Questions tagged [participle-clauses]

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Japan vs the percentage in Japan

Since what hovers is the percentage and not the country, I wonder if I have to start the second clause with "the percentage" and not "Japan". Hovering between 3% and 7%, Japan has ...
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participial clause: hitting Mary on the head [closed]

It's generally known that a "having + past participle" clause can indicate an event that takes place before the one described by the main clause. There are, however, "Ving" forms ...
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1 vote
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What is the implied subject of "accounting"?

I dreamed up these two sentences. I did some research. It seems that they are both correct. I understand that,in Sentence 1, the implied subject of "accounting" is the subject of the first ...
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1 answer
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What are the grammar rules that support using participle clauses in this way (that is, the way they were used in the sentences below)?

The North West of England has seen the greatest percentage increase in first-time buyer prices, rising by 35% (£43,812) over five years to 2021. Source: independent.co.uk Local fixed line calls were ...
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1 answer
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Is it a participle or a gerund?

I made two sentences with a word I intended to use as a gerund. But I noticed that it seems like a participle, too. Can the word "having" I wrote below have the both roles? There are some ...
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Participles Functioning as Adverbials

I've read that 'participles functioning as adverbials' can be usefully viewed as reduced forms of adverb clauses. My question is can all participles functioning as adverbials be reconstituted into ...
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2 votes
2 answers
298 views

Isn't it supposed to be 'it' instead of 'its'?

This is a paragraph from the book 'Less is More: How Degrowth Will Save the World' by Jason Hickel. I am not quite sure whether its having fallen is grammatically correct. If I were to use such ...
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2 answers
52 views

Use of "Having + v3"

"Having played cricket for two years, I am a very good batsman" Is this sentence correct? Can I use It has been with "having"? Like: " It has been 2 years having played ...
1 vote
2 answers
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until [it had] risen

Could "subject + had" sequence be omitted in the following? If it's possible only in b, why can't the same happen to a? a. The soldiers remained in the room until they had witnessed the ...
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1 answer
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What are complete sentences of elliptic phrases such as "Or being lied about..."?

If you can wait and not be tired by waiting, Or being lied about, don't deal in lies, Or being hated, don't give way to hating, And yet don't look too good, nor talk too wise: Is the following their ...
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1 answer
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What's the difference between "people involved" and "involved people"?

I learned at school to put an adjective clause in front of the noun when it consists of only one word and to put it after the noun when it consists of more than one word. However, I sometimes find a ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Is "One of them being tourist attractions" a complete sentence?

What the title says. Consider this example: "There are a lot to visit when going sightseeing. One of them being tourist attractions." Is "One of them being tourist attractions." a ...
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3 answers
307 views

Can we use participle clauses as adverbial modifiers?

Most of the time, participle clauses are used in sentences like the ones that I have written below (all of which feature present participles): [1] Walking the dog, she breathed the fresh air. [2] He ...
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and fixed himself a cup of coffee = fixing himself a cup of coffee?

Can "and fixed" be changed into "fixing" in the following sentence? If not, why? John got up at 7:30 and fixed himself a cup of coffee. John got up at 7:30, fixing himself a cup ...
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0 answers
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participial construction: heading to Germany

Can the following sentence be naturally rewritten as one containing a participial construction? a. Those refugees were driven out of their country and headed / and were heading to Germany. b. Those ...
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1 answer
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participial construction: the driver dying instantly

Is the boldfaced participial construction used properly? If not, why? The car crashed into the building, the driver dying instantly.
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1 vote
1 answer
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After / when scolded

Are the following sentences both okay? Or should "being" be inserted? After scolded by her teacher, she ran crying all the way home. When scolded by her teacher, she ran crying all the way ...
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1 answer
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while Sarah running her own business

In the following sentence, can the second "dreams of" be omitted? Laura dreams of becoming a chef, while Sarah dreams of running her own business.
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2 answers
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Is 'watching him' a gerund clause in this example?

He saw James watching him. Recently, I have become familiar with non-finite clauses. This has led me to question the function of the ing- clause in constructions like the one above. Prior to learning ...
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1 answer
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Why are non-finite verb phrases defined as non-finite clauses?

Before this question is marked as a duplicate, understand that I am not questioning the classification of a non-finite clause nor asking the generic reason for said classification. I know that the ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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"The prices of medical supplies got higher, leading to more COVID cases."

Can a whole sentence work as a subject of present participle clause? Can I write like this (is this grammatically correct)? The prices of medical supplies got higher, leading to more COVID cases. (...
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3 answers
53 views

Present simple with "that" vs. a participle

I know the subordinate conjunction that is often omitted. Here are two sentences: Select the course containing the exercises you want to repeat. Select the course contains the exercises you want to ...
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1 answer
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how to use participles as adverbials

Would you please tell me whether the use of the participle clause is correct in the following sentence: Our young children are fascinated with the old-day musicians, TV shows and the life before they ...
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-2 votes
1 answer
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Participle phrase or participle clause?

In the following sentence, I want to know what the bold part refers to. Is it a participle phrase or participle clause? And the reason behind it. Being the earliest well-known example of a financial ...
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1 answer
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grammatical role of "using piano keys"

You just heard "Ebony and Ivory" by Paul McCartney and Stevie Wonder. This is a song about racial harmony using piano keys. The black keys on the piano are ebony, and the white ones are ...
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1 answer
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Is it being faced, faced, or having been faced with the increasing unemployment?

In writing the following sentence, I am hesitating which one (Being faced, faced, having been faced) I should use at the beginning: _____ with the increasing unemployment, many people went on strike ...
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1 answer
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"There is somebody" + verbing or + to verb?

I looked up "there is somebody" in Corpus and found two sentences In short, unless there is somebody willing to take the risk of speaking up for it.... there is somebody to protect the ...
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1 answer
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the group set out for Athy having had an enjoyable, interesting and fun weekend

However, on landing all was well and the group set out for Athy having had an enjoyable, interesting and fun weekend. https://www.lexico.com/definition/fun This sentence is an example listed as one ...
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1 answer
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Never having p.p. vs. Having never p.p.?

Recently I have encountered 'Having not p.p.', which puts not between having and p.p. In fact, I was taught to put not before having p.p. And BBC Learning English confirms it. Which is the definite ...
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2 answers
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"exceeding France’s rate in 2009 and reaching almost 60% in the end of period." Why not "exceeded" and "reached"?

In this sentence why the ing form of the verb is used instead of past tense? Germany’s rate increased sharply throughout the period, exceeding France’s rate in 2009 and reaching almost 60% in the end ...
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Can we transform clauses to participle clauses when they appear in question-form sentences?

We know the clauses in bold (01 and 02) can be reduced to participle clauses because the subjects of the subordinate clauses are the same as those of the main clauses: 01 We saw lots of lanterns when ...
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The subject of "lacking accounts by conquered people..."

However, lacking accounts by conquered people about their interactions with the Incas, it is unknown how much of the information of the Inca conquest as related by the ruling class is factual.(From ...
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"largely transshipping goods produced elsewhere"--participle clause or shortened relative clause?

A century ago, Carribean, Chinese, and African ports were open for trade and served as flourishing entrepôts, largely transshipping goods produced elsewhere. ( From https://eml.berkeley.edu/~eichengr/...
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have editorialized, criticizing... / have editorialized and criticized

Other papers have editorialized, criticizing the government for its inflexibility. This is an example of the word editorialize found in Collins English Dictionary. I would like to know if there's any ...
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Is "using" a Gerund or participle?

The house was built using cardboard. Is "using cardboard" a participle phrase or gerund? If it is a participle, what's its subject? If it is a gerund which word it is modifying?
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1 answer
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Is the usage of the participle clause correct, here?

I read in Advanced Grammer In Use that sometimes the participle clause has its own subject, like: The collection of vases is priceless, some being over two thousand years old. According to the above ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Which one is used in the sentence? parallelism or participle cluse

A good Captain needs to be steadfast, continuing to hold the wheel and stay the course even during the most violent storm. I faced with the above sentence at an App, but I think the parallelism ...
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0 answers
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how to make a sentence into a sentence with participle clause?

1- She comes here, because she needs money. 2- She comes here, because needs money. 3- She comes here, needing money. 4- She comes here, needs money. Are all the above sentence correct (...
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Is this one a complex sentence?

This vase, made in China in the 14th century, is very valuable. "made in China in the 14th century" is a dependent sentence. Then, is "This vase, is very valuable." an independent sentence or ...
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1 answer
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What is the difference between these sentences including present participle?

What is the difference between these sentences including present participle? The running car has no batteries. The car (which is) running has no batteries.
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reduced causal adverbial clauses in the second part of a sentence

Can we use a causal adverbial clause in the second part of a sentence? if so, I wonder if I want to use an adverbial clause of causality in the second part of a sentence, should I use a comma before ...
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1 answer
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A confusing "participial phrase"----

I found a sentence in Collins online dictionary under the entry of boarded-up: Mary went to one of the boarded-up windows, peered through the crack. As there is a comma so it should qualify Mary. ...
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verb-ing modifier trouble

I'm unexplainably confused about this topic. What does the following verb-ing clause modify? (noun) researchers or (action) have sent? How do we decide that? --> very important for me Is there any ...
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2 answers
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Why "being" was not eliminated?

1- I come across with below sentence written by a professor from the US in a paper: All amorphous material are actually in states which are configurationally frozen, a particular configuration ...
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1 answer
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Usage of participles

she went out dissapointed Vs She went out dissapointedly. What is the difference in meaning of these two sentences
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"winning the lottery" vs "having won the lottery" vs "with/by winning the lottery"

I am working with clauses with adverbial meaning, and here is my sentence: Were I to win the lottery, I would have all (of) that money spent fast. Keep in mind that I have to express condition. ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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"..., making it / itself ideal for toddlers" in this context

A school bag commercial says: The bag is lightweight, making it ideal for toddlers. Can I replace the it with itself as the bag is qualifying itself (the bag)?
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verb plus ing in the begining of a sentence

I've been reading some books and confusing about how to use "verb plus "ing" in the beginning of a sentence". Here are some examples: A large crowd was still huddled around Bird, blocking him ...
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What is/are the possible (adverbial) conjunction(s) for the target participle expression?

Is the italicized part a participle? And what is its corresponding conjunction? I feel like the participle here serves to add background or supplementary information to the subject in the main ...
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Functions of participle clauses?

I don't understand the function of participles in these sentences below. 1- She fled with her children, ending up in a shelter. (Does the action of the main clause( "fleeing") happen at the same ...
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