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Questions tagged [infinitive-vs-gerund]

For questions about the difference in meaning or grammaticality between using a gerund or an infinitive in a particular context.

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What is the correct conjugation of the verb fill in this sentence? Could you please explain grammar in this sentence?

A) Inflation is once again a major concern, violent crimes is on the rise, cases of corruption filling the press, healthcare in precarious state, insfrastructure projet not materialized and street ...
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18 views

Which is the correct form and under what topic does this fall? [closed]

1) I stand before the court requesting that ... 2) I stand before the court to request that ... Is only #2 correct? Are both correct? And why?
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26 views

Complements: -ing form or infinitives

Not sure if this was already discussed, but I am confused about the use of -ing form/infinitives as complements. I've found in several threads in Stack Exchange that the verb "to be" has to be ...
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18 views

prefer doing vs prefer to do

Just saw this: "prefer ~ing" / "prefer to infinitive" and I am wondering if there are any differences between "prefer doing" and "prefer to do". I have read a book about grammar ...
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41 views

“Boring”: gerund or to-infinitive?

I came across this the other day, but found this strange: It is never boring going into space. You get to experience... Should it be: It is never boring to go into space? You get to experience.....
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50 views

What's the difference in meaning between “talking about this” vs. “to talk about this”?

I think It makes me feel nervous talking about this. means talking about that topic is making the speaker feel nervous while It makes me feel nervous to talk about this. means if they ...
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34 views

Why in some situations comes ing?

In the following sentence: The governor's assistant claimed to have unique psychic abilities enabling him to read people's minds. How can we know to use a verb with ing form? Like "enabling" in ...
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42 views

The infinitive and the gerund in the sentence “He didn't hear me say/ing that.” [duplicate]

Someone who are not a native English speaker wrote me about someone "He didn't hear me say that." My question is if it is a mistake, because I am a not native English speaker too, but I would say ...
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139 views

The difference between “go to shop” and “ go shopping”

I've been stuck thinking this for a while. Would anyone explain me the difference between "go to shop" and "go shopping".
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2answers
58 views

Suggest + gerund or not that is the question

As I understand the B1/B2 grammar book by Raymond Murphy, the 19 verbs (I know this list by heart now) enjoy, mind, suggest, stop, postpone, admit, avoid, deny, fancy, risk, imagine, consider, ...
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Is there a difference in meaning between I like to + verb + something and I like verb + ing + something? [duplicate]

Ok, I never thought about this before, I always thought it was the same. I got the idea from the japanese SE that translating something as I like to + verb + something is different thant I like verb +...
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Is the sentence 'What I need is to do/doing the things I like.' grammatically correct?

There is a task in Oxford English Grammar (Basic) by Michael Swan and Catherine Walter that goes as follows: Write a sentence beginning 'What I need is...' Which made me think of which is more ...
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42 views

Which one to use in an enumeration, to-infinitives, bare infinitives, or gerunds?

I am writing a summary paper about a report I read with this sentence in it: This report follows two steps: determine the population density increase and analyze the productivity growth influenced ...
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3answers
50 views

'Tempted to do' or 'tempted of doing'

I know that following expression is valid: I was tempted to do it. For the context purpose, is the expression below valid as well? I was tempted of doing it.
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1answer
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Is the gerund being used in a proper way: “His job is driving a cab.”

I am not sure if the following sentence is grammatically correct. His job is driving a cab. I believe the gerund cannot be used in this way. Am I right? Would it mean the same to say? His job is ...
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37 views

It is + adjective + doing

It is no use crying. It is expensive running this car. It is a waste of time doing this. Why we have this pattern of sentence construction? I more often meet with some sentences have ...
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2answers
152 views

Why is it v-ing after looking forward to?

I took an English grammar test and one question was: Chen's looking forward ... his new job next week. There were four choices: to starting / to start / starting / in starting. My answer was "to ...
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2answers
316 views

See him leave/leaving

I have a question about the difference between the following two sentences: He might be punished if he is seen leaving the campus. He might be punished if he is seen to leave the campus. Do ...
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1answer
56 views

Your invoice has been modified [to reflect vs reflecting in] the change to this month's order. Which is correct? [duplicate]

I'm wondering how to select between "to infinitive or -ing" in sentence properly. Your invoice has been modified [to reflect vs reflecting in] the change to this month's order In this sentence, ...
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1answer
30 views

after retired or after retiring or after retirement?

I am preparing a speech about the life after retire. But not sure which one is correct below. After retire, I want to be a happy person. After retirement, I want to be a happy person. ...
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1answer
47 views

it is (of) no use V-ing / to V

I was told that "it is no use" is followed by a gerund, not an infinitive in current English. What about the "it is of no use"? Does it pattern in the same way? Consider the following: It is no use ...
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2answers
43 views

“To book” or “to booking”?

I had a debate with my friend (English is not our mother tongue) because I found this phrase bit wierd. We were almost close to booking tickets to London. I thought using 'almost' and 'close' ...
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5answers
345 views

“Don't go breaking my heart” versus “Don't go break my heart”

What is the difference between: Don't go breaking my heart and Don't go break my heart I can only think "breaking" to me might be speaking to a pattern of behavior - and so the ongoing ...
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1answer
543 views

“spend money -ing” or “spend money to”

I learned that verb spend followed by time or money usually go along with -ing form (with or without preposition on or in). However, I found a sentence in TOEFL : the university should spend money ...
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1answer
184 views

Difficult to watch vs difficult in watching

I know Argentina is a great team but I am sure even Argentina fans found it difficult to watch their defenders defend yesterday. Vs I know Argentina is a great team but I am sure even Argentina ...
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1answer
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I started to wear or I started wearing reading glasses

When someone has just asked you about your reading glass. Can you say: I started wearing my reading glasses when I was 9. I started to wear my reading glasses when I was 9. You are saying ...
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203 views

What are the differences between “sorry to keep you waiting” and “sorry for keeping you waiting.”?

What are the differences between "sorry to keep you waiting" and "sorry for keeping you waiting"? It seems that a lot of native speakers do not distinguish "sorry to do" and "sorry for doing". But ...
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2answers
98 views

negation of “the need”

What is the negation of the below phrase? The need for tester programming Is the below phrase true? Not the need for tester programming What about below phrases? not needing to tester ...
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1answer
36 views

Going out is more interesting than GOING / TO GO with your family

I wonder which form suits this sentence: Going out with your friends is more interesting than to go with your family! Going out with your friends is more interesting than going with your ...
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1answer
88 views

General Infinitive vs Gerund usage

Is there a general rule telling me when I should use an Infinitive or a Gerund? For example, why is in this sentence a Gerund instead of an Infinitive? "The aim of this report is to give ...
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1answer
42 views

How do I know when to use V+to+present simple, v+ gerund, or v+to+gerund?

How do I know when to use V+to+present simple, v+ gerund, or v+to+gerund? I look forward seeing you. I look forward to see you. I look forward to hearing from you. I look forward to hear from you. ...
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0answers
42 views

“is read & note” other than “is to read & (to) note” or “is reading & noting”?

But there are lots of fixed phrases, and so what you want to do is just read a lot and note when one is used and when the other is used. The resource is an essay teaching "under", "below" & "...
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difference in meaning between “to be needed” and “being needed”

Is there any difference in meaning or nuances in the two sentences below? It feels good to be needed. It feels good being needed. I think that it acts as a placeholder, to be needed and being needed ...
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40 views

About “ allow ” usage

I was practicing with a key word transformation exercise , and I had troubles with the following sentence : Is it possible to smoke in this room? The word given is " allow " . Is ...
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1answer
229 views

Use of “to be joining”

I'm studying English and I've read this sentence: I'm very happy to be joining this team Why is it possible to use "to be joining"? Thanks!
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2answers
135 views

Difference between infinitive phrase and gerund phrase as subject

What's the difference in meaning between these two sentences: To find fault with others is easy. Finding fault with others is easy. Also more generally, what's the difference between ...
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“To be good” or “being good” as subject

I was doing an exercise where I had to cross out the incorrect forms: Being / To be / Be good is easy; what is difficult is being / to be / be just. (Victor Hugo) In both cases I chose To be, ...
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1answer
466 views

“I am to blame for not getting the project” vs “I am to blame to not get the project”?

The question is about a situation where I was wrong and made a mistake when a meeting happened, and thus we couldn't get the project. "I am to blame for not getting the project" Is that the ...
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1answer
53 views

Gerund vs infinitive dilemma : “an innate passion to { light / lighting } a fire”

I have to start a sentence where I cannot figure out exactly if gerund or infinitive is to be used: They say humans have an innate passion to light a fire. Does that sound correct, or it would be ...
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104 views

Gerund and infinitives issue

I am confused about the use of "to + infinitive" and "to + 'gerund' " Eg. 1 Yesterday I went to study. 2 Yesterday I went to studying. Is either incorrect or less preferable?
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1answer
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“leave many [N] to look for…” vs. “leave many [N] looking for…”

SAT Grammar Question Others, like court interpreter Ludmila Baker, believe that technology will ultimately leave many translators and interpreters _______ for new careers. a) to look b) ...
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60 views

Should objective complement be Infinitive or Gerund

Somewhere in a book,I saw this line - "I saw him go" which I find stilted because I feel notion for line "I saw him going". On little dwelling,I found that this is case of incomplete predication and ...
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2answers
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Could I use “giving” instead of “to give” in “to give the example of Minnesota, you would probably pay only half of that” ?

Can I say ..., giving the example of Minnesota instead of "... to give the example of Minnesota"? What is the difference in meaning between "giving" and "to give"? My guess is that "giving" ...
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1answer
67 views

to infinitive vs gerund, which one is more widely used in SPOKEN language?

A man and a woman is sitting on the bench, and the guy asks her, "You like being here with me too, right?" "You like to be here with me too, right?" which one is more natural and widely used ...
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2answers
586 views

get introduced vs getting introduced

What is difference between "get introduced" and "getting introduced"? Is "getting introduced" some form of perfect participle? e.g. When first getting introduced, make sure to make direct eye contact.....
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1answer
422 views

Every Verb can be gerund or infinitive

There are three things but they are all related to each other. 1)-Is every verb allowed to use as a gerund or infinitive? If a verb has the first form and participle form, it means it can be used as ...
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2answers
441 views

Is a hammer used “for driving in” nails, or “to drive in” nails?

Expressing the function of a thing requires "for doing": A hammer is for driving in nails. Expressing the intention of a person requires "to do": I need a hammer to drive in those nails. If ...
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1answer
128 views

Should I use 'infintive' or 'gerund' after pronouns?

Her father opposed to her marrying a foreigner In the above sentence it's used a gerund 'marrying' after the pronoun 'her'. What if I use a infinitive verb instead of using a 'gerund' as; Her ...
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3answers
4k views

gerund or infinitive after the verb “to go”

I know that when the activity is outdoors and done especially in your free time, we should use the ing ending after the verb to go, Example: I go swimming every morning....or they go running every ...
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2answers
2k views

Is “He has gone for playing cricket” correct?

"He has gone to play." "He has gone for playing cricket." The first sentence is correct. Please explain if the 2nd one is right? If so, then why? If not, then why not?