Questions tagged [logic]

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2answers
32 views

Could you give examples and logical conjectures of 'call on'?

I still can't understand the meanings for 'call on' officially ask someone to do something ask a student a question decide to use something produce a quality ask someone to prove ...
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2answers
68 views

Meaning of “premise of something?”

In the following question: What's the premise of money? What's the premise of email? What's the premise of the book / movie? Does the word 'premise' refer to the reason behind the existence of money,...
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1answer
34 views

Can we really use “Same here” in this context?

Why do you sing? Because I love it. I want everyone to hear my singing. Same here. Huh? I am a cop, because I want to save people. Isn't that enough of a reason? It doesn't ...
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1answer
32 views

Why do we use “any X or Y” and “any X and Y” and are there any exception?

When we say things like: "They are brainwashed, they won't accept any fact or data that goes against their beliefs." Why can't we say "any X and Y" instead of "any X or Y", it seems that both ...
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6answers
7k views

Can things “grow smaller”?

This is the headline of an online article: Tasty Fish Grow Smaller in Warming Ocean. And this is from Google search: Why Belgian coins grow smaller. Growing is all about increasing in size and ...
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2answers
85 views

What does “x is not as y as z” mean?

I am still confused with the following pattern. "x is not as y as z" For example, A: x is not as stupid as y. B: p is not as small as q. Which are the correct interpretations? A': x is smarter ...
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1answer
33 views

Meaning of “or” in this sentence

In my text book I saw the sentence: If a request is made to a web service, then the response will be returned within 5 seconds or the service is under DoS attack. I cannot understand the usage of or ...
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1answer
86 views

Help to understand this question from reading comprehension in my GRE textbook

The organizers of tomorrow's outdoor concert announced that it will go on tomorrow on schedule unless bad weather is forecast or too few advance tickets are sold. If the concert is canceled, refunds ...
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1answer
42 views

“The statement is witnessed”

The derivability of a given statement can be justified by exhibiting a derivation tree [...] For example, if [ some definitions ] then the derivability of the statement if t then false else ...
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2answers
133 views

What's the vice versa of “they go low, we go high?”

The expression "vice versa" seems to have been used to express something opposite, but there are a bunch of "opposite" things. My question is when one writes or says When they go low [TL], we go ...
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1answer
51 views

Using none for three or more nos. in mathematics

Which form is correct? None of A,B or C divides X or None of A,B and C divides X
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1answer
43 views

What is the logic in “more than one + singular noun/verb”?

More than one game was lost. The singular form confused me. Does "more than one" here indicate plural or "more than" itself emphasis some quality? How should I parse this sentence to make sense?
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2answers
1k views

“have no patient” vs “don't have patient”

Which one is correct guys? You have no patient and courage You don't have patient and courage If both are correct explain me in detail please
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2answers
617 views

Does “before Dec 10 midnight” mean “before Dec 09 - 23:59” or “before Dec 10 - 23:59”?

When a deadline says, submit "before Dec 10 midnight". Does it mean "before Dec 09 - 23:59" or "before Dec 10 - 23:59"?
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1answer
53 views

Tenses logic understanding

Let's look at Present Simple. As far as I understand there is [almost] no difference between I play this game. I do play this game. The first question: can I form negative sentences this way? (1) I ...
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3answers
2k views

Correct answer from options: True, false and not given

I would like to have some clarification on the below question and its given answer. Does the following statement agree with the views of the writer in given passage? You have to answer, ...
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2answers
572 views

“It is not always true that he … ” and “It is not true that he always” have the same meaning?

He like to plays outside on a fine day, but sometimes plays games at home. I would like to describe this using "always", but am confused on whether which of the followings is better: It is ...
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1answer
1k views

Most/Second most + after

Russia is the most powerful country after the US. Or Russia is the second most powerful country after the US. Question: Which one of the above should I use to convey that Russia is ...
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0answers
48 views

Is “Good times take precedent over every incident” correct?

1) Is it right sentence in terms of grammar? 2) Is it right sentence in terms of logic? Good times take precedent over every incident Link to lyrics I think: Good times to take precedent OR ...
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3answers
461 views

Are these sentences grammatically and logically correct by using “miss not doing something”?

I came across this sentence today, I’m the oldest child in my family and have missed not having an older sibling to lean on. I don't think the sentence is right,because miss is mostly a transitive ...
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1answer
3k views

Better to do it sooner (rather) than later

Now I know the phrase 'sooner rather than later' has already been explored here But I would like this to be seen as a follow up question that further examines the phrase. After doing some research, ...
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4answers
398 views

“And” in negative sentences with “haven’t got”/ “hasn’t got”

Are these sentences correct? I haven’t got freckles and glasses. She hasn’t got straight, blond hair and freckles. He hasn’t got glasses and freckles. Can I use and with negative sentences with ...
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3answers
349 views

All I know (how/what) to do

Below are three examples: That's all I know to do. That's all I know how to do. That's all I know what to do. Which of the three is the most idiomatic way of expressing the idea that what was ...
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2answers
79 views

Cannot understand usage of “buyer” vs “seller” in particular article [closed]

Probably my question is more about "logic" than about "language" but still it manifests some problems with my command of English. So here is an excerpt of one article I am reading: In a way, the ...
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1answer
844 views

What does the phrase “such that” mean in this sentence?

In my opinion, "such that" is just like the word "so". But in the sentence below, substituting the phrase "such that" using "so" makes me confused. "Let P and Q be m × n and m × l matrices" can not ...
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1answer
112 views

Singular Plural

Is the word "gene" a countable noun? I'm asking you this question to answer the problem below: "Proponents argue that this particular strain is altered only by the removal of the gene responsible for ...
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1answer
77 views

What is the meaning of “All Police men are not honest”?

Recently, I encountered a question regarding syllogisms, where I was given one of the conclusions like All Police men are not honest. Or All Police men can never be honest. But for me it seems ...
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1answer
73 views

First order logic: Quantifiers and Scope

Are these two sentences equivalent? Someone likes everyone. Everyone is liked by someone. If yes what will be their predicate expression
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2answers
249 views

What is the meaning of “outlive” and “the same age” in this sentence?

The sentence: Beethoven did outlive many people who were the same age as Berlioz. The context: I’m reading the book Probability Theory: the Logic of Science written by E. T. Jaynes. I was ...
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2answers
280 views

Should I use the plural after a disjunctive “or”?

When using a disjunctive or with two alternatives, is it better to use the plural or the singular? A bike or a car are suitable vehicles for your journey. vs A bike or a car is a suitable ...
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1answer
566 views

university life is one of the best parts in anybody's life

university life is one of the best parts in anybody's life Should i use anybody's life or everybody's life? and should i use part or parts of life. I am confused. Can anyone help me with that?
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3answers
366 views

Using the word “whether” in conditional statements

You can not open your webpage if you don't have a web browser. You can not open your webpage whether you have a web browser or not. In my understanding so far, the first sentence represents a ...
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1answer
629 views

Hence, Therefore, So, Then

When I want to conclude a Series of results in (math) context, I use "Hence, Therefore, So, Then ...", trying not to repeat them ; For example I don't write "A so B so C so..."; instead I write "A So ...
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2answers
364 views

“I do X if Y, and Z otherwise” vs. “I do X if Y, or Z otherwise”

Which one(s) amongst the following sentences are correct, and which one sounds the best? "I do X if Y, and Z otherwise" "I do X if Y, or Z otherwise"
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1answer
813 views

Plural or singular after a list of options?

Which of the following is correct: Only A, B or C is allowed Only A, B or C are allowed Only A, B and C is allowed Only A, B and C are allowed And if some are correct, do they mean ...
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1answer
81 views

How to phrase the following sentence of cause and effect relationship?

How to phrase the following sentence of cause and effect relationship? I tried to phrase sentence, but because I'm not English native speaker, and this is the first time that I build a sentence like ...
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3answers
16k views

Meaning of warm vs hot when talking about weather

Here is the context: Warm weather means temperatures around 25°C Hot weather is when temperatures are around 35°C Then if today there is hot weather, what should we understand when one says "I wish ...
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1answer
49 views

Any difference between “I know C did it” and “C did it”?

I was working on a logical problem. In this problem I have a problem with the statement made by B. B said I wasn't I know C did it I thought that the second statement of B means C did it. In the ...
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1answer
4k views

'except' vs 'except if' vs 'if not'

[1.] [ODO:] unless {conjunction} = Except if (used to introduce the case in which a statement being made is not true or valid) [2.] [OED:] = 2. Except, if..not: Source: p 139, Introduction to ...
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3answers
395 views

What is the exact meaning of “3 is not a factor of m or of n”?

3 is not a factor of m or of n. Meaning of the above statement the way I understand it is 3 is not a factor of m or 3 is not a factor of n. I think that I might be wrong because here I suggested an ...
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2answers
102 views

Why mustn't the negatives be cancelled in: 'enumeration … does not presuppose something not enumerated'?

Source: United States v. Lopez, 1995, US Supreme Court, majority opinion by Rehnquist To uphold the Government's contentions here, we have to pile inference upon inference in a manner that would ...
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1answer
108 views

Confusing words in a economy news report: alone, on top of, absent

The report also highlights the rapid growth of export financing from three Asian competitors: Korea, Japan and China. These countries provided significantly more export-credit support to their ...
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2answers
403 views

A is irrelevant to B “or” or “nor” C?

If I want to convey A is irrelevant to B, and A is irrelevant to C. Should I say: A is irrelevant to B or C. Or A is irrelevant to B nor C. Or any other expressions?
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3answers
505 views

Can the infinitive form of a verb be considered an object?

This question was given to a friend of mine: "at the moment, I peered at the water and made the decision to plunge in" How many verbs are there? She said three (peered,made, plunge in) and I would ...
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1answer
3k views

“correspondence from A to B” or “correspondence between A and B”

Usually we are familiar with the usage: "correspondence between A and B" but can we also use: "correspondence from A to B" ? Does the 2nd case grammatically work, too? Here the ...
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1answer
396 views

What does this comparison mean?

I am not more ugly than your sister. Does this mean I am as ugly as your sister?
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3answers
429 views

The anaphora of “quite the opposite”

As educational psychologist Ruth Coppard suggests, "Some so-called child prodigies are little more than the product of highly ambitious parents. If you've had as much tutoring and practice in a ...
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1answer
9k views

Usage of due to, being and given in the front of a sentence

I am writing a technical report and my idea is to say; Man-made objects have specific regular shapes, so that similar property can be seen even from building roofs and roof corners. As I feel ...
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5answers
2k views

What does “maximum should be at least” mean?

I found this phrase used in a question in a competitive examination. The maximum value of X should be at least ... ("X" and the rest of the question isn't relevant here, so I am omitting it.) ...
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1answer
687 views

Is this conclusion's grammar correct?

I have a reading passage, then a lecturer casts doubt on the reading using three main points. I want to write a summary of the reading and the lecture. Now I want to ask you about this conclusion: ...