Questions tagged [gerunds]

A gerund is a word that functions as a Noun. It is formed by adding the suffix -ing to the base form of a Verb.

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How to use the gerund correctly?

Ive just found some phrase where I'm not sure if they used a gerund or participle clause. It goes as If you are spending your time watching TV... And I'm asking myself, why is the gerund used? Is it ...
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Is a falling tree, a tree that has fallen? What is "falling" if it is not an adjective?

Headline in The New York Times: Falling Tree Kills 2 Soldiers During Storm in Georgia Two U.S. Army soldiers were struck by a falling tree and killed on Tuesday while sheltering near Yonah Mountain ...
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gerund in this case? [closed]

The cost should be less than (sending/to send) them separately . Does gerund fit in this case? I think so but I am not sure, or is it better to write The cost should be less than if we (had) sent ...
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"She came to the city fleeing persecution in her home town."

I saw an interesting sentence due to play game; She came to the city fleeing persecution in her home town. If talking about only meaning, I understand the sentence. She ran away to the city for ...
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Is it grammatical to say "effects of children's lives getting boring"?

Now, I am not just concerned about whether it's right or wrong. I have studied some grammar structures that are similar: "there have been reports of tourists getting angry after their hats got ...
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Why are present participles used in this way? Do both passage convey the exact same meaning?

Extreme heat also depletes the oil’s additives sooner, altering the oil’s chemistry and preventing it from lubricating, cooling and protecting as designed." This is the actual writing piece I ...
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Can we use a gerund after the verb "allow"?

I have these sentences: You know they don't allow eating and drinking in here. (From Oxford practice Grammar, Advanced) We don't allow smoking in the hall. (From Oxford dictionary) How can we know ...
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acknowledge + to infinitive or + verb ing

According to engVid 'acknowledge' is always followed by a gerund. However, these examples below are from highly reputed dictionaries. It is generally acknowledged to be true. She is usually ...
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"Try to" or "try verbing" in this case [duplicate]

I tried to order/ordering a book on line but I did not succeed. I think "to order" is better I know the difference between "try to" or "try verbing" ("try to" ...
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Did I use the gerund "companies advertising snacks..." properly, or should it be "companies' advertising snacks"? [duplicate]

Companies advertising snacks in an attractive manner entices children into buying them.
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Gerund phrases in passive sentences

Read the following sentence He played the game , knowing that they'd lose. Here the subject of the highlighted phrase is the subject of the main sentence (ie 'he' is the subject) . Generally, for the ...
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for using our equipment

a. They paid a large sum for using our equipment. b. They paid a large sum to use our equipment. Can one tell whether we were paid before they used our equipment or after they used our equipment? c....
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paid him to repair

a. I paid him for repairing my computer. b. The money I gave him was for repairing my computer. c. I paid him to repair my computer. d. The money I gave him was for him to repair my computer. e. ...
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It made a pleasant change not having to work. (the identity of 'having')

It made a pleasant change not having to work. What's the identity of 'having' here? Gerund or Present participle?
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I remembered to bring my books and I remember bringing my books. What is the difference between the two?

I remembered to bring my books and I remember bringing my books. What is the difference between the two? I have been searching for the difference between the two sentences but to no avail. Can someone ...
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Working/Having worked at Google helped me land a job. - what are the differences?

Example 1 Working at Google helped me land a job. Example 2 Having worked at Google helped me land a job. One is "Working" and the other is "Having worked." What are the ...
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“being raised” followed by a verb

While reading David Crystal's Sounds Appealing, I came across the following sentence. There was a Pronunciation Unit that dealt with queries (such as how to pronounce the name of a foreign place or ...
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In the sentence "What are the benefits of earning money?" what part of speech is the word "earning"?

In the sentence: What are the benefits of earning money? What part of speech is the word "earning"? And what function does it serve to the word "money" after that?
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"After computer breaking down we could not restore the lost data"

After computer breaking down we could not restore the lost data. Tell me please, is "breaking down" a verbal noun or is it like a complex gerund here? Is this sentence correct at all?
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Only a few of them mention a block having specific shape

Myridon: There is a large number of definitions of "block" here: block - WordReference.com Dictionary of English Only a few of them mention a block having specific shape. Source: https://...
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"Winds" or "wound" the string before tying a knot

Encountered the following question: Steven ____ the string tightly around the stack of books before tying a dead knot. wind winds wound winding I feel that both "winds" (present tense) and ...
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Visiting or visit or are visiting after while in this example

Would it be possible for us to leave our luggage at the apartment while visiting ,are visiting or visit the castle. I think visiting or visit are the best here because visit implies a continuous ...
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what is the role of the word "evidencing" where I don't think evidencing is an adjective form for evidence if it works as verb why the writer add ing?

What is the role of the word "evidencing" hereunder? In witness whereof, the above-mentioned shareholders have signed evidencing agreement.
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Is 'so young' an adverb or an adjective in this lyrics 'dying so young'?

I'm listening to a Japanese Anisong's English ver. Eiyu Fate's Song (original title: 英雄 運命の詩) by EGOIST. There is a part of lyrics like this: ''To give up who you are and live without your faith is ...
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How to use a gerund+infinitive structure like "trying to win"

While reading a book, I met a sentence with a curious grammar construction which got me utterly confused. Here it is : There is a curious corollary to the principle of trying to win the big pots ...
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What is the plural form of boxing (as in box/package)?

What is the plural form of the word "boxing"? In meaning box/package noun. Is "boxings" the correct form in that case? Because I think it's not, it's a gerund and not exception.
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Thank you for + ing or thank you for having + past participle

I'm wondering if there is a difference between the following forms: Thank you for downloading the file (for + ing) Thank you for having downloaded the file (for + having + past participle) Both ...
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Can plural form be the agent of Gerund?

Three men are on a deserted island when they find a lamp with a genie in it. After rubbing the lamp, the genie emerges and says, “I will give each of you one wish.” The first man says, “I wish I were ...
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"I regretted not have told" - could it be ever correct?

I have seen the following sentence: "I regretted not have told them the truth." Could that be - in any context - ever correct? I would have expected something like "I regretted not ...
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Why is building called building even though it's already built?

My friend and I were having a casual conversation in the middle of the night. Eventually, we came up with the question - why is building still called building, even though it's already built? There's ...
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Does trial and error have to be in gerund form for parallelism in the sentence below?

Does trial and error have to be in gerund form for parallelism in the sentence below? If so what would be the gerund form of trial and error? Instead I self taught myself by playing with others who ...
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when he poured / when he was pouring / while pouring

He was burned when he poured boiling water into the mug. He was burned when he was pouring boiling water into the mug. Which tense is better to use here if the action isn't long? Can we use Past ...
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Is this sentence grammatically correct? (I want to stress ***how grateful I am for giving me*** this opportunity...)

I came across this sentence online, and am wondering if it's grammatically right. First of all, I want to stress how grateful I am for giving me this opportunity to interview for this position. ...
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for teaching French [closed]

a. Those gentlemen were sent to our school for teaching French. b. Those gentlemen came to our school for teaching French. Are these sentences grammatically correct and meaningful?
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Is this Gerund Phrases correct?

Her cleaning the house every day is not necessary. So I was wondering, why use her instead of she in that gerund phrase? Is that actually correct? And can I say "The maiden cleaning the house ...
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Come + Gerund meaning

I'm in trouble because I don't understand the meaning and the difference. For example, I have a situation: Someone is far from me, And I want her to be near me. I ask her to run and she does. How can ...
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Should there be a "by" before this -ing word?

The campers have spent many a day warming their bodies by... Should I write it as, The campers have spent many a day by warming their bodies by Edit: Based on the comments below, I have come to an ...
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Is "of" necessary in this sentence: "They discussed a Tennessee school board's banning of a novel."

They discussed a Tennessee school board's banning of a novel. When I read the sentence, "the banning of a novel" did not sound right to me. I am not quite sure whether or not we need "...
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2 votes
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"Why" followed by gerund

Why noting them down must be a comfort to you. This construction is a little odd to translate into my native language. 'Why' as a beginning word is normally used in interrogative sentences, but it is ...
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looking like Vs that look like

She lived in a house looking like a castle She lived in a house that looked like a castle Do they both mean the same? Is it okay to use -ing form in such cases?
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the dog's barking/the dog barking

a. The dog barking was coming from the house next door. b. The dog's barking was coming from the house next door. It seems to me that in (a) the dog is coming from the house next door while in (b) ...
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Why does this sentence use "to writing" instead of "to write"?

This is a quote by Hemingway. Don't get discouraged because there’s a lot of mechanical work to writing. Should not the sentence be the following one? Don't get discouraged because there’s a lot of ...
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Need help doing or need help in doing?

Do you need help in doing something? Do you need help doing something? Which one is correct? I've heard sentences like the second one many times. But I don't think it's correct.
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The structure “V-ing + of + noun”

Chewing of food Chew food I am wondering if they are the same. When and why do we use the structure [ V-ing + "of" + noun ] ?
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Participle or Gerund when prepositions are present? [duplicate]

a) After having the meal, she went shopping. b) On being told the party was cancelled, the girl burst into tears. c) While walking along the street, Sandy answered. Please, advise whether the ing-...
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"What chance do you give someone does something" or "what chance do you give someone doing something"?

Would you please tell which one of the following questions sounds more natural to you? What chance do you give Usyk beats Joshua a second time? What chance do you give Usyk beating Joshua a second ...
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Gerund or infinitive in this case

I was obliged to add 2 books for reaching the minimal order. I was obliged to add 2 books to reach the minimal order. Think both can fit but may be the second is slightly better because it is not a ...
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Do bare infinitives/to infinitives/gerunds refer to both unfinished action and finished action?

Do infinitives and gerunds refer to both unfinished action and finished action? For example, I started building a house. In this case, “building a house” refers to unfinished action. I finished ...
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Is "Being a heavy stick the dog has held it tightly by the middle" grammatically correct?

These are two quotes from The Hound of the Baskervilles: Being a heavy stick the dog has held it tightly by the middle and the marks of his teeth are very plainly visible. (Ch. 1, Holmes studies Dr. ...
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Is ‘By + V-ing’ in the beginning of a sentence a [dangling] participle?

Samples: By intently contemplating on the beauty and qualities of his beloved, his sadness dissipated. By chanting Lord’s names, the ultimate attainment is had. By seeing this mountain, His memory of ...
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