Questions tagged [participle-phrases]

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Different functions of participles

It is about saving lives, starting with mine." (A line from a tv series) (Context: He talks about time travel to save lives including his life.) I can't understand how that participle works here. I ...
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2answers
26 views

I want to know if the phrase below is a participial phrase

I saw the sentence below in a test passage. Longer life spans mean more people, worsening food and housing supply difficulties. Is "worsening food and housing supply difficulties" a participial ...
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Complementing an indirect object

Although the sentence is weird, I am wondering if it's grammatical: The branch was cut with a sword wielded by a swordsman. The problem is that "wielded by a swordsman" complements an indirect ...
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11 views

Prepositional phrases vs participle phrases

After eating rice in the kitchen, I usually go to school. vs Eating rice in the kitchen, I usually go to school. In either sentence , After eating rice in the kitchen, eating rice in the kitchen, ...
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2answers
59 views

How to rewrite this sentence to relate the participle phrase to the word it modifies?

“Looking down from the summit” is a participle phrase, but in this sentence it is modifying “Stacy’s friends’ faces” instead of “Stacy”. So, how to rewrite this sentence to relate the participle ...
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1answer
66 views

Do you know (that woman who is talking)? / (that woman talking)?

I just studied about relative clauses and I know that they should tell us which person or thing the speaker means. So when I'm in a conference and a woman is speaking can I ask my friend "Do you know ...
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2answers
26 views

Misplaced modifier?

I got this sentence from an CNN interactive magazine: In 1879, a German engineer, Carl Benz, developed the first internal combistion engine, burning fuel like oil and petrol to power pistons." The ...
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1answer
32 views

the difference between by -ing form and -ing form

This question involves the difference between -ing form and by -ing form. The passage below is from a few steps guided on Microsoft's website as to how to renew a one-year subscription of Microsoft ...
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1answer
485 views

What is the difference between “writing in” and “written in”?

I read an article of Economist, and now I have a question. Chamberlain returned home believing that he had cast-iron assurances from Hitler not to invade Czechoslovakia, famously waving the letter ...
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60 views

Being washed two weeks ago

Is "being" okay in the following? What difference does it make if it is removed? (Being) washed two weeks ago, the car still looks spotlessly clean.
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1answer
34 views

My question is about the words “when” & “while” in the sentences

My question is about the words "when" & "while" in the sentences (when/while doing; when a + noun (instead of "when I was" etc.)). Could you please explain 2 and let me know if 1, 6, 7 are ...
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Which noun does “be nontoxic” describe in this sentence?

Even the requirement that biomaterials processed from these materials be nontoxic to host tissue can be met by techniques derived from studying the reactions of tissue cultures to biomaterials or from ...
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1answer
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“each light deserting her” or “each light was deserting her”?

Her voice compelled me forward breathlessly as I listened -- then the glow faded, each light deserting her with lingering regret like children leaving a pleasant street at dusk". (The Great Gatsby, ...
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25 views

Is this a correct usage of pariticipal phrase?

Is this sentence correct? I managed a website being used by thousands of people on a daily basis
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1answer
125 views

Do the sentences bear the same meaning?

I was wondering whether: a. the two sentences mean the same, and b. if sentences of the same construction can always convert the verb to a participle. Here are the sentences: Though it ...
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2answers
633 views

Do you ever use “being” instead of because

Do you ever use "being" instead of because or since? is sentence 1 = sentence 2 ? 1) because / since I'm clever I can solve difficult problems. 2) being clever I can solve difficult problems.
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3answers
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Comparative Deletion or Participle Phrase?

I have this sentence: We repeated the same process for the next car, but using the product B, and recorded the data accordingly. I am not sure if the italicized part is grammatically correct. But ...
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2answers
67 views

He ducked behind a tree before being spotted

In the sentence He ducked behind a tree before being spotted. has he been spotted? P.S. Context: The search party was close behind. P.P.S. Can we know from the sentence, as written, whether he ...
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2answers
91 views

“All the organizations involved have sent …” sentence structure problem

SOURCE (Longman's dictionary) Please do me a favor to teach me grammar structure as following sentence All the organizations involved have sent urgent appeals to the government, asking for extra ...
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0answers
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Is this participle correctly used?

Usually when a present participle is modifying a noun, that noun is the subject of the sentence. In this sentence, the modified noun, however, isn't the subject. The sentence sounds a little ...
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2answers
126 views

What is the grammatical facts of word trained in the following paragraph?

How can you take advantage of this? A gratitude journal is an easy and actually pretty fun way to keep your attention trained on what’s important in life: all the beautiful, exciting and wonderful ...
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0answers
149 views

Present participle phrase?

In the sentence: 'He sat FACING THE WALL', is 'facing the wall' a present participle phrase? It is stated in numerous grammar articles from reliable sites that participle phrases must always act as ...
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1answer
96 views

Usage of gather/gathering

I'm bothered by the use of "gathering" in the following sentence: "The initiative was originated at a regional-level meeting in Phuket in July last year, gathering telecom regulators from the 10 ...
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1answer
367 views

Introductory participial phrases

I am a native English speaker and currently work at an English speaking company and interact with English speaking clients. Expressions like this come up extremely often: Looking at such-and-such, ...
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2answers
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Understanding the Participle I

Good Day! I've encountered with the following issue: An example given from Participle I Rule: "He looked at me knowing that I would win." In this case the action "knowing" refers to "him", so it'...
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1answer
120 views

Mixing Absolute and Participle phrases

Would it be okay to mix absolute and participle phrases at the beginning of a sentence? 1- Sun shining, clouds smiling, climbing down a tree in glee, Sluggy, a happy, purple slug, strolls along to ...
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1answer
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How to parse verb + participle structure

I would like to ask how to parse the following sentence. I cook listening to music. "I" is subject. "cook" is the main verb Is "listening to music" is participle phrase? ( to music is also ...
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participle phrase

Don't tell me what they said about me. Tell me why they are comfortable telling you This sentence is taken from "a quote". I am so confused with the usage of "comfortable+v-ing". My opinion is that ...
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1answer
669 views

“I spend a lot of time doing sports.”

So I want to know whether the "doing sports" is a participle or a gerund. I have looked into both and both seem possible to me although I think a gerund would make more sense with the addition of "...
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1answer
54 views

Which noun does the participal phrase modify?

I am unable to understand this question (number 11). I think that option A is correct as it working as a participal phrase. But I am not sure which noun does it modify. The correct answer is C. ...
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1answer
451 views

“To have ” vs “Having ” as perfect infinitive and gerund

Paceman Rubel Hossain was also recalled to the side after an injury-plagued season, as was left-arm spinner Taijul Islam having last played an ODI against New Zealand in the World Cup last year. ...
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1answer
610 views

Participle Phrases vs. Reduced Relative Clauses

I found this article about Participle Phrases, It's the first time I hear about them. I always thought they are all reduced relative clauses. How do they differ from reduced relative clauses? ...
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1answer
59 views

What does this -ing phrase refer to: “IL17A is produced by Th17 cells, constituting a subtype of T-helper cells”

IL17A is produced mainly by activated Th17 cells, constituting a separate subtype of T-helper cells (CD4 +). Can the participial phrase "constituting a separate subtype of T-helper cells (CD4 +)" ...
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1answer
72 views

Would this present participle phrase always imply causation? “X is an antibody, having specificity against..”

DRUG is a recombinant trispecific antibody, having specificity against TARGET1, TARGET2 and TARGET3, as well as several orthologic targets. I was reviewing a translation and changed this sentence to ...
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1answer
112 views

two sentences about participles

please help me check these two sentences are grammatical or not The loudly boiling water is very noisy. The man swimming very fast is my teacher! My grammar book told me that participle phrases ...
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156 views

During the tour, you will hear interesting stories about the city, learning (?) about its establishment

I wrote a sentence that was considered awkward by fellow translators, on a couple of counts. I'm singling out one particular word they found awkward: During the tour, you will hear interesting ...
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2answers
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Is “The user conference had a videographer who filmed the participants as they spoke about their experience using the software.” correct?

"The user conference had a videographer who filmed the participants as they spoke about their experience using the software." I wonder if the sentence is correct. Aren't "of" or "On" needed to put in ...
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232 views

Is this word “precariously” add meaning to the first of the sentence or else?

The tall, forbidding palace perched atop the very edge of the mountainous cliff, overlooking so precariously the vast, black body of water below that it appeared almost ready to plummet into the ...
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1answer
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Use of present participle phrases, when they don't have any verbs

For each feeder, a photo transistor scans its own track of an endless 35-mm film, giving a selection for each jack control spring as it passes the control position of the feeder. This sentence has ...
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How to indicate a noun with a participle when there are more than one noun?

A surface effect on a fabric formed by tufts or loops of yarn that stand up from the body of the fabric, is called pile. Which is formed by tufts or loops? If fabric is formed by tufts and loops, how ...
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What exactly is “personnel working”?

Source: Russia's middle class: We don't blame Putin Example: There's been a "renaissance" of engineers and personnel working for Russia's defense industry, he says, an elite class in the Soviet ...
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1answer
55 views

Participles indicating nouns or phrase

I was on the boat, floating in the river. Here the task of floating indicates what I was doing, i.e I is the subject of participle phrase. floating is not indicating boat, because a comma has been ...
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1answer
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structure and meaning of “it was the most static the city has been since its founding”

The following is a part of an article about the linguistic diversity of New York City by Ross Perlin: The great migrations, increasingly diverse till early 20th century, came to a sudden halt with ...
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2k views

A question about two structures

I've read in a grammar text that : I don't like people telling me what to do. I don't like being told what to do. The author claimed that 1,2 convey same information in reader. However, I ...
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2answers
337 views

Gerund phrase or participle phrase

Q1 : Nothing would prevent him speaking out against injustice. I guess that "speaking out against injustice" is a gerund phrase as an object complement. Am right? Q2: Last night I saw him riding his ...
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291 views

Can i use participle clause this way when it comes to if-condition

My own example: Not sticked to the rule, the employer will/would discharge you Compare: If you don't stick to the rule, the employer will discharge you ...
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“my first book working with you” - is this acceptable?

This is my first book of poetry working with you, so I hope this will eventually be the first step to a long partnership. I got this from my American buddy, but this is weird to me. Is he making a ...
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1answer
74 views

marketing campaigns aim at .. should it be 'aimed at' or 'that aim at'

Example (Putin is actually in serious trouble): Moscow has no doubt been very effective mounting guerrilla marketing campaigns aim at sowing doubt and confusion in the West. And they have been ...
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1answer
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Placement of participle phrase

Sentence that may or may not need correction: Referred to by some as the "fifth Beatle," Iain Softley wrote and directed a movie about Stuart Sutcliffe-the original bassist of the group-Backbeat ...
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How to use supplementary -ing clauses at the end of sentences

I'm wondering how to use those "(noun-y) -ing clauses" when they are at the end of the sentence. Most grammar references I've found on the internet only talk about their use as adverbials at the ...