Questions tagged [infinitives]

The infinitive is the base verb form, conveying no information about person, number, mood or tense.

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'help + infinitive form' -> Is it correct in grammar?

I think that 'help' is a verb which plays a role in a causative verb, which means that it carries 'object' and 'objective complement'. How can it be correct to use 'help + infinitive form' without ...
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'end up to find' or “end up finding”? Gerund vs Infinitive?

What is the reason for using "finding" in this sentence and not "to find"? "These newcomers often end up not (to find)/(finding) the opportunities they are looking for."
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Is it a must to not use the phrase must to in order to not must to? [closed]

Is it a must to not use the phrase must to in order to not must to? In my country, Spain similar I think, the most common mistake is saying "I must to do this." Because there's one word for ...
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'Am to+ verb' sentence structure

'I am to go' 'To' is with 'go' here like working as an Infinitive I am to go. or it is with 'am' like 'am to' I am to go. Same question for 'supposed to + verb' and ' have to+ verb'. I know when to ...
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28 views

Direct object or Adverb?

'He told me a story' Me- indirect object(it answers question from 'whom') A story- direct object (it answers question from 'what') 2.'He asked me to go' Here, 'me'- indirect object and also the agent ...
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Chosing between “to work” or “working”

While looking for gerund and infinitive tests, I have found an interesting question whose answer isn't as simple as I think. In the question presented in bold below, we're asked to write the ...
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100 views

“to find a friend to practice speaking with“ or ”finding a friend to practice speaking with"?

In the following conversation: --- Did you have any problems in your English study? --- Yes, _____ a friend to practice speaking with. Is it correct to fill in the blank with "to find” Or "...
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“would like to have Vpp” or “would have liked to V”

Suppose you were reading a dictionary that wasn't available when you were a student. Which of the following forms would you use? This dictionary is excellent. I would like to have had a copy when I ...
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How to change “He told me that he has locked the door” to a simple sentence?

He told me that he has locked the door. How can this be rewritten as a simple sentence? A simple sentence is one that consists of just one independent clause. Can it be written as He told me to have ...
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The use of the complex object and the perfect infinitive in the passive voice

He was seen to finish the job. Means that someone saw him finish the job. But I wonder if it's possible to use the perfect infinitive He was seen to have finished the job (by three o'clock).
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The aim of this paper is to clarify that

The aim of this paper is to clarify that uniform asymptotic stability is equivalent to exponential stability for the half-linear differential system.(https://advancesindifferenceequations.springeropen....
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They seemed a nice couple [duplicate]

They seemed a nice couple. They seemed to be a nice couple. They seemed like a nice couple. Are they all correct?
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Can I use “who” in “name someone (who) you'd hate to see show up”

"Name someone you'd hate to see show up?" can I use "who" For example "Name someone who you'd hate to see show up?"
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What is ‘intelligent’ complementing in the beginning of this sentence?

I have the following sentence and diagram: To sound intelligent on political issues was Wayne’s goal. The infinitive phrase is the subject of the sentence. What is intelligent complementing exactly, ...
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Why is “apples are good to be eaten” incorrect?

I was doing an online test where they asked to fill in the blank. Here's the question: Apples are good ______ Here are the choices: to be eating to eat to eating to be eaten I selected "to be ...
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Perfect infinitive? What is the correct phrase?

We happened to have been late for school today. We happened to be late for school today. What's the right way of putting it?
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the reason he left the country

a. The reason he left the country was not to deal with this problem. Is that sentence ambiguous? I see two possible meanings: The reason he left the country wasn't to deal with this problem. The ...
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16 views

word order in the negative infinitive [duplicate]

Is there any rule that regulates the word order in the negative infinitive form? If the infinitive follows certain verbs in a sentence, it's clear that it should be 'not+to+inf'. For example, We ...
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78 views

Passive construction with “swimming”

"Swimming is something I like to do" I saw this posted on a forum for grammar, which stated that swimming is the verb and I is the subject. As the verb comes before the subject it is ...
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27 views

too late for me to get there in time

a. They told me too late to go there for me to be able to get there in time. b. They told me too late to go there to be able to get there in time. Are both sentences grammatically correct and ...
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Is there any difference in meaning between “not bother to do something” and “not bother doing something”?

Could you tell me if there is any difference in meaning between not bother to do something and not bother doing something? For example: The guy didn't even bother to clean up after himself. The guy ...
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32 views

Function of 'to be' in 'she appears to be tired'

She appears to be tired. If we write the above sentence as 'She appears tired'....the word 'tired' is an adjective working as Subjective complement. My question is if we write 'she appears to be tired'...
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Difference between “I thought Ron a mad guy” and “I thought Ron to be mad”?

I thought Ron to be mad. Here, Ron is working as an indirect object and 'to be mad' as a direct object. I thought Ron a mad guy. Here, Ron is working as an indirect object and 'a mad guy' as a ...
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37 views

“I saw him be upset/to be upset/ being upset”

I'll use seeing and upset to create an example that might help me: Out of these, which is correct, or which are best? Do some work in some circumstances and not others? I saw him upset. I saw him to ...
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a lot to eat/much to eat

a. All we have is two cans of beans. It isn't a lot to eat, but it will have to do for now. b. All we have is two cans of beans. It isn't much to eat, but it will have to do for now. Are the above ...
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for us to condone such actions

a. It will damage our country's reputation for us to condone such actions. b. For us to condone such actions will damage our country's reputation. ======================= c. It will damage our country'...
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was in tears to

a. She was in tears to see us leave. Is the above sentence grammatically correct? Is it natural and meaningful? The idea is that seeing us leave brought tears to her eyes. I know we can say 'She was ...
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33 views

In the sentence “if I see him, I will tell him”, what part of speech is 'tell'?

Intuitively, tell is a verb, but a verb that comes after a modal auxiliary is usually a bare infinitive, meaning it is a verbal and doesn't function as an 'actual' verb. Would it be correct to ...
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Wait until something happens before we take action

I have been thinking about this sentence structure for a while now, and I always wonder if it is correct whenever I use it. Let's wait until we get more information before we decide on the next steps....
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“to reduce” or “to reducing”?

Grammarly indicates that something may be wrong writing just to reduce. However, when replaced by to reducing is marked completely wrong. By analyzing agricultural data and using software, I help ...
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Is it necessary ''to''?

Because Delhi has almost 20 million inhabitants, to make it sustainable is a challenge.
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When practicing parallelism, do I need to include the “to” in infinitives?

For example: He likes to eat, sleep and play. He likes to eat, to sleep and to play. Which of these sentences is parallel? Are they BOTH parallel?
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(verb) in order to (verb). Omit “in order”

May "in order" always be omitted, without losing any meaning? (without lose of meaning). For examples: For freinship's sake she agreed to act as a teacher in order to substitute her sick ...
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Start + to have / having

Could anyone possibly let me know whether using the gerund form of the verb "have" after the simple verb "start" is natural and idiomatic English or there is something wrong with ...
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What if using “to” instead of “get”?

I can't understand the what does followings it mean. What is the role of "get" there? Why we don't use "to"? get started - to start get confident - to be confident get married - to ...
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33 views

How can we identify the structure of a sentence with the verb “ask” and how can we use it correctly?

I'm studying infinitives and gerunds now, and I found out that the verb "ask" can have a direct object. For example: I asked to go to the park. I asked my parents to go to the park. (I know ...
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How do I know when to use the perfect infinitive and simple infinitive?

Most of the time they have the same meaning as in: It was stupid of me to say anything on Twitter It was stupid of me to have said anything on Twitter Luis deserved to earn that promotion Luis ...
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Why is the first case “to reducing” and the second one “to reduce”? Is it correct? [duplicate]

Why is the first case to reducing and the second one to reduce? Is it correct? During this time, she studied an environmental management system with an innovative approach to reducing pollution in an ...
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32 views

The grammatical usage of verb to be in 'Whether we be old' [duplicate]

I was reading Harry Potter when I stumbled across this phrase in a song. Whether we be old and bald And this is the part of the song containing the phrase for a better understanding of the context. ...
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Why do we use “to” in here?

I am not a native English speaker. I am an undergraduate student in ELT. This is my first year, and I confuse sometimes. So my question is this: "Review the beliefs of Victor, Sweet, and other ...
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looked to them for help

a. He looked at them to help him. b. He looked to them to help him. c. He looked at them for help. d. He looked to them for help. Which of the above sentences are grammatically correct? Which are ...
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should know better than + the perfect infinitive

Is this construction possible? 1 You should know better than to have bought this car. if it's possible, how does it differ from: 2 You should have known better than to buy this car.
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Why is “had” followed by a past participle while “had to” followed by an infinitive?

"Had" is an auxiliary verb, right? In which case it should be followed by an infinitive. Why is it followed by a past participle in that case? Am I mistaken? Example "she had paid" ...
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present participle and infinitive

I came across a question in an ACT English test: Their later clocks reflects the Bilys' keen interest in U.S.history, the most notable example____ the American Pioneer History Clock. I wonder why ...
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What part of speech is 'to marry' in 'I want to marry him'

The first sentence can be paraphrased 'She wants something' which tells me that the infinitive acts as a noun. Can someone explain in detail how to categorise 'to marry' in the second sentence. Does ...
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56 views

feel — or to have been taught

I saw the following sentence in a book, and I don't know why the "to" is there. Is it correct at all? Most people feel — or to have been taught — that there is an absolute difference ...
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does anyone help me with the grammar structure of “XXX is likely to cause deaths, both proportionally and in absolute numbers.”

I appreciate any help you can provide. Which part is "both proportionally and in absolute numbers" modifying? Naturally, it should be "to cause," but here "to cause" is ...
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To or to be? Help. Thanks

There is a lot of information to process. There is a lot of information to be processed. Any grammatical difference? Both feels the same to me.
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Infinitive usage as an adjective

I'm studying infinitives being a verbal that can function as noun, adjective, or adverb. I'm somewhat confused that the following sentences are correct. If so, what is difference between them? If I ...
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24 views

Is there any difference between to be late and being late in complex object?

He doesn’t like us to be late for work. He doesn't like us being late for work. Is there any difference in meaning between the two? I know that there is a big difference in meaning between: I saw ...

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