Questions tagged [ipa]

This tag is for questions about the representation of English pronunciation using the International Phonetic Alphabet.

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American vs British pronunciation of the name "Sanders"

Let us assume we have a fellow called "(Name) Sanders". If he were from Britain and I were to choose the Oxford pronunciation rules, how would I write that with IPA? / ˈsæn dərs / or / ˈsæn ...
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What is the difference between i and iː? [duplicate]

We can see that the pronunciation of 'Key' is /kiː/ and 'sticky' is /ˈstɪki/, but /i/ does not exist in my pronunciation textbook(Tree or Three? An elementary pronunciation course). There is only /ɪ/ ...
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Where do i put the suprasegmental to indicate the stressed syllable when transcribing in phonetics ipa

In the words: union, /ˈjunjən/ discussion /dɪˈskʌʃən/ banana /bəˈnænə/ puppet /ˈpʌpət/ and entertainment /ˌɛntərˈteɪnmənt/ when transcribed where do I put the suprasegmental ' to indicate the ...
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About Britsh English pronunciation of a glottal stop [closed]

Is it a rule to use a glottal stop? Otherwise is it just optional?
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1 answer
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Do native english speakers pronounce "breadth" differently?

Looking up this word breadth in differentl dictionaries shows different IPA representations. Some are the same. Some are different, even opposite. Collins: (bretθ, US bredθ) https://www....
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2 answers
2k views

Why do dictionaries write /p/ instead of /pʰ/ for 'pie' in the ipa?

Prompted by this question: The pronunciations of letter "P" in "explain, explore, explode" and in "expensive, expand" My question is that if English has two kinds of Ps (...
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3 answers
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Why there are some small letters in the IPA version?

Why in words like temperate there is a small ə in it? /ˈtem.pᵊr.ət/ I'm looking at the version in the Cambridge English Dictionary
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can vs can't distinction, and can't followed by a vowel sound

Edit: I am talking about American English, particularly the one spoken in the Western United States I understood from this post that there are mainly these ways to distinguish between the two: the -...
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10 votes
5 answers
2k views

Why do we write /-ɪŋ/ instead of /-iŋ/?

When pronouncing words like "thing", "sing", or any word ending in -ing, I say it and have heard it as "eeng", which would be transcribed as /iŋ/. However, every ...
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why does American İPA have less diphthongs compared to British?

American İPA doesn't have 3 diphthongs that ending with schwa such as ɪə,ʊə and eə while British has all of them. For example, phonetic transcription of 'here' is 'hır' in American İPA while it is '...
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are the pronuncations of 'ei' and 'ej' the same in İPA?

For example, ipa version of play is pleı and if l change it as plej in İPA. Are they stil pronounced the same ?
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2 answers
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Is ”Physical”'s IPA spelling not unique?

Could you come up with an explanation why the same adjective "physical" has two IPA renderings of the same pronunciation? Oxford Learners Dictionary: /ˈfɪzɪkl/ (that is the /ə/ is missed in ...
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Transcribing Burj Al Arab

Could you transcribe "Burj Al Arab" with English phonetic symbols? /bɜːdʒ ˈæl ˈær.əb/? Hotel Burj Al Arab is where the idea of a seven-star hotel came to life Source: SkyScanner
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What's this IPA symbol under the t: [t̬]? [duplicate]

This is the IPA for "better": /ˈbet̬.ɚ/ What's the little arrow mark under the "t"? Is it emphasis? Or something else?
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Why would the word "hooked" end with a "t" sound?

On the Cambridge dictionary website, if you search "hooked", the US IPA given is /hʊkt/. and if you click the audio button, it does indeed end with a "t" sound, I know the spelling ...
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What's the consonant in the word "you"?

Some dictionaries say the IPA of the word "you" is "yu", some say the IPA is "ju", which is the correct consonant? "y" or "j"? Dictionary.com says it'...
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1 vote
1 answer
335 views

Does the word "discharge" sound more like /dɪstʃɑːʳdʒ/ or /dɪsdʒɑːʳdʒ/?

Does the word discharge sound more like /dɪstʃɑːʳdʒ/ or /dɪsdʒɑːʳdʒ/? How about exchange or disproportion? Do they sound more like /ɪkstʃeɪndʒ/ or /ɪksdʒeɪndʒ/? /dɪsprəpɔːʳʃən/ or /dɪsbrəpɔːʳʃən/? I ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Why does Google show the pronunciation of "teacher" as /ˈtēCHər/, not /ˈti.tʃɜː/?

I see a lot of word in google translate is not true vs IPA. For example teacher /ˈti.tʃɜː/ but in google translate it is /ˈtēCHər/. Is it IPA? You can see image below. What standard sound of google ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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what pronunciation marking is this?

I saw the parenthesized material in a verbal book. VANGUARD (VAN-gahrd) ADEPT (uh-DEPT) SATURATED (SACH-uh-RAY-tid) I guess the material belongs to a type of marking for pronunciation. Can anyone ...
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a dot/period in the middle of an IPA

This IPA symbol comes from Cambridge Dictionary There is a dot/period in the middle of the symbol, pointed out by red arrow. What does that mean? It seems a little bit counterintuitive if consider it ...
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What are the two IPA systems, /ˈfoɚ/ and /fɔːr/?

For the word "for" in AmE strong sound, Cambridge Dictionary gives this IPA symbol /fɔːr/ while Merriam-Webster gives /ˈfoɚ/. It seems to two different IPA systems, are't they? What are the ...
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How to tell the stress of a word and what do commas mean in IPA?

/ˌmiːdɪˈəʊkə/, /ˈmiːdɪˌəʊkə/ These two pronunciations differ only by apostrophe and comma. What do these signs mean and where can I listen to this difference? And another question about IPA - how can ...
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Teacher pronunciations — /ˈtiː.tʃə(r)/ and /ˈtiː.tʃɚ/

Why Cambridge English dictionary gives two pronunciations for "teacher" and Lexico gives only one? Teacher (CED): /ˈtiː.tʃər/ and /ˈtiː.tʃɚ/ Teacher (Lexico): Only /ˈtiːtʃə/ Does teacher ...
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0 votes
1 answer
47 views

How to pronounce a name you see for the first time?

Could you please tell me how to pronounce a name (interpreted from other languages) for the first time you see it? In English I find it difficult to do so because of the flexible pronunciation of ...
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2 answers
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What is phonetic transcription of "uses"

I don't know exact pronunciation of these words. It's hard for me to hear what sound there is "e", "ə" or "ɪ". And on the end I suppose there is "s", possibly "z"? verb "use" [juːz], third person ...
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4 votes
1 answer
4k views

What's the difference about /t̬/ and /d/?

In the IPA.It has a diacritic, voiced.This mark always be used in AmE,japanese... such as water /ˈwɔːt̬ ər/,party /ˈpɑːrt̬i/,私 /ɰat̬aɕi/. So,if a voiceless consonant plus this voiced mark, how to ...
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2 votes
0 answers
232 views

Where to find X-ray videos of the vocal track for all the English vowels? [closed]

I've found this web page that makes a convincing case for teaching/studying the cardinal vowel quadrilateral in language learning. Apparently it is taught to improve the accent to actors, and in some ...
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3 votes
2 answers
621 views

Does "shore" require the "r" sound in the pronunciation (UK pronunciation)?

In the Cambridge Dictionary I see the pronunciation of the word shore is represented by /ʃɔːr/. In the WordReference dictionary it is instead pronounced as /ʃɔː/. The "r" sound is silent in the last ...
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0 votes
1 answer
1k views

The phonetic transcription of the word 'copies'

I checked more dictionaries and the phonetic transcription (IPA) for the word: 'copy' is [ˈkɑp i]. It's two syllables with stress on the first syllable. I know that the plural of "copy" is "copies" ...
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1 vote
4 answers
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What is the difference between /ɪ/ and /ə/?

Is there any difference between the /ɪ/ and /ə/ sounds? For example, for "listen", is there any problem with pronouncing it like /ləsən/ instead of /lɪsən/?
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1 answer
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Pronunciation of "headachy all week"

I was listening to this British English (BrE) clip, but I could not make out the bold words section by myself. I slowed down the clip but still couldn't make out that sound. Do BrE speakers drop the "...
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17 votes
4 answers
15k views

How to pronounce the 'schwa' sound

I have seen lately many questions related to the pronunciation of the schwa (ə) sound. Today, I again found this question, What exactly is the "schwa" sound?, at EL&U, so I wanted to ask how the '...
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6 votes
1 answer
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/kɑlm/ vs /kɑːm/

. . . calm . . .calm . . . [audio source] • (UK) IPA: /kɑːm/, X-SAMPA: /kA:m/ • (US) IPA: /kɑm/, /kɑlm/, X-SAMPA: /kAhm/, /kAlm/ [wiktionary.org] The first calm seems to be [kɑlm], and the ...
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7 votes
3 answers
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How to interpret pronunciation marks (such as "ləʊðd")

In questions such as this one (What’s the pronunciation for loathed) answerers often answer pronunciation questions with special characters, as Matt does for that question by using ləʊðd. Though I ...
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