Questions tagged [logic]

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-3
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1answer
43 views

Linguistic correctness of some expression

Some people say there are five triangles, but linguistically should I say there is one triangle which consists of four triangles, or there are four triangles which constitute one triangle? Proof If ...
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1answer
32 views

Should I use the subject?

Ice melted and then froze. Ice is already frozen water. So it can’t freeze. So shouldn’t it change into this? Ice melted and the melted ice froze.
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1answer
24 views

Do comma-separated options in a list default to relate as "and" or "or"?

A native English speaker said: ...with respect to any given country a person can: be a citizen, be a national but not a citizen, be eligible to become a citizen by taking some active step(s) - a ...
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1answer
25 views

"Between each": illogical construction

Page 112 of Garner's fourth edition reads ✳Between each and Other Constructions with Fewer than Two Objects This phrasing is a peculiar brand of illogic, ✳between each house/speech, instead of, ...
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1answer
15 views

What does "<plural noun> ... to be identified" exactly mean?

Let's assume that I received several packages but don't know where some of those came from. In this case, is it correct to say that the origins of the packages are yet to be identified? I wonder if ...
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0answers
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Relationship between intransitives and transtives [closed]

If I flew a bird, the bird flew. If a bird didn’t flew, I didn’t flew the bird. Is this English logic valid? If I exemplify it, A: my car broke. B: who did break the car. A: C broke the car.
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1answer
29 views

Is it ok to use "chip in" like this in an IELTS writing task

I want to express that the purpose of education should serve the development of whole society. My writing: On one hand, in most countries, education is invested with national revenue. In other words, ...
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1answer
92 views

Problem with True or False questions in an exam

I'm taking an A2-Virtual English Course from a university in a Latin America country. I had an exam the past week and had difficulties with two "True or False questions" based on the ...
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3answers
28 views

Are the references in my articles with disclaimers also my own, logically?

Concerning that some of the opinions I post on social media, like Twitter, Quora, and StackExchange may get me in trouble, I want to add a disclaimer on my profile. I have searched and found the ...
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2answers
127 views

What is the meaning of "at least as close as"?

Suppose there are two locations: A and B. It is given that A is closer to me than B, or A and B are equidistant. Which of the following statements are logically correct? A is at least as close as B ...
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1answer
51 views

Is "always" implied in everyday sentences?

Case 1 When for example we say "At weekends I play football" what do we mean? 1). I always play football at weekends. 2). Some weekends I play football. How "strong" is always ...
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0answers
24 views

Is it logical to say "English is a balance"?

An American tutorial says English is a perfect balance between the long versus short, the high versus low, the stressed versus the effortless ... It seems to be a little bit illogical to say "...
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1answer
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"a clothing style to suit everyone", how do I make it less like an Ad?

Consider this conversation question: Why do you think jeans are popular in your country? answer: they come in many different styles, so there is a style to suit everyone. In clothing, there ...
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1answer
69 views

Is object X *like* object Y if X=Y?

Imagine we have two names, X and Y, which describe the same object. If X and Y are identical in every possible way, and therefore X=Y, is X is like Y. a true statement?
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2answers
66 views

The use of the phrase ‘all but’ in this context

“So far, 686 people have been tested in the U.K., with all but three negative” In this article, the use of the phrase ‘all but three tested negative’ doesn’t make sense to me. In my head it should ...
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1answer
57 views

Is the use of "why it is" in this sentence correct?

The following is an excerpt from this NYT article ( 9th paragraph). It is a comment that senator Romney made over Trump's decision to pull back the U.S. troops. Critics in both parties condemned ...
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2answers
43 views

Could you give examples and logical conjectures of 'call on'?

I still can't understand the meanings for 'call on' officially ask someone to do something ask a student a question decide to use something produce a quality ask someone to prove ...
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2answers
2k views

Meaning of "premise of something?"

In the following question: What's the premise of money? What's the premise of email? What's the premise of the book / movie? Does the word 'premise' refer to the reason behind the existence of money,...
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1answer
38 views

Can we really use "Same here" in this context?

Why do you sing? Because I love it. I want everyone to hear my singing. Same here. Huh? I am a cop, because I want to save people. Isn't that enough of a reason? It doesn't ...
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1answer
163 views

Why do we use "any X or Y" and "any X and Y" and are there any exception?

When we say things like: "They are brainwashed, they won't accept any fact or data that goes against their beliefs." Why can't we say "any X and Y" instead of "any X or Y", it seems that both ...
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6answers
11k views

Can things "grow smaller"?

This is the headline of an online article: Tasty Fish Grow Smaller in Warming Ocean. And this is from Google search: Why Belgian coins grow smaller. Growing is all about increasing in size and ...
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2answers
699 views

What does "x is not as y as z" mean?

I am still confused with the following pattern. "x is not as y as z" For example, A: x is not as stupid as y. B: p is not as small as q. Which are the correct interpretations? A': x is smarter ...
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1answer
68 views

Meaning of "or" in this sentence

In my text book I saw the sentence: If a request is made to a web service, then the response will be returned within 5 seconds or the service is under DoS attack. I cannot understand the usage of or ...
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1answer
143 views

Help to understand this question from reading comprehension in my GRE textbook

The organizers of tomorrow's outdoor concert announced that it will go on tomorrow on schedule unless bad weather is forecast or too few advance tickets are sold. If the concert is canceled, refunds ...
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1answer
62 views

"The statement is witnessed"

The derivability of a given statement can be justified by exhibiting a derivation tree [...] For example, if [ some definitions ] then the derivability of the statement if t then false else ...
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2answers
195 views

What's the vice versa of "they go low, we go high?"

The expression "vice versa" seems to have been used to express something opposite, but there are a bunch of "opposite" things. My question is when one writes or says When they go low [TL], we go ...
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2answers
261 views

Using none for three or more nos. in mathematics

Which form is correct? None of A,B or C divides X or None of A,B and C divides X
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1answer
296 views

What is the logic in "more than one + singular noun/verb"?

More than one game was lost. The singular form confused me. Does "more than one" here indicate plural or "more than" itself emphasis some quality? How should I parse this sentence to make sense?
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2answers
5k views

"have no patient" vs "don't have patient"

Which one is correct guys? You have no patient and courage You don't have patient and courage If both are correct explain me in detail please
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2answers
6k views

Does "before Dec 10 midnight" mean "before Dec 09 - 23:59" or "before Dec 10 - 23:59"?

When a deadline says, submit "before Dec 10 midnight". Does it mean "before Dec 09 - 23:59" or "before Dec 10 - 23:59"?
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1answer
64 views

Tenses logic understanding

Let's look at Present Simple. As far as I understand there is [almost] no difference between I play this game. I do play this game. The first question: can I form negative sentences this way? (1) I ...
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3answers
2k views

Correct answer from options: True, false and not given

I would like to have some clarification on the below question and its given answer. Does the following statement agree with the views of the writer in given passage? You have to answer, ...
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2answers
1k views

"It is not always true that he ... " and "It is not true that he always" have the same meaning?

He like to plays outside on a fine day, but sometimes plays games at home. I would like to describe this using "always", but am confused on whether which of the followings is better: It is ...
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1answer
4k views

Most/Second most + after

Russia is the most powerful country after the US. Or Russia is the second most powerful country after the US. Question: Which one of the above should I use to convey that Russia is ...
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0answers
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Is "Good times take precedent over every incident" correct?

1) Is it right sentence in terms of grammar? 2) Is it right sentence in terms of logic? Good times take precedent over every incident Link to lyrics I think: Good times to take precedent OR ...
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3answers
969 views

Are these sentences grammatically and logically correct by using "miss not doing something"?

I came across this sentence today, I’m the oldest child in my family and have missed not having an older sibling to lean on. I don't think the sentence is right,because miss is mostly a transitive ...
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1answer
6k views

Better to do it sooner (rather) than later

Now I know the phrase 'sooner rather than later' has already been explored here But I would like this to be seen as a follow up question that further examines the phrase. After doing some research, ...
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4answers
1k views

“And” in negative sentences with “haven’t got”/ “hasn’t got”

Are these sentences correct? I haven’t got freckles and glasses. She hasn’t got straight, blond hair and freckles. He hasn’t got glasses and freckles. Can I use and with negative sentences with ...
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3answers
1k views

All I know (how/what) to do

Below are three examples: That's all I know to do. That's all I know how to do. That's all I know what to do. Which of the three is the most idiomatic way of expressing the idea that what was ...
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2answers
85 views

Cannot understand usage of "buyer" vs "seller" in particular article [closed]

Probably my question is more about "logic" than about "language" but still it manifests some problems with my command of English. So here is an excerpt of one article I am reading: In a way, the ...
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1answer
3k views

What does the phrase "such that" mean in this sentence?

In my opinion, "such that" is just like the word "so". But in the sentence below, substituting the phrase "such that" using "so" makes me confused. "Let P and Q be m × n and m × l matrices" can not ...
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1answer
120 views

Singular Plural

Is the word "gene" a countable noun? I'm asking you this question to answer the problem below: "Proponents argue that this particular strain is altered only by the removal of the gene responsible for ...
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1answer
120 views

What is the meaning of "All Police men are not honest"?

Recently, I encountered a question regarding syllogisms, where I was given one of the conclusions like All Police men are not honest. Or All Police men can never be honest. But for me it seems ...
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1answer
106 views

First order logic: Quantifiers and Scope

Are these two sentences equivalent? Someone likes everyone. Everyone is liked by someone. If yes what will be their predicate expression
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2answers
331 views

What is the meaning of "outlive" and "the same age" in this sentence?

The sentence: Beethoven did outlive many people who were the same age as Berlioz. The context: I’m reading the book Probability Theory: the Logic of Science written by E. T. Jaynes. I was ...
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2answers
581 views

Should I use the plural after a disjunctive "or"?

When using a disjunctive or with two alternatives, is it better to use the plural or the singular? A bike or a car are suitable vehicles for your journey. vs A bike or a car is a suitable ...
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3answers
1k views

Using the word "whether" in conditional statements

You can not open your webpage if you don't have a web browser. You can not open your webpage whether you have a web browser or not. In my understanding so far, the first sentence represents a ...
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1answer
969 views

Hence, Therefore, So, Then

When I want to conclude a Series of results in (math) context, I use "Hence, Therefore, So, Then ...", trying not to repeat them ; For example I don't write "A so B so C so..."; instead I write "A So ...
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2answers
533 views

"I do X if Y, and Z otherwise" vs. "I do X if Y, or Z otherwise"

Which one(s) amongst the following sentences are correct, and which one sounds the best? "I do X if Y, and Z otherwise" "I do X if Y, or Z otherwise"
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1answer
2k views

Plural or singular after a list of options?

Which of the following is correct: Only A, B or C is allowed Only A, B or C are allowed Only A, B and C is allowed Only A, B and C are allowed And if some are correct, do they mean ...