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Questions tagged [functions]

The tag has no usage guidance.

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1answer
33 views

What is the grammatical function of “circumstances as they are” in this sentence?

I find this sentence in an online article strange and even jarring for several reasons. With limited provisions, he awaits reinforcements, but circumstances as they are, is believed lost to the ...
4
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2answers
209 views

Marking the functions of a sentence: 'She may like it'

I am reading Cambridge Grammar of English Language (CaGEL) all over again, though not cover to cover. One page no. 215, I came across The major functions in the structure of the clause are the ...
1
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1answer
159 views

The structure of the sentence

It takes the earth a little more than 365 days to travel around the sun. According to the sentence, I think the structure of it like the following: It = Preparatory "it" takes = Verb the earth = ...
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2answers
47 views

“at least for” is considered under what syntactical feature? [closed]

It was love at first sight, at least for the wide-eyed young teen Elizabeth
2
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1answer
106 views

What's the function of “a” in “a mere three years later”?

The Supreme Court overruled this decision a mere three years later. (source: Wikipedia) Is using an indefinite article "a" to determine three years grammatical? If so, why? Also, is a used here as ...
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2answers
1k views

Difference between 'prepositional phrase' and 'adjective phrase'?

Can you please help me understand the difference between 'prepositional phrase' and 'adjective phrase'? He drives the car at high speed. (Prepositional phrase) The boy in the shop is my friend. (...
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3answers
118k views

Difference between “two years old and two-year-old”

What is the difference between 'two years old' and 'two-year-old'? Are they the same or not? What is the function of using dash in this phrase: 'two-year-old'? When we use dash we cannot say 'years'...
4
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1answer
46 views

Is it possible to have 2 subjects in a defining relative clause?

Is it possible to have 2 subjects in a defining relative clause ? For example: The author whose book I've read is going to be in my town "whose book" and "I" are 2 subjects here right ? Or "whose ...
2
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3answers
3k views

What is the subject in the sentence “Rice is being cooked by Mary”?

I know it's a very basic question, and I've looked up the definition of "subject." This very question was asked within a linguistic course that I am taking, the answer to which is apparently rice (see ...
1
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2answers
349 views

Parts of speech in “I let him take the pen.”

In the sentence I let him take the pen. are the following mentioned functions correct? I = subject let = main verb him = indirect Object take = the second verb (bare infinitive) the pen = Direct ...
1
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1answer
2k views

Saying 'Congratulations' on new year and someone's birthday; the act of saying “happy new year/birthday” ; “happy new year in advance”

I used to think we use congratulations for achievements but I recently came across an occassion when a native speaker said "congratulations" when he heard it's someone's birthday. Can we use ...
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2answers
3k views

I'm happy to do vs I'm happy I did

We say "I'm happy I helped" to refer to the past. What about "I'm happy to help"? Does it mean you you want to show your willingness to do something (something you haven't done yet)? Or do we have to ...
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3answers
2k views

These look like fragments. Help me to understand why they are okay to use

“How did I escape? With difficulty. How did I plan this moment? With pleasure. ” ― Alexandre Dumas, The Count of Monte Cristo I recently found out that when writing lists, items in a list don't ...
3
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3answers
98 views

“for someone to do something” as a noun phrase

Can we use the structure: for + sb/sth + to + verb + ... As a noun phrase? For example, in the following sentence: The best approach to address this issue is [noun (phrase)] Can we complete the ...
0
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1answer
763 views

Should the function be 'asking questions' or 'ask questions'?

for example: A: How old are you? B: I'm 20 years old What's the function of the previous mini-dialogue? Should the answer be: Function: asking and answering questions or Function: ask ...
4
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2answers
9k views

Difference between “How are you doing and How are you”

What is the difference between: How are you doing? and: How are you? Do they use in informal speaking or not? Also, what is the function of the verb 'doing' in that first sentence?
2
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1answer
100 views

Sentence constructors and parts

What are all the parts a sentence can be made of? Noun, verb, adjective, pronoun, adverb etc. And what is a short description of the function of each? I know these can be found online and in text ...