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Questions tagged [participles]

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Is it correct to use two present participles in one sentence?

E.g., Last night he sat by the sea, watching the waves which reminded him of the good old times he'd spent with his ex-girlfriend, and which awakened the sweet memories of his early relationship with ...
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1answer
20 views

He is asked me to dinner. Is the sentence right?

He is asked me to dinner. He is asking me to dinner. The first sentence come from a native speaker of English. Is it correct? What is the difference between the meaning what it expressed and the ...
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1answer
29 views

I have a secret that I have kept hidden from my circle of friends and family

When I was browsing internet. I saw this sentence. I have a doubt on the usage of "have kept hidden" What tense is it? Is it Active voice of present perfect? If so why there is a word "hidden" which ...
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1answer
32 views

verb form(past participle, present participle)

From The Analysis of Mind by Bertrand Russell: The traditional conception of cause and effect is one which modern science shows to be fundamentally erroneous, and requiring to be replaced by a ...
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1answer
30 views

“feeling cold” vs “being cold” in a participle phrase

Is there any difference between these sentences? Is either one preferred? Feeling cold, she turned the heater on. Being cold, she turned the heater on. I somehow feel "Feeling" is more often used ...
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1answer
30 views

Which is the gerund and participle?

What is compound gerund and how would I separate them from perfect participles? Like I heard of his having gained a promotion He went away having forgotten it
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1answer
35 views

Which is the gerund and participle here?

Having forgotten him, he went away. Is 'having' gerund or participle? Is 'forgotten' gerund or participle? And why?
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1answer
60 views

How can I tell what the past participle of a word is?

How can I tell what the past participle of something is- especially if the past participle is usually different? Ex: Drink = have drunk, choose = had chosen, and bring = have brought. If these are all ...
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1answer
57 views

Can every conjunction and conjunctive adverb be used in participial constructions?

Can every conjunction and conjunctive adverb be used in participial constructions? Are the following sentences correct? I am asking about the words such as, when, while, because, though, since, ...
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2answers
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Present Perfect Participle - Why Present?

Consider this example Having switched off the lights, I went to bed. It implies that I went to bed after I had switched off the lights. The action of switching off the lights happened prior to ...
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3answers
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get with past participle

Let's get started! In this sentence "get started" means that "to begin or start".But as far as I know "get + v-ing" has that meaning too .Such as in the following examples : We have to get moving ...
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1answer
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the woman exercising in the room

a. In the room, I saw a woman sitting behind a desk reading, and a woman exercising. I greeted the woman exercising. b. In the room, I saw a woman sitting behind a desk reading, and a woman ...
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2answers
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To-infinitive or participle modifying noun?

What is difference between to-infinitive and participle when they modify noun like the below sentence? Is it the same meaning that using ‘distributed’ instead of ‘to be distributed’? Although the ...
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4answers
55 views

We Korean think this is a wrong sentence. are we correct?

Having studied for the test well, his mark was good. The sentence above makes sense to me. but Korean think this is not grammatically correct. and they say 'Having studied' should be the activity of '...
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1answer
30 views

The user is logged in vs The user is logged-in

The user is logged in. The user is logged-in. Are both of these sentences correct? In the first sentence, is logged in a participial adjective? If it's not, what is it called and how is it ...
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2answers
89 views

drunk and drunken

I want to know the difference between word drunk and drunken. I looked up the dictionary and found that two words have same meaning, someone drinks alcohol too much. About drunk, it could be ...
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129 views

“Under the bright but faded lights”. Why “faded” other than “fading”?

Alan Walker's "I'm Faded": Under the bright but faded lights music: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=60ItHLz5WEA lyrics: https://genius.com/Alan-walker-faded-lyrics Why was "faded" other than "...
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1answer
97 views

Participle clauses with multiple subjects

I was told that the following sentence was incorrect because the participle clause has a different subject: "When deciding punishments for crimes, criminals' intentions are important." If that's ...
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59 views

Do dangling participles apply to “it clause” too?

I was wondering whether dangling participles apply to an “it clause” too. For example, does the following sentence have a dangling participle at the beginning of the sentence or is it grammatically ...
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1answer
50 views

Comma with Participle Clause

Could someone please provide clarification regarding the comma in the sentence below? I thought that participle clauses did not require a comma unless they began the sentence (e.g. "Despite having ...
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1answer
33 views

“Better not X” or “better not to X?”

What's the correct construction? Example sentence: A bear! Better not (to) move or it would devour her. Should the to be there? Why or why not?
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0answers
33 views

Usage of past participle with “having”

I have a question about using the past participle with "having". I know that you use them to make clear that one thing has already happened. In these sentences, do I use the past participle with "...
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2answers
151 views

Why do we say “English-speaking world” rather “spoken-English world”, while “spoken English” rather than “speaking English”?

Why do we say "spoken English" rather than "speaking English", while "English-speaking world" rather "spoken-English world"? Since "English in writing" is right, how about "writing English"?
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5answers
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Misrelated Participle

A part of the sentence is underlined. Below are given alternatives to the underlined part at (A), (B), (C) and (D) which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. Question 1: Riding ...
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Use of preposition 'of'

"I saw him playing cards." When this line is transformed,which of two following is correct and why? "I saw his playing cards". "I saw his playing of cards."
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3answers
625 views

Gerund vs Participle

"I saw the storm approaching." In above line approaching is describing storm. Gerund is used as objective complement to describe object. Participle like an adjective describes a noun or pronoun. ...
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1answer
41 views

Thanks to the newly (purchasing/ purchased) printer,

Which answer is correct in this sentence? Thanks to the newly (purchasing/ purchased) printer, we now have fewer problems. I think the answer is purchased because I think it means the printer was ...
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1answer
33 views

Past-participles Grammar in use

Can I say so? Is it right in terms of grammar? it was wrong to meet him without having had talked before I know for sure that it's correct to say: without having talked but I mean exactly ...
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1answer
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Participial Construction or omitting of relative pronoun?

The following passage comes from a New York Times article: Several days ago, additional actresses began sharing with The Times on-the-record stories of casting-couch abuses. Their accounts hint at ...
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1answer
148 views

The Rules of using the “ing” verb?

I am a little confused with the way "ing" verbs are used. As English is my second language I can't seem to quite understand how it's used. For example: "...doing lots of outdoor activities, ...
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2answers
125 views

Usage of lie and lay

I'm preparing for some competitive exam and I'm reading an English grammar book, in that I encountered a test on lie and lay, but I do have a doubt on two questions, I don't know whether I'm right or ...
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2answers
572 views

difference between “I had been bored” and “I had bored”?

What's the difference between these sentences: "I had been bored" "I had bored" "I was bored" in structure, tense and meaning? And which one is more common in daily English? Which one is ...
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2answers
401 views

participle form different types

When I talk about participle are there 3 different types of participle? present participle past participle perfect participle And how is the usage of these three types? For example: I go shopping ...
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1answer
65 views

sentences with participial clauses

Que1-When a subordinate clause employs the perfect participle (having+past participle) can we use present tenses in the main clause(know, has been worrying)? 1) Having lived there, he KNOWS its ...
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1answer
348 views

Participal clause vs perfect participle

I'm often confused the participle clause used in English grammar. He broke his leg and he went home. (= Having broken his leg, he went home.) He had broken his leg and he went home. (= Having broken ...
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1answer
190 views

Position for a participle adjective

Regarding participle adjectives (amazing, amazed, sending, sent..), when the verb is a phrasal verb (fill up/in/out), where should it be placed as an adjective? The filled out form will be sent to ...
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2answers
275 views

Reducing adverb clauses

Here's a sentence from a textbook Before I left home, I promised my parents that I would return. According to the given instruction, I'm suppose to rephrase it into a participial sentence. One ...
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0answers
74 views

Is this participle correctly used?

Usually when a present participle is modifying a noun, that noun is the subject of the sentence. In this sentence, the modified noun, however, isn't the subject. The sentence sounds a little ...
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2answers
205 views

Having pp, have pp sentence

I'd like to ask questions about the exact tense of participial construction like the following sentence. Having worked in the industry over the years, I have sometimes been surprised to see young ...
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1answer
278 views

“With” usage in adverbial

"With" is a preposition which can be followed with present participle or past participle like: 1) He sat there with his eyes closed. 2) He fell asleep with the lamp burning. But can I say "He goes ...
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“Stopped talking” and “stopped to talk”

In this exercise: Ali stopped _____ to his friend. He talked to him then. a) talk b) talking (I chose this one) c) to talk (This one is marked as the correct answer) d) being talked Why ...
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3answers
61 views

Is the comma needed or confusing in this sentence

"The Proto-Italic language is the ancestor of the Italic languages, including notably Latin." That is supposed to mean: The Italic languages include Latin. I suppose that sentence is wrong, because ...
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70 views

why don't we use “beV” in the sentence with 'find'

We can say He came out and found his car stolen. Why don't we say He came out and found his car was stolen.
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1answer
73 views

Should I use “dancing car” or “dancer car” ? [closed]

"It is a dancing car." or "It is a dancer car" Which one is idiomatic and appropriate ?
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0answers
95 views

How to tell whether ing forms are gerunds or participles

So I looked up the meanings of the word "former" and the descriptions were as follows : Having previously been a particular thing. Denoting the first or first mentioned of two people or things....
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1answer
123 views

“generation heat”, “generating heat”, “generated heat”, which is more suitable to describe heat to be generated?

My new PC generates less heat than my old one. I would like to rewrite this example such that heat is the subject. Could you advise on which of the followings is best? The generation heat of my ...
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2answers
473 views

Questions about the phrase “being broke”

Does the phrase "being broke" in this sentence make sense? The pudding being broke to pieces by the fall, Tom crept out covered all over with the batter. This is from a English fairy tale. I ...
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2answers
268 views

What part of speech is “involving” in the sentence below, a gerund or a participle?

Courts have had particular problems with situations involving the purchase of software. What part of speech is "involving" a gerund or a participle?
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1answer
188 views

When is a participle put before a noun, and when after?

What is the difference in meaning when a past participle is used before or after the word? For example, I have put on a torn shirt, and I have put on a shirt torn. What is the meaning of these ...
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100 views

Does this verb “lurk” in the sentence is used as a transitive verb?

sentence: Behind the invective lurked a vision of Europe as a consortium of sovereign nations, free from politically correct elites and pesky foreigners. But the dictionary doesn't say about the ...