Questions tagged [hyphens]

For questions about when and whether to use a hyphen (-) to join two words or two syllables of a single word together.

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1answer
19 views

hyphen after an open compund noun for a hierarchical two-level compund noun

EDIT: The sentence is what I would consider a minimum working example and is originally followed by some subordinate clause. I am not looking to simply reduce word count but to improve intelligibility ...
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2answers
291 views

Are noun+noun and noun's (aphostrope) + noun the same?

First, please see these examples: Noun+noun: a three-hour journey a ten-pound note a four-week course noun + 's + noun: I've got a week's holiday starting on Monday. Julia has got three weeks' ...
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1answer
13 views

Modern day vs modern-day in a sentence

I'm preparing for academic IELTS by writing some essays and then correcting those using a grammar correction app. In the following sentence, ...as opposed to the modern day where the numbers are more ...
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2answers
34 views

What are the rules for capitalizing the second part of a hyphenated word in a title?

I would assume that it both parts of the hyphenated word would be capitalized in a standard example (e.g. From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler). However, I noticed in my piano book, it ...
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1answer
21 views

Hyphen usage with 'off-limits'/'off limits'

I have seen both 'off-limits' and 'off limits' used in the same context. A thing that is off(-)limits is forbidden to be used or otherwise restricted to only some people's usage from my understanding. ...
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1answer
19 views

Can I use the combination “multi-adjective+noun”?

I'd like to learn if I can use the combination "multi-adjective+noun" to form an adjective. Examples; This is a multi-rigid-body analysis. (I mean that this analysis has more than one ...
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0answers
28 views

How do we capitalize a hyphenated adjective which starts with an abbrevation in the beginning of a sentence?

I am really confused right now and I can't seem to find a straight answer to this question. I was writing an essay and I am stumped on the correct capitalization when it came to starting a sentence ...
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1answer
41 views

“A well Oxford-educated politician” OR “A well-Oxford-educated politician”?

I saw many examples like "He is an Oxford-educated politician" and I'm curious about the usage of hyphens here by adding "well" in the front. Is it "He is a well-Oxford-...
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12 views

A question about the word repellent

which one is correct? Rub some of this mosquito repellent on your legs or Rub some of this mosquito-repellent on your legs. I think the first one is correct. However, I have seen the second one in ...
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25 views

When is hyphenation optional?

I have written the following sentence that I am unsure wether if it is correct: She is a red-headed and good-natured girl. I have decided to hyphenate the words ‘redheaded’ and ‘goodnatured’. Is ...
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2answers
39 views

How should an „anti-human trafficking operation“ be hyphenated?

How should an „anti-human trafficking operation“ be hyphenated? I recently saw this expression in a newspaper article, with a hyphen between „anti“ and „human“. It took me some time to figure out that ...
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1answer
37 views

What is the difference between “state of the art” and “state-of-the-art”?

Sometimes I see sentences with "state of the art" and others with "state-of-the-art". What is the difference if it has a hyphen?
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7 views

Should I use a hyphen in premodifiers referring to a time period? [duplicate]

As the heading says: Should I use a hyphen in premodifiers referring to a time period? That is, should I write A five-year stay A 60-credit programme A year-long ordeal or A five year stay A 60 ...
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2answers
38 views

Which is correct? dubious looking + noun Or dubious-looking + noun?

I'm currently writing an essay. I don't know whether or not it's 'dubious looking' or 'dubious-looking' when describing a noun. For example, 'dubious(-)looking' form. I know the hyphen is used when ...
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1answer
36 views

“mini-skydiver” vs “miniskydiver.”

Example sentence: The cockroach fell to the floor like a mini-skydiver and scurried out of the bathroom. Some style guides say that you shouldn't use a hyphen with the prefix "mini." But I ...
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1answer
22 views

What is the usage of the tailing hyphen without connecting to the second word?

The paper I am reading says, On the other hand, the side of the split comes from challenges made in the 1970s to the primarily white, non-disabled, heterosexual, and otherwise privileged mainstream ...
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1answer
172 views

What's the difference between 'time-consuming' and 'time-consumed'?

How do I distinguish whether to use v-ing or v-ed within compound adjective?
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1answer
95 views

“on this matter” or “ in this regard” here?

In addition to the main question, it is master or master's more appropriated here? .On the other hand, graduated with a master’s that provides the latest strategies to tackle agricultural-associated ...
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0answers
31 views

Is it necessary to add hyphens before this location?

I am wondering whether I need to add hyphens to Karala in this context? Is it necessary? Moreover, this specific education allows her to aid like no other to her home region --Karala, whose population ...
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24 views

Are hyphens required in this case? [duplicate]

I am wondering whether I have to use hyphens in this case? I haven't used them before in the text this sentence is included in, but they seem necessary here. or maybe I could just avoid them? ....
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1answer
41 views

“a lump the size of a golf ball” or “of the size” or “a golf-ball-sized lump”?

Which one of them is grammatically correct? a lump the size of a golf ball a lump of the size of a golf ball a golf-ball-sized lump Which one of them is used more in daily language specifically in ...
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2answers
50 views

Why is it “Server Side Include” instead of “Server-Side Include”?

Thanks to Lambie I recently learned that compound adjectives are hyphenated, for example server-side request forgery. When looking up server-side include(s), it appears that most places write this ...
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1answer
56 views

Where should hyphens go in “five thousand dollar(s)”?

Which of the following sentences is correct? She won a five-thousand-dollar prize! She won a five thousand-dollar prize! She won a five thousand dollar prize! She won a five thousand dollars prize!...
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1answer
77 views

Capitalization and hyphenation in words like 'southeastern' [closed]

Is it South-Eastern Ukraine, Southeastern Ukraine, or South Eastern Ukraine ? What about capitalization? I saw various spellings. Which one is the most advisable? Don't close the question.
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54 views

Is it correct to use 'home based'?

In the following sentence, is it grammatically correct to use 'home based'? I wrote that sentence. I'd like to know whether the word 'home based' should be hyphenated or not. I think it doesn't need a ...
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0answers
18 views

Use of hyphen in “Synthetic free-fiber insulation”?

On a jacket care label I found this sentence: "Synthetic free-fiber insulation" Is this correct use of hyphen? (given that it should mean that the fiber in the insulation is free from ...
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1answer
52 views

E-mail or e-mail or E/email? [closed]

E-mail or e-mail or E/email? I am finding a variety of content on the proper way to write this term.
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1answer
175 views

How do I hyphenate things like 'then-British Prime Minister'?

What if a prefix is added not to just one word but to a multi-word phrase? What should I do in terms of hyphen(s) and blank(s)? 'Then-British Prime Minister'? 'Then British Prime Minister'?
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1answer
2k views

When can I hyphenate “in-place”?

To me, these feel correct: They were replaced in-place. The dancers twirl in-place. Protections are in place. It shows squares in place of symbols. But trying to look for information on its ...
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1answer
1k views

High school student vs. high-school student

I thought high school should have an hyphen in the middle when used as an adjective. Therefore: I'm in high school (noun) I'm a high-school student. (adjective) But after a Google Book ...
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2answers
83 views

Should vertically carved have a hyphen?

I described this as "vertically carved characters": I was told that you usually put an hyphen when you have a verb. I did a Google search, and I found both the hyphen and hyphenless versions: [......
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1answer
43 views

Hyphenation of the words anyone, anymore, anything

I'm confused about how I should hyphenate these words because MS Word often suggests something like this: an-yone, an-ymore. According to Google, MS Word is right and we can hyphenate them in two ...
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2answers
50 views

Should I hyphen the adjective here?

How would you write these two sentences: It's quiet at nighttime. It was a night-time ritual. Should I hyphen the second sentence (as I have)? ?
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1answer
144 views

Hyphen with multiple adjectives

A five-year-old whiskey A five year old boy Should multiple adjectives describing a noun be hyphenated?
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4answers
2k views

Can I write the word 'mother-in-law' as 'mother in law' or 'mother in-law'?

In Longman Dictionary I have found the word 'mother-in-law'. Can I write the word 'mother-in-law' as 'mother in law' or 'mother in-law'?
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19 views

How to hyphenate an adjective+noun+gerund adjective compound?

We're used to adjective compounds, such as: a decision-making process or a cancer-causing lotion. But what if I want to add an adjective to the noun? For example: a corporate decision-...
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1answer
28 views

Why compound modifiers are not usually hyphenated when they come after the noun?

A lot of grammar references suggest that you hyphenate compound modifiers if they come before the noun but not after the noun. Here's an example: The apartment is off campus. VS That ...
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1answer
17 views

Job-Search Post: Commas, Hyphens

My friend has a translation business. He inquired if I could assist him for this: He posted on a job-search site to look for employees: “We look for some more people**,** to take on-board…” Does ...
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2answers
357 views

How do you write “wild blueberries flavored”?

How do you write "wild blueberries flavored"? I am wondering if we need to add hyphens (-) and how many. So, for example, is it "wild-blueberries flavored" or "wild-blueberries-flavored" or something ...
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2answers
135 views

Can “non” be used as a separate word?

I used non trivial and a grammar correction website shows it is wrong and should be either non-trivial or nontrivial. x appears in a non trivial number of pages Or x appears in a non-...
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1answer
34 views

Solar and wind powered

How to correctly write "Solar and wind powered" in a sentence? Are hyphens required? Possible options: Solar and wind powered Solar- and wind-powered Solar and wind-powered Solar and windpowered
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2answers
1k views

When do we add a hyphen (-) to a complex adjective word?

When do we add a hyphen (-) to a complex adjective word? Here are a few examples: This is an Xbox-compatible game. This is a Creation-Kit-compatible 3d asset. This is a SkyRe-compatible ...
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2answers
3k views

Is it “mid-air”, “midair” or “mid air”

The bird feels the breeze all around it when it's in mid-air. Is it "mid-air", "mid air" or "midair"? I have seen all three of them in various context, so I am not sure if all of them are valid.
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1answer
29 views

Why isn't “course selection advice” written as “course-selection advice”?

I thought the phrase needed an hyphen just like, say, class-centered methods. But Google proved me wrong. Why is this? Maybe the hyphenated version and non-hypenated version are both valid?
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1answer
576 views

3-year period/3 year limitation period

I understand that in "3-year period", "3-year" is hyphenated. But what about "3 year limitation period"? I once read that if the noun has more than one adjective, no hyphen is correct. Is this true?
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1answer
69 views

Does “half [something]” need a hyphen?

Example sentence: I couldn't understand his half-question, half-statement. I did a Google Book search, and I found out that both usages exist. Maybe both are right? Or only one?
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1answer
896 views

Is time hyphenated when you spell it out? For example: “It's two-thirty.”

My book says: It's two-thirty. It's six-forty. It's five-oh-four. But I found online: It's two thirty. It's six forty. It's five oh four. I don't think people would spell the time like that on ...
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1answer
400 views

Plural possessive apostrophe with hyphen

I incorrectly assumed the following question involved plural possession. However, even if it did, is it ever acceptable to use an apostrophe for plural possession in a hyphenated word like this? ...
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1answer
29 views

Adding a `-` between word, will the word still have same meaning?

Adding a - between word, will the word still have same meaning? Example re-open or reopen re-install or reinstall
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2answers
1k views

colors with compound adjectives

I've read that if two colors hyphenated for singular type that means it is combination colors. If not, then it has part colors like: A1. A blue-green shirt is turquoise. A2. A blue and green ...