Questions tagged [past-participles]

For questions about past participle forms of verbs.

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1answer
30 views

feel the floor shaken

Is "shaken" used properly in the following? Normally, I'd expect "shaking." But I'm wondering if the verb "shake" can take an object followed by a past participle. Joe ...
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1answer
54 views

Absolute participial

Can you explain me why "being" is omitted in these absolute phrases with past participles? His heart broken, he left the room quietly. Her spirit awoken, Julie felt she could do anything. ...
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3answers
78 views

Can we use participle clauses as adverbial modifiers?

Most of the time, participle clauses are used in sentences like the ones that I have written below (all of which feature present participles): [1] Walking the dog, she breathed the fresh air. [2] He ...
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1answer
23 views

Is (have + object) followed by 'infinitive', 'gerund' or 'past participle' in this context?

I want to know which is appropriate one to fill the gap in. Leslie had a very strange thing __(happen) when she was in Romania. happen happening happened Oxfor Grammar explains that I can use ...
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1answer
24 views

Correctness of "... if verb-with-ed ..." form

Is this sentence correct? The A could be efficiently substituted if first converted to a B. It's a technical text; the meaning is: there is a chemical compound bearing substituent A, A can be ...
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1answer
579 views

How to use "Having + V3" and "Having been + V3" at the beginning of sentences

I am struggling to learn how to use "Having" in many cases. Through my reading on many sites, I understand that below are grammatically correct (if not kindly let me know): Having seen my ...
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1answer
36 views

Why doesn't this sound right?

All of these sound right: I found her dressed on the ground. I found her lying on the ground. I found her knocked out on the ground. I found her dead. But this sounds wrong. I found her fallen ...
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1answer
56 views

After / when scolded

Are the following sentences both okay? Or should "being" be inserted? After scolded by her teacher, she ran crying all the way home. When scolded by her teacher, she ran crying all the way ...
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1answer
35 views

used a bottle to fill with water

Are "to fill" and "filled" both okay in the following? What's the difference in meaning? He used a bottle filled / to fill with water.
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1answer
44 views

Spent vs Spending

What is the difference between, The three pie charts below show the changes in annual spent by a particular school in 1981, 1991 and 2001. The three pie charts below show the changes in annual ...
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1answer
50 views

You would have got or get?

Is it “get” or “got” ? For example: You would have got tired of it. Or You would have get tired of it. Thank you.
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1answer
46 views

'Was inked' or 'had been inked'?

In a piece of fiction that I am writing, I used this sentence: The piece of parchment was inked with the emblem. This line is intended to convey that the parchment has an inked emblem on it. However,...
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1answer
32 views

Can “been” used in the same sentence twice?

Is it natural to use the word “been” twice in the same sentence I’ve been tapering off my smoking and it’s been going well so far. I’m tapering off my smoking and it’s been going well so far. Which ...
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39 views

About passive rules

There is a sentence that I can't understand: "There are around 7000 languages spoken in the world." Shouldn't we say??? : "are spoken" Where is the auxiliary verb?
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1answer
43 views

“There’s food to be cooked yesterday”

Can I use “there’s food to be cooked yesterday” instead of “there’s yesterday-cooked food”? It means literally there is food which was cooked yesterday.
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1answer
46 views

will be exempt or will be exempted?

People performing "critical" tasks including air traffic controllers will be exempt under new rules. I saw this sentence from a news article. I was taught that will be is followed by past ...
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1answer
40 views

The departed (singular)

DEPARTED A dead person, especially one who has died recently. (used with a pl. verb) Dead persons considered as a group; the dead. https://www.ahdictionary.com/word/search.html?q=departed However ...
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Double passive: "required to be registered", "proposed to be left out", "omitted to be done"

A few double passives are defensible—e.g.: “Offerings in compliance with Regulation D are not required to be registered with the SEC under the Securities Act.” As Ernest Gowers (FMEU2 at 139) noted: ...
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1answer
47 views

Grammaticality of "a list is added an Item"?

Using the word given as a past participle in the following sentence is, presumably, correct: A person is given a gift Can we use the past participle form of the word added in the same way in the ...
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1answer
39 views

Drink in the passive voice

Is the following sentence correct? The milk was drunk by him. I don't think I've heard anyone use the past participle of drink in the passive voice.
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2answers
92 views

How do suffixes -ed & -ing work in adjectives?

I kinda confuse about these suffixes and how they work. for example: Closed places vs. Close places "Close" can be adj., v. and I've been taught that when adding -ed to a verb, it'll become ...
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1answer
38 views

Adjective ‘Half’ & past participle ‘halved’

When is adjective or determiner Half used and, when is past participle modifier halved used attributively?
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38 views

Participle adjective confusion

I know you can use past participle as an adjective, let’s say, the laptop is built well. But let’s say, I bought a designer bag, now I regret it, does it make sense to say the money is wasted on this ...
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91 views

Paraphrasing "Peter was abandoned by his parents at an early age and took to stealing." to participles

From my homework about participles, I have to paraphrase this to participles but I don't know how to. Peter was abandoned by his parents at an early age and took to stealing.
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1answer
25 views

Is it being faced, faced, or having been faced with the increasing unemployment?

In writing the following sentence, I am hesitating which one (Being faced, faced, having been faced) I should use at the beginning: _____ with the increasing unemployment, many people went on strike ...
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18 views

Is "buildings torn down" without "were" correct?

Someone, supposed to be good in English, told me the following sentence is correct: A strong earthquake lasted for two minutes, a few of old buildings torn down in the twinkling of an eye. Shouldn't ...
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1answer
48 views

I'm not sure when to use "had+pp" or "the past tense"

I work from home about twice a week. Yesterday I physically went to work. However, I hadn't known that I was supposed to work from home until my senior told me. So, I asked my team manager if I could ...
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Intransitive verb as Predicative adjective

He is gone. Then can we say 'He is come'(past participle of come). And how much it is correct to use a past participle of intransitive verb as a Predicative adjective. 'he is arrived' in place of 'he ...
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115 views

Can we say 'he is stopped'?

Can we say 'He is stopped' in place of 'He has stopped'? 'Stop',here is an Intransitive verb, so I think it would be correct to make its past participle (stopped) and use it as a Predicative adjective ...
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2answers
38 views

Which is right about a text on life 2000 years ago:"The house must have had a cosy roof of turf." or "It would have a cosy ..." or "It had a cosy..." [duplicate]

I have seen this sentence in an article on bbc, which is about how people lived thousands of years ago. "When this Neolithic home was built, it would have had a cosy roof of turf.." When I ...
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0answers
23 views

To tell about a guess about a case in the past, why use "would+have+past participle" instead of "must+have+past participle? [duplicate]

I have seen this sentence in an article on bbc, which is about how people lived thousands of years ago. "When this Neolithic home was built, it would have had a cosy roof of turf.." When I ...
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0answers
26 views

"With his right arm raised"

With his right arm raised, I was thinking ... I thought with his right arm raising. Why use raised?
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4answers
7k views

Why is it "crouching tiger hidden dragon" but not "crouching tiger hiding dragon"?

Why is the movie named "crouching tiger hidden dragon"? This is mainly a question about present and past participle. Why can't it be "crouching tiger hiding dragon"? Since the ...
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0answers
24 views

The word 'Surviving' in 'one of the the earliest surviving poems'

One of the earliest surviving Anglo Saxon poems, Widsith, is the autobiographical record of such a scop. Here, Surviving is a Participle or a Gerund? Can we say "Widsith is one of the earliest ...
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1answer
28 views

Required qualifications or Qualifications required

I have all the qualifications required for the exam. Or, I have all the required qualifications for the exam. What's the difference between them? and where should we place Participle, working as an ...
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1answer
22 views

Use and meaning of WOULD

Could you please explain me what is the use and the meaning of WOULD in this sentence? “It’s very odd that he WOULD HAVE BEHAVED rudely to you”. Thank you! Francesca
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3answers
94 views

present, past, past participle form of 'spit'

I saw this sentence on the internet. i know being spit on is probably not what you need right now In this sentence, spit is past participle form of verb, spit. I know past form of spit is spit, ...
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1answer
37 views

past participle and past simple

The paintings have been proven to be fakes The paintings proved to be fakes Questions: What is the difference between using has been proven and proved? I know one is a past participle and one is ...
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1answer
221 views

is it ok to use "is" with past participle?

I prefer using "is" sometimes with past participle. ex- Your screen is frozen. Your case is picked. your device is repaired. in both the examples, I consider frozen, picked as an adjective ...
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1answer
45 views

independent clause, subject + past participle+...?

Massive boulders, shipped from as far away as the Northwest Territories, echo the curvaceous form of the museum building, its rough-hewn limestone surface meant to recall a cliff face sculptured by ...
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1answer
50 views

Present perfect or simple past.. have fallen in love or fell in love

I'm learning present perfect and simple past in English and I have a question, is it correct to say "My parents have fallen in love and have gotten married" or "they fell in love and ...
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1answer
31 views

What does the past participle function here?

The purpose and meaning of the sand paintings can be explained by examining one of the most basic ideals of Navajo society, embodied in their word hozho (beauty or harmony, goodness, and happiness).(...
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1answer
31 views

Which sentence is right?

I saw something that I am not supposed to see. I saw something I'm not supposed to have seen. I saw something I shouldn't have seen. I saw something I shouldn't have see. I saw something I shouldn't ...
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1answer
37 views

Which sentence is gramatically and sounds right?

I'm sorry for the mistakes that I did. or I'm sorry for the mistakes that I have done. Which sentence is grammatically and sounds right?
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2answers
346 views

Why is "had" followed by a past participle while "had to" followed by an infinitive?

"Had" is an auxiliary verb, right? In which case it should be followed by an infinitive. Why is it followed by a past participle in that case? Am I mistaken? Example "she had paid" ...
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1answer
28 views

two techniques, called "backlighting" VS two techniques called "backlighting"

This effect, my mother explained, was the result of two techniques, called "backlighting"and flash fill. " (From an ACT English test passage) Am I right to think that it'd be better if ...
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1answer
557 views

Passing test or passed test?

In this video, he says "Now, we have two passing tests." It doesn't make sense to me by saying passing test. I would say passed test instead. Because a test can only be passed, right? How ...
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1answer
333 views

which sentence is correct (dry or dried)?

Which is right? The clothes are almost dry or The clothes are almost dried Context: I washed my clothes yesterday. Today, before it rained, I took the clothes in. The said clothes are not wet and ...
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2answers
31 views

Past perfect tense understand use

The following paragraphs describe a chart. Although there was no change in the number of people aged 65-74 between 1960 and 1970, the number of people aged 75 and over had increased during this time. ...
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31 views

a place filled/filling with fun

Is there any practical difference between "filling" and "filled" in the following? John was staying at a place filled/filling with fun.

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