Questions tagged [participles]

For questions about the form of a verb that usually ends in "ed" or "ing" and is used as an adjective.

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36 views

Am I interpreting the difference correctly? “being + [past participle]” vs. “[past participle]” in context

Consider these two self-made sentences below. Being armed with previous experiences, I decided to check the map at every crossroad. Armed with previous experiences, I decided to check the map at ...
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89 views

The placement of participles defining the subject of the main clause

As far as I know, we can use participles right before or after the subject of the main clause to give extra information about the subject. For example: 1- Dressed in his class-A uniform, the marine ...
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2answers
42 views

Being made vs made

I found these examples below, but I cannot understand why the one has the auxiliary verb "be" and the other does not. When should I use the verb "be" to form participial ...
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31 views

Paraphrasing “Peter was abandoned by his parents at an early age and took to stealing.” to participles

From my homework about participles, I have to paraphrase this to participles but I don't know how to. Peter was abandoned by his parents at an early age and took to stealing.
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39 views

Taking or having taken?

The athlete has been accused of ______ dope to boost his performance. a. To have taken b. Having been taken c. taking d. having taken Which option is correct? I'm confused in C and D
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2answers
682 views

Present Perfect Participle - Why Present?

Consider this example Having switched off the lights, I went to bed. It implies that I went to bed after I had switched off the lights. The action of switching off the lights happened prior to going ...
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1answer
60 views

Is “Constantly interrupting, I was irritated by Bill.” a dangling participle?

I came across this sentence on The Purdue Writing Lab: I was irritated by Bill, constantly interrupting. Further, it was mentioned that interrupting there is a participle. So far so good. However, ...
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1answer
10 views

Which paraphrase is correct?

Being about the same size as a domestic chicken, the kiwi bird lays eggs that are very large in proportion to its body size. A) The eggs of the kiwi bird are much larger than those of a domestic ...
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2answers
1k views

Using many participle phrases in a one sentence

I am not sure we can combine sentences by using many participle phrases in one sentence. I was sitting on the bridge. The bridge was built over the river. The river flowed rapidly. ...
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1answer
38 views

Using an adverbial phrase between the object and the participle?

There's been a gentleman here asking for you, sir. As far as I know, In this form the participle always comes immediately after the object of the main clause. After I saw this sentence above. A ...
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1answer
70 views

Using “v-ing” after some phrases

I always think that we can use "v-ing" to combine two phrases when two interconnected activities are going on. For example : In sentence two, "explainig situation" and "having a hard time" is a ...
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1answer
26 views

Why “dressed in blue” instead of “dressing in blue”?

The girl dressed in blue is my girlfriend. The girl dressing in blue is my girlfriend. I know the first sentence is correct, but how about the second one? Why do we say "The girl who dresses in ...
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Is this construction a particple?

Could you please tell me what type of grammatical construction this is: He looked up at me, his harsh face expressionless. Thank you!
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1answer
29 views

Is ‘broken glass’ ambiguous?

Can ‘Broken glass’ mean: Glass was broken but it’s fixed after then. Glass was broken but it’s not fixed after then. If so, how can I express sentence 2 in a way easy to understand?
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1answer
853 views

“feeling cold” vs “being cold” in a participle phrase

Is there any difference between these sentences? Is either one preferred? Feeling cold, she turned the heater on. Being cold, she turned the heater on. I somehow feel "Feeling" is more often used ...
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24 views

Can participles be used like this?

There are many glasses which were not made from broken glass. They are just made this way. Can I call them 'broken glass'? If not, should I just say 'glasses'?
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Past-participles Grammar in use

Can I say so? Is it right in terms of grammar? it was wrong to meet him without having had talked before I know for sure that it's correct to say: without having talked but I mean exactly ...
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21 views

Participle as Adverb

Is it possible (and common) to use a participle as an adverb? Examples: The damp walls looming overgrown and ruggedly out of the water bear witness to ancient grandeur. (In this case, the adverb ...
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1answer
92 views

Best description of the sentence

The policeman, running with all his speed, was scarcely able to overtake the thief. Which of the following sentence best describes the above sentence? A: The policeman ran with all his speed and ...
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2answers
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'Sitting' and 'Standing' are participles?

He is standing there. He is sitting on the chair. 'Sitting' and 'standing' are present Participles working here as an adjective? And are they subjective complement?
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Placement of participle in a sentence

How to place a Participle, before the word (noun, adjective,adverb) which is modified by it or after that word. As participle can work like an adjective and an Adverb for modifying. a. He saw a ...
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1answer
25 views

Required qualifications or Qualifications required

I have all the qualifications required for the exam. Or, I have all the required qualifications for the exam. What's the difference between them? and where should we place Participle, working as an ...
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1answer
20 views

Prepositional Phrase vs Participle Phrase

Following the meeting, we all had a chat. In the above sentence, what is Following used as. Is it a adjective or preposition or both? Also,is following the meeting a prepositional phrase or participle ...
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36 views

Can I use a participle like this? [duplicate]

Is it appropriate to use a participle as I did it in the sentence below? We often come across some resources published using a foreign language. I suppose that if we used "which (or that) are&...
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Picture Someone Engaging VS Engaged

I looked up the word "picture" in the dictionary and it is usually said "Picture someone doing something". Shouldn't the word "engaged" be "engaging" in the following sentence? Perhaps you’re ...
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1answer
84 views

Use of preposition 'of'

"I saw him playing cards." When this line is transformed,which of two following is correct and why? "I saw his playing cards". "I saw his playing of cards."
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gerund-participle clause as adjunct and modifier

Having read the report, Hyde breathed a sigh of relief. I have some questions regarding the part in bold. I know it takes the role of adjunct, but what is it called? A gerund-participle clause, or a ...
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2answers
365 views

Reducing adverb clauses

Here's a sentence from a textbook Before I left home, I promised my parents that I would return. According to the given instruction, I'm suppose to rephrase it into a participial sentence. One ...
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1answer
715 views

Participal clause vs perfect participle

I'm often confused the participle clause used in English grammar. He broke his leg and he went home. (= Having broken his leg, he went home.) He had broken his leg and he went home. (= Having broken ...
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1answer
20 views

seeing something looked or seeing that something looked?

1 Seeing the table cluttered, I decided to tidy it up. 2 Seeing everything looked so in order, we didn't clean anything else. Are they correct? Or should they be as follows: 3 Seeing that the table ...
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What is the subject of “reducing”? [duplicate]

Others will say we can reduce traffic without damaging the environment. For example, public transportation could be improved, reducing the cars on the roads. What is the subject of "reducing&...
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52 views

What is the subject of “helping” in this sentence?

Researchers suspect that early exposure to pets carrying bacteria on their fur may encourage the proper functioning of the immune system, helping it to attack only harmful things. I'm really confused ...
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1answer
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“generated data and information” vs “data and information generated”

The data and information generated are best interpreted in face-to-face meetimg. or The generated data and information are best interpreted in face-to-face meetimg. Which is correct? is there ...
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Why isn't present participle correct in “feeling both personal and cultural”?

In an ACT English test: Dismayed by the loss, ___ both personal and cultural, Santiago responded through his art. Why is "which felt" the accepted one for filling the blank while not "...
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2answers
411 views

Having pp, have pp sentence

I'd like to ask questions about the exact tense of participial construction like the following sentence. Having worked in the industry over the years, I have sometimes been surprised to see young ...
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1answer
30 views

Difference: “the product being sold” and “the product sold”

The commercial is focused on the embarrassment that someone can experience when the product being sold isn’t used. Is it correct or is there any difference if I use delete "being" from the ...
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1answer
29 views

Why is it wrong to say “an ancient Athenian neighborhood settled on the fourth century BC.”

While diging the foundation, builders discovered the remains of an ancient Athenian neighborhood ____ the fourth century BC. ( An ACT exam question) why can't I insert "settled on" as an ...
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-ing forms of verb. Gerund or participle? Adverb or Adjective?

I try to figure out these "-ing" forms in the following examples. They appears to be participles but not used as adjectives, and more like adverbs (complementing the action of the verbs). ...
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“A lot of meals consumed are processed” vs “A lot of consumed meals are processed”

Is there a big difference if I put the word "consumed" before the noun? A lot of meals consumed are processed vs A lot of consumed meals are processed Are both of the above structures ...
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needs its front tyres replacing/replaced

Is the following sentence okay with either "replacing" or "replaced"? If both options are correct, how do you analyze them? The car needs its front tyres replacing/replaced. I'd ...
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3answers
51 views

verb-ing modifier trouble

I'm unexplainably confused about this topic. What does the following verb-ing clause modify? (noun) researchers or (action) have sent? How do we decide that? --> very important for me Is there any ...
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1answer
440 views

Participle to finite verb

I have to rewrite the following sentence by changing the participle into a finite verb Going up the stairs, the boy fell down. According to me the answer should be While the boy was going up the ...
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21 views

present participle and infinitive

I came across a question in an ACT English test: Their later clocks reflects the Bilys' keen interest in U.S.history, the most notable example____ the American Pioneer History Clock. I wonder why ...
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1answer
21 views

Grammar behind using just participle in lieu of present continuous

I have been reading several CV and I have found a grammatical structure that I had never seen before. I think that it consists in using just the participle instead of the present continuous, for ...
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2answers
147 views

Are Past Participles Non Finite Verbs?

I'm currently reading a book on syntax and it states the following: "Be careful not to confuse the past participle with the past tense...They differ, however in that the past tense form is finite, ...
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1answer
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Usage of participles indicating the object

You left them alone, crying for their mama. (Context: Children were crying not "you") Is this sentence grammatically correct? I have seen a television character use a sentence similiar to ...
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“Stopped talking” and “stopped to talk”

In this exercise: Ali stopped _____ to his friend. He talked to him then. a) talk b) talking (I chose this one) c) to talk (This one is marked as the correct answer) d) being talked Why did they ...
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4answers
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Gerund vs Participle

"I saw the storm approaching." In above line approaching is describing storm. Gerund is used as objective complement to describe object. Participle like an adjective describes a noun or pronoun. ...
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1answer
190 views

A man sitting here or seated here

What is the difference between the sentences below when the situation is a state condition. A man is sitting in the Room. A man is seated in the Room
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Participial adjectives & verb participles

Q) She is much liked by everybody. This is about the possibility of using degree adverb to participial adjectives and verb participles. In this sentence, is 'liked' used as a participial adjective? or ...

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