Questions tagged [infinitive-vs-gerund]

For questions about the difference in meaning or grammaticality between using a gerund or an infinitive in a particular context.

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36 views

Difference between 'try to do' and 'try doing'

What is the difference between 'try to do' and 'try doing'? My textbook says, that if you want to make suggestion, you must say 'try + doing': A: Fred isn't answering his phone. What shall I do? ...
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1answer
36 views

Infinitive or gerund?

I run into a question as shown below studying an exam held in my country: Fill the blank. The passengers ---- the announcement of the cancelled flight for the second time groaned audibly. A) ...
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50 views

I was looking forward ____ at the new restaurant, but it was closed

I was looking forward ____ at the new restaurant, but it was closed. Are to eat and to eating both correct or only the last one ?
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2answers
33 views

Is or Does ? - need help which one is the correct one

Which one is correct? Does your business partner taking advantage of you? or Is your business partner taking advantage of you? For me they seemed correct but I'm not familiar with the English rules ...
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2answers
44 views

to + inf vs to + '-ing'

I have been doing an online test to check my English skills and found this: I was looking forward ____ at the new restaurant, but it was closed. Incorrect (your answer): to eat ...
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1answer
15 views

Are they exactly same? is + verb, is + to + verb, is + verb + ing

All you have to do is ask the question. All you have to do is to ask the question. All you have to do is asking the question. The first sentence is what I saw on the tv show and the other ...
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27 views

infinitive or gerund: two most important keys to succeed

In the following sentence, should "two" be preceded by "the"? And is "succeed" correct? Diligence and intelligence are two most important keys to succeed.
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24 views

I always get confused between be and being can anyone solve my problem [duplicate]

I don't want you to be here again. I don't want you being here again. 'Being' is always a problem for me. I can use all gerunds but not this one. Please help.
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1answer
213 views

Eager to meet or eager to meeting?

Which is correct? "I am always eager to meeting you..." or "I am always eager to meet you......" I for some reason think that 'meeting' should be used because it's being referred in future.
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9 views

Weird doing/ Weird to do [duplicate]

1- It is so weird wearing her jacket. (Context: She is wearing another person's jacket right now. But this jacket is leather motorcycle jacket and seems so cool. She isn't used to wearing this ...
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27 views

“It's a bit terrifying doing something” vs “It's a bit terrifying to do something”

I am wondering which one of the following is grammatically correct? Or maybe both are grammatically correct but they mean different things? It is terrifying to explore the world, not knowing where ...
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2answers
34 views

cleaning vs to be cleaned

Look at this example below The carpet needs___________ before we use it. a) cleaning b) to be cleaned Which one would be more appropriate in the given context and why? My thought process ...
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120 views

“don't forget {sending/to send}” and “presents {hanging/to hang} on my tree”

This is a question from my exam please help me. Why and which one is correct? Please do not forget ... me some pretty presents ... on my tree. 1) sending - hanging 2) to send - hanging 3) ...
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what used after ''had great motivation''?

She had great motivation ... the exam. a)in passing b)passing c)to pass which answer is true? and why?
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1answer
34 views

When are “to + verb” and “verb+ing” not interchangeable?

Like in the following example: I would really appreciate having some feedback on this topic. Why can’t I just write “to have” instead of “having”? In this case, they are not supposed to be ...
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2answers
78 views

Strange usage of the 'ing' with the want verb

I started reading Harry Potter and there is a sentence They didn't want Dudley mixing with a child like that. I understand the meaning of the sentence, but could someone explain why mixing is used, ...
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3answers
53 views

Can we use “to be stripped” instead of “being stripped” in this sentence?

The warning from the European commission could lead to that country being stripped of its European rights. (As far as l know we must use infinitive after nouns )
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151 views

To get vs in getting

Which one is correct- He did not succeed to get the job though he tried his level best. He did not succeed in getting the job though he tried his level best. Book says second one is correct.
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1answer
15 views

Personal pronoun with a gerund or infinitive?

My father never approved _____ a foreigner.   a. her to marry  b. her marrying  c. she marrying  d. she not marry Please answer the question with an explanation.
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2answers
34 views

“investigate” or “investigating”

"This research was devoted to investigating the performance" I always use Investigate after "to" as a infinitive, however I have seen some text that used "investigating" instead of "investigate", ...
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2answers
64 views

The main contribution is (proposing / to propose) a new method

The main contribution of this paper is (proposing/to propose) a new method. I'm confused about using gerund or infinitive in this sentence. I searched for this sentence on the internet, but I didn't ...
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28 views

What is the best choice for ing , to infinitive or ing

the justification given for explaining his action is unbelievable! the justification given to explain his action is unbelievable! the justification given, explaining his action is unbelievable! ...
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2answers
311 views

“consumers choosing to rely” vs. “consumers to choose to rely”

Signals that are related imperfectly to actual quality will mislead those consumers choosing/to choose to rely upon these inaccurate signals. In the provided context, is choosing and to choose ...
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1answer
38 views

This period saw them ACCEPT expensive projects and SIGN an agreement

This authoritarian period saw the Maldives accept highly expensive infrastructure projects as part of China’s Belt and Road Initiative and even sign a free trade agreement with Beijing. Is the above ...
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69 views

commitment to “-ing” vs “infinitive”

Commitment is followed by to infinitive according to cambridge dictionary. commitment in cambridge dic Players must make a commitment to play for a full season. It is also followed by to -ing in ...
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1answer
54 views

the superlatives/first/second/last/only + noun + to infinitive/V-ing

'Practical English Usage' by Swan says: Superlatives can be followed by an infinitive structure. The meaning is similar to an identifying relative clause (see 495). He's the oldest athlete ...
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1answer
34 views

What does it mean + to-infinitive / gerund

I always come across with this form "What does it mean+ to-infinitive" . But I don't understand why we use to-infinitive instead of gerund after mean. As far as I know, mean + to-infinitive means "...
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26 views

How about using gerund when saying the first-?

In 1993, she became the first African-American woman to receive the Nobel prize in literature. If recieving is used instead of to receive, how does it sound?
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26 views

'Gaining' instead of 'gain' in “while gain nothing for themselves at all”

Individuals sacrifice their own benefits for others while gain nothing for themselves at all. In this sentence which I composed myself, I feel gain should be changed to gaining, but I cannot explain ...
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1answer
73 views

Is this grammatically correct - “I miss to swim”

I read this article and here it is mentioned that "I miss to swim" is grammatically incorrect. However, I do not see any issue with it. Could some language expert please clarify.
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1answer
40 views

Can I replace “to fish” with “fishing” in the sentence “Teach a man to fish, and you feed him for a lifetime”?

Give a man a fish, and you feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish, and you feed him for a lifetime. Would you tell me whether I can replace "to fish" with "fishing"? Give a man a fish, and you ...
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2answers
27 views

Prefer to vs prefer than

Which one is correct, explain with reasons. 'He prefers to watch hollywood movies because they have good stories' or 'He prefers watching Hollywood movies because they have good stories'. Please also ...
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1answer
149 views

To + ing question

I've been having a hard time trying to understand this specific grammar point. Which sentence is correct? Work hard to stand out from the crowd. Work hard to standing out from the crowd.
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2k views

Gerund or infinitive? “Thank you for letting me know” or “Thank you to let me know”

I'm finishing a letter to a friend by asking the tracking number of a parcel he sent to me. Can I finish my letter with Thank you for letting me know the tracking number OR Thank you to let me ...
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60 views

What is the correct conjugation of the verb fill in this sentence? Could you please explain grammar in this sentence?

A) Inflation is once again a major concern, violent crimes is on the rise, cases of corruption filling the press, healthcare in precarious state, insfrastructure projet not materialized and street ...
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1answer
22 views

Which is the correct form and under what topic does this fall? [closed]

1) I stand before the court requesting that ... 2) I stand before the court to request that ... Is only #2 correct? Are both correct? And why?
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1answer
47 views

Complements: -ing form or infinitives

Not sure if this was already discussed, but I am confused about the use of -ing form/infinitives as complements. I've found in several threads in Stack Exchange that the verb "to be" has to be ...
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1answer
1k views

prefer doing vs prefer to do

Just saw this: "prefer ~ing" / "prefer to infinitive" and I am wondering if there are any differences between "prefer doing" and "prefer to do". I have read a book about grammar ...
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1answer
164 views

“Boring”: gerund or to-infinitive?

I came across this the other day, but found this strange: It is never boring going into space. You get to experience... Should it be: It is never boring to go into space? You get to experience.....
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1answer
89 views

What's the difference in meaning between “talking about this” vs. “to talk about this”?

I think It makes me feel nervous talking about this. means talking about that topic is making the speaker feel nervous while It makes me feel nervous to talk about this. means if they ...
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1answer
38 views

Why in some situations comes ing?

In the following sentence: The governor's assistant claimed to have unique psychic abilities enabling him to read people's minds. How can we know to use a verb with ing form? Like "enabling" in ...
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42 views

The infinitive and the gerund in the sentence “He didn't hear me say/ing that.” [duplicate]

Someone who are not a native English speaker wrote me about someone "He didn't hear me say that." My question is if it is a mistake, because I am a not native English speaker too, but I would say ...
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2answers
3k views

The difference between “go to shop” and “ go shopping”

I've been stuck thinking this for a while. Would anyone explain me the difference between "go to shop" and "go shopping".
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2answers
145 views

Suggest + gerund or not that is the question

As I understand the B1/B2 grammar book by Raymond Murphy, the 19 verbs (I know this list by heart now) enjoy, mind, suggest, stop, postpone, admit, avoid, deny, fancy, risk, imagine, consider, ...
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42 views

Is there a difference in meaning between I like to + verb + something and I like verb + ing + something? [duplicate]

Ok, I never thought about this before, I always thought it was the same. I got the idea from the japanese SE that translating something as I like to + verb + something is different thant I like verb +...
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1answer
355 views

Is the sentence 'What I need is to do/doing the things I like.' grammatically correct?

There is a task in Oxford English Grammar (Basic) by Michael Swan and Catherine Walter that goes as follows: Write a sentence beginning 'What I need is...' Which made me think of which is more ...
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1answer
110 views

Which one to use in an enumeration, to-infinitives, bare infinitives, or gerunds?

I am writing a summary paper about a report I read with this sentence in it: This report follows two steps: determine the population density increase and analyze the productivity growth influenced ...
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3answers
165 views

'Tempted to do' or 'tempted of doing'

I know that following expression is valid: I was tempted to do it. For the context purpose, is the expression below valid as well? I was tempted of doing it.
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1answer
55 views

Is the gerund being used in a proper way: “His job is driving a cab.”

I am not sure if the following sentence is grammatically correct. His job is driving a cab. I believe the gerund cannot be used in this way. Am I right? Would it mean the same to say? His job is ...
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85 views

It is + adjective + doing

It is no use crying. It is expensive running this car. It is a waste of time doing this. Why we have this pattern of sentence construction? I more often meet with some sentences have ...