Questions tagged [past-participles]

For questions about past participle forms of verbs.

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“being raised” followed by a verb

While reading David Crystal's Sounds Appealing, I came across the following sentence. There was a Pronunciation Unit that dealt with queries (such as how to pronounce the name of a foreign place or ...
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0 votes
1 answer
32 views

"used therein" vs "in use" vs "used" and "among" vs "between" [closed]

I want to use the following sentence: I already explained 10 algorithms. As a result, the only difference (between / among) the algorithms is the blah-blah-blah model (used / in use / used therein).
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3 answers
46 views

What is the function of 'having seen' in this sentence?

I am reading my text Why Do Friendships End? by Allison Hunter, there is a sentence confused me. She referred to having seen the question in one of my articles, Mystery of Friendship. I don't know ...
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0 votes
1 answer
27 views

Did not have + past participle sentences

Usually we use "past perfect negative" as in "I had not eaten a burger when he arrived" But could you pls tell me if we could also use "did not have plus past participle"?...
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0 votes
0 answers
68 views

Thank you for + ing or thank you for having + past participle

I'm wondering if there is a difference between the following forms: Thank you for downloading the file (for + ing) Thank you for having downloaded the file (for + having + past participle) Both ...
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9 votes
7 answers
3k views

In the sentence "The table was set for lunch" is "set" a verb or an adjective?

The table was set for lunch I want to see if this is a passive sentence. I think if the word "set" is a verb it is passive, but if “set” is an adjective it would be an active one.
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1 answer
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The vanishing glass vs The vanished glass

I was reading a grammar book by M. Swan about present and past participle that are used as adjectives when I came across this example: a vanished civilization. In his book Oxford Grammar, he explains ...
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1 vote
2 answers
28 views

until [it had] risen

Could "subject + had" sequence be omitted in the following? If it's possible only in b, why can't the same happen to a? a. The soldiers remained in the room until they had witnessed the ...
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1 answer
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is it right that past participle adding object is considered to a sentence?

The below sentence makes me confused. is "Reorganized boxes in the attic" and "Rearranged his tools in the shed and moved the Saab's winter tire to a new place" correct complete ...
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1 vote
2 answers
20 views

Have done and have done or have done and done?

I would like to say that I have done multiple things together. Should I use "I have done sth1 and have done sth2" or should I omit the second "have" and say " I have done sth1 ...
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0 votes
0 answers
29 views

What is the correct way to use these kind of causative verbs in a sentence?

I kindly request you to have all members participated in the meeting. I kindly request you to have all members participate in the meeting. What is the correct way to say this sentence? We can use ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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What does got mean in "they've got to leave"

They've got to leave. In the sentence above, what does "got"" mean? Is it the past participle of "get"? If not, what is it? Why bother add it? Why don't people just say They ...
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1 answer
39 views

What's the difference between "people involved" and "involved people"?

I learned at school to put an adjective clause in front of the noun when it consists of only one word and to put it after the noun when it consists of more than one word. However, I sometimes find a ...
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0 answers
21 views

What difference would pre-modification and post-modification make?

https://news.weblioph.com/2022/01/24/the-pleasure-of-holding-grudges-and-forgiveness-intermediate/ "Try writing an aggressive email to the person involved without sending it to vent your rage. &...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Is this sentence correct? And why? (Answered)

So I was reading a novel (I'm not a native) and I found a sentence that goes like "its branches spreading up to the sky..." Why there is no "were" or "are" after the word ...
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2 votes
2 answers
249 views

I just have done or I have just done

are both of "I just have done" and "I have just done" correct? I guess the first sentence is more informal but grammatically correct.
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0 votes
1 answer
31 views

feel the floor shaken

Is "shaken" used properly in the following? Normally, I'd expect "shaking." But I'm wondering if the verb "shake" can take an object followed by a past participle. Joe ...
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1 vote
1 answer
67 views

Absolute participial

Can you explain me why "being" is omitted in these absolute phrases with past participles? His heart broken, he left the room quietly. Her spirit awoken, Julie felt she could do anything. ...
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3 answers
177 views

Can we use participle clauses as adverbial modifiers?

Most of the time, participle clauses are used in sentences like the ones that I have written below (all of which feature present participles): [1] Walking the dog, she breathed the fresh air. [2] He ...
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1 answer
26 views

Is (have + object) followed by 'infinitive', 'gerund' or 'past participle' in this context?

I want to know which is appropriate one to fill the gap in. Leslie had a very strange thing __(happen) when she was in Romania. happen happening happened Oxfor Grammar explains that I can use ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Correctness of "... if verb-with-ed ..." form

Is this sentence correct? The A could be efficiently substituted if first converted to a B. It's a technical text; the meaning is: there is a chemical compound bearing substituent A, A can be ...
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2 votes
1 answer
2k views

How to use "Having + V3" and "Having been + V3" at the beginning of sentences

I am struggling to learn how to use "Having" in many cases. Through my reading on many sites, I understand that below are grammatically correct (if not kindly let me know): Having seen my ...
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1 vote
1 answer
39 views

Why doesn't this sound right?

All of these sound right: I found her dressed on the ground. I found her lying on the ground. I found her knocked out on the ground. I found her dead. But this sounds wrong. I found her fallen ...
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  • 327
1 vote
1 answer
57 views

After / when scolded

Are the following sentences both okay? Or should "being" be inserted? After scolded by her teacher, she ran crying all the way home. When scolded by her teacher, she ran crying all the way ...
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0 votes
1 answer
60 views

"Match has been delayed/postponed for two days"."He has been jailed/punished for two years"

"Match has been delayed/postponed for two days"."He has been jailed/punished for two years" I need to ask whether "subject+has been+past participle+for two years" ...
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0 votes
1 answer
40 views

used a bottle to fill with water

Are "to fill" and "filled" both okay in the following? What's the difference in meaning? He used a bottle filled / to fill with water.
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0 votes
1 answer
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Spent vs Spending

What is the difference between, The three pie charts below show the changes in annual spent by a particular school in 1981, 1991 and 2001. The three pie charts below show the changes in annual ...
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0 votes
2 answers
77 views

You would have got or get?

Is it “get” or “got” ? For example: You would have got tired of it. Or You would have get tired of it. Thank you.
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0 votes
1 answer
55 views

'Was inked' or 'had been inked'?

In a piece of fiction that I am writing, I used this sentence: The piece of parchment was inked with the emblem. This line is intended to convey that the parchment has an inked emblem on it. However,...
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1 answer
45 views

Can “been” used in the same sentence twice?

Is it natural to use the word “been” twice in the same sentence I’ve been tapering off my smoking and it’s been going well so far. I’m tapering off my smoking and it’s been going well so far. Which ...
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0 votes
1 answer
40 views

About passive rules

There is a sentence that I can't understand: "There are around 7000 languages spoken in the world." Shouldn't we say??? : "are spoken" Where is the auxiliary verb?
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0 votes
1 answer
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“There’s food to be cooked yesterday”

Can I use “there’s food to be cooked yesterday” instead of “there’s yesterday-cooked food”? It means literally there is food which was cooked yesterday.
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0 votes
1 answer
216 views

will be exempt or will be exempted?

People performing "critical" tasks including air traffic controllers will be exempt under new rules. I saw this sentence from a news article. I was taught that will be is followed by past ...
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0 votes
1 answer
46 views

The departed (singular)

DEPARTED A dead person, especially one who has died recently. (used with a pl. verb) Dead persons considered as a group; the dead. https://www.ahdictionary.com/word/search.html?q=departed However ...
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0 answers
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Double passive: "required to be registered", "proposed to be left out", "omitted to be done"

A few double passives are defensible—e.g.: “Offerings in compliance with Regulation D are not required to be registered with the SEC under the Securities Act.” As Ernest Gowers (FMEU2 at 139) noted: ...
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2 votes
1 answer
48 views

Grammaticality of "a list is added an Item"?

Using the word given as a past participle in the following sentence is, presumably, correct: A person is given a gift Can we use the past participle form of the word added in the same way in the ...
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0 votes
1 answer
84 views

Drink in the passive voice

Is the following sentence correct? The milk was drunk by him. I don't think I've heard anyone use the past participle of drink in the passive voice.
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1 vote
2 answers
103 views

How do suffixes -ed & -ing work in adjectives?

I kinda confuse about these suffixes and how they work. for example: Closed places vs. Close places "Close" can be adj., v. and I've been taught that when adding -ed to a verb, it'll become ...
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2 votes
1 answer
42 views

Adjective ‘Half’ & past participle ‘halved’

When is adjective or determiner Half used and, when is past participle modifier halved used attributively?
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0 votes
0 answers
42 views

Participle adjective confusion

I know you can use past participle as an adjective, let’s say, the laptop is built well. But let’s say, I bought a designer bag, now I regret it, does it make sense to say the money is wasted on this ...
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0 votes
0 answers
120 views

Paraphrasing "Peter was abandoned by his parents at an early age and took to stealing." to participles

From my homework about participles, I have to paraphrase this to participles but I don't know how to. Peter was abandoned by his parents at an early age and took to stealing.
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0 votes
1 answer
45 views

Is it being faced, faced, or having been faced with the increasing unemployment?

In writing the following sentence, I am hesitating which one (Being faced, faced, having been faced) I should use at the beginning: _____ with the increasing unemployment, many people went on strike ...
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0 votes
1 answer
61 views

I'm not sure when to use "had+pp" or "the past tense"

I work from home about twice a week. Yesterday I physically went to work. However, I hadn't known that I was supposed to work from home until my senior told me. So, I asked my team manager if I could ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
253 views

Can we say 'he is stopped'?

Can we say 'He is stopped' in place of 'He has stopped'? 'Stop',here is an Intransitive verb, so I think it would be correct to make its past participle (stopped) and use it as a Predicative adjective ...
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  • 421
0 votes
2 answers
39 views

Which is right about a text on life 2000 years ago:"The house must have had a cosy roof of turf." or "It would have a cosy ..." or "It had a cosy..." [duplicate]

I have seen this sentence in an article on bbc, which is about how people lived thousands of years ago. "When this Neolithic home was built, it would have had a cosy roof of turf.." When I ...
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  • 1,601
2 votes
0 answers
23 views

To tell about a guess about a case in the past, why use "would+have+past participle" instead of "must+have+past participle? [duplicate]

I have seen this sentence in an article on bbc, which is about how people lived thousands of years ago. "When this Neolithic home was built, it would have had a cosy roof of turf.." When I ...
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  • 1,601
0 votes
0 answers
27 views

"With his right arm raised"

With his right arm raised, I was thinking ... I thought with his right arm raising. Why use raised?
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29 votes
4 answers
7k views

Why is it "crouching tiger hidden dragon" but not "crouching tiger hiding dragon"?

Why is the movie named "crouching tiger hidden dragon"? This is mainly a question about present and past participle. Why can't it be "crouching tiger hiding dragon"? Since the ...
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0 votes
0 answers
26 views

The word 'Surviving' in 'one of the the earliest surviving poems'

One of the earliest surviving Anglo Saxon poems, Widsith, is the autobiographical record of such a scop. Here, Surviving is a Participle or a Gerund? Can we say "Widsith is one of the earliest ...
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1 vote
1 answer
30 views

Required qualifications or Qualifications required

I have all the qualifications required for the exam. Or, I have all the required qualifications for the exam. What's the difference between them? and where should we place Participle, working as an ...
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