Questions tagged [ipa]

This tag is for questions about the representation of English pronunciation using the International Phonetic Alphabet.

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1answer
26 views

How to tell the stress of a word and what do commas mean in IPA?

/ˌmiːdɪˈəʊkə/, /ˈmiːdɪˌəʊkə/ These two pronunciations differ only by apostrophe and comma. What do these signs mean and where can I listen to this difference? And another question about IPA - how can ...
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1answer
27 views

How to pronounce a name you see for the first time?

Could you please tell me how to pronounce a name (interpreted from other languages) for the first time you see it? In English I find it difficult to do so because of the flexible pronunciation of ...
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0answers
31 views

IPA natural classes, what makes a natural class?

What makes a natural class in phonology? Can we consider [k, x, q,χ] a natural class in phonology? I think it can because they are all dorsals. Is that true?
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1answer
1k views

What's the difference about /t̬/ and /d/?

In the IPA.It has a diacritic, voiced.This mark always be used in AmE,japanese... such as water /ˈwɔːt̬ ər/,party /ˈpɑːrt̬i/,私 /ɰat̬aɕi/. So,if a voiceless consonant plus this voiced mark, how to ...
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0answers
193 views

Where to find X-ray videos of the vocal track for all the English vowels? [closed]

I've found this web page that makes a convincing case for teaching/studying the cardinal vowel quadrilateral in language learning. Apparently it is taught to improve the accent to actors, and in some ...
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2answers
457 views

Does “shore” require the “r” sound in the pronunciation (UK pronunciation)?

In the Cambridge Dictionary I see the pronunciation of the word shore is represented by /ʃɔːr/. In the WordReference dictionary it is instead pronounced as /ʃɔː/. The "r" sound is silent in the last ...
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1answer
865 views

The phonetic transcription of the word 'copies'

I checked more dictionaries and the phonetic transcription (IPA) for the word: 'copy' is [ˈkɑp i]. It's two syllables with stress on the first syllable. I know that the plural of "copy" is "copies" ...
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2answers
625 views

What is the difference between /ɪ/ and /ə/?

Is there any difference between the /ɪ/ and /ə/ sounds? For example, for "listen", is there any problem with pronouncing it like /ləsən/ instead of /lɪsən/?
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1answer
71 views

Pronunciation of “headachy all week”

I was listening to this British English (BrE) clip, but I could not make out the bold words section by myself. I slowed down the clip but still couldn't make out that sound. Do BrE speakers drop the "...
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4answers
15k views

How to pronounce the 'schwa' sound

I have seen lately many questions related to the pronunciation of the schwa (ə) sound. Today, I again found this question, What exactly is the "schwa" sound?, at EL&U, so I wanted to ask how the '...
6
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1answer
259 views

/kɑlm/ vs /kɑːm/

. . . calm . . .calm . . . [audio source] • (UK) IPA: /kɑːm/, X-SAMPA: /kA:m/ • (US) IPA: /kɑm/, /kɑlm/, X-SAMPA: /kAhm/, /kAlm/ [wiktionary.org] The first calm seems to be [kɑlm], and the ...
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4answers
2k views

How to interpret pronunciation marks (such as “ləʊðd”)

In questions such as this one (What’s the pronunciation for loathed) answerers often answer pronunciation questions with special characters, as Matt does for that question by using ləʊðd. Though I ...