Questions tagged [participles]

For questions about the form of a verb that usually ends in "ed" or "ing" and is used as an adjective.

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12
votes
2answers
816 views

Is this -ing form a gerund or a participle?

Education is enlightening. In this example, is enlightening a gerund or a participle? From my point of view (which can be wrong), enlightening is a gerund. Can anyone please explain?
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Is 'The customer having left, …' a dangling participle?

I found the following sentence in one of our questions: Use of "having" in English, The customer having left, the criminal takes out a pin from his purse and scrapes off hardened glue ...
3
votes
2answers
380 views

Usage of lie and lay

I'm preparing for some competitive exam and I'm reading an English grammar book, in that I encountered a test on lie and lay, but I do have a doubt on two questions, I don't know whether I'm right or ...
6
votes
2answers
15k views

“Stopped talking” and “stopped to talk”

In this exercise: Ali stopped _____ to his friend. He talked to him then. a) talk b) talking (I chose this one) c) to talk (This one is marked as the correct answer) d) being talked Why ...
2
votes
1answer
148 views

Difference between sentences using 'was' and 'being'?

What is the meaning of below sentences using was and being? He committed suicide after he was severely beaten up by four teachers. He committed suicide after being severely beaten up by four ...
2
votes
2answers
80 views

Who have done the act laughing in the sentence “The girl came to her mother laughing”?

The girl came to her mother laughing. Here who have done the act laughing? I mean whether it the girl or mother
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Use of “having” and 'with'

I often have confusion between' with' and 'having' Here are the following sentences: There are different people having different opinions. There are different people with different opinions. Having ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Dangling participle?

As far as I know those two examples below considered wrong because of dangling participles. 1- For the interview, William borrowed Grandpa's old suit, draped neatly on a hanger. 2- Do you ...
3
votes
3answers
954 views

The role of 'sleeping' in 'sleeping baby'

A "sleeping baby" generally means a baby that is sleeping at the time of speaking, as shown in this sentence: After finishing all the feeding, bathing and nappy-changing duties, a number of dads ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

What are the differences between “having been done” and “done”?

The passive form of perfect participle "having been done" indicates that the time of the action that it refers to is before that of the verb in the main clause, and also there is passive meaning. So ...
1
vote
2answers
131 views

Is such participle clause reducing usage constrained to only past tense?

As I saw on a grammar website, "She went into the home and left her shoes" equals "She went into the home, leaving her shoes". Can this usage also be used with other tenses? Like future tense, ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Participles to modify the subject of the main clause when the verb of the main clause is “to+be”

1- Essos is an immense landmass located to the east of Westeros, extending into the far east of the known world." (Essos is an immense landmass located..+ Essos extends into the far...) 2- He ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Participles to modify the subject of the main clause

"Essos is an immense landmass located to the east of Westeros, extending into the far east of the known world." (Here, "extending" describes the Essos or does it describes the landmass? ) Having ...
4
votes
3answers
417 views

A question related to participles

There is given a pair of sentences and I have to join the two sentences into one using a participle. We started early. We arrived at noon Answer was Starting/having started early, we arrived at ...
4
votes
1answer
784 views

postpositive participles

My grammar book told me that when a participle functions as an adjective, normally it should be used before nouns. But I still saw some sentences like: The experience gained will be of great value to ...
2
votes
2answers
816 views

Help with Participle constructions, such as “the discussed problems” vs. “the problems discussed”

I really need your help with this. I get extremely frustrated when I don’t know how to know the right use of these cases. Please extend your help by providing me any websites or tips to fully ...
1
vote
1answer
7k views

What does this participial construction mean?

"I think I've got a good idea of what's been going on," said Professor McGonagall. "It doesn't take a genius to work it out. You fed Draco Malfoy some cock-and-bull story about a dragon, trying to ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Difference between adjectives and participle adjectives

Michael, bereft of his son Luke, died of a ,broken* heart. Broken is adjective or participle adjective. I think it is participle adjective, because it is formed from the verb break. But the book I am ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Am I interpreting the difference correctly? “being + Pas Participle” Vs “Pas Participle” in contetxt

Consider these two self-made sentences below. Being armed with previous experiences, I decided to check the map at every crossroad. Armed with previous experiences, I decided to check the map ...