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Questions tagged [gerunds]

A gerund is a word that functions as a Noun. It is formed by adding the suffix -ing to the base form of a Verb.

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The infinitive and the gerund in the sentence “He didn't hear me say/ing that.”

Someone who are not a native English speaker wrote me about someone ""He didn't hear me say that." My question if it is a mistake, because, I am a not native English speaker too, but I would say "...
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The difference between “go to shop” and “ go shopping”

I've been stuck thinking this for a while. Would anyone explain me the difference between "go to shop" and "go shopping".
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“Gathering evidence” vs. “Evidence-gathering”

I want to know, if there is any, the difference between the following sentences: 1) He was responsible for gathering evidence. gathering evidence And 2) He was responsible for ...
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The verb after “thereby”

I wrote: This may be important in the context of anionic complexes extraction from water because the positive potential on the interface attracts anionic complexes to the interface, thereby ...
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“Rules of using Gerunds”

I have a question reharding the usage of gerunds. Are the following senteces correct? If not, Can you expalin why? Before finishing the project, you need to finish your homework. Before your ...
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Can two ing words be placed together?

He heard a loud thumping coming/come from the direction of the store room . Which one is grammatically appropriate?
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“blueprint for the building of” or “blueprint for building”

The government published its blueprint for the building of high-speed rails on a national level. This is a line that I am writing. I feel uncertain about what should follow "blueprint". Is the ...
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Can I use the word 'subsequent' like this?

Is it correct to say? achieve something by extending something and subsequent finding something I've search the internet, but I couldn't find an example of subsequent + gerund. The whole ...
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difference between like to be and like being (pleasure or not)

In West Side Story's America song there is this sentence (sung by the girls): “I like to be in America” Why not: “I like being in America” Is it like this other sentence: "I like to brush ...
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The difference between the gerund and the participls

"They prefer buying organic food " in this phrase " buying " us a verb or a noun ...?
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“legend has her do” or “legend has her doing”?

Another legend has Ruth eating anywhere from 12 to 24 hot dogs between games of a twin bill, a feat Chestnut replicated in a trice at Yankee Stadium. (source) I find the phrase "legend has someone ...
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“to go on picnic” vs “going on picnic”

In this sentence: A friend of mine likes ________ on picnic at weekends. Is it "to go" or "going"? I reckon to + verb is usually used for a habit or preference.
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Why using gerund in “What *appearing* in the rest of the issue”

Has the word appearing in the sentence below been used correctly? For example, should it not be "will appear"? As a prelude to this special issue, we decided to write an extended editorial and ...
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Why is it not “paddleboarding positions”?

According to Merriam Webster, paddleboard refers to the board itself. The activity, as Wikipedia suggests, is paddlebarding. Why do these sentences use paddleboard safety, paddleboard positions, ...
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Difference between “Writing English” and “English writing” [closed]

Generally, what is difference between noun + gerund and gerund + noun? For example, writing English and English writing.
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Appositive modification of nouns using <of + gerund> and <to-infinitive>

I have trouble finding the rules that determine what nouns can have a prepositional phrase as their modifier and what nouns can have a to-infinitive. I've read that "of + gerund" is used with nouns ...
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Gerund vs -ation suffix: preserving vs preservation

I want to say: The end of Modernist era's characteristic is preservation/preserving of historic buildings. Which is more appropriate? Do they have very different meanings? I think they could be ...
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Is the word “saying” a gerund in these lyrics?

I'm bad at love (ooh-ooh) But you can't blame me for tryin' You know I'd be lyin' sayin' You were the one (ooh-ooh) That could finally fix me Lookin' at my history I'm bad at love --...
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Complement of a verb

I am not sure whether my question is correct or incorrect but a question arose in my mind about VERB COMPLEMENT when reading the book namely (Wren & Martin). The sentence was: Seeing is ...
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Is to a preposition in that case

The crazy thing is this record took a total of 9 days from initial idea to having a pressed record in our hands Why "to having" and not "to have"? Is it the same as in" I am not used to doing it. In ...
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When THINK is followed by another verb, this should be with TO or without TO?

Maybe I did not make the question in the best way the first time, I am sorry. What I meant by "basic" form of the verb is the verb without "TO". Another examples related to my doubt: 1.- "I think to ...
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“The books stacked”or “The books stacking”

I'm totally confused. The books stacking on the two top shelves are physics books. The books stacked on the two top shelves are physics books Any ideas? And why?
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Which is the gerund and participle?

What is compound gerund and how would I separate them from perfect participles? Like I heard of his having gained a promotion He went away having forgotten it
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Which is the gerund and participle here?

Having forgotten him, he went away. Is 'having' gerund or participle? Is 'forgotten' gerund or participle? And why?
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Is it idiomatic to use an infinitive after gerund?

for example: 1.stop trying to impress others 2.stop trying to please everyone Can we use an infinitive after gerund? Is it grammatically normal?
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How do you interpret “is always being”? Is it grammatically correct to say?

How do you interpret "is always being"? Is it grammatically correct to say: John is always being generous. He is always being late.
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Should not we use “operation” instead of “operating” in this definition?

I read a definition of vivisection which was: Operating on live animals If operating is gerund we can't use preposition after it. Is it an exception?
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noun and verb usage interchangeably [duplicate]

In the following examples, the world "talk" was used as a verb and as a noun: I look forward to talk to you more soon, enjoy your day! I look forward to talking to you more soon, enjoy your day! ...
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use of gerund after 'enjoy' [duplicate]

Look at this sentence below. We need to find if any part of the sentence is wrong The cruel giant enjoyed/to persecute the boys/who lived near his home. First I thought that this is a correct ...
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it is (of) no use V-ing / to V

I was told that "it is no use" is followed by a gerund, not an infinitive in current English. What about the "it is of no use"? Does it pattern in the same way? Consider the following: It is no use ...
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“To book” or “to booking”?

I had a debate with my friend (English is not our mother tongue) because I found this phrase bit wierd. We were almost close to booking tickets to London. I thought using 'almost' and 'close' ...
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Is “I don't like girls smoking” a correct sentence?

I have two questions: 1. To express the same meaning as "I don't like girls who smoke." can I say "I don't like girls smoking."? It sounds kind of odd to me but I think it is not wrong. 2. ...
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“is” and “was” in the same phrase: What is the tense? Past or present?

I've come across with the sentence below: that its not affecting me, that was its effect. I've lost the tense of sentence. Is it past or present? The full text is here: As if he could read my ...
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Can we put infinitives at the beginning in order to emphasize them?

In order to emphasize the infinitive, can I change its position? Example, 1-) Your brother has some opportunities to get a better education in the U.K, but to go to the U.S, he doesn't have any ...
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-er suffix help

Is there a word for of nouns with the suffix er but have the base of a verb? Ex. Sleeper, singer, swimmer. a type of noun that performs an action. The closest thing I can find is gerund, but I have ...
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“I work” vs “I am working” / “I live” vs “I am living”?

I just watched two IELTS speaking videos. The first one's result is 8.5-9.0 and the second one's result is 9.0. IELTS speaking Band Score 8.5-9.0: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wzzOowpCryw IELTS ...
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Can the adverb “exclusively” in the sentence be replaced with an adjective without changing the meaning of the sentence?

I came across this sentence in an online article. Some medical literature has found that exclusively breastfeeding during the first four to six months of life may decrease your baby’s risk of ...
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“thought of” vs “was thinking of”

After she underwent her very first breakup she thought of suicide. and After she underwent her very first breakup she was thinking of suicide. What's the difference between thought of and was ...
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The function of “but” as a preposition

Is the function of "but" in the sentences below a preposition, please? If so, what's the exact rule on the case? That is, what part of speech is used after it, a bare infinitive, a full-infinitive, an ...
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Can I use “Verb + Infinitive + Gerund”?

Can verb, infinitive, and gerund be used together? Especially in this sentence: That book has helped me to overcome my struggling. Helped + To overcome + Struggling
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Sentence condensers

I got an assignment for my linguistics class, but I don´t understand what it means. Search through the text and find examples of present and past participles, infinitives and gerunds used as ...
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Stayed at home ‘for cooking/to cook’

Thank you guys, As a non-native speaker, I wondered which one sounds more naturally. (in academic writing) Mothers, traditionally, stayed at home to cook and look after their children. Mothers, ...
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Is this sentence using “Writing” and “Advertising” correct?

My intention is to explain that all writing (as an activity) is advertising (as an activity). Same goes for the second sentence. Does this sentence convey an explanation mentioned above? All ...
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Why these are participles not gerunds?

"Hearing a noise,he woke up." here hearing is said to be a participle. But how it acts as an adjective? Again, "By working hard, you can prosper." Is working a participle or gerund?
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Why is “preventing” correct in this sentence?

I have read this sentence In 1868, Sioux leaders signed a [a]treaty [b]preventing whites from [c]travelling through the Sioux [d]territorial" I know the answer is territorial, but I thought it had ...
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Gerund question: “I could see it going down the drain.”

I could see it going down the drain. In this sentence, I want to ask whether "going" is a gerund or "going down" is a phrasal verb. And is the word "see" modifying "it" or is "going" modifying "it"? ...
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How do I know when to use V+to+present simple, v+ gerund, or v+to+gerund?

How do I know when to use V+to+present simple, v+ gerund, or v+to+gerund? I look forward seeing you. I look forward to see you. I look forward to hearing from you. I look forward to hear from you. ...
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Passive Voice with gerund

Is it really possible to make a passive form of the sentence They've just finished filming the new James Bond film.? The key says that the passive for it is The new James Bond film has just finished ...
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Gerund at the beginning of a sentence

I just noticed a sentence in an academic paper which says: To move into this conceptual terrain has required a certain amount of defiance of the conventional wisdom that questions of migration ...
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Why does “I'm voting for John Doe” have the same meaning of “I will vote for John Doe”?

I don't understand this particular use of the gerund yet. To me, such a phrase (the first) sounds more like a person is already voting for John Doe, in the present, not that they will do it in the ...