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Questions tagged [participial-adjectives]

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12
votes
7answers
75k views

“I am finished” vs “I have finished”

What is the difference between "I am finished" and "I have finished"? For example, when finishing a task, should I say "I have finished" or "I am finished". Is there a difference in meaning?
7
votes
2answers
2k views

The ambiguous “he is buried”

In a sentence taken from the Oxford Dictionary: ‘The inscription on his tombstone in Groombridge Church, where he is buried alongside his three children, bears his original name and no reference to ...
3
votes
1answer
113k views

Which is correct: “have been completed” or “are completed”

Part of my work includes making modifications to a software application. After making the requested modifications, I typically send an email to those in charge of user acceptance testing, informing ...
3
votes
1answer
144 views

closing or closed

Choosing -ed or -ing is sometimes a difficult question for me. In this sentence: The dog is running. I have a noun phrase: the running dog. Or in this sentence: The shop is closed. I ...
3
votes
3answers
80 views

Can I use “offset” as an adjective?

I have often used the word "offset" as a predicate adjective (or perhaps as part of a passive verb construction?) in the sense of "displaced" or "out of alignment (with)," as in the following ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Is “I was scared by …” in the passive voice?

I'm having a discussion with someone and we are having a few disagreements over whether this sentence is passive voice or not: I was scared by the noise. We've discussed linking verbs, whether ...
2
votes
2answers
69 views

usage of “being”

I am Korean English learner:) To begin with, I would like to thank you to all of you who answer my questions! It is really helpful for me to learn English:) but I'm not familiar with how to use ...
2
votes
2answers
21 views

placement of the participle phrase

And the classy Oxford feeling of nothing mattering except books and poetry and Greek statues, and [nothing worth mentioning having happened since the Goths sacked Rome.] (Coming up for air) The ...
2
votes
2answers
554 views

Difference in meaning of adjectives ended with -ed and -ing?

English has two kinds of participial adjectives: ending in -ed: I am disappointed. ending in -ing: It's disappointing. They seem to mean different things. How I can explain the difference ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Usage of “I am done”

Why is I am reached incorrect while I am done is correct? Ex: I reached office at 9am today is correct while I am reached at 9am is incorrect. But I am done with this project is correct. Can someone ...
2
votes
1answer
224 views

said as an adjective with or without the definite article

The Merriam-Webster Learner's Dictionary gives the following examples of "said": http://www.learnersdictionary.com/definition/said The following is a description of how said property [=the property ...
2
votes
0answers
248 views

“…assumed known.” VS. “…assumed to be known.” [duplicate]

While writing a report, I need to decide on which of the following two constructions is correct/more appropriate. The characters of A in B are of course assumed known. The characters of A in B ...
1
vote
2answers
107 views

“All the organizations involved have sent …” sentence structure problem

SOURCE (Longman's dictionary) Please do me a favor to teach me grammar structure as following sentence All the organizations involved have sent urgent appeals to the government, asking for extra ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

two sentences about participles

please help me check these two sentences are grammatical or not The loudly boiling water is very noisy. The man swimming very fast is my teacher! My grammar book told me that participle phrases ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Absolute Phrases vs Participial phrases with and without commas

It was a stormy day. We stayed inside the house. It being a stormy day, we stayed inside the house. Source: Absolute phrase on EnglishGrammar I'd like to see if the patterns hold if the ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

road, curving vs road curving : comma with participial phrases

In the same quote below, why is the first occurrence of road is followed by a comma while the second is not? Who or what is curving in the first occurrence, the road or the writer? Can I get evidence ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Can we 're'+verb any verb?

It's a strange question but can we add 're' to any verb? replan revisit rechange reinsist Is it possible to add 're' to compound verbs? refind out rebring back refly over reshout out Does it work ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Is this a correct use of a participial adjective?

I write this question intrigued by this topic. The best and accepted answer states that "functioning relationship" means "a relationship that is working properly". I did some research. The English ...
0
votes
2answers
140 views

Comma before a participial phrase at the end of a sentence

Below is an exercise from this website. I'd like to ask if the sentence is correctly punctuated. Should not there be a comma between whale and looking? My dad spotted the whale looking through his ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

“Gathering evidence” vs. “Evidence-gathering”

I want to know, if there is any, the difference between the following sentences: 1) He was responsible for gathering evidence. gathering evidence And 2) He was responsible for ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

the meaning of “developed”

I have learned something about adjective phrases and participle phrases. We can't say: The window open in the fourth floor is broken. Because "open in the fourth floor" is not an adjective phrase....
0
votes
3answers
100 views

Amazon is <beloved/loved> by investors

Here's what Charlie Rose said in a segment of CBS's 60 minutes titled "Amazon's Jeff Bezos looks to the future": Bezos believes low costs ensure customer loyalty to Amazon, even if it's at the ...
0
votes
2answers
322 views

Understanding when -ing is a gerund or an adjective

A possible first step in developing a nonsexist vocabulary with which to analyze the works of the nineteenth-century writer Elizabeth Gaskell would be to stop referring to her as “Mrs. Gaskell.” How ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Use of ing without helping verbs

A few days ago I came across this post: "How people feel after sharing a post about Amazon forest fire thinking that will put it out". Since then I have not been able to comprehend the grammar ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Can “connected” be used to ask about one's relation with another one?

I have found many expressions with connected that describe two people relationship, but it is often (if not always) indicate the souls' connection. Expressions like: What is the meaning of two ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Can other adjectives be substituted in “Left you awed”?

In awe is an idiom that means: Having a great amount of respect or admiration for someone, sometimes to the point of feeling nervous or fearful around them. It can take other forms and means the ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

“being” usage as relative clause

I'm dwelled on usage(s) of being in the following sentence. Even with the model of memory being just physical memory, several options are possible. Can it be written alternatively as the ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

I have a secret that I have kept hidden from my circle of friends and family

When I was browsing internet. I saw this sentence. I have a doubt on the usage of "have kept hidden" What tense is it? Is it Active voice of present perfect? If so why there is a word "hidden" which ...
0
votes
0answers
107 views

Is this participle correctly used?

Usually when a present participle is modifying a noun, that noun is the subject of the sentence. In this sentence, the modified noun, however, isn't the subject. The sentence sounds a little ...
0
votes
2answers
461 views

“oppose”, active or passive voice?

Followings are the excerpt from an almanac, explaining the state of Vermont, U.S. Should the expression "were so opposed" read "so opposed"? Vermont is particularly known for the independent nature ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Is it unconnected adjective when the verb with ending “-ed”?

Hi I'm a beginner in English. I'm confused about the grammar in English. This sentence is an explanation for the verb implement means from Oxford learners dictionary to make something that has ...
-2
votes
1answer
681 views

participle to qualify noun and pronoun

I've heard that participle is used to qualify a noun or pronoun. Here are two sentences: Hearing the noise, the boy woke up. Taking the pen,the boy ran. source: http://www.englishgrammar.org/...