Questions tagged [participles]

For questions about the form of a verb that usually ends in "ed" or "ing" and is used as an adjective.

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30 views

Present participle vs Past participle rules

Mark, dressed in black, walked across the room. Mark, dressing in black, walked across the room. I think both sentences are correct but what's the difference in meaning between both of them? Also, is ...
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26 views

The verb appear with a participle

I want to learn how easy the verb APPEAR lends itself to the usage of itself with a participle. For example, His speech appeared worrying. What you wrote at first appeared worrying—but it probably ...
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90 views

Use of preposition 'of'

"I saw him playing cards." When this line is transformed,which of two following is correct and why? "I saw his playing cards". "I saw his playing of cards."
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18 views

What part of speech is "doing" in "...worked his whole life doing a job..."?

His father said he had worked his whole life doing a job he didn't really enjoy. is the word "doing" a gerund? if yes/no could someone please explain more.
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Are these sentences correct: Having illness, I've to go to the hospital every week. Having fair skin, I've to stay away from the sun

I learned that present participles can be used to express why something happens, example: Being a man, I shave everyday. However, I noticed that in describing physical features it's better to avoid ...
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2answers
431 views

Having pp, have pp sentence

I'd like to ask questions about the exact tense of participial construction like the following sentence. Having worked in the industry over the years, I have sometimes been surprised to see young ...
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1answer
96 views

The placement of participles defining the subject of the main clause

As far as I know, we can use participles right before or after the subject of the main clause to give extra information about the subject. For example: 1- Dressed in his class-A uniform, the marine ...
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107 views

Being made vs made

I found these examples below, but I cannot understand why the one has the auxiliary verb "be" and the other does not. When should I use the verb "be" to form participial ...
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1answer
609 views

'participial construction' or 'gerund'?

We know the title of the song like 'killing me softly with his song' and 'staying alive'. In these titles of the songs, is the 'ing' gerund or participial construction? I asked this question before ...
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11k views

Is "can be got/gotten?" correct?

I dont think I have ever heard this contruction ( can + be + participle of get), so I assume it's either wrong or sounds bad. In my opinion, similar verbs seem to work fine such as obtain or acquire. ...
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17 views

Is there any difference between past participles and past participle adjectives

My grammar book says We can also use much or very much before a past participle which is part of a passive. Ex) The new by-pass was (very) much needed. We don't use much but can use very much ...
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1answer
91 views

Using "v-ing" after some phrases

I always think that we can use "v-ing" to combine two phrases when two interconnected activities are going on. For example : In sentence two, "explainig situation" and "having a hard time" is a ...
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How does this participle modify "assumptions"?

In this sentence, Do this participle (from "made by ~above") modify (or qualify?) both "assumptions"? Many people may have sympathy for some assumptions, but reject others made by ...
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41 views

Using an adverbial phrase between the object and the participle?

There's been a gentleman here asking for you, sir. As far as I know, In this form the participle always comes immediately after the object of the main clause. After I saw this sentence above. A ...
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32 views

Gerunds and Participles in compound Adjective

'English-speaking countries' 'Time-saving gadgets' 'Mouth-watering food' 'Good-looking girl' English-speaking, time-saving, mouth-watering and good-looking are adjectives here. But how are these ...
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982 views

"feeling cold" vs "being cold" in a participle phrase

Is there any difference between these sentences? Is either one preferred? Feeling cold, she turned the heater on. Being cold, she turned the heater on. I somehow feel "Feeling" is more often used ...
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49 views

grammatical role of "using piano keys"

You just heard "Ebony and Ivory" by Paul McCartney and Stevie Wonder. This is a song about racial harmony using piano keys. The black keys on the piano are ebony, and the white ones are ...
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【Participial construction】 while I researched → (while) researching

There is one sentence. • I devoted much of my time while I researched various marketing programs in different companies. Can I apply a sentence transformation into it like this as below? Actually, I ...
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1answer
20 views

What is the grammatical function of "Emerging as it does..."

Emerging as it does from a basis of truth, it is bound to... What is the function of the bonded part in the sentence above? Is it a participle phrase?
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2answers
104 views

'Being' a gerund 'being' a participle

I really get confused about when being used as a gerund and when is it used as a participle? I being angry is not a good thing. My being angry is not a good thing. Me being angry is not a good ...
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Reduced relative clauses referring to a whole sentence

1a- The station chief was fired, meaning there is an open position. 2a- We argued over something meaningless, making me feel bad. 3a- Dr. Gregory House is often brooding, ill-humored, and pessimistic, ...
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1answer
24 views

When can ı use -ing as participle or reduced relative clause?

As reduced relative clause: In fact, there is evidence suggesting that lower amounts are indeed efficacious. As (present) participle: In fact, there is suggesting evidence that lower amounts are ...
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1answer
54 views

His doing or him doing

Can I use "his" instead of "him" in this sentence? "Can Tom play the piano? I have never heard him playing." The sentence is from "English Grammar in Use" by ...
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1answer
24 views

Placement of Modifiers

He left the unfinished work. He left the work unfinished. Other examples can be(in present participle) He left the crying child. He left the child crying. What is the difference between 1 and 2 ...
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2k views

get with past participle

Let's get started! In this sentence "get started" means that "to begin or start".But as far as I know "get + v-ing" has that meaning too .Such as in the following examples : We have to get moving ...
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"generated data and information" vs "data and information generated"

The data and information generated are best interpreted in face-to-face meetimg. or The generated data and information are best interpreted in face-to-face meetimg. Which is correct? is there ...
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57 views

English grammer-Participle [duplicate]

I would be pleased if someone could explain to me the participle in this sentence : James has made a breakthrough in his math this year, doing excellent work in comparison with last year
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40 views

I can imagine him (being??) really angry

You could imagine sentence (a) (being??) uttered by someone consulting their diary and seeing that tomorrow's page is blank. I can imagine him (being??) really angry. I can't imagine elephants (...
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53 views

Why is "escaping" a participle here?

The Cambridge Dictionary says: In English, many past and present participles of verbs can be used as adjectives. Some of these examples may show the adjective use. So there is no escaping from it: ...
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3answers
7k views

What are the differences between "having been done" and "done"?

The passive form of perfect participle "having been done" indicates that the time of the action that it refers to is before that of the verb in the main clause, and also there is passive meaning. So ...
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33 views

to see "accomplished" or to see "being accomplished"?

The goal, which they are unlikely to live to see ____, is to “cure, prevent or manage all diseases” in the next 80 years or so. Which one is better for to fit the sentence, accomplished or being ...
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2answers
576 views

Why is there no "be" in the continuous clause?

I started reading literature in English and often see sentences where ing-verb is without be. I met a sentence: Stark's bodyguard spearheading the thing... Can you tell me why there is no is here? ...
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43 views

Am I interpreting the difference correctly? "being + [past participle]" vs. "[past participle]" in context

Consider these two self-made sentences below. Being armed with previous experiences, I decided to check the map at every crossroad. Armed with previous experiences, I decided to check the map at ...
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Paraphrasing "Peter was abandoned by his parents at an early age and took to stealing." to participles

From my homework about participles, I have to paraphrase this to participles but I don't know how to. Peter was abandoned by his parents at an early age and took to stealing.
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Taking or having taken?

The athlete has been accused of ______ dope to boost his performance. a. To have taken b. Having been taken c. taking d. having taken Which option is correct? I'm confused in C and D
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784 views

Present Perfect Participle - Why Present?

Consider this example Having switched off the lights, I went to bed. It implies that I went to bed after I had switched off the lights. The action of switching off the lights happened prior to going ...
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Is "Constantly interrupting, I was irritated by Bill." a dangling participle?

I came across this sentence on The Purdue Writing Lab: I was irritated by Bill, constantly interrupting. Further, it was mentioned that interrupting there is a participle. So far so good. However, ...
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Which paraphrase is correct?

Being about the same size as a domestic chicken, the kiwi bird lays eggs that are very large in proportion to its body size. A) The eggs of the kiwi bird are much larger than those of a domestic ...
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1k views

Using many participle phrases in a one sentence

I am not sure we can combine sentences by using many participle phrases in one sentence. I was sitting on the bridge. The bridge was built over the river. The river flowed rapidly. ...
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1answer
45 views

Why “dressed in blue” instead of “dressing in blue”?

The girl dressed in blue is my girlfriend. The girl dressing in blue is my girlfriend. I know the first sentence is correct, but how about the second one? Why do we say "The girl who dresses in ...
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Is ‘broken glass’ ambiguous?

Can ‘Broken glass’ mean: Glass was broken but it’s fixed after then. Glass was broken but it’s not fixed after then. If so, how can I express sentence 2 in a way easy to understand?
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Can participles be used like this?

There are many glasses which were not made from broken glass. They are just made this way. Can I call them 'broken glass'? If not, should I just say 'glasses'?
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Past-participles Grammar in use

Can I say so? Is it right in terms of grammar? it was wrong to meet him without having had talked before I know for sure that it's correct to say: without having talked but I mean exactly ...
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Participle as Adverb

Is it possible (and common) to use a participle as an adverb? Examples: The damp walls looming overgrown and ruggedly out of the water bear witness to ancient grandeur. (In this case, the adverb ...
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'Sitting' and 'Standing' are participles?

He is standing there. He is sitting on the chair. 'Sitting' and 'standing' are present Participles working here as an adjective? And are they subjective complement?
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Placement of participle in a sentence

How to place a Participle, before the word (noun, adjective,adverb) which is modified by it or after that word. As participle can work like an adjective and an Adverb for modifying. a. He saw a ...
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1answer
26 views

Required qualifications or Qualifications required

I have all the qualifications required for the exam. Or, I have all the required qualifications for the exam. What's the difference between them? and where should we place Participle, working as an ...
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21 views

Prepositional Phrase vs Participle Phrase

Following the meeting, we all had a chat. In the above sentence, what is Following used as. Is it a adjective or preposition or both? Also,is following the meeting a prepositional phrase or participle ...
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Can I use a participle like this? [duplicate]

Is it appropriate to use a participle as I did it in the sentence below? We often come across some resources published using a foreign language. I suppose that if we used "which (or that) are&...
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156 views

Picture Someone Engaging VS Engaged

I looked up the word "picture" in the dictionary and it is usually said "Picture someone doing something". Shouldn't the word "engaged" be "engaging" in the following sentence? Perhaps you’re ...

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