Questions tagged [past-participles]

For questions about past participle forms of verbs.

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Past participle phrase and passive voice

Are they both correct and have the same meaning? The cake eaten by Joe is delicious. The cake was eaten by Joe is delicious. I found this sentence in learning past participle phrase. The boy taken ...
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1answer
1k views

“There is … to be” vs. “There is … that has to be”

Which of these sentences would be the best to write? There is a house to be built. There is a house that has to be built. I wanted to make sure it would be OK to write 'There is+Noun+to be+past ...
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2answers
12k views

is + past participle vs is + to be +past participle

When I have to use is + past participle and is + to be +past participle. The water is poured. The water is to be poured. Please help to differentiate.
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3answers
3k views

What part of speech is “born”?

I was born in 1980. What part of speech is "born"? verb? past participle? It can be a past participle as in " I was seen ." It can be verb as in " It was pulled by a car ."
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6answers
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Why can't we say: “a person getting crossed”?

You say to another "get dressed" (1. You say this when someone asks you what you are doing? "I am getting dressed.") But in the same way, why can't we say "get crossed" (crossing a street)? Edit: ...
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3answers
7k views

When to use Finished vs Over?

Why do we always say: The class is over. The time is over. The time of class is over. Why don't we say: The class is finished.
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1answer
1k views

“Student Jacob was in Italy” - is “student”, here, an adjective or a noun?

I am currently writing a paper on British newspaper articles; however, I keep on encountering constructions such as: "Student Jacob was in Italy" or "jailed Samantha said yesterday..." where words ...
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3answers
1k views

Distinguishing past participle and adjective when spelled the same

Past Participles A past participle often ends in -ed, but there are also many irregular past participles. For many verbs, including -ed verbs, the simple past and the past participle are the ...
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1answer
74 views

differentiating between the usages of the word“learnt”

They are learned people They are learnt people They are educated people I am wondering if they are correct or mean the same? I am also wondering if the following could be correct grammatically and ...
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231 views

Can a past participle be used as a post-modifier?

The slum dwellers are often seen quarreling with each other which seriously affects the psychology of the children belonged to those families. I doubt about its use as a post modifier, if any ...
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1answer
1k views

'Past Participle Verb Form' vs 'Past Participle Adjective'?

This room [is cleaned] every day. The window [is broken]. In the first sentence, we have a 'Past Participle (Verb)'. In the second sentence, we have a 'Past Participle Adjective'. More examples:...
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2answers
2k views

When to use –ing form and -ed form?

I have read a manual. One of its sentences is "These are the basic symbols used generally." I don't really understand the difference between These are the basic symbols used generally. and ...
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6answers
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Was Married or Had Married?

I want to say. Couple did marriage on 1 April and after 5 years they taken divorce. How should is say? A) They were married on 1 April 2014 and taken divorce after 5 years. B) They had married on 1 ...
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1answer
296 views

Omiting relative pronouns

I've been confused with the relative pronouns. I bring the following examples and the result after removing relative pronouns? Are they correct? 1a. This is the window which has been broken by me. ...
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1answer
150 views

Used to or past simple?

Are these sentences both right ? : Did you used to visit her ? and Did you visit her ?
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1answer
64 views

advanced = who have advanced? risen = having risen?

Students advanced beyond their grade level are provided with appropriate curriculum needs. students who have advanced to a high level are provided with appropriate curriculum needs. There ...
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2answers
407 views

Can we say [he done] this because he was threatened by the police officer?

He done this because he was threatened by the police officer. I have seen somewhere in a text that an Asian author wrote his statement like above so, I am confused shall we use done like this or we ...
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1answer
61 views

Did I paraphrase this well?

Is this parsing correct? I arrived at the private eye's, taken into his smoke-filled study. My PARSING: I arrived at the private eye's office, and was then taken into his smoke-filled study.
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1answer
148 views

“I will make you {write / written} this letter.”

I will make you write this letter. or I will make you written this letter. Which of these two sentences is correct? If both, please, tell me where to use each.
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3answers
2k views

Grammatical structure of the sentence “There is no dinosaur skin left to study.”

I am trying to figure out the grammatical structure of the following sentence: There is no dinosaur skin left to study. This is what I have: There is -> (what?) -> no skin -> (which/what?...
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2answers
514 views

what is the between past and past participle in meaning only

He had worked hard. He worked hard. I understand the grammar of both sentences, but i don't know when i should use the first sentence and when use the second.
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1answer
504 views

Does 'Founded ,the club' mean 'The club,which was founded'?

"The club, which was founded 20 years ago, is more popular today than ever before." If I express the above relative clause using past participle, which one is correct? The club ,founded 20 years ago,...
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1answer
3k views

It is likely that + [past participle]?

A paragraph of a sample IELTS essay about the negative effects of telecommunications technology on people's everyday life starts as follows: It is also likely that people have become increasingly ...
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1answer
11k views

“It should have come down” or “It should have came down”?

My colleague and I were talking and he said "it should have came down", which to me, does not sound correct. Which sentence is correct? I also have a question about 'took' and 'taken'. With the same ...
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2answers
8k views

Past tense and past perfect in essays?

I'm writing an essay (fiction) in past tense. He went. She slept. I said. etc. How do I correctly express activity before the time of action ? He went home. But before that he had eaten a sandwich. ...
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1answer
165 views

What type of the word is “be + past participle”

In sentence: A growing set of on-line applications are generating data that can be viewed as... What are the words be viewed? For me they sound like passive voice (be viewed by someone), but that ...
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1answer
7k views

PP tense of “become” and an Adj

In this sentence: The Internet has become mission critical for many institutions today. 1- In the case of has become, we should use of has + PP of the word. Is the become PP of become!? 2- Why we ...
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3answers
31k views

It's broken or it has been broken

What is the difference between it is broken and it has been broken please? Thanks.
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1answer
274 views

Meaning of “Updated As Reported”

I am not too sure about some particular sentence: link (move mouse over the blue question mark) Choose the ID that matches the office you want to visit. This information is reported by the ...
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2answers
3k views

Is this correct: “Jon had gotten up early”?

I've decided to start a blog (for the first time). Ah! I forgot to tell why Jon had gotten up early. I've never used the word “gotten” nor have I seen anyone use it, but it seems that my usage of ...
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2answers
7k views

People who make me feel bore/bored

People who make me feel bore/bored People who make me bore/bored In both of the sentences which word can go properly "bore" or "bored" ?
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3answers
233 views

“Delusions dispelled” What grammar construction is this? Is this an idiom?

I don't understand the grammar of this: "You will be dazed by the shock of delusions dispelled." (by George Johnson) I think it means, "He is dazed by the shock that naturally comes from your ...
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1answer
1k views

How to differentiate between regular and irregular verbs

As I know that in regular verbs we put 'ed' and in irregular verb we do not put 'ed' while changing it into the past or past participle. But for anyone who does not know about the 2nd and 3rd form of ...
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1answer
3k views

'Proved itself' or 'Proven itself'? [duplicate]

I always stuck on this. Withania somnifera has proven itself in treating depression and anxiety. OVER Withania somnifera has proved itself in ... Whether to use past participle is confusing in ...
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1answer
94 views

Meaning of “challenged”

I'm translating a lawsuit (PDF). There are three sentences that use "challenged" and I wonder what it means in each case: As to interbrand competition, Sylvania, unlike Schwinn, had an ...
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1answer
1k views

Auxiliary verb position in questions with “why”

Of these two options which one is correct? Why doesn't the website get loaded? or Why the website doesn't get loaded? Maybe the more natural one is: Why isn't the website loaded? but I'm ...
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2answers
653 views

How can I tell whether the word following “to be” is an adjective or a past participle?

Is there any rule to know whether a word is an adjective or a past participle when it follows "to be"? For example: John is hurt. The website where I found this sentence says that “hurt” is a ...
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2answers
152 views

'Statements aren't lies every time' vs 'statements aren't lied every time'?

As per my opinion, it should be statements aren't lied every time not: statements aren't lies every time As per my daily routine, I was reading the news on Yahoo and found out an error, so I ...
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3answers
22k views

Difference between “is added” and “was added”

I need to know the meaning and tense of these sentences: (A) "This feature is added to the last version." (B) "This feature was added to the last version." I can't understand the ...
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2answers
950 views

Which word is correct word in that situation?

What word should I use in that situation? "right", "entitle", "title" or other word? I don't want use "can". If you have driver license, you have.... to drive a car.
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274 views

Past paticiple or Simple past

Please clarify the category that "used" belongs in the sentence below. It is used for cold places. Thanks in advance.
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87 views

Participle phrase order in the sentence

In the phrase below, the last participle phrase looks attached to "pets" or rather to "cats and dogs". What would be your first opinion? Sam liked pets, including cats and dogs, encountered in the ...
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2answers
14k views

“interested” or “interesting” in this context

I am writing this context: Dear Mr. XXX. I am XXX from Italy. I am applying for XXXXX. I am very interested in the Master program "MA in Business computer science", which its subject code ...
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575 views

Is it correct to use “build” in the headline “The safest Olympic Stadium build ever”?

I found this article on the Internet but I wonder if there may be a mistake in the headline: The safest Olympic Stadium build ever: Olympic Park to receive prestigious safety award (source) ...
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1answer
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Past participle of verbs that end in r - When do you add an extra r?

Examples: lower - lowered transfer - transferred How can you distinguish between such cases?
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76 views

'… a journalist who is used to …' vs. '… a journalist who uses to

To an economist or a journalist who is used to thinking of a decade as long enough for entire theories to rise and fall, an age is the longest period imaginable; durable ideas can be age-old and this ...
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89 views

“Go out into the world uncorrupted, a breath of fresh air”

Do everything readily and cheerfully—no bickering, no second-guessing allowed! Go out into the world uncorrupted, a breath of fresh air in this squalid and polluted society. (Philippians 2:14-15) The ...
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1answer
418 views

are general assumptions in simple or passive way?

If I want to say a general assumption in my process, then should it be in simple present tense or passive form like Small segments locate isolated or close to each other are taken and updated ...
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1answer
176 views

Should I use part participle form of every verb that follow “would have”?

I wrote a sentence on my own jokingly. How cool would it be, if I could have infiltrated the Kremlin, steal the Tsar's throne and return to my peaceful home unharmed Regarding that sentence my ...
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1answer
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What is the correct verb to describe a file included with an email conversation?

Is it correct to use "attached" when a file is included in a corporate Email?. One of our customers has repeatedly requested us to send them some records and we would always respond in the Email ...