Questions tagged [participles]

For questions about the form of a verb that usually ends in "ed" or "ing" and is used as an adjective.

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11
votes
2answers
946 views

Is this -ing form a gerund or a participle?

Education is enlightening. In this example, is enlightening a gerund or a participle? From my point of view (which can be wrong), enlightening is a gerund. Can anyone please explain?
9
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2answers
1k views

Is 'The customer having left, ...' a dangling participle?

I found the following sentence in one of our questions: Use of "having" in English, The customer having left, the criminal takes out a pin from his purse and scrapes off hardened glue ...
8
votes
2answers
518 views

Why is it vanishing instead of vanished?

The Vanishing Glass . . . . . . Dudley came waddling toward them as fast as he could. “Out of the way, you,” he said, punching Harry in the ribs. Caught by surprise, Harry fell hard on ...
6
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2answers
20k views

"Stopped talking" and "stopped to talk"

In this exercise: Ali stopped _____ to his friend. He talked to him then. a) talk b) talking (I chose this one) c) to talk (This one is marked as the correct answer) d) being talked Why did they ...
6
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4answers
81k views

Why not 'heading' in "Where are you headed?" [duplicate]

Why do people say: Where are you headed? To me, it should be: Where are you heading? because you usually say "We are heading out" or "I was heading north". The initial sentence looks to me ...
6
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2answers
8k views

The difference between get + pp and be + pp

I was talking about what happened to me a few years ago. When I said, "I got surprised to find out ....., or "The plant got damaged because of the typhoon." my sentences were corrected by a native ...
6
votes
1answer
458 views

Position for a participle adjective

Regarding participle adjectives (amazing, amazed, sending, sent..), when the verb is a phrasal verb (fill up/in/out), where should it be placed as an adjective? The filled out form will be sent to ...
5
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3answers
149 views

'It is necessary for job interviewees being punctual': Why isn't this grammatical?

It is necessary for job interviewees ______ punctual because it will make a great impression. a. to be b. being c. are d. will be The answer is 'a'. But I wonder why 'b' is wrong? (I know why 'c, d' ...
5
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2answers
14k views

drunk and drunken

I want to know the difference between word drunk and drunken. I looked up the dictionary and found that two words have same meaning, someone drinks alcohol too much. About drunk, it could be ...
5
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1answer
95 views

Is "Constantly interrupting, I was irritated by Bill." a dangling participle?

I came across this sentence on The Purdue Writing Lab: I was irritated by Bill, constantly interrupting. Further, it was mentioned that interrupting there is a participle. So far so good. However, ...
4
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3answers
761 views

A question related to participles

There is given a pair of sentences and I have to join the two sentences into one using a participle. We started early. We arrived at noon Answer was Starting/having started early, we arrived at ...
4
votes
2answers
299 views

How can 'scam' be an agent?

Fraud, forgery, a financial planning scam at Australia's biggest bank that cost customers millions and a timid corporate watchdog that failed to act: These are some of the charges a powerful Senate ...
4
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1answer
1k views

'He does more than just "fool" or "fooling" around?'

I've just read another question, “more than pack” or “more than packing”, and it made me curious. The reason of my curiosity is that even though I prefer the phrase "... finds sugar does more than ...
4
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1answer
51 views

given what must happen before they are acted upon

      “Has your mother made a will?” Strike asked.       Bristow looked startled.       “I—yes, I believe so.”       “May ...
4
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1answer
202 views

Comparing some sentences with the participle

Could you explain to me the difference in meaning between the following sentences? 1) Asked whether the discussion had brought agreement nearer, he said that every useful conversation was a step ...
4
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3answers
29k views

'as compared to' vs 'as compare to'

The sentence below: Our method cannot achieve 100 percent accuracy as compared to DART method due to the imprecise modeling. Why does the sentence above use as compared to? Can we use as compare ...
4
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2answers
2k views

Why do we say "English-speaking world" rather "spoken-English world", while "spoken English" rather than "speaking English"?

Why do we say "spoken English" rather than "speaking English", while "English-speaking world" rather "spoken-English world"? Since "English in writing" is right, how about "writing English"?
4
votes
2answers
11k views

Is "can be got/gotten?" correct?

I dont think I have ever heard this contruction ( can + be + participle of get), so I assume it's either wrong or sounds bad. In my opinion, similar verbs seem to work fine such as obtain or acquire. ...
4
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1answer
480 views

confused in the structure of a negative sentence

I make a negative sentence like this: They are not trying to make me confuse. or They are trying not to make me confuse. What is the difference between these two sentences?
4
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1answer
110 views

What is the subject in "While nestled inside that divine sanctuary"?

While nestled inside that divine sanctuary, words were my window to the world outside my perch in Columbus, Ohio. (Benita Porter, The Power of Words) It seems like while-clause is a participial ...
4
votes
1answer
177 views

Meanings of participles

From the book Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone: "That's mine!" said Harry, trying to snatch it back. "Who'd be writing to you?" sneered Uncle Vernon, (1) shaking the letter open with one ...
4
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2answers
108 views

Determined/determining to make a good beginning, these new comers did all they could

I encountered an exercise on an app today, which asks me to choose a right word for the sentence: _____ to make a good beginning, these new-comers did all that they could to get themselves well-...
4
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1answer
1k views

postpositive participles

My grammar book told me that when a participle functions as an adjective, normally it should be used before nouns. But I still saw some sentences like: The experience gained will be of great value to ...
4
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1answer
3k views

'Is believed to' usage

I was studying a book 'Grammar In Use'. But there is a sentence I don't understand. 'A number of paintings is believed to have been destroyed' Why 'to' has to be used in this sentence? Also, are ...
3
votes
2answers
576 views

Why is there no "be" in the continuous clause?

I started reading literature in English and often see sentences where ing-verb is without be. I met a sentence: Stark's bodyguard spearheading the thing... Can you tell me why there is no is here? ...
3
votes
1answer
535 views

Complex object with "see" usage

The sentences: There wasn't much traffic in the street. I saw a little girl CROSS the road. Question: Why "cross"? Why not "crossing"? Please, explain the rule or the sentence if it is correct.
3
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2answers
641 views

Questions about the phrase "being broke"

Does the phrase "being broke" in this sentence make sense? The pudding being broke to pieces by the fall, Tom crept out covered all over with the batter. This is from a English fairy tale. I ...
3
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2answers
104 views

'Being' a gerund 'being' a participle

I really get confused about when being used as a gerund and when is it used as a participle? I being angry is not a good thing. My being angry is not a good thing. Me being angry is not a good ...
3
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1answer
7k views

Any difference between “shouldn’t have done something” and "shouldn’t have to do something”?

Is there any difference between these two? I shouldn’t have done that. I shouldn’t have to do that.
3
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3answers
1k views

The role of 'sleeping' in 'sleeping baby'

A "sleeping baby" generally means a baby that is sleeping at the time of speaking, as shown in this sentence: After finishing all the feeding, bathing and nappy-changing duties, a number of dads ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

syntax of postpositioned adjectivals

In "No Chinese emperor was more resplendently arrayed. As for the cigarette that he holds out, half smoked, to be taken and deposited by his valet, a whole civilization--urbane, authoritative, ...
3
votes
1answer
168 views

Is this participial phrase a dangling participle?

From NPR News: North Korea Opens Marathon To All Runners, Lately we've heard about the wonders of basketball diplomacy. Running could be the next thing for North Korea. The Pyongyang Marathon ...
3
votes
2answers
784 views

Present Perfect Participle - Why Present?

Consider this example Having switched off the lights, I went to bed. It implies that I went to bed after I had switched off the lights. The action of switching off the lights happened prior to going ...
3
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2answers
479 views

Usage of lie and lay

I'm preparing for some competitive exam and I'm reading an English grammar book, in that I encountered a test on lie and lay, but I do have a doubt on two questions, I don't know whether I'm right or ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

The songs (playing / played) in the background were composed by Bob

a. The songs playing in the background were composed by Bob. b. The songs played in the bacground were composed by Bob. I want to know which sentence is correct. Some say 'playing' is right but some ...
3
votes
1answer
388 views

Can I write "having been developing ... for about four years"?

Is the following usage of participle clause correct? I have a good knowledge of C++/Qt, having been developing with them for about 4 years. Here, it's meant that the speaker has been developing ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

Taking or having taken?

The athlete has been accused of ______ dope to boost his performance. a. To have taken b. Having been taken c. taking d. having taken Which option is correct? I'm confused in C and D
3
votes
2answers
493 views

"Look at the sun setting" OR "Look at the setting sun"

Look at the sun setting. Look at the setting sun. As far as I know, setting in the first sentence is a participle and in the second sentence it is an adjective. Do they both mean the same? ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Do dangling participles apply to "it clause" too?

I was wondering whether dangling participles apply to an “it clause” too. For example, does the following sentence have a dangling participle at the beginning of the sentence or is it grammatically ...
3
votes
2answers
374 views

Reducing adverb clauses

Here's a sentence from a textbook Before I left home, I promised my parents that I would return. According to the given instruction, I'm suppose to rephrase it into a participial sentence. One ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

She visiting (?) my house, I was studying English

I felt this sentence that uses participial construction is unnatural but I don't know why. She visiting my house, I was studying English. Is that because of the verb, visit? I'm non-native ...
3
votes
1answer
855 views

What's the difference between using "past participle" and "passive present participle" for describing a reason?

What's the difference between the two sentences? Being built atop lxml, Scrapy also supports xxxxx. Built atop lxml, Scrapy also supports xxxxx. Scrapy is a computer software and it's built ...
3
votes
2answers
156 views

Picture Someone Engaging VS Engaged

I looked up the word "picture" in the dictionary and it is usually said "Picture someone doing something". Shouldn't the word "engaged" be "engaging" in the following sentence? Perhaps you’re ...
2
votes
3answers
892 views

have got phrase for Americans

I have heard that in American English, if I say "have got", the American would think that I am not educated as it should be "have gotten", yet I heard Americans said this in lots of movies. So is the ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Thanks to the newly (purchasing/ purchased) printer,

Which answer is correct in this sentence? Thanks to the newly (purchasing/ purchased) printer, we now have fewer problems. I think the answer is purchased because I think it means the printer was ...
2
votes
2answers
55 views

What is the subject of "reducing"? [duplicate]

Others will say we can reduce traffic without damaging the environment. For example, public transportation could be improved, reducing the cars on the roads. What is the subject of "reducing&...
2
votes
4answers
74 views

We Korean think this is a wrong sentence. are we correct?

Having studied for the test well, his mark was good. The sentence above makes sense to me. but Korean think this is not grammatically correct. and they say 'Having studied' should be the activity of '...
2
votes
1answer
324 views

The user is logged in vs The user is logged-in

The user is logged in. The user is logged-in. Are both of these sentences correct? In the first sentence, is logged in a participial adjective? If it's not, what is it called and how is it ...
2
votes
2answers
224 views

What is the difference of "flying people" and "people flying"?

It is filled with flying people. It is filled with people flying. What is the difference of "flying people" and "people flying" in the sentences above?
2
votes
2answers
319 views

ordered held -- meaning

Example with a context (Yahoo news article "Families of Charleston 9 forgive shooting suspect in court"): Roof, who faces nine counts of murder, was ordered held on $1 million bond on a separate ...

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