Questions tagged [perfect-aspect]

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Problems with perfect tenses

I have some problems with Present Perfect tenses. I often see in movies or in books where 2 characters are talking about situation that take place right now. When they see the result, instead of using ...
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“But the idea that someone might be arming the Seam would never have been allowed” — why “would have”?

From The Hunger Games: My bow is a rarity, crafted by my father along with a few others that I keep well hidden in the woods, carefully wrapped in waterproof covers. My father could have made good ...
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Should “The man has always needed religion and as profoundly as he has always needed food” use a simple tense instead?

Should this sentence's verbs indicate that the actions occurred in the past indirectly by using the compound present prefect construction: The man has always needed religion and as profoundly as he ...
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What is the difference between “being” and “having been” in this context?

Being a teacher, she likes children. AND Having been a teacher, she likes children. What is the difference between these two?
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Grammar: Past perfect tense

If someone just told me about some celebrity I didn't know about all my life. would it be natural to express this in past perfect tense. For instance: Someone tells me about me about Mohammed Ali and ...
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usage of present perfect tense

My question is about the use of present perfect tense. To my knowledge this tense is used for the actions that have started in the past and continues up until now. I have questions about different ...
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Will be done vs will have been done

Everything will be done by Tuesday. Everything will have been done by Tuesday. What is the difference (semantic, grammatical), if any, between the two? My question is different from this one ...
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Having pp, have pp sentence

I'd like to ask questions about the exact tense of participial construction like the following sentence. Having worked in the industry over the years, I have sometimes been surprised to see young ...
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277 views

By the time we get there, he will be/will have been gone

By the time we get there, he will be/will have been gone. I would like to know whether there is a difference between these two or the perfect tense is wrong here. I assume that with the perfect ...
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about past perfect

Pocho had made the decision to live near the human who had saved his life, so he soon became a member of the Snedden family. By now, Chito remarried, and together they had a daughter. Both, ...
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Is past perfect most appropriate here?

Which sentence is correct? It was very easy for us to adjust to our new home because we were already used to living in a big city. It was very easy for us to adjust to our new home because we had ...
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Future Perfect continuous question

Wondering if it is correct to use Future Perfect continuous time in the sentence: "We will have been eating by 8pm tomorrow, so plz come at 9pm." Or it is better to us Future Perfect: "We will have ...
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Equivalents of Russian perfective/imperfective verbs

Which one of the sentences means "Ne ustanovili pravila", but don't "Ne ustanavlivali pravila"? They didn't set rules. or They didn't have to set rules. What is the difference? Which one makes ...
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Does every present perfect sentence have some kind of connection between what happened in the past and the present time?

We use the present perfect tense to address something that happened in the past, but we don't specify precisely when it happened. We also use present perfect to suggest some kind of connection between ...
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How about “When I saw Debbie, she had played golf”?

Oxford Guide to English Grammar; John Eastwood; Oxford University Press 1994-09 Page 94 Compare the past continuous and past perfect continuous. When I saw Debbie, she was playing golf. (I ...
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Can we use present perfect with a specific time?

For example, if I say "Today I have washed the dishes" or "Yesterday I have walked the dog", it comes off as wrong. This is why I understand that present perfect doesn't go with specific times. Past ...
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When should we use “Perfect infinitive” instead of “infinitive” in passive voice?

I was doing exercises from great blue textbook when I met the difficult one. Please, explain me the difference between usage infinitive and present infinitive in passive voice. Foe example: Do you ...
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Should I use perfect or not?

I saw an advertisement in the newspaper. I want to send an e-mail regarding the advertisement. Should I write it as: I saw your advert in the newspaper. I have seen your advert in the newspaper. If ...
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A question regarding usage “by the time”?

Suppose you send a message to a person which is not online! I know By the time you see this message I will have been done with my task means that my task is already finished some time before he ...
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What is the difference between **could + have p.p.** and **could + infinitive**?

We could not imagine how the Inca could have built such a large city on top of a high mountain. I don't think could build can replace could have built in the sentence above, but I am not sure why ...
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What combination of tense and aspect is “It has already been planned”?

I have been learning English grammar and I’ve encountered a sentence that I cannot identify as being in any of the tenses that I know. This one’s got me really confused: It has already been planned....
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Future Simple and Future Perfect

I've read the question about Future Simple and Future Perfect, but I still can't understand the exact usage of these two tenses. Is there any diffrence between the following? I will do my homework ...
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My intention is (to finish/to have finished) my studies by June

My intention is to finish my studies by June. My intention is to have finished my studies by June. Is it correct to say 1 or 2? If both are correct, are there any differences between them?
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How to say in correct tense

I want to say in English about some fact in the past, but it has an impact the present: I have starting going to the gym last week? (I still go there) or I have started going to the gym last ...
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Future Perfect and Future Continuous with present reference

I came across this dialogue: Is it too late to call them? Do you think they'll have gone to bed yet? Knowing them, they won't have finished their dinner yet. They'll be watching a film. My ...
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Usage of “had” in this context

We had better get out of here before they see us. Is "had" absolutely necessary here? Will the sentence be correct without "had": We better get out of here before they see us.
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Why can't i use “I haven't known” someone in English

A few days ago, I read this sentence in "English grammar in use" by Raymond Murphy: We don't know where we're going for our holiday yet. I thought present perfect must be used here as: we haven'...
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When to use simple past or present perfect? (I called him or I have called him)

There is someone knocking at the door. It must be the computer repairman. I ______ him to come to fix my computer. The answer is "called". But why not "have called" ?
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Why should there be a use of perfect to make this statement grammatical?

In a week's time I will complete my work. In a week's time I will have completed my work. Option 2 is given as the correct answer which is future perfect tense. The first sentence is simple future ...
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Has been studying or Have been studying?

When using both the perfect aspect and also the progressive aspect for my verb “to have been studying”, should I use the present tense has or the past tense had here? She has been studying there for ...
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6answers
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Is there a difference between “should not have done something” and “needn't have done something”?

What is the difference between shouldn't have done something and needn't have done something? Everything was okay. You needn't have worried. Can we say you shouldn't have worried instead of needn't ...
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2answers
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“ Have to ” vs “Have had to ”

1) This is not the first time that the residents of the capital have had to suffer such inconveniences. (This is collected from a daily newspaper) 2) "This is not the first time that the residents ...
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Which one would be preferable here, Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous?

Sentences: Here you're! We have just talked about you. Here you're! We have just been talking about you. I think I made a little mistake when I chose to use Present Perfect instead of ...
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Took a subject vs Have taken a subject

If I am talking about my undergraduate studies, which of the following two is correct? I have taken calculus in my undergraduate studies. I took calculus in my undergraduate studies.
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The preference of using Present Perfect Continuos

This is a translating task. The key says that the answer is "did you speak" (off topic: "speak" or "talk"). But I'm pretty sure that I should use Present Perfect Continuous. In this case it is an ...
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Having deal with “to get used to” and “to be used to”

I know "to get used to" means the process of accustoming whereas "to be used to" means that somebody has done it, this process is finished and now there is nothing unusual connected with this thing, ...
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Using “already” in Simple Aspect

I've found out an interesting fact. We could also use the adverbial modifier "already" not only in Perfect Aspect. We can do it, if we are amazed by something haven't been expected before? Like in the ...
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What does this sentence imply?

I'm Korean and studying English for speaking. I have a question about the context of present perfect tence. If I say: He has worked there for 3 years. does this imply that he is still working at ...
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You have gone through - you have been going through

Is there a difference in meaning between the following two sentences? I can't even imagine what you have gone through. I can't even imagine what you have been going through.
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Present perfect

You have applied to the job on 29th January. Is the present perfect sentence correct though it has specific time.
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Have I had known about the lack of security

Is it correct to say "have I had known"? Thank you all.
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Using have gone to / been to / been in

I understand the difference between these constructions: "has gone to", "has been to", "has been in": "has gone to" — there or on his way to; "has been to" — someone has been there but he ...
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1answer
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Present or Past tense in this sentence

I wrote: The whole extraction command is optional and if it isn’t specified, no extraction is performed. But I think "specified" is taken place when the user writes the command, then should I use ...
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“I didn't know” or “I haven't known”?

Suppose that in a conversation, our conversational partner just said something completely new to us, and we want to express that we didn't know (or haven't known) about it before. For example, A: ...
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2answers
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past perfect in a time clause

I would like to know if we could write "What had happened while we were away." I think past perfect is not obligatory in time clause. When we returned from our holidays, we found our house in a ...
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Is “What would have happened if you were a few minutes later?” grammatical? [duplicate]

I read this sentence in a movie What would have happened if you were a few minutes later? I think that the sentence "What would have happened if you were a few minutes later?" is wrong ...
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How to describe one event that preceded the other with “was” or “had been”?

I know there are a lot of similar topics, but I couldn't find the exact answer for my question. I need to describe a situation in which one event preceded the other and I couldn’t do it with simple ...
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Perfect construction in a complement

According to @StoneyB's Cannonical Post #2 . States cannot serve as the complement in Wh-cleft constructions. As an example there, What John did was have written three novels. – This is not ...
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“Had hosted” vs “had been hosting”: What's the difference?

Steve Irwin was the host of various nature shows on TV before he was killed in an accident. Steve had hosted nature shows for a long time before he had his accident. What's the difference between ...
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Which is correct, “Humans haven't walked” or “didn't walk”?

Is it right? 'Humans haven't walked on Neptune but maybe, in the twenty first century, it might happen.' Alternatively, should I say "Humans didn't walk.."