Questions tagged [infinitive-vs-gerund]

For questions about the difference in meaning or grammaticality between using a gerund or an infinitive in a particular context.

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cleaning vs to be cleaned

Look at this example below The carpet needs___________ before we use it. a) cleaning b) to be cleaned Which one would be more appropriate in the given context and why? My thought process ...
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“don't forget {sending/to send}” and “presents {hanging/to hang} on my tree”

This is a question from my exam please help me. Why and which one is correct? Please do not forget ... me some pretty presents ... on my tree. 1) sending - hanging 2) to send - hanging 3) ...
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what used after ''had great motivation''?

She had great motivation ... the exam. a)in passing b)passing c)to pass which answer is true? and why?
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25 views

When are “to + verb” and “verb+ing” not interchangeable?

Like in the following example: I would really appreciate having some feedback on this topic. Why can’t I just write “to have” instead of “having”? In this case, they are not supposed to be ...
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72 views

Strange usage of the 'ing' with the want verb

I started reading Harry Potter and there is a sentence They didn't want Dudley mixing with a child like that. I understand the meaning of the sentence, but could someone explain why mixing is used, ...
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3answers
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Can we use “to be stripped” instead of “being stripped” in this sentence?

The warning from the European commission could lead to that country being stripped of its European rights. (As far as l know we must use infinitive after nouns )
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22 views

To get vs in getting

Which one is correct- He did not succeed to get the job though he tried his level best. He did not succeed in getting the job though he tried his level best. Book says second one is correct.
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11 views

Personal pronoun with a gerund or infinitive?

My father never approved _____ a foreigner.   a. her to marry  b. her marrying  c. she marrying  d. she not marry Please answer the question with an explanation.
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“investigate” or “investigating”

"This research was devoted to investigating the performance" I always use Investigate after "to" as a infinitive, however I have seen some text that used "investigating" instead of "investigate", ...
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The main contribution is (proposing / to propose) a new method

The main contribution of this paper is (proposing/to propose) a new method. I'm confused about using gerund or infinitive in this sentence. I searched for this sentence on the internet, but I didn't ...
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26 views

What is the best choice for ing , to infinitive or ing

the justification given for explaining his action is unbelievable! the justification given to explain his action is unbelievable! the justification given, explaining his action is unbelievable! ...
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305 views

“consumers choosing to rely” vs. “consumers to choose to rely”

Signals that are related imperfectly to actual quality will mislead those consumers choosing/to choose to rely upon these inaccurate signals. In the provided context, is choosing and to choose ...
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This period saw them ACCEPT expensive projects and SIGN an agreement

This authoritarian period saw the Maldives accept highly expensive infrastructure projects as part of China’s Belt and Road Initiative and even sign a free trade agreement with Beijing. Is the above ...
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commitment to “-ing” vs “infinitive”

Commitment is followed by to infinitive according to cambridge dictionary. commitment in cambridge dic Players must make a commitment to play for a full season. It is also followed by to -ing in ...
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25 views

the only thing he does is

Which of these sentences is correct? the only thing he does is translate a book the only thing he does is translating a book
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51 views

the superlatives/first/second/last/only + noun + to infinitive/V-ing

'Practical English Usage' by Swan says: Superlatives can be followed by an infinitive structure. The meaning is similar to an identifying relative clause (see 495). He's the oldest athlete ...
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1answer
28 views

What does it mean + to-infinitive / gerund

I always come across with this form "What does it mean+ to-infinitive" . But I don't understand why we use to-infinitive instead of gerund after mean. As far as I know, mean + to-infinitive means "...
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23 views

How about using gerund when saying the first-?

In 1993, she became the first African-American woman to receive the Nobel prize in literature. If recieving is used instead of to receive, how does it sound?
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25 views

'Gaining' instead of 'gain' in “while gain nothing for themselves at all”

Individuals sacrifice their own benefits for others while gain nothing for themselves at all. In this sentence which I composed myself, I feel gain should be changed to gaining, but I cannot explain ...
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61 views

Is this grammatically correct - “I miss to swim”

I read this article and here it is mentioned that "I miss to swim" is grammatically incorrect. However, I do not see any issue with it. Could some language expert please clarify.
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Can I replace “to fish” with “fishing” in the sentence “Teach a man to fish, and you feed him for a lifetime”?

Give a man a fish, and you feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish, and you feed him for a lifetime. Would you tell me whether I can replace "to fish" with "fishing"? Give a man a fish, and you ...
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2answers
27 views

Prefer to vs prefer than

Which one is correct, explain with reasons. 'He prefers to watch hollywood movies because they have good stories' or 'He prefers watching Hollywood movies because they have good stories'. Please also ...
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66 views

To + ing question

I've been having a hard time trying to understand this specific grammar point: the "to + ing" structure. So my question is: Which sentence is correct? Work hard to stand out from the crowd. Or Work ...
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927 views

Gerund or infinitive? “Thank you for letting me know” or “Thank you to let me know”

I'm finishing a letter to a friend by asking the tracking number of a parcel he sent to me. Can I finish my letter with Thank you for letting me know the tracking number OR Thank you to let me ...
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What is the correct conjugation of the verb fill in this sentence? Could you please explain grammar in this sentence?

A) Inflation is once again a major concern, violent crimes is on the rise, cases of corruption filling the press, healthcare in precarious state, insfrastructure projet not materialized and street ...
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21 views

Which is the correct form and under what topic does this fall? [closed]

1) I stand before the court requesting that ... 2) I stand before the court to request that ... Is only #2 correct? Are both correct? And why?
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1answer
37 views

Complements: -ing form or infinitives

Not sure if this was already discussed, but I am confused about the use of -ing form/infinitives as complements. I've found in several threads in Stack Exchange that the verb "to be" has to be ...
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360 views

prefer doing vs prefer to do

Just saw this: "prefer ~ing" / "prefer to infinitive" and I am wondering if there are any differences between "prefer doing" and "prefer to do". I have read a book about grammar ...
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99 views

“Boring”: gerund or to-infinitive?

I came across this the other day, but found this strange: It is never boring going into space. You get to experience... Should it be: It is never boring to go into space? You get to experience.....
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64 views

What's the difference in meaning between “talking about this” vs. “to talk about this”?

I think It makes me feel nervous talking about this. means talking about that topic is making the speaker feel nervous while It makes me feel nervous to talk about this. means if they ...
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1answer
38 views

Why in some situations comes ing?

In the following sentence: The governor's assistant claimed to have unique psychic abilities enabling him to read people's minds. How can we know to use a verb with ing form? Like "enabling" in ...
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42 views

The infinitive and the gerund in the sentence “He didn't hear me say/ing that.” [duplicate]

Someone who are not a native English speaker wrote me about someone "He didn't hear me say that." My question is if it is a mistake, because I am a not native English speaker too, but I would say ...
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2k views

The difference between “go to shop” and “ go shopping”

I've been stuck thinking this for a while. Would anyone explain me the difference between "go to shop" and "go shopping".
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105 views

Suggest + gerund or not that is the question

As I understand the B1/B2 grammar book by Raymond Murphy, the 19 verbs (I know this list by heart now) enjoy, mind, suggest, stop, postpone, admit, avoid, deny, fancy, risk, imagine, consider, ...
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Is there a difference in meaning between I like to + verb + something and I like verb + ing + something? [duplicate]

Ok, I never thought about this before, I always thought it was the same. I got the idea from the japanese SE that translating something as I like to + verb + something is different thant I like verb +...
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1answer
121 views

Is the sentence 'What I need is to do/doing the things I like.' grammatically correct?

There is a task in Oxford English Grammar (Basic) by Michael Swan and Catherine Walter that goes as follows: Write a sentence beginning 'What I need is...' Which made me think of which is more ...
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76 views

Which one to use in an enumeration, to-infinitives, bare infinitives, or gerunds?

I am writing a summary paper about a report I read with this sentence in it: This report follows two steps: determine the population density increase and analyze the productivity growth influenced ...
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111 views

'Tempted to do' or 'tempted of doing'

I know that following expression is valid: I was tempted to do it. For the context purpose, is the expression below valid as well? I was tempted of doing it.
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Is the gerund being used in a proper way: “His job is driving a cab.”

I am not sure if the following sentence is grammatically correct. His job is driving a cab. I believe the gerund cannot be used in this way. Am I right? Would it mean the same to say? His job is ...
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1answer
70 views

It is + adjective + doing

It is no use crying. It is expensive running this car. It is a waste of time doing this. Why we have this pattern of sentence construction? I more often meet with some sentences have ...
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279 views

Why is it v-ing after looking forward to?

I took an English grammar test and one question was: Chen's looking forward ... his new job next week. There were four choices: to starting / to start / starting / in starting. My answer was "to ...
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678 views

See him leave/leaving

I have a question about the difference between the following two sentences: He might be punished if he is seen leaving the campus. He might be punished if he is seen to leave the campus. Do ...
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1answer
79 views

Your invoice has been modified [to reflect vs reflecting in] the change to this month's order. Which is correct? [duplicate]

I'm wondering how to select between "to infinitive or -ing" in sentence properly. Your invoice has been modified [to reflect vs reflecting in] the change to this month's order In this sentence, ...
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55 views

after retired or after retiring or after retirement?

I am preparing a speech about the life after retire. But not sure which one is correct below. After retire, I want to be a happy person. After retirement, I want to be a happy person. ...
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1answer
55 views

it is (of) no use V-ing / to V

I was told that "it is no use" is followed by a gerund, not an infinitive in current English. What about the "it is of no use"? Does it pattern in the same way? Consider the following: It is no use ...
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2answers
47 views

“To book” or “to booking”?

I had a debate with my friend (English is not our mother tongue) because I found this phrase bit wierd. We were almost close to booking tickets to London. I thought using 'almost' and 'close' ...
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5answers
485 views

“Don't go breaking my heart” versus “Don't go break my heart”

What is the difference between: Don't go breaking my heart and Don't go break my heart I can only think "breaking" to me might be speaking to a pattern of behavior - and so the ongoing ...
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849 views

“spend money -ing” or “spend money to”

I learned that verb spend followed by time or money usually go along with -ing form (with or without preposition on or in). However, I found a sentence in TOEFL : the university should spend money ...
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376 views

Difficult to watch vs difficult in watching

I know Argentina is a great team but I am sure even Argentina fans found it difficult to watch their defenders defend yesterday. Vs I know Argentina is a great team but I am sure even Argentina ...
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170 views

I started to wear or I started wearing reading glasses

When someone has just asked you about your reading glass. Can you say: I started wearing my reading glasses when I was 9. I started to wear my reading glasses when I was 9. You are saying ...