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Questions tagged [infinitives]

The infinitive is the base verb form, conveying no information about person, number, mood or tense.

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Why ifinitive without to in the sentence?

Why in the next sentence infinitive 'avoid' is used without 'to'? By solving the puzzle, I get a gem in the form of a principle that helps me avoid the same sort of problem in the future.
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Subjunctive Mood — Correct use in the following:

The street native may be a vendor, from whom the street participant purchase. Is the second clause correct? I mean for the "street participant," just as the "street native," to be understood as a ...
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Nominal to-infinitive clause as complement of an adjective

Source: "A Cmmunicative Grammar of English" by Geoffrey Leech and Jan Svartvik (p.328-329) As you can see, the book says: ● Nominal to-fininitive clause as subject: To say there is no ...
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Infinitive clause meaning

The brain must be provided with something that it has never before processed to force it out of predictable perceptions. I am not so sure about this one, but my instinct tells me that " to force it ...
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Infinitive form and what it modifies

The leader created a term which the members of their group would use to describe people who had never contributed to the community. The infinitive clause " to describe people ... to the community" ...
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verb + “to have” + past-participle

He needed to have not gone there. Above is a vague way of saying He needed not to go there., and I think that would be very inappropriate too. I am more interested in knowing whether that would be ...
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Perfect Infinitive Problem

1) She was to have returned yesterday, but she fell ill. 2) She was to return yesterday, but she fell ill. Does both the sentence have same meaning?
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What is the correct conjugation of the verb fill in this sentence? Could you please explain grammar in this sentence?

A) Inflation is once again a major concern, violent crimes is on the rise, cases of corruption filling the press, healthcare in precarious state, insfrastructure projet not materialized and street ...
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Infinitive phrases meaning

He gave me the resources that are needed to reach a higher status. Can this sentence be interpreted in three different ways? If the infinitive phrase is an adverb, modifying the verb "gave" I think ...
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Use of Infinitive

He gave me a pen to write with. He gave me money to spend. Why spend is not taking preposition as it is done in first example. Kindly help me.
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Is it a continuation of infinitive or the verb of subject?

He gives examples to illustrate his life with friends in the past and express his feelings about his life now. He gives examples to illustrate his life with friends in the past and expresses ...
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Which is the correct form and under what topic does this fall? [closed]

1) I stand before the court requesting that ... 2) I stand before the court to request that ... Is only #2 correct? Are both correct? And why?
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Complements: -ing form or infinitives

Not sure if this was already discussed, but I am confused about the use of -ing form/infinitives as complements. I've found in several threads in Stack Exchange that the verb "to be" has to be ...
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Verb that comes after “to”

Why saying: "It is equivalent to saying that" is true rather than: "It is equivalent to say that" I always get confused about using the word after "to" because when I was learning English I ...
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Identifying objects in a sentence with infinitive phrase

To help others is important. In this sentence, 'To help' is the infinitive (being used as noun subject) and 'is' is the verb. What is the object ? 'Others' ? And is 'To help others' an infinitive ...
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Reading a sentence

The accountant made the writer to sign on the check. They always make us laugh. In these two sentences .. why is to sign used in first sentence instead of only SIGN? In second sentence why is ...
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“To” or not after the verb “to be” [duplicate]

Considering the two sentences: The first thing they would do was take money The first thing they would do was to take money Which one is grammatically more correct? There is a rule which says ...
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Can WOULD LIKE TO be used with PERFECT INFINITIVE to refer to the past?

I'd like to have visited Moscow while I was in Russia, but I didn't manage to. Is "to have visited" OK here?
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Can WANT be used with PERFECT INFINITIVE to refer to the past?

It seems that "I want to have seen you when I was in USA" is not very correct. However, I can see the sentences like: So I do feel some sympathy for him, some feeling toward him. I want him to have ...
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To be or to have been

The parcel appears to have been opened before it was delivered. Could you let me know if it is possible to use 'to be opened' instead of 'to have been opened', and if not, why?
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The difference between “go to shop” and “ go shopping”

I've been stuck thinking this for a while. Would anyone explain me the difference between "go to shop" and "go shopping".
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“to go on picnic” vs “going on picnic”

In this sentence: A friend of mine likes ________ on picnic at weekends. Is it "to go" or "going"? I reckon to + verb is usually used for a habit or preference.
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when I need to omit the rest part of infinitive,but keeping “to”

A: Are you going to watch the football match this afternoon? B1: I'd like to, but B2: I'd like, but B3: I'd like to watch, but which answer is correct? Is there any Grammar here?
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“I saw him TAKE it” and “I thought he KNEW it”?

I'm confused by the use of these two tenses "I saw him TAKE it" and "I thought he KNEW it" Why I saw him + infinity form verb but I thought he + past tense??
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Is it idiomatic to use an infinitive after gerund?

for example: 1.stop trying to impress others 2.stop trying to please everyone Can we use an infinitive after gerund? Is it grammatically normal?
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Which one to use in an enumeration, to-infinitives, bare infinitives, or gerunds?

I am writing a summary paper about a report I read with this sentence in it: This report follows two steps: determine the population density increase and analyze the productivity growth influenced ...
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would rather have v3 than v3 or would rather have v3 than vinf

What would be the correct structure for "would rather...than..." in past aspect? 1.) would rather have v3 than v3 ex. He would rather have gone out than stayed. 2.) would rather have v3 than ...
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When should we use “Perfect infinitive” instead of “infinitive” in passive voice?

I was doing exercises from great blue textbook when I met the difficult one. Please, explain me the difference between usage infinitive and present infinitive in passive voice. Foe example: Do you ...
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Use of infinitives in noun phrases

I know that we can use to-infinitives in a noun phrase outside a dependent clause, but can we use another type of infinitives, such as a bare infinitive? I can't think of any example for bare ...
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Do we have to use “to-infinitive” just after a noun?

In such a conversation, is the sentence with "*" wrong? Many people in Athens had time to get away from the fire, but, to save their children, they didn't have any time. Do you think that the part ...
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it is (of) no use V-ing / to V

I was told that "it is no use" is followed by a gerund, not an infinitive in current English. What about the "it is of no use"? Does it pattern in the same way? Consider the following: It is no use ...
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Does the verb need “to” in this sentence? [duplicate]

All that can do is [to] make us disappointed. Is the "to" required for the above sentence?
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Can we put infinitives at the beginning in order to emphasize them?

In order to emphasize the infinitive, can I change its position? Example, 1-) Your brother has some opportunities to get a better education in the U.K, but to go to the U.S, he doesn't have any ...
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Chinese people are trying to learn their babies' gender by looking at the calendar before they are born

My question is about the location of "before" and "by". I am not sure which one should be close to "learn". Chinese people are trying to learn their babies' gender by looking at the calendar ...
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These terms are important for me to work here happily

Can I use infinitive clauses in that way? 1-) These terms are important for me to work here happily. 2-) These terms are important to work here happily.(If it is obvious that I am talking ...
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This is one of the hardest books in the world to understand

That's the original sentence. This is one of the hardest books in the world to understand. What do you think the function of "to understand" is ? I think it is connected to a whole noun phrase "...
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Preposition at the end of infinitives vs. no preposition

You need a pen to write. You need a pen to write with. Are there any differences between the two sentences above? Which is more commonly spoken?
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The difference between some sentences with adjective+noun+to do smt/for

I was told that "We are looking for an eager person to work for our company" is not the same as "We are looking for a person who is eager to work for our company" , but the same as "We ...
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Why can we say “Enough money to do something” but not “a ready machine to do something”?

We can say: I have enough money to go to Italy. Which means: I have money which is enough to go to Italy But why does the following sentence not work? I have a ready machine to run for 10 ...
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To see vs Seeing

It felt really nice seeing all the things fall together into place. Vs It felt really nice to see all the things fall together into place. Is this just an infinite- gerund thing ? Or are the ...
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A usage of infinitive clause which doesn't refer to “a noun” and doesn't specify “a purpose”. What is that?

Today, I saw a different usage of infinitive clauses at the university and would like to ask you it in order to be familiar with that usage.(Examples from my professor) There should be more than ...
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That money is enough to donate to charity

I am not sure about which forms are correct. That money is enough to donate to charity That money is enough to donate it to charity -- This car is very luxury to buy. This car is very ...
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Can we use infinitive clauses with prepositions at the end of them for a purpose?

Do they always have to be next to nouns? Examples; To talk about, We should find a topic. To live lots of amazing moments with, I need some friends. To study with, I will invite my friend ...
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Some opportunities to get a better education exist

My English teachers said that changing the position of an infinitive may not change anything. Example, Some opportunities to get a better education exist. Some opportunities exist to get a better ...
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I am glad to be selected vs. I am glad to have been selected

When someone makes a speech about having been selected as an outstanding employee of the month, which is correct to say between "I am glad to be selected" and "I am glad to have been selected"? Thank ...
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Can I use “Verb + Infinitive + Gerund”?

Can verb, infinitive, and gerund be used together? Especially in this sentence: That book has helped me to overcome my struggling. Helped + To overcome + Struggling
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Is this sentence correct? “I forgot to brought my money”

I forgot to brought my money. I am an English teacher but I got stranded in this sentence. I know (or I least, I think) it’s more common to say: I forgot to bring my money. but I can’t explain ...
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Which is correct in both meaning and grammar, 'argue' or 'to argue'?

1.As a general rule, historians find it difficult to isolate events in history and argue their impact upon society. 2.As a general rule, historians find it difficult to isolate events in history and ...
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What does the phrase “to be admired” mean here?

Tell me please what to be means there. Why did not the speaker just say and that is admired? Wonder Woman has flaws.… It succeeds in spite of them, and that is to be admired, but we cannot start ...
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Is “to” the better preposition than “for” in this sentence?

A sentence on this page strikes me as odd as I am checking dictionaries ‘An alien life form has arrived to earth and is jumping from body to body, killing everything in its path and stealing ...