Questions tagged [participle-clauses]

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7
votes
4answers
8k views

“no + gerund” or “not + gerund”

In order to compare them, I wrote below sentences: Reading books is the solution not watching TV [a moral advice]. Reading books is the solution no watching TV [a moral advice]. I ...
5
votes
5answers
698 views

“…probably knew the answer judging by…” Is this grammatically correct?

Example: "What do you think about my house?" Tommy asked, who probably knew the answer judging by my open mouth. ...who probably knew the answer judging by... has only one Google result. So I ...
5
votes
1answer
171 views

Grammar of “meaning” in “Cats are carnivores, meaning they hunt prey.”

I don't understand the grammar of "meaning" in this example sentence: Cats are carnivores, meaning they hunt prey. That are two independent clauses, right? And obviously the "meaning" combines ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Does “those entering adulthood” mean “the people who enter adulthood”?

Source: Those entering adulthood now will form the backbone of Chinese society at a pivotal moment, as the ranks of the elderly grow rapidly and as the economy faces new strains, including a ...
4
votes
2answers
190 views

“Not being good at swimming, he didn't like it.” Could we omit the word “being” here?

Not being good at swimming, he didn't like it. Could we omit the word "being" here? Not good at swimming, he didn't like it. Which one is grammatically correct?
4
votes
1answer
384 views

Is it OK to have a participle clause with a different subject, like “While chatting, my phone rang suddenly”?

While chatting, my phone rang suddenly. In the sentence, the subject of the participle clause is different from that of the main clause. I'd like to know whether it is grammatical.
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Understanding absolute construction

I've read in http://profrajappansblog.blogspot.co.ke/2010/10/participial-construction-absolute.html?m=1 It says that absolute construction makes use of absolute phrase. Here, absolute means '...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

participle with different subjects

I think a participle clause and main clause having different subjects is exception to the rule of participles. I found the following sentences in a grammar book and in some internet resources which I ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

How to parse the future tense of “Driving on the highway, you will see a big sign”?

OP"Participle clause doesn't indicate a specific tense; instead, we should look at the main clause to understand it. Driving on the highway, one must be careful. (present) Driving on the highway, ...
3
votes
2answers
121 views

“Opening the file, John called David” or “John, opening the file, called David.”?

"Opening the file, John called David." If we assume that the above sentence means 'after opening the file, John called David', can I give the same meaning by using the following sentence? "...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

Reduction of Subject Regarding Present Participle

I have a question regarding Present Participle. In the example below, I am wondering whether it is possible for the subject to be changed into an 'Empty Subject' it? As I can see in the two listed ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

Can I change OP's sentence like this without affecting the meaning?

OP Used sparingly, this face cream should last you until Christmas. If you use it sparingly, this face cream should last you until Christmas. Does the first participle clause also equal "if ...
2
votes
2answers
923 views

“Split along idealogical lines” meaning

When the court deals with social policy decisions, the law it shapes is inescapably political-which is why decisions split along ideological lines are so easily dismissed as unjust. I have a few ...
2
votes
2answers
750 views

“logical subject” of verbals

Native speakers, could you please define "logical subject" of verbals (infinitive, gerund, participle)? I am Chinese and some of my grammar books define "logical subject" as the agent of the action, ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

What is the logical subject of the adverbial “with his gun aiming at David”?

I'm confused about a mulitple-choice question: He didn't answer, with his gun __________ at David. a. aims b. to aim c. aiming d. being aimed My first reaction was that the gun was aimed at David, ...
2
votes
1answer
480 views

Does this clause follow correct grammar?

I feel that the way I used the verb in the sentence is wrong. Even though I tried to analyse this, I could not figure out the correct way. These are my efforts. The recognition of a global ...
2
votes
1answer
220 views

What does it mean when the sentence take the form of '~ , meaning ~'?

I often see sentences that take the form of ". . . , doing . . . ". I'm not sure what exactly it means. I want to do some research for this sentence pattern, but I even don't know the keyword to ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

red is a color creating anger

(a) Red is a color creating anger. (b) Red is a color which creates anger The first sentence above is supposed to be grammatically incorrect. Could you clarify what is wrong with it?
2
votes
1answer
95 views

had come to notice working for X

Just run into this one: 'Helene had come to notice working for the German Communist Party'. I surmise the subject ('Helen') is here the object of noticing while being the subject of the gerund (...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

“When they had made themselves comfortable, a stranger appeared looking very angry.” Why 'looking'?

When they had made themselves comfortable, a stranger appeared looking very angry. May you help me why it uses looking in the sentence? Why not use 'looked'? How to comprehend the word 'looking'?
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Non-finite clauses?

I put the question mark in the title, as I'm not entirely sure that's the correct term for the phenomenon I'd like to ask about. I'd like to know if there's anything wrong - semantically, ...
2
votes
1answer
316 views

Function of participle clause: … switch back and forth, alternating their positions …

I am trying to determine the function of the participle phrase in the following sentence: When they play, they switch back and forth, alternating their positions until the game ends. Is the ...
2
votes
2answers
115 views

Meaning of the participle “being bitten by insects”

I don't want to stay out here being bitten by insects What does the above sentence (especially adverbial participle clause) mean? Does it have a continuous meaning like, After I am/was being bitten ...
2
votes
1answer
273 views

The Rules of using the “ing” verb?

I am a little confused with the way "ing" verbs are used. As English is my second language I can't seem to quite understand how it's used. For example: "...doing lots of outdoor activities, ...
2
votes
2answers
134 views

What is 'playing' in 'He hurt his back playing squash'?

Consider this sentence: He hurt his back playing squash. What is the role of playing squash here? Is it a reduced adverbial clause or a present participle phrase? If so, why isn't there a comma ...
2
votes
4answers
3k views

difference between “looking” and “looked” here-

It left the German Embassy looking as though it had been racked by an earthquake. It left the German Embassy looked as though it had been racked by an earthquake. Is the #2 a correct ...
2
votes
1answer
280 views

Adjectival Participle Clause

I was reading an article on "Pidgin English" a couple of days ago. It started like this: " There is a story of a British consul in China who was asked to marry a young Danish sailor and a Chinese ...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

Use of present participle phrases, when they don't have any verbs

For each feeder, a photo transistor scans its own track of an endless 35-mm film, giving a selection for each jack control spring as it passes the control position of the feeder. This sentence has ...
2
votes
1answer
671 views

English grammar about participle phrase

I have got a couple of questions about participles. I would like to understand clearly the usage and grammar of participles. I've been studying participle phrases. And I found a participle phrase can ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Meaning of the clause 'Opening the file, he called John'?

Opening the file, he called John. What does the above sentence (especially the participle clause) mean? As I understand it, this sentence has three meanings. While (he was) opening the file, he ...
2
votes
2answers
92 views

With the event happening on Friday .. can this imply future tense?

Is it possible to imply the future tense with this construction? With the event happening on Friday... With the event to happen to Friday....
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Use of conjunctive adverb with participle clause

I have written a sentence by using participle clause any contribution cannot be erased from the mind, therefore being essential for being successful But my teacher is saying that "therefore being ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Is this a participle phrase? Hints on what to look at to grammatically discern phrases

“The world is full of magic things, patiently waiting for our senses to grow sharper.” ― W.B. Yeats I think the words marked in bold are a participle phrase. The adverb patiently modifies the ...
1
vote
6answers
105 views

B devours itself as a shadowed figure {returns / returning}

Why is the simple present used in the following sentence (describing League of Legends)? Bilgewater devours itself as a shadowed figure returns amidst the fire. (source) Shouldn't it be like the ...
1
vote
3answers
152 views

“We could see the lava slowly advancing towards the town just ten miles away”

“We could see the lava slowly advancing towards the town just ten miles away.” I picked up this sentence from an English book. I wonder why it doesn't need the verb to be: “We could see the lava ...
1
vote
1answer
6k views

usage of 'having been + past participle'

Is it okay to use 'Having been+third form' as the reduction of Passive Relative Clause in Simple Past Tense in order to put more emphasis? The actor who was chosen for the role is looking for a ...
1
vote
1answer
608 views

May I say “The client sent me a letter >asking< to [do something]”?

Can I say: The client sent me a letter asking if we could change the information for them. or should it be: The client sent me a letter and asked if we could change the information for him. I'...
1
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2answers
85 views

What is this comma? Is it necessary? [closed]

He saw no other way to stop the killing but by forcing the Germans and Japanese to change their militaristic philosophy. This idea of changing a nation’s philosophy was intimately linked to FDR’s ...
1
vote
1answer
146 views

Popular shows feature artists designing …

Popular television shows feature artists designing everything from new clothes to delicious food dishes. Why don't use "who design" in the sentence?
1
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3answers
75 views

What's the structure of the sentence?

http://freebeacon.com/national-security/chinas-powerful-general-xi-jinping-henchman-meets-mattis/ The Americans fear China's military leaders—untested in combat—combined with an array of new high-...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Sentences beginning with verbs in -ing and -ed forms

I'm confused with these sentences. Can you point out what's wrong and what's correct for me? Heard the voice, he responded immediately. Hearing the voice, he responded immediately.
1
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2answers
385 views

Missing words after commas in these sentences?

In the following sentence, why did they use "thinking" after the comma? Is a word omitted after the comma? I waited for two months, thinking that it would be bad time for him. Should it be ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Combining Sentences with Participle Phrase and Conjunction

While we were walking through the park. We saw lovely flowers. 1) While walking through the park, we saw lovely flowers. 2) Walking through the park, we saw lovely flowers. Are those reduced ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

“…, making it / itself ideal for toddlers” in this context

A school bag commercial says: The bag is lightweight, making it ideal for toddlers. Can I replace the it with itself as the bag is qualifying itself (the bag)?
1
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1answer
525 views

omitting 'being' in a participial construction?

A: Why didn't you include this song in your newly released album? B: _________ could be, it was a poor fit that had to be abandoned. (a) As pedestrian as (b) Being as pedestrian as (c) ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Participles indicating nouns or phrase

I was on the boat, floating in the river. Here the task of floating indicates what I was doing, i.e I is the subject of participle phrase. floating is not indicating boat, because a comma has been ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

“What do you mean?” I say, my brows furrowing in confusion. - Is this a participial phrase?

I can't understand how the phrase "my brows furrowing in confusion" doesn't have any verb. In the Elements of Style, I read that "A participial phrase at the beginning of a sentence must refer to the ...
1
vote
1answer
194 views

Present participle clause as object of a preposition

Can I use an -ing clause in this case? A and B complement each other well, A having an extensive knowledge in the biological side of the project while B being focused on the geographical aspects. I ...
1
vote
1answer
373 views

to show (object) do something — grammatical construction

Example with a context: The clip clearly shows the fully armed Russian Su-27 approach the surveillance plane from the starboard side (at a safe distance), use the air brake to slow down, and then ...
1
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1answer
168 views

Can We Move the Position of a Reduced Relative Clause?

The train now arriving at Platform 3 is the 4.20 to Paddington. Can I move the position of reduced relative clause like this? Now arriving at Platform 3, the train is the 4.20 to Paddington. The ...