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Questions tagged [participles]

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Is this an example of a gerund or a participle?

this is my first time asking a question in ELL, so I am sorry if I broke any rules. In the following sentence, is tapping a gerund or a participle? His tapping finger on the change mat speeded up ...
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1answer
32 views

Using “v-ing” after some phrases

I always think that we can use "v-ing" to combine two phrases when two interconnected activities are going on. For example : In sentence two, "explainig situation" and "having a hard time" is a ...
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1answer
24 views

Using comma before participles

As far as I know, when two action happen at the same time, I can combine these two sentence into one sentence by using participle form for the one of the actions. The thing what I am trying to ask ...
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1answer
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Am I interpreting the difference correctly? “being + Pas Participle” Vs “Pas Participle” in contetxt

Consider these two self-made sentences below. Being armed with previous experiences, I decided to check the map at every crossroad. Armed with previous experiences, I decided to check the map ...
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1answer
50 views

Best description of the sentence

The policeman, running with all his speed, was scarcely able to overtake the thief. Which of the following sentence best describes the above sentence? A: The policeman ran with all his speed and ...
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1answer
35 views

Participle to finite verb

I have to rewrite the following sentence by changing the participle into a finite verb Going up the stairs, the boy fell down. According to me the answer should be While the boy was going up the ...
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0answers
11 views

Choose correct option

You have played instead of working or having worked. You are playing instead of working or having worked. You played cricket instead of working or having worked yesterday. I am confused in the above ...
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1answer
22 views

Joining two sentence s using a participle

I have to join two sentences using a participle. He staggered back. He sank to the ground. I think I can do it two ways ----- Staggering back, he sank to the ground. Having staggered back, ...
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3answers
145 views

A question related to participles

There is given a pair of sentences and I have to join the two sentences into one using a participle. We started early. We arrived at noon Answer was Starting/having started early, we arrived at ...
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1answer
19 views

Difference between adjectives and participle adjectives

Michael, bereft of his son Luke, died of a ,broken* heart. Broken is adjective or participle adjective. I think it is participle adjective, because it is formed from the verb break. But the book I am ...
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1answer
16 views

Difference between adjectives and participle adjectives in english

In the following sentence I have to identify participles. Michael, bereft of his son Luke, died of a broken heart. I think there are 2 participles bereft, broken But the answer was just bereft
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2answers
59 views

Who have done the act laughing in the sentence “The girl came to her mother laughing”?

The girl came to her mother laughing. Here who have done the act laughing? I mean whether it the girl or mother
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1answer
31 views

participial phrase into subordinate clause

Longer life spans mean more people, worsening food and housing supply difficulties. In the sentence above, how can I change the participial phrase ("worsening food and housing supply difficulties") ...
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1answer
26 views

Participle acting as an adjective

There was a gap in the hedge with some barbed wire strung across it. Is the phrase strung across it a participle acting as an adjective to describe barbed wire? Also, can which was be understood to ...
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1answer
23 views

meaning of having as main verb

Some long distance trains were having more number of compartments thus making the train longer than today. In this example above what is the use of the word having ?Is it a verb or a gerund or a ...
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3answers
63 views

“The donated books to ~” vs “The books donated to ~”

Is there any difference in meaning between, "This is about the donated books to our library" and "This is about the books donated to our library"? In the following problem, is it only ...
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1answer
35 views

Participle clauses with state verbs

I was told that the following does not work: Employees having children will be granted a day off. However, this sounds better: Having children, those employees will be granted a day off. What ...
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1answer
20 views

“generated data and information” vs “data and information generated”

The data and information generated are best interpreted in face-to-face meetimg. or The generated data and information are best interpreted in face-to-face meetimg. Which is correct? is there ...
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1answer
26 views

What's the difference between “doing my homework” and “to do my homework”?

Suddenly I got a question studying participle. I spent too much time yesterday doing my homework. I spent too much time yesterday to do my homework. Is no.2 grammatically correct? If so, ...
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0answers
19 views

Is it correct to use two present participles in one sentence?

E.g., Last night he sat by the sea, watching the waves which reminded him of the good old times he'd spent with his ex-girlfriend, and which awakened the sweet memories of his early relationship with ...
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1answer
25 views

He is asked me to dinner. Is the sentence right?

He is asked me to dinner. He is asking me to dinner. The first sentence come from a native speaker of English. Is it correct? What is the difference between the meaning what it expressed and the ...
0
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1answer
48 views

I have a secret that I have kept hidden from my circle of friends and family

When I was browsing internet. I saw this sentence. I have a doubt on the usage of "have kept hidden" What tense is it? Is it Active voice of present perfect? If so why there is a word "hidden" which ...
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1answer
33 views

verb form(past participle, present participle)

From The Analysis of Mind by Bertrand Russell: The traditional conception of cause and effect is one which modern science shows to be fundamentally erroneous, and requiring to be replaced by a ...
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1answer
115 views

“feeling cold” vs “being cold” in a participle phrase

Is there any difference between these sentences? Is either one preferred? Feeling cold, she turned the heater on. Being cold, she turned the heater on. I somehow feel "Feeling" is more often used ...
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1answer
33 views

Which is the gerund and participle?

What is compound gerund and how would I separate them from perfect participles? Like I heard of his having gained a promotion He went away having forgotten it
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2answers
55 views

Which is the gerund and participle here?

Having forgotten him, he went away. Is 'having' gerund or participle? Is 'forgotten' gerund or participle? And why?
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1answer
165 views

How can I tell what the past participle of a word is?

How can I tell what the past participle of something is- especially if the past participle is usually different? Ex: Drink = have drunk, choose = had chosen, and bring = have brought. If these are all ...
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1answer
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Can every conjunction and conjunctive adverb be used in participial constructions?

Can every conjunction and conjunctive adverb be used in participial constructions? Are the following sentences correct? I am asking about the words such as, when, while, because, though, since, ...
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2answers
185 views

Present Perfect Participle - Why Present?

Consider this example Having switched off the lights, I went to bed. It implies that I went to bed after I had switched off the lights. The action of switching off the lights happened prior to ...
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3answers
198 views

get with past participle

Let's get started! In this sentence "get started" means that "to begin or start".But as far as I know "get + v-ing" has that meaning too .Such as in the following examples : We have to get moving ...
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1answer
31 views

the woman exercising in the room

a. In the room, I saw a woman sitting behind a desk reading, and a woman exercising. I greeted the woman exercising. b. In the room, I saw a woman sitting behind a desk reading, and a woman ...
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2answers
30 views

To-infinitive or participle modifying noun?

What is difference between to-infinitive and participle when they modify noun like the below sentence? Is it the same meaning that using ‘distributed’ instead of ‘to be distributed’? Although the ...
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4answers
60 views

We Korean think this is a wrong sentence. are we correct?

Having studied for the test well, his mark was good. The sentence above makes sense to me. but Korean think this is not grammatically correct. and they say 'Having studied' should be the activity of '...
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1answer
35 views

The user is logged in vs The user is logged-in

The user is logged in. The user is logged-in. Are both of these sentences correct? In the first sentence, is logged in a participial adjective? If it's not, what is it called and how is it ...
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2answers
565 views

drunk and drunken

I want to know the difference between word drunk and drunken. I looked up the dictionary and found that two words have same meaning, someone drinks alcohol too much. About drunk, it could be ...
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0answers
217 views

“Under the bright but faded lights”. Why “faded” other than “fading”?

Alan Walker's "I'm Faded": Under the bright but faded lights music: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=60ItHLz5WEA lyrics: https://genius.com/Alan-walker-faded-lyrics Why was "faded" other than "...
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1answer
141 views

Participle clauses with multiple subjects

I was told that the following sentence was incorrect because the participle clause has a different subject: "When deciding punishments for crimes, criminals' intentions are important." If that's ...
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1answer
59 views

Do dangling participles apply to “it clause” too?

I was wondering whether dangling participles apply to an “it clause” too. For example, does the following sentence have a dangling participle at the beginning of the sentence or is it grammatically ...
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1answer
95 views

Comma with Participle Clause

Could someone please provide clarification regarding the comma in the sentence below? I thought that participle clauses did not require a comma unless they began the sentence (e.g. "Despite having ...
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1answer
41 views

“Better not X” or “better not to X?”

What's the correct construction? Example sentence: A bear! Better not (to) move or it would devour her. Should the to be there? Why or why not?
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2answers
306 views

Why do we say “English-speaking world” rather “spoken-English world”, while “spoken English” rather than “speaking English”?

Why do we say "spoken English" rather than "speaking English", while "English-speaking world" rather "spoken-English world"? Since "English in writing" is right, how about "writing English"?
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6answers
939 views

Misrelated Participle

A part of the sentence is underlined. Below are given alternatives to the underlined part at (A), (B), (C) and (D) which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. Question 1: Riding ...
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1answer
56 views

Use of preposition 'of'

"I saw him playing cards." When this line is transformed,which of two following is correct and why? "I saw his playing cards". "I saw his playing of cards."
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3answers
759 views

Gerund vs Participle

"I saw the storm approaching." In above line approaching is describing storm. Gerund is used as objective complement to describe object. Participle like an adjective describes a noun or pronoun. ...
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1answer
41 views

Thanks to the newly (purchasing/ purchased) printer,

Which answer is correct in this sentence? Thanks to the newly (purchasing/ purchased) printer, we now have fewer problems. I think the answer is purchased because I think it means the printer was ...
2
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1answer
38 views

Past-participles Grammar in use

Can I say so? Is it right in terms of grammar? it was wrong to meet him without having had talked before I know for sure that it's correct to say: without having talked but I mean exactly ...
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1answer
50 views

Participial Construction or omitting of relative pronoun?

The following passage comes from a New York Times article: Several days ago, additional actresses began sharing with The Times on-the-record stories of casting-couch abuses. Their accounts hint at ...
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1answer
154 views

The Rules of using the “ing” verb?

I am a little confused with the way "ing" verbs are used. As English is my second language I can't seem to quite understand how it's used. For example: "...doing lots of outdoor activities, ...
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2answers
171 views

Usage of lie and lay

I'm preparing for some competitive exam and I'm reading an English grammar book, in that I encountered a test on lie and lay, but I do have a doubt on two questions, I don't know whether I'm right or ...
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2answers
882 views

difference between “I had been bored” and “I had bored”?

What's the difference between these sentences: "I had been bored" "I had bored" "I was bored" in structure, tense and meaning? And which one is more common in daily English? Which one is ...