Questions tagged [functions]

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19
votes
3answers
2k views

These look like fragments. Help me to understand why they are okay to use

“How did I escape? With difficulty. How did I plan this moment? With pleasure. ” ― Alexandre Dumas, The Count of Monte Cristo I recently found out that when writing lists, items in a list don't ...
16
votes
3answers
148k views

Difference between “two years old and two-year-old”

What is the difference between 'two years old' and 'two-year-old'? Are they the same or not? What is the function of using dash in this phrase: 'two-year-old'? When we use dash we cannot say 'years'...
4
votes
2answers
243 views

Marking the functions of a sentence: 'She may like it'

I am reading Cambridge Grammar of English Language (CaGEL) all over again, though not cover to cover. One page no. 215, I came across The major functions in the structure of the clause are the ...
4
votes
2answers
12k views

Difference between “How are you doing and How are you”

What is the difference between: How are you doing? and: How are you? Do they use in informal speaking or not? Also, what is the function of the verb 'doing' in that first sentence?
4
votes
1answer
47 views

Is it possible to have 2 subjects in a defining relative clause?

Is it possible to have 2 subjects in a defining relative clause ? For example: The author whose book I've read is going to be in my town "whose book" and "I" are 2 subjects here right ? Or "whose ...
3
votes
3answers
108 views

“for someone to do something” as a noun phrase

Can we use the structure: for + sb/sth + to + verb + ... As a noun phrase? For example, in the following sentence: The best approach to address this issue is [noun (phrase)] Can we complete the ...
2
votes
3answers
5k views

What is the subject in the sentence “Rice is being cooked by Mary”?

I know it's a very basic question, and I've looked up the definition of "subject." This very question was asked within a linguistic course that I am taking, the answer to which is apparently rice (see ...
2
votes
1answer
408 views

What's the function of “a” in “a mere three years later”?

The Supreme Court overruled this decision a mere three years later. (source: Wikipedia) Is using an indefinite article "a" to determine three years grammatical? If so, why? Also, is a used here as ...
2
votes
2answers
170 views

The structure of the sentence

It takes the earth a little more than 365 days to travel around the sun. According to the sentence, I think the structure of it like the following: It = Preparatory "it" takes = Verb the earth = ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Sentence constructors and parts

What are all the parts a sentence can be made of? Noun, verb, adjective, pronoun, adverb etc. And what is a short description of the function of each? I know these can be found online and in text ...
1
vote
2answers
4k views

I'm happy to do vs I'm happy I did

We say "I'm happy I helped" to refer to the past. What about "I'm happy to help"? Does it mean you you want to show your willingness to do something (something you haven't done yet)? Or do we have to ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

What is the function of “exhausts” in this context? Does “more than exhausts” refer to “the psychic knowledge”?

What is the function of "exhausts" in this context? Does "more than exhausts" refer to "the psychic knowledge"? Both Kate Fox Jencken and Margaret Fox-Kane died in the early 'nineties, and their ...
1
vote
2answers
467 views

Parts of speech in “I let him take the pen.”

In the sentence I let him take the pen. are the following mentioned functions correct? I = subject let = main verb him = indirect Object take = the second verb (bare infinitive) the pen = Direct ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

Saying 'Congratulations' on new year and someone's birthday; the act of saying “happy new year/birthday” ; “happy new year in advance”

I used to think we use congratulations for achievements but I recently came across an occassion when a native speaker said "congratulations" when he heard it's someone's birthday. Can we use ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

Difference between 'prepositional phrase' and 'adjective phrase'?

Can you please help me understand the difference between 'prepositional phrase' and 'adjective phrase'? He drives the car at high speed. (Prepositional phrase) The boy in the shop is my friend. (...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Be-verbs modified by adverbs?

Could you please tell me what the function of the adverb "partly" is in the sentence, "It is partly her fault"? In other words, what does "partly" modify in that sentence?
1
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0answers
37 views

Use of “was not to”

Why there uses "to" and what part of speech the word blame? I was not to blame for your death.
0
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1answer
922 views

Should the function be 'asking questions' or 'ask questions'?

for example: A: How old are you? B: I'm 20 years old What's the function of the previous mini-dialogue? Should the answer be: Function: asking and answering questions or Function: ask ...
0
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2answers
49 views

“at least for” is considered under what syntactical feature? [closed]

It was love at first sight, at least for the wide-eyed young teen Elizabeth
0
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0answers
26 views

What is the grammatical name and function of this part of the sentence?

In the sentence Conciously postponing a decision is not the same as indecision. what is the grammatical name and function of the part in italics?
0
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0answers
17 views

Function of did

What is the function of did in this paragraph? I did get quite a few letters from all over the country.. I tried to search on google about this but I haven't found something useful.
0
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1answer
19 views

Linguistic approach to noun-verb transition

I have noticed that many nouns can be used as verbs and vice versa. Why is that so with English? What is the linguistic approach to this? Is that because English is an analytic language?
0
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0answers
24 views

Can this clause function as an adverbial of reason?

I couldn’t analyse the structure of this sentence properly. Specifically, i don’t know what is the function of the clause “over giving weighting factor to the role of youngsters.” This is the whole ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

What is the grammatical function of “circumstances as they are” in this sentence?

I find this sentence in an online article strange and even jarring for several reasons. With limited provisions, he awaits reinforcements, but circumstances as they are, is believed lost to the ...
0
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0answers
39 views

Is “alarmed by the clock” a parenthesis or participle clause in this sentence?

Tony nervously watched the woman, alarmed by the clock. In this sentence, is alarmed by the clock a parenthesis or a participle clause modifying object Tony?