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Questions tagged [future-perfect]

For questions about the future perfect, which is will/shall + have + the past participle of the main verb.

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Which sentence is most appropriate? “Next year Anny and I {will have been / will be} married for 25 years”

Which sentence would be most appropriate? Next year Anny and I will have been married for 25 years. Next year Anny and I will be married for 25 years. (this sentence came out of a grammar book. I ...
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Please explain “will have had”

Once I finish this pancake I will have had 5 pancakes. Would you kindly explain this kind of future perfect? It's a sort of future retrospective tense, where one is talking about a past tense that ...
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1answer
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It will be or it will have been

Please tell me what the difference between the following sentences is Tomorrow it will be ten years since we moved in. Tomorrow it will have been ten years since we moved in. Thank you.
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“until it made him sick” vs. “until it makes him sick”

I saw one phrase: He will have eaten it until it made him sick. Why don't we say ...until it makes him sick? I saw this rule under Time words with no future forms: by the time, until, as soon as, ...
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“No chance of finding him sober now; he will have been drinking all day.”

This sentence tells nothing about the future. "Will" here is used to describe what happened in the past / present. No chance of finding him sober now; he will have been drinking all day. Can you ...
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“will have avoided” vs. “will avoid” in the following context

Example with a context: Asked if France would join the United States in providing such equipment to the Ukrainian military, Hollande said "the option of negotiation, of diplomacy, cannot be ...
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“By the time” = “Before”?

By the time he comes, we will have already left. Have I correctly reworded the sentence above? Before he comes, we will have already left.
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884 views

Mr. Sanders _______ on a business trip to Tokyo until the end of this week

Mr. Sanders _______ on a business trip to Tokyo until the end of this week, so he will not be able to complete the sales report as scheduled. A. would have been B. will be C. will have been ...
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Is — where will I have left my keys? — grammatical?

Where will I have left my keys? Is this structure grammatical and used? I'm trying to say something like where did I leave my keys? but using will.
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Future perfect: By that time, I will have possessed three cars. Will I still have them by then?

Reading an answer under this question, I found one interesting point: the use of the future perfect with the verb possess. My question is rather simple. Consider: By that time, I will have ...
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1answer
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Should as Future Perfect Modal

We say: "The installation should have finished by now" and we can say: "The installation will have finished by tomorrow" But what about this: "The installation should have finished by ...
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Future pluperfect

Has anyone encountered the future pluperfect before?? I knew a dishonest landlord who knew a dishonest constable. She hadn't yet served a deadbeat tenant with legal notice, but she said "don't worry,...
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Is “After the Japanese student graduate from …” grammatical?

I wonder if this sentence is correct, and is there a better alternative for this sentence. The sentence is: After the Japanese student graduate from the secondary school, he will have learnt 2000 ...
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1answer
350 views

Correct tense for sentence

For example in this sentence: If the club limited its membership, it will have to raise its dues. In this, first part of sentence is conditional and is a probable event for future. But I am not sure ...
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2answers
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Future Perfect Progressive - In what case is it necessary?

I wonder how is Future Perfect Progressive (will have been doing) useful, as I'm feeling that Future Perfect Simple is enough in almost all scenarios. Like By the end of this year, I will have ...
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1answer
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The future perfect tense

Is the future perfect tense still common in English? If not how could I say this sentence instead? "I will have typed all the letters by next two hours."
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How to say a interrogative sentence of future perfect tense?

You will have worked tonight. Which auxiliary verb should I change to before subject? will or will have?
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1answer
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“Will Jay have left work already?”: the future perfect

It's said that the future perfect (will + have + past participle) is used to say that something will be completed by a particular time, as in By next summer I'll have finished my degree. But ...
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2answers
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“be going to” in Future Perfect

I can say: By that time, I will have taken ten tests. I want to know, can I in Present Perfect substitute will with be going to? By that time, I am going to have taken ten tests.
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1answer
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“I will make you {write / written} this letter.”

I will make you write this letter. or I will make you written this letter. Which of these two sentences is correct? If both, please, tell me where to use each.
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Understanding the future perfect

We can use the future perfect to say of something that it will have been done by a certain time in the future. Does it make sense to use this tense to tell about something by an undefined time in the ...
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1answer
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modal + perfect tense

“To speak truth, sir, I don’t understand you at all; I cannot keep up the conversation, because it has got out of my depth. Only one thing, I know: you said you were not as good as you should ...
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2answers
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Which future tense is correct here?

I have the following sentence: Conventional light bulbs will be replaced with energy-saving alternatives by 2020. According to my book, the next sentence is also correct: Conventional light ...
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3answers
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“Would have been given, I shall”; is it a valid construction?

I say Having been given something, I am ready to do something. to express that now I am ready to do something because I was given something else. However, I want to say that if in the future I am ...
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1answer
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Does anyone know the other reason for using future perfect here?

I wonder the reason why it has been here used FUTURE PERFECT! The building is hardly there to satisfy the needs of structure but, whatever its purpose or plan, structural needs will have had a ...
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1answer
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'Went' vs 'have all gone' vs 'goes' after a future perfect clause

He will have waited there until the lights went out. He will have waited there until the lights have all gone out. He will have waited there until the lights goes out. Are those sentences ...
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“The chicken will have been cooking for an hour” - makes sense?

I've heard that sentence here, as an example for the future perfect continuous. The chicken will have been cooking for an hour. The chicken is the subject, does it cook itself? Is it possible to ...
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How ofted do you use Future Perfect nowadays

How often do you use Future Perfect in the US and UK? How does it sound to you? I will have visited Asia by the time I am 30 years old. The mankind will have colonized Mars by 2030. For ...
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“would have been cause” or “would have been caused”

Can I change "would have been cause" to "would have been caused"? If not, please explain. Does the word cause refer to noun? This would have been cause to doubt that divine favour has been bestowed ...
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1answer
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Using “BY”, “UNTIL” and “TILL” with Future Perfect tense

Is it correct to state that "by" is used with Future Perfect tense in affirmative sentences, and "until" / "till" are interchangeable and used only in negative statements? And what about ...
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1answer
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I will have offended every breathing entity

It doesn't occur to me that I haven't exactly showered him with love and adoration and overt affection, nor does it occur to me that within five seconds I will have offended every breathing entity ...
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1answer
169 views

What is the difference between future perfect and future in the past?

It would be nice to buy a new car. It will have been nice to buy a new car. Please explain the difference between these.
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2answers
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What is the meaning of this future perfect sentence?

Sentence: By The end of thirty years, I will have travelled to Europe? After 30 years, What is the exact location of me?
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2answers
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He will has written the essay or He will have written the essay (Future Perfect Tense)

I am not a native speaker of English. I am in the learning phase. Yesterday my teacher was teaching about Future Perfect Tense and he said that there are some helping verbs which cannot be preceded by ...
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1answer
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How to use “after” with verb?

I'm not sure which is the correct one in the following sentences. 1: I'm going to go for a walk with him after he finished his work. 2: I'm going to go for a walk with him after he has finished ...
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Future Perfect and Future Continuous with present reference

I came across this dialogue: Is it too late to call them? Do you think they'll have gone to bed yet? Knowing them, they won't have finished their dinner yet. They'll be watching a film. My ...
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1answer
138 views

What kind of conditional form is this sentence?

"I will have failed if I haven’t given you the confidence and desire to explore further ..." This sentence is from a book "Make Your Own Neural Network". This is not the only one, here are some ...
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What tense are “I will have been given the money by then” and “I will be given the money tomorrow”?

"I will have been given the money by then" "I will be given the money tomorrow" I'm studying tenses/aspects right now and I realize I could just use similar sentences in future perfect such as "I ...
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1answer
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“Will be” vs “Will have been”

By 2030, New well-paid jobs ______ available. ("will be" or "will have been"?) I'm not really sure if will have been is the right answer here. I mean this isn't a completed action so wouldn't "will ...
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1answer
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Translating future statements

I've translated the next sentences: A brother of my friend's will have finished university by the summer and he is looking forward to teaching at school. Tomorrow he'll be working all the day and we'...
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future perfect vs future simple [closed]

I have the following exercise on translating sentences. I've written the next sentences: By the time they finish talking, the lesson will have been over, Nick will have had a shower and will have ...
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“By this time next week, I” + “will have worked” or “will work”?

By this time next week, I will have worked on this project for twenty days. By this time next week, I will work on this project for twenty days. Do they both mean the same? If not, what is the ...
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283 views

Future forms - which tense is good?

I am very confused using future tenses to described situation will be completed at some time in the future. Let's say that I see that workers are building a highway and I can say to a friend: The ...
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1answer
492 views

“I am excited I'll play against Federer tomorrow/next week.” Weird sentence?

I am being taught by a teacher who is a non native speaker. Her boyfriend comes from an English-speaking country. The problem is that she asked him whether the following sentences are correct: I am ...
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2answers
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Would you explain which one and why?

By the time this quarter is over, you will have learnt much, and you WILL BE/ WILL HAVE BEEN one step closer your dream. Could anybody readily and kindly tell me which one and why? Thanks in ...
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Would you explain this kind of future?

We can also use will be+verb-ing to make a prediction about something we believed to be the case now. You can't interrupt her now. She will be getting ready to go on stage, won't she? ..... I can ...
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1answer
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Have I correctly phrased this sentence in future perfect?

You will have painted the walls by now. Have I correctly phrased the sentence above? It may have two possible answers or explanation: You certainly have done it recently. You probably have ...
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1answer
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is “if i knew you were ill , i would have visited you” grammatically correct?

i wanted to know if it's okay to use future perfect (using WOULD not WILL) with Past Simple. i wanted to say if i knew he was ill at a point in the past , i will visit him at this point in the past.
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'Will be' vs 'will have been done' by [deadline]

I don't think there is any difference, either in choice of grammar or meaning, between, e.g., 'Everything will be done by Tuesday.' 'Everything will have been done by Tuesday.' except for the ...
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Should I write “expertise I will have gained” or “expertise I have gained”?

"Using the teachings, skills and expertise I have gained through this course I’d like to produce..." Do I need to add "I will have gained here" or rather not? Even though skills are not yet acquired,...