Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange
Join us in building a kind, collaborative learning community via our updated Code of Conduct.

A gerund is a word that functions as a Noun. It is formed by adding the suffix -ing to the base form of a Verb.

0
votes
0answers
12 views

use of gerund after 'enjoy' [duplicate]

Look at this sentence below. We need to find if any part of the sentence is wrong The cruel giant enjoyed/to persecute the boys/who lived near his home. First I thought that this is a correct ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

it is (of) no use V-ing / to V

I was told that "it is no use" is followed by a gerund, not an infinitive in current English. What about the "it is of no use"? Does it pattern in the same way? Consider the following: It is no use ...
2
votes
2answers
35 views

“To book” or “to booking”?

I had a debate with my friend (English is not our mother tongue) because I found this phrase bit wierd. We were almost close to booking tickets to London. I thought using 'almost' and 'close' ...
2
votes
2answers
145 views

Is “I don't like girls smoking” a correct sentence?

I have two questions: 1. To express the same meaning as "I don't like girls who smoke." can I say "I don't like girls smoking."? It sounds kind of odd to me but I think it is not wrong. 2. ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

“is” and “was” in the same phrase: What is the tense? Past or present?

I've come across with the sentence below: that its not affecting me, that was its effect. I've lost the tense of sentence. Is it past or present? The full text is here: As if he could read my ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Can we put infinitives at the beginning in order to emphasize them?

In order to emphasize the infinitive, can I change its position? Example, 1-) Your brother has some opportunities to get a better education in the U.K, but to go to the U.S, he doesn't have any ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

-er suffix help

Is there a word for of nouns with the suffix er but have the base of a verb? Ex. Sleeper, singer, swimmer. a type of noun that performs an action. The closest thing I can find is gerund, but I have ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

“I work” vs “I am working” / “I live” vs “I am living”?

I just watched two IELTS speaking videos. The first one's result is 8.5-9.0 and the second one's result is 9.0. IELTS speaking Band Score 8.5-9.0: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wzzOowpCryw IELTS ...
2
votes
2answers
33 views

Can the adverb “exclusively” in the sentence be replaced with an adjective without changing the meaning of the sentence?

I came across this sentence in an online article. Some medical literature has found that exclusively breastfeeding during the first four to six months of life may decrease your baby’s risk of ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

“thought of” vs “was thinking of”

After she underwent her very first breakup she thought of suicide. and After she underwent her very first breakup she was thinking of suicide. What's the difference between thought of and was ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

The function of “but” as a preposition

Is the function of "but" in the sentences below a preposition, please? If so, what's the exact rule on the case? That is, what part of speech is used after it, a bare infinitive, a full-infinitive, an ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Can I use “Verb + Infinitive + Gerund”?

Can verb, infinitive, and gerund be used together? Especially in this sentence: That book has helped me to overcome my struggling. Helped + To overcome + Struggling
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Sentence condensers

I got an assignment for my linguistics class, but I don´t understand what it means. Search through the text and find examples of present and past participles, infinitives and gerunds used as ...
1
vote
2answers
31 views

Stayed at home ‘for cooking/to cook’

Thank you guys, As a non-native speaker, I wondered which one sounds more naturally. (in academic writing) Mothers, traditionally, stayed at home to cook and look after their children. Mothers, ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Is this sentence using “Writing” and “Advertising” correct?

My intention is to explain that all writing (as an activity) is advertising (as an activity). Same goes for the second sentence. Does this sentence convey an explanation mentioned above? All ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Why these are participles not gerunds?

"Hearing a noise,he woke up." here hearing is said to be a participle. But how it acts as an adjective? Again, "By working hard, you can prosper." Is working a participle or gerund?
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Why is “preventing” correct in this sentence?

I have read this sentence In 1868, Sioux leaders signed a [a]treaty [b]preventing whites from [c]travelling through the Sioux [d]territorial" I know the answer is territorial, but I thought it had ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Gerund question: “I could see it going down the drain.”

I could see it going down the drain. In this sentence, I want to ask whether "going" is a gerund or "going down" is a phrasal verb. And is the word "see" modifying "it" or is "going" modifying "it"? ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

How do I know when to use V+to+present simple, v+ gerund, or v+to+gerund?

How do I know when to use V+to+present simple, v+ gerund, or v+to+gerund? I look forward seeing you. I look forward to see you. I look forward to hearing from you. I look forward to hear from you. ...
1
vote
2answers
147 views

Passive Voice with gerund

Is it really possible to make a passive form of the sentence They've just finished filming the new James Bond film.? The key says that the passive for it is The new James Bond film has just finished ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Gerund at the beginning of a sentence

I just noticed a sentence in an academic paper which says: To move into this conceptual terrain has required a certain amount of defiance of the conventional wisdom that questions of migration ...
1
vote
4answers
29 views

Why does “I'm voting for John Doe” have the same meaning of “I will vote for John Doe”?

I don't understand this particular use of the gerund yet. To me, such a phrase (the first) sounds more like a person is already voting for John Doe, in the present, not that they will do it in the ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Is this grammatical? 'Having done the procedure allowed determining certain aspects of the problem in question'

Is this grammatical? 'Having done the procedure allowed determining certain aspects of the problem in question' Namely, can I use the perfect gerund here if what I mean is that only after the ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

infinitive vs gerund usage

Is this sentence correct? "For me, in fact, it is really important to knowing people that may make you culturally richer" Should it be "important to know" or "important to knowing"? What's the ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

“She approved my having been called” is this grammatically correct? [duplicate]

She approved my having been called my or me? is it the gerund or the participle?
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Use of “to be joining”

I'm studying English and I've read this sentence: I'm very happy to be joining this team Why is it possible to use "to be joining"? Thanks!
0
votes
1answer
665 views

do you mind me vs do you mind if

Ok , I have two sentences : Do you mind if I open the window? Do you mind me opening the window? Are both of them correct? If yes , do they have the same meaning ? Thanks for helping
2
votes
3answers
138 views

“A slow moving” vs. “A slowly moving”

which of the following sentences is even more correct? There is a slow moving vehicle ahead. Or there is a slowly moving vehicle ahead. What is the difference between them. To ...
5
votes
2answers
84 views

Difference between infinitive phrase and gerund phrase as subject

What's the difference in meaning between these two sentences: To find fault with others is easy. Finding fault with others is easy. Also more generally, what's the difference between ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

The fact that + verb (inf. vs gerund)

I need help filling out my Work & Travel application. In the personal statement section, I have to write what I hope to experience during my time in the US. I wrote: I will experience a new ...
2
votes
3answers
605 views

“Sound of a heavy rain” vs. “Sound of heavy raining”

I came across this sentence. it is sound of a heavy rain. So why isn’t this way: it is sound of heavy raining. I used raining instead of rain because, I think, rain fits more into ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

In “machine learning”, is “learning” a noun, adjective or gerund? Please explain

In the phrase “machine learning”it is really confusing for me to get the meaning of it in its grammatical sense.
1
vote
2answers
35 views

Using “Before” with gerunds

Consider this sentence: M couples leave a party... What is the number of men before couples leave What is the proper word for the bold part: Before couples leave Before leaving of couples Before ...
-1
votes
1answer
52 views

Punctuation with gerunds

Can someone please help me locate the punctuation rule for gerunds? I am almost certain a comma should be placed before the gerund "claiming" in the sentence below, but I cannot find any grammatical ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Why is “it's nice to hearing from you” wrong?

why don't we say: it is nice to hearing from you is it because nice does not come from a verb, like confessed to, opposed to, close to, in the expression such as I am opposed to drinking, or I am ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

being vs having been

Which one is correct here? 1 Having been disturbed, he left the house. OR Being disturbed, he left the house . 2 Being disturbed by the children, the old man left the park. OR Having been ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

to-infinitive / to+-ing (preposition)

In the following example: "It's necessary to do an exam to follow in this school" "to do" is a to-infinitive and it can be replaced by a noun to prove that "to" is not a preposition. E.g.: "It's ...
2
votes
3answers
35 views

should I use “for free download” or “for free downloading”?

I was going to write that something is ready for free download. But maybe for free downloading is the right grammar?
0
votes
1answer
31 views

took to drinking OR started to drink

Which phrase can replace the bold part,if its incorrect. The woman left her husband immediately after he lost his job and he took to drink alcohol excessively. a. started to drink b. took to ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Use of preposition 'of'

"I saw him playing cards." When this line is transformed,which of two following is correct and why? "I saw his playing cards". "I saw his playing of cards."
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Use of 'the' before gerund and change in meaning

"Playing cards is not allowed here." "The playing of cards is not allowed here." Why do we need to use 'of' when 'the' is placed before gerund?
1
vote
3answers
290 views

Gerund vs Participle

"I saw the storm approaching." In above line approaching is describing storm. Gerund is used as objective complement to describe object. Participle like an adjective describes a noun or pronoun. ...
0
votes
1answer
228 views

some questions of gerund forms

According to the image below My cat, Shadow, is always being naughty. in my opinion, it's a temporary situation so why gerund form? and also in the last line Why doesn't Shadow learn? Is it ...
1
vote
2answers
440 views

“having + past participle” vs gerund?

What is the difference in meaning between: I remember having visited your sister in France. I remember visiting your sister in France. When should I use one, and when should I use the other? Also, ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Which sentence is correct? (as well as)

I want to know which is the correct use of as well as structure: The devices have more security than before as well as mitigate their risks The devices have more security than before as well as ...
0
votes
2answers
33 views

since its foundation and beginning broadcasting

TV Nova is the commercial television station that has been since its foundation and beginning broadcasting in 1994 a key media player in the television market in our republic. Do you find this ...
0
votes
3answers
204 views

Using Gerund when it looks like Present Continuous

The problem is getting anybody to admit that. It's Present Simple + Gerund. The problem is getting worse. It's Present Continuous. Did I make a mistake? Or is it a well-known ambiguity?
4
votes
2answers
143 views

Are these two constructions semantically the same or different?

It is very common to use a to-infinitive or gerund clause at the beginning of a sentence as for the following: To drive a motorbike is dangerous. Driving a motorbike is dangerous. My question is: ...
2
votes
1answer
210 views

Every Verb can be gerund or infinitive

There are three things but they are all related to each other. 1)-Is every verb allowed to use as a gerund or infinitive? If a verb has the first form and participle form, it means it can be used as ...
2
votes
3answers
75 views

How do you call the “act” of saving information?

There is a way of saying things with verbs like "Save data" or "clean room" or "Backup file". They have their counterparts like Clean room --> Room Cleaning Backup file --> File Backup Save Data ---...