Questions tagged [if]

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if it was built to help rather than harm

How do we make sense of the boldfaced if-clause? It's at odds with the traditional conception of conditional sentences, which would require a matching main clause containing "would," 'could,&...
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Should I include commas to offset an if clause?

In cases like this one, should I include commas to offset an if clause? The article explored the benefits of natural forest regeneration – a cheaper and more viable, if less tangible, alternative to ...
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If clause classification confusion

Although it is clear what it was meant here, I kindly ask you what type of an if sentence is this, and is not it supposed to be 'were/was' instead of 'is'? So whenever there is an outbreak, and to ...
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"as if " clause versus "if" clause

Suppose I know he was ill yesterday. Here are two examples referring to unreality. He behaved as if he was not ill. if he had not been ill, we would have had a nice time yesterday. Why we must use &...
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Whether using present or past simple in the imaginary past event

I might have thought she __ not able to speak, if I had not heard her singing. It's just a made-up sentence, please apologize if it doesn't make sense. Anyway, if only if I have to choose between is ...
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Could this part of the sentence 'If on that day, everything were as usual' be inverted as 'On that day, were everything as usual' and so on?

I'm making present sentences I like to practice my subjunctive mood. Several of the continuous sentences like that: If on that day, everything were as usual... If only he never came into my life... ...
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Conditional statement

I'm Spanish and I'm doing some exercises to practise for my exams and I have just seen this question: If I ___ eaten so much food, I wouldn't feel sick now. The options to fill the gap were: hadn't /...
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Peculiar If Sentence

I'm not sure what is suggested here, can you shed light on this if usage: The history of efforts to regulate cigarette- and their relative ineffectiveness- demonstrated the power of the industry to ...
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If I have a lot of money, I would buy the house. vs. If I had a lot of money, I would buy the house.(indicative vs. subjunctive)

If I have a lot of money, I would buy the house. If I had a lot of money, I would buy the house. What's the difference of the two sentences and which one is more widely used among native English ...
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What is the difference between “In case” and “if” in the context here?

In case/if Ghalib keeps on weeping like this, then o the earthians, just watch these settlements that they will have become desolate! This is an Urdu couplet by Mirza Ghalib which I translated here. ...
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Can the following sentence (without if) be regarded as a conditional type 2 sentence?

I was wondering if the following question can be regarded a conditional sentence of the 2nd type: To hear some men talk, you'd think that women belonged to a different species! In fact the sentence ...
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If clauses: What is "likely to happen"?

I learned that there are three if-clauses: if + simple present, will-future: stuff that is highly likely to happen if + simple past, conditional I: stuff that is not so likely to happen if + past ...
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present or past tense in conditional sentence?

Look at the following sentence: The importance of leisure time would be more vivid if we consider / considered that too much work will result in burnout. Which one is correct? consider or considered?...
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Rewriting "He doesn't study hard, so he can fail the examination."

Rewrite the following sentence: He doesn't study hard, so he can fail the examination. If ......... And the answer is: If he studied hard, he wouldn't fail the exam. Can I write the sentence as ...
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8 votes
6 answers
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When can we skip 'if'?

I was walking on the web and came across this question: What do you say we get out of here? It's seems to me a tad slangy. I don't quite follow the structure of this sentence. It's like something is ...
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Would/Do you mind?

After would/do you mind, which of the following is correct (for each 3 of them)? Would you mind if she come/comes +...? Would you mind me to tell/telling +...? Would you mind if I leave/left +...? ...
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I expect Jay will come, so I'll be disappointed if he does/will not

I expect Jay will come, so I'll be disappointed if he does/will not. I expect Jay to come, so I'll be disappointed if he does/will not. Do the alternatives, doesn't and won't, have the same meaning ...
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sequence of tenses: if ..is.. , .. is

Why this sentence is legal (from a popular US university book): If the spring in Fig. 14.2 is an ideal one, the total overall range of the motion is 2A. (According to rules it should be: If the ...
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If you leave now / If you are leaving now

What's the difference between these sentences? Of course, I know about Present Simple & Present Progressive. ) As I understand these sentences, I can translate them similarly. But there must be a ...
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1 vote
3 answers
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Conditional use of "if" in past tense

I found a sentence that says, "If any man were lurking in dark, we would know it." Should we use 'if any man were'? Or should we write "If any men were...."?
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If + should vs. if + would

In certain clauses, should is used for all three persons: If I/you/he should decide to go, we will need a larger car. If it should begin to snow, we will stay here tonight. Would is not acceptable ...
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If you asked him what his name was/is

Are these sentences interchangeable? If you asked him what his name was, he wouldn’t tell you. If you asked him what his name is, he wouldn’t tell you. I think it is wrong to use “is” in this ...
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Omitting "if" at the middle of a sentence

In my book, it just told me about omitting "if" at the beginning of a sentence. Then what about "if" in the middle of a sentence? Example: I wouldn't do that if I were you. I ...
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1 vote
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Why is there "will" after "if"?

Why is there "will" after "if"? The results will decide if he will win a place at a good university. As I know it, after "if" we don't use Future Simple, need to use ...
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Future Tense OR Simple Present?

Which sentence is true? If it's humid, the air will feel warm and wet. If it's humid, the air feels warm and wet. If both are correct, are there any differences in their meaning?
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2 votes
1 answer
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what is "not" serving as?

I will go to the beach, but not if it is raining. What is the independent clause(s) in the above sentence to which "if it is raining" is/are attaching to. Is "not" serving as the ...
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If needed, if necessary and if any

I would like to know how to use "if needed", "if necessary" and "if any". Like can I say "Please give me advices if needed"; "Please give me advices if any&...
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What message is conveyed by "He asks if he is allowed to ..."

I want to know whether the following phrase makes sense The letter is about asking permission for eating during the class time. I asked a native speaker and he answered yes, it is easy to understand,...
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2 votes
1 answer
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If..., that/this/it

What pronouns should be used to refer to the whole content of a preceding "if" clause? For example, Which pronoun should be used in the sentences below? i) If the vase did not fall over, it/...
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2 votes
1 answer
38 views

Past perfect or past simple + if

Which one is more correct? It is hard to say whether the more up-to-date file had indeed been on his desk before the meeting took place. If it had been he should be regarded as a liar. It is hard to ...
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Is "As if I lived" correct?

Please charge me for the book as if I lived in Australia . Is this sentence correct? Does it mean that I am not living in Australia? Would it better to write "as if I was living"?
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2 answers
240 views

How to use "if any"? How would you finish this sentence?

Is this sentence correct? Is there a better way to say this? It is debated which method is better if any.
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“What if + (past simple), but (present perfect)?”

Does it make sense to ask a question like this: “What if you wanted to open the door, but I have taken your keys?” It’s just an example but is it possible to use this structure? Would it be correct to ...
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9 votes
11 answers
4k views

Why is, "If I don't use the microphone, nobody will hear me," not considered a double negative

I understand that you can't have a double negative...but also, 'anyone/anybody' in this sentence wouldn't make sense: If I don't use the microphone, nobody will hear me So why is this not considered ...
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1 vote
2 answers
77 views

Would .. If and Will..If

What is the difference between these two sentences: Would it be OK if I asked for a raise? Will it be OK if I ask for a raise? (if correct)
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If I was going to or If I were going to

In response to "If you were going to start a company, what would you do?" what should be the correct answer between the following two--- If I was going to start a company, I would... or ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Do you think (if) you could

Do you think if you could check this essay for me? Is if legitimate in that place, or it is a dish best served without if?
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