Questions tagged [participles]

For questions about the form of a verb that usually ends in "ed" or "ing" and is used as an adjective.

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12
votes
2answers
884 views

Is this -ing form a gerund or a participle?

Education is enlightening. In this example, is enlightening a gerund or a participle? From my point of view (which can be wrong), enlightening is a gerund. Can anyone please explain?
10
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2answers
1k views

Is 'The customer having left, …' a dangling participle?

I found the following sentence in one of our questions: Use of "having" in English, The customer having left, the criminal takes out a pin from his purse and scrapes off hardened glue ...
8
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2answers
515 views

Why is it vanishing instead of vanished?

The Vanishing Glass . . . . . . Dudley came waddling toward them as fast as he could. “Out of the way, you,” he said, punching Harry in the ribs. Caught by surprise, Harry fell hard on ...
7
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2answers
7k views

The difference between get + pp and be + pp

I was talking about what happened to me a few years ago. When I said, "I got surprised to find out ....., or "The plant got damaged because of the typhoon." my sentences were corrected by a native ...
6
votes
2answers
18k views

“Stopped talking” and “stopped to talk”

In this exercise: Ali stopped _____ to his friend. He talked to him then. a) talk b) talking (I chose this one) c) to talk (This one is marked as the correct answer) d) being talked Why did they ...
6
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1answer
436 views

Position for a participle adjective

Regarding participle adjectives (amazing, amazed, sending, sent..), when the verb is a phrasal verb (fill up/in/out), where should it be placed as an adjective? The filled out form will be sent to ...
5
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3answers
146 views

'It is necessary for job interviewees being punctual': Why isn't this grammatical?

It is necessary for job interviewees ______ punctual because it will make a great impression. a. to be b. being c. are d. will be The answer is 'a'. But I wonder why 'b' is wrong? (I know why 'c, d' ...
5
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2answers
12k views

drunk and drunken

I want to know the difference between word drunk and drunken. I looked up the dictionary and found that two words have same meaning, someone drinks alcohol too much. About drunk, it could be ...
5
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1answer
176 views

Meanings of participles

From the book Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone: "That's mine!" said Harry, trying to snatch it back. "Who'd be writing to you?" sneered Uncle Vernon, (1) shaking the letter open with one ...
5
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1answer
60 views

Is “Constantly interrupting, I was irritated by Bill.” a dangling participle?

I came across this sentence on The Purdue Writing Lab: I was irritated by Bill, constantly interrupting. Further, it was mentioned that interrupting there is a participle. So far so good. However, ...
4
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4answers
79k views

Why not 'heading' in “Where are you headed?” [duplicate]

Why do people say: Where are you headed? To me, it should be: Where are you heading? because you usually say "We are heading out" or "I was heading north". The initial sentence looks to me ...
4
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3answers
592 views

A question related to participles

There is given a pair of sentences and I have to join the two sentences into one using a participle. We started early. We arrived at noon Answer was Starting/having started early, we arrived at ...
4
votes
2answers
297 views

How can 'scam' be an agent?

Fraud, forgery, a financial planning scam at Australia's biggest bank that cost customers millions and a timid corporate watchdog that failed to act: These are some of the charges a powerful Senate ...
4
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1answer
1k views

'He does more than just “fool” or “fooling” around?'

I've just read another question, “more than pack” or “more than packing”, and it made me curious. The reason of my curiosity is that even though I prefer the phrase "... finds sugar does more than ...
4
votes
1answer
51 views

given what must happen before they are acted upon

      “Has your mother made a will?” Strike asked.       Bristow looked startled.       “I—yes, I believe so.”       “May ...
4
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1answer
202 views

Comparing some sentences with the participle

Could you explain to me the difference in meaning between the following sentences? 1) Asked whether the discussion had brought agreement nearer, he said that every useful conversation was a step ...
4
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1answer
159 views

Is this participial phrase a dangling participle?

From NPR News: North Korea Opens Marathon To All Runners, Lately we've heard about the wonders of basketball diplomacy. Running could be the next thing for North Korea. The Pyongyang Marathon ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Why do we say “English-speaking world” rather “spoken-English world”, while “spoken English” rather than “speaking English”?

Why do we say "spoken English" rather than "speaking English", while "English-speaking world" rather "spoken-English world"? Since "English in writing" is right, how about "writing English"?
4
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1answer
10k views

Is “can be got/gotten?” correct?

I dont think I have ever heard this contruction ( can + be + participle of get), so I assume it's either wrong or sounds bad. In my opinion, similar verbs seem to work fine such as obtain or acquire. ...
4
votes
1answer
349 views

Can I write “having been developing … for about four years”?

Is the following usage of participle clause correct? I have a good knowledge of C++/Qt, having been developing with them for about 4 years. Here, it's meant that the speaker has been developing ...
4
votes
1answer
110 views

What is the subject in “While nestled inside that divine sanctuary”?

While nestled inside that divine sanctuary, words were my window to the world outside my perch in Columbus, Ohio. (Benita Porter, The Power of Words) It seems like while-clause is a participial ...
4
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2answers
105 views

Determined/determining to make a good beginning, these new comers did all they could

I encountered an exercise on an app today, which asks me to choose a right word for the sentence: _____ to make a good beginning, these new-comers did all that they could to get themselves well-...
4
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1answer
908 views

postpositive participles

My grammar book told me that when a participle functions as an adjective, normally it should be used before nouns. But I still saw some sentences like: The experience gained will be of great value to ...
4
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1answer
456 views

confused in the structure of a negative sentence

I make a negative sentence like this: They are not trying to make me confuse. or They are trying not to make me confuse. What is the difference between these two sentences?
4
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1answer
3k views

'Is believed to' usage

I was studying a book 'Grammar In Use'. But there is a sentence I don't understand. 'A number of paintings is believed to have been destroyed' Why 'to' has to be used in this sentence? Also, are ...
3
votes
1answer
518 views

Complex object with “see” usage

The sentences: There wasn't much traffic in the street. I saw a little girl CROSS the road. Question: Why "cross"? Why not "crossing"? Please, explain the rule or the sentence if it is correct.
3
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2answers
620 views

Questions about the phrase “being broke”

Does the phrase "being broke" in this sentence make sense? The pudding being broke to pieces by the fall, Tom crept out covered all over with the batter. This is from a English fairy tale. I ...
3
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3answers
27k views

'as compared to' vs 'as compare to'

The sentence below: Our method cannot achieve 100 percent accuracy as compared to DART method due to the imprecise modeling. Why does the sentence above use as compared to? Can we use as compare ...
3
votes
1answer
7k views

Any difference between “shouldn’t have done something” and "shouldn’t have to do something”?

Is there any difference between these two? I shouldn’t have done that. I shouldn’t have to do that.
3
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3answers
1k views

The role of 'sleeping' in 'sleeping baby'

A "sleeping baby" generally means a baby that is sleeping at the time of speaking, as shown in this sentence: After finishing all the feeding, bathing and nappy-changing duties, a number of dads ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

syntax of postpositioned adjectivals

In "No Chinese emperor was more resplendently arrayed. As for the cigarette that he holds out, half smoked, to be taken and deposited by his valet, a whole civilization--urbane, authoritative, ...
3
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2answers
236 views

Why is “ed/d” added to “motivate” in “10 Ways To Keep Yourself Motivated Learning English”?

I know this is a very, very simple question. I went googling by myself, but I'm unsure what the proper keyword for this question would be. I only know "ed/d" is suffix for regular verbs like “added” ...
3
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2answers
682 views

Present Perfect Participle - Why Present?

Consider this example Having switched off the lights, I went to bed. It implies that I went to bed after I had switched off the lights. The action of switching off the lights happened prior to going ...
3
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2answers
439 views

Usage of lie and lay

I'm preparing for some competitive exam and I'm reading an English grammar book, in that I encountered a test on lie and lay, but I do have a doubt on two questions, I don't know whether I'm right or ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

The songs (playing / played) in the background were composed by Bob

a. The songs playing in the background were composed by Bob. b. The songs played in the bacground were composed by Bob. I want to know which sentence is correct. Some say 'playing' is right but some ...
3
votes
1answer
39 views

Taking or having taken?

The athlete has been accused of ______ dope to boost his performance. a. To have taken b. Having been taken c. taking d. having taken Which option is correct? I'm confused in C and D
3
votes
2answers
376 views

“Look at the sun setting” OR “Look at the setting sun”

Look at the sun setting. Look at the setting sun. As far as I know, setting in the first sentence is a participle and in the second sentence it is an adjective. Do they both mean the same? ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Do dangling participles apply to “it clause” too?

I was wondering whether dangling participles apply to an “it clause” too. For example, does the following sentence have a dangling participle at the beginning of the sentence or is it grammatically ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

She visiting (?) my house, I was studying English

I felt this sentence that uses participial construction is unnatural but I don't know why. She visiting my house, I was studying English. Is that because of the verb, visit? I'm non-native ...
3
votes
1answer
841 views

What's the difference between using “past participle” and “passive present participle” for describing a reason?

What's the difference between the two sentences? Being built atop lxml, Scrapy also supports xxxxx. Built atop lxml, Scrapy also supports xxxxx. Scrapy is a computer software and it's built ...
3
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3answers
6k views

the usage of “rest”

I know "It's impolite to sit down with your elbows rested on the table." is correct, which just sounds pretty well to me, but I had also seen some sentence like "AUDREY is sitting on the floor of her ...
3
votes
2answers
365 views

Reducing adverb clauses

Here's a sentence from a textbook Before I left home, I promised my parents that I would return. According to the given instruction, I'm suppose to rephrase it into a participial sentence. One ...
3
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3answers
2k views

Is “There's a parcel come for you” grammatical?

This is a sentence from a text book: There's a parcel come for you. I think it should be There's a parcel has come for you. Am I wrong? EDIT 20 OCT I know in some cases be-perfect is still ...
3
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2answers
155 views

Picture Someone Engaging VS Engaged

I looked up the word "picture" in the dictionary and it is usually said "Picture someone doing something". Shouldn't the word "engaged" be "engaging" in the following sentence? Perhaps you’re ...
2
votes
3answers
887 views

have got phrase for Americans

I have heard that in American English, if I say "have got", the American would think that I am not educated as it should be "have gotten", yet I heard Americans said this in lots of movies. So is the ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Thanks to the newly (purchasing/ purchased) printer,

Which answer is correct in this sentence? Thanks to the newly (purchasing/ purchased) printer, we now have fewer problems. I think the answer is purchased because I think it means the printer was ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

what is the meaning of the two sentences

Flowers are planted in the garden. [planted: past participle, past tense of plant] Flowers are planting in the garden. [planting: present participle of plant] What is the meaning of the above two ...
2
votes
2answers
51 views

What is the subject of “reducing”? [duplicate]

Others will say we can reduce traffic without damaging the environment. For example, public transportation could be improved, reducing the cars on the roads. What is the subject of "reducing&...
2
votes
4answers
71 views

We Korean think this is a wrong sentence. are we correct?

Having studied for the test well, his mark was good. The sentence above makes sense to me. but Korean think this is not grammatically correct. and they say 'Having studied' should be the activity of '...
2
votes
1answer
200 views

The user is logged in vs The user is logged-in

The user is logged in. The user is logged-in. Are both of these sentences correct? In the first sentence, is logged in a participial adjective? If it's not, what is it called and how is it ...

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