia) Is using an indefinite article "a" to determine three years grammatical? If so, why? Also, is a used here as ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Is it possible to have 2 subjects in a defining relative clause?

Is it possible to have 2 subjects in a defining relative clause ? For example: The author whose book I've read is going to be in my town "whose book" and "I" are 2 subjects here right ? Or "whose ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Difference between 'prepositional phrase' and 'adjective phrase'?

Can you please help me understand the difference between 'prepositional phrase' and 'adjective phrase'? He drives the car at high speed. (Prepositional phrase) The boy in the shop is my friend. (...
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2 votes
1 answer
122 views

I do not know what we call this part of sentence: "to be deceiving"

For example: It is like to be deceiving the whole nation. Inside above sentence, what do we say the part "to be deceiving"? Does it have any specific name? As I know about this: Is there ...
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3 votes
3 answers
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What is the subject in the sentence "Rice is being cooked by Mary"?

I know it's a very basic question, and I've looked up the definition of "subject." This very question was asked within a linguistic course that I am taking, the answer to which is apparently rice (see ...
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2 votes
2 answers
180 views

The structure of the sentence

It takes the earth a little more than 365 days to travel around the sun. According to the sentence, I think the structure of it like the following: It = Preparatory "it" takes = Verb the earth = ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Parts of speech in "I let him take the pen."

In the sentence I let him take the pen. are the following mentioned functions correct? I = subject let = main verb him = indirect Object take = the second verb (bare infinitive) the pen = Direct ...
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1 answer
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Saying 'Congratulations' on new year and someone's birthday; the act of saying "happy new year/birthday" ; "happy new year in advance"

I used to think we use congratulations for achievements but I recently came across an occassion when a native speaker said "congratulations" when he heard it's someone's birthday. Can we use ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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I'm happy to do vs I'm happy I did

We say "I'm happy I helped" to refer to the past. What about "I'm happy to help"? Does it mean you you want to show your willingness to do something (something you haven't done yet)? Or do we have to ...
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3 votes
2 answers
914 views

"for someone to do something" as a noun phrase

Can we use the structure: for + sb/sth + to + verb + ... As a noun phrase? For example, in the following sentence: The best approach to address this issue is [noun (phrase)] Can we complete the ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Is "alarmed by the clock" a parenthesis or participle clause in this sentence?

Tony nervously watched the woman, alarmed by the clock. In this sentence, is alarmed by the clock a parenthesis or a participle clause modifying object Tony?
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1 answer
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Should the function be 'asking questions' or 'ask questions'?

for example: A: How old are you? B: I'm 20 years old What's the function of the previous mini-dialogue? Should the answer be: Function: asking and answering questions or Function: ask ...
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18 votes
3 answers
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These look like fragments. Help me to understand why they are okay to use

“How did I escape? With difficulty. How did I plan this moment? With pleasure. ” ― Alexandre Dumas, The Count of Monte Cristo I recently found out that when writing lists, items in a list don't ...
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4 votes
2 answers
12k views

Difference between "How are you doing and How are you"

What is the difference between: How are you doing? and: How are you? Do they use in informal speaking or not? Also, what is the function of the verb 'doing' in that first sentence?
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17 votes
3 answers
186k views

Difference between "two years old and two-year-old"

What is the difference between 'two years old' and 'two-year-old'? Are they the same or not? What is the function of using dash in this phrase: 'two-year-old'? When we use dash we cannot say 'years'...
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2 votes
1 answer
146 views

Sentence constructors and parts

What are all the parts a sentence can be made of? Noun, verb, adjective, pronoun, adverb etc. And what is a short description of the function of each? I know these can be found online and in text ...
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