Questions tagged [participles]

For questions about the form of a verb that usually ends in "ed" or "ing" and is used as an adjective.

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An interesting teacher VS an interested student

We know an adjective ending in either -ing or -ed can modify a noun. What is the difference between these two pairs? An interesting teacher An interested student A heartbroken mother ( A ...
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How to use participles in front of a noun with object for the participle?

I know that a participle following a noun can have an object. As like, The boy throwing a ball Mother goose followed by the baby gooses However, how can we use participles in front of the noun with ...
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feel the floor shaken

Is "shaken" used properly in the following? Normally, I'd expect "shaking." But I'm wondering if the verb "shake" can take an object followed by a past participle. Joe ...
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subject agreement in participle clauses

consider this sentence: I totally agree with the concept of schooling the offenders while serving time in prison we do know that clauses with prepositions (after, by, ...) + ing and conjunctions(...
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Difference between past participle and passive present participle

I want ask you about the the difference between present participle passive (being +pp) and past participle. The use of these participles really confuses me. Examples with being + pp: Being warned ...
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1answer
18 views

What does the participle phrase describe in this sentence?

I'm trying to describe an event that led someone to think he has been burglarized. When he came home, the furniture was moved and the window was slightly open, letting in a draft. My question is, ...
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37 views

The question is about the use of correct participle(s) in a sentence

Original sentence: 1) “Only a small percentage of immigrants arriving in the US ever returned to their native countries.” Now, if I like to re-construct the original sentence, which [participle clause(...
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1answer
36 views

Why doesn't this sound right?

All of these sound right: I found her dressed on the ground. I found her lying on the ground. I found her knocked out on the ground. I found her dead. But this sounds wrong. I found her fallen ...
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1answer
28 views

"Many of them his friends" or "many of them being his friends"

Someone threw a birthday party with several dozen guests before. When you are describing the guests, I think you can use these sentences: Dozens of people came to his birthday party. Many of them ...
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1answer
24 views

"Frightening" - participle?

In this sentence, what part of speech is 'frightening': "Halloween can also be frightening for pets." Is it a participle? Or is it acting as a verb?
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31 views

Using participles to short long sentences

I am confused about using participles to shorten long sentences. There's a situation where I tried to study but after an hour I found myself getting nowhere as I didn't even read a single paragraph. ...
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2answers
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Can a present participle function adverbially?

She hit the ground running. He went flying. In these two examples, the present participles 'running' and 'flying' are clearly modifying their respective verbs. 'Running' complements 'hit', and '...
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"Slipping and falling" or "slipping, falling"

When you are describing a child who saw something scary outside and ran home, which sentence can you use? The child almost fell after slipping on wet grass. He ran home, once slipping on wet grass ...
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27 views

The verb appear with a participle

I want to learn how easy the verb APPEAR lends itself to the usage of itself with a participle. For example, His speech appeared worrying. What you wrote at first appeared worrying—but it probably ...
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What part of speech is "doing" in "...worked his whole life doing a job..."?

His father said he had worked his whole life doing a job he didn't really enjoy. is the word "doing" a gerund? if yes/no could someone please explain more.
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Are these sentences correct: Having illness, I've to go to the hospital every week. Having fair skin, I've to stay away from the sun

I learned that present participles can be used to express why something happens, example: Being a man, I shave everyday. However, I noticed that in describing physical features it's better to avoid ...
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Present participle vs Past participle rules

Mark, dressed in black, walked across the room. Mark, dressing in black, walked across the room. I think both sentences are correct but what's the difference in meaning between both of them? Also, is ...
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Is there any difference between past participles and past participle adjectives

My grammar book says We can also use much or very much before a past participle which is part of a passive. Ex) The new by-pass was (very) much needed. We don't use much but can use very much ...
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How does this participle modify "assumptions"?

In this sentence, Do this participle (from "made by ~above") modify (or qualify?) both "assumptions"? Many people may have sympathy for some assumptions, but reject others made by ...
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Gerunds and Participles in compound Adjective

'English-speaking countries' 'Time-saving gadgets' 'Mouth-watering food' 'Good-looking girl' English-speaking, time-saving, mouth-watering and good-looking are adjectives here. But how are these ...
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【Participial construction】 while I researched → (while) researching

There is one sentence. • I devoted much of my time while I researched various marketing programs in different companies. Can I apply a sentence transformation into it like this as below? Actually, I ...
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1answer
26 views

What is the grammatical function of "Emerging as it does..."

Emerging as it does from a basis of truth, it is bound to... What is the function of the bonded part in the sentence above? Is it a participle phrase?
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Reduced relative clauses referring to a whole sentence

1a- The station chief was fired, meaning there is an open position. 2a- We argued over something meaningless, making me feel bad. 3a- Dr. Gregory House is often brooding, ill-humored, and pessimistic, ...
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When can ı use -ing as participle or reduced relative clause?

As reduced relative clause: In fact, there is evidence suggesting that lower amounts are indeed efficacious. As (present) participle: In fact, there is suggesting evidence that lower amounts are ...
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80 views

His doing or him doing

Can I use "his" instead of "him" in this sentence? "Can Tom play the piano? I have never heard him playing." The sentence is from "English Grammar in Use" by ...
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26 views

Placement of Modifiers

He left the unfinished work. He left the work unfinished. Other examples can be(in present participle) He left the crying child. He left the child crying. What is the difference between 1 and 2 ...
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grammatical role of "using piano keys"

You just heard "Ebony and Ivory" by Paul McCartney and Stevie Wonder. This is a song about racial harmony using piano keys. The black keys on the piano are ebony, and the white ones are ...
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English grammer-Participle [duplicate]

I would be pleased if someone could explain to me the participle in this sentence : James has made a breakthrough in his math this year, doing excellent work in comparison with last year
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'Being' a gerund 'being' a participle

I really get confused about when being used as a gerund and when is it used as a participle? I being angry is not a good thing. My being angry is not a good thing. Me being angry is not a good ...
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1answer
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I can imagine him (being??) really angry

You could imagine sentence (a) (being??) uttered by someone consulting their diary and seeing that tomorrow's page is blank. I can imagine him (being??) really angry. I can't imagine elephants (...
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1answer
64 views

Why is "escaping" a participle here?

The Cambridge Dictionary says: In English, many past and present participles of verbs can be used as adjectives. Some of these examples may show the adjective use. So there is no escaping from it: ...
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to see "accomplished" or to see "being accomplished"?

The goal, which they are unlikely to live to see ____, is to “cure, prevent or manage all diseases” in the next 80 years or so. Which one is better for to fit the sentence, accomplished or being ...
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580 views

Why is there no "be" in the continuous clause?

I started reading literature in English and often see sentences where ing-verb is without be. I met a sentence: Stark's bodyguard spearheading the thing... Can you tell me why there is no is here? ...
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Paraphrasing "Peter was abandoned by his parents at an early age and took to stealing." to participles

From my homework about participles, I have to paraphrase this to participles but I don't know how to. Peter was abandoned by his parents at an early age and took to stealing.
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Is "Constantly interrupting, I was irritated by Bill." a dangling participle?

I came across this sentence on The Purdue Writing Lab: I was irritated by Bill, constantly interrupting. Further, it was mentioned that interrupting there is a participle. So far so good. However, ...
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Which paraphrase is correct?

Being about the same size as a domestic chicken, the kiwi bird lays eggs that are very large in proportion to its body size. A) The eggs of the kiwi bird are much larger than those of a domestic ...
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72 views

Why “dressed in blue” instead of “dressing in blue”?

The girl dressed in blue is my girlfriend. The girl dressing in blue is my girlfriend. I know the first sentence is correct, but how about the second one? Why do we say "The girl who dresses in ...
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31 views

Is ‘broken glass’ ambiguous?

Can ‘Broken glass’ mean: Glass was broken but it’s fixed after then. Glass was broken but it’s not fixed after then. If so, how can I express sentence 2 in a way easy to understand?
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Can participles be used like this?

There are many glasses which were not made from broken glass. They are just made this way. Can I call them 'broken glass'? If not, should I just say 'glasses'?
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Participle as Adverb

Is it possible (and common) to use a participle as an adverb? Examples: The damp walls looming overgrown and ruggedly out of the water bear witness to ancient grandeur. (In this case, the adverb ...
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'Sitting' and 'Standing' are participles?

He is standing there. He is sitting on the chair. 'Sitting' and 'standing' are present Participles working here as an adjective? And are they subjective complement?
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187 views

Taking or having taken?

The athlete has been accused of ______ dope to boost his performance. a. To have taken b. Having been taken c. taking d. having taken Which option is correct? I'm confused in C and D
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Placement of participle in a sentence

How to place a Participle, before the word (noun, adjective,adverb) which is modified by it or after that word. As participle can work like an adjective and an Adverb for modifying. a. He saw a ...
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1answer
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Required qualifications or Qualifications required

I have all the qualifications required for the exam. Or, I have all the required qualifications for the exam. What's the difference between them? and where should we place Participle, working as an ...
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1answer
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Prepositional Phrase vs Participle Phrase

Following the meeting, we all had a chat. In the above sentence, what is Following used as. Is it a adjective or preposition or both? Also,is following the meeting a prepositional phrase or participle ...
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Can I use a participle like this? [duplicate]

Is it appropriate to use a participle as I did it in the sentence below? We often come across some resources published using a foreign language. I suppose that if we used "which (or that) are&...
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60 views

gerund-participle clause as adjunct and modifier

Having read the report, Hyde breathed a sigh of relief. I have some questions regarding the part in bold. I know it takes the role of adjunct, but what is it called? A gerund-participle clause, or a ...
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seeing something looked or seeing that something looked?

1 Seeing the table cluttered, I decided to tidy it up. 2 Seeing everything looked so in order, we didn't clean anything else. Are they correct? Or should they be as follows: 3 Seeing that the table ...
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What is the subject of "reducing"? [duplicate]

Others will say we can reduce traffic without damaging the environment. For example, public transportation could be improved, reducing the cars on the roads. What is the subject of "reducing&...
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What is the subject of "helping" in this sentence?

Researchers suspect that early exposure to pets carrying bacteria on their fur may encourage the proper functioning of the immune system, helping it to attack only harmful things. I'm really confused ...

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