Questions tagged [perfect-aspect]

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Why should there be a use of perfect to make this statement grammatical?

In a week's time I will complete my work. In a week's time I will have completed my work. Option 2 is given as the correct answer which is future perfect tense. The first sentence is simple future ...
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159 views

present continuous = present perfect in many cases

I have read the book Advanced Grammar in Use by Martin Hewings. One of the uses of the present continuous is: To talk about particular actions or events that have begun but haven't ended at the time ...
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4answers
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What does “has had” mean in sentences?

I came across many sentences which have has had, had had for example The one that has had the most profound impact is generics I wanted to know what are the basic rule of using those?
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Should I use perfect or not?

I saw an advertisement in the newspaper. I want to send an e-mail regarding the advertisement. Should I write it as: I saw your advert in the newspaper. I have seen your advert in the newspaper. If ...
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2answers
628 views

Is it necessary to repeat “had” in the following sentence?

I followed the dog. Luckily, as if it had become tired, or (had) reached its desired spot, it stopped. Do I need the second had? Why or why not?
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1answer
141 views

How has she gone to Prague?

It feels awkward to me to say: Q : How has she gone to Prague? A : She has gone to Prague by plane. Wouldn't this sound more natural? Q : How did she go to Prague A : She took a flight.
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1answer
90 views

Should I use past simple or past perfect

Before I made a second order that did well, I had thought my first order had not gone through.But when I received the confirmation for both orders, I knew the first order had also succeeded. I ...
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4answers
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How do I decide which of two past events took place first?

The people had taken shelter under a tree until the rain stopped. took shelter will be the 1st action The people took shelter under a tree until the rain had stopped. rain stop will be the 1st ...
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2answers
413 views

My car has/had not made that kind of noise before

Which is one grammatically correct? After I got my car repaired, I noticed it started to make funny noises which it had not made before/ which I had not heard before. After I got my car ...
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2answers
149 views

past simple or past perfect why

Please take a look at the sleeve notes of the revolving paint dreams lp "off to heaven"creation lp a great record by the way. The last story I heard that Alan Mc Gee (boss label) had tried to ...
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1answer
8k views

My grandpa died 30 years ago. I “have never met” / “never met” him. - Which one?

Which one of the following two sentences is correct/proper? My grandpa died 30 years ago. I have never met him. or My grandpa died 30 years ago. I never met him.
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387 views

Past perfect for something that did not happen

I got a parcel from the label but it is not what I ordered. I ordered a copy of this and that I received two other things. Both of them had been already ordered and received. I knew you had problems ...
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3answers
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past perfect here

Please could you have a look at this little text: I had preordered these books for a long time in a library, as they did not arrive I choose to find them by my self and finally found them. I had ...
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1answer
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In this sentence, “HAD TO” vs “HAD HAD TO”?

Here's a sentence written in my textbook. In the past, I had to sit on the floor at most restaurants in Korean until chairs started to catch on a lot more recently. The situation I had to sit on ...
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1answer
40k views

In this sentence, “have heard” vs “heard”?

I have heard recomendations from doctors on TV. I can imply or emphasize that I have heard the recomendations at different times, at different places, not just once before. It can indicate ...
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2answers
964 views

Using perfect constructions after “since”

From OneRepublic's song "Feel again": It's been a long time coming since I've seen your face From Kelly Clarkson's song "Since U Been Gone": Here's the thing we started out friends It was ...
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1answer
121 views

Past simple or past perfect in this case

Look at this sentence from an exercise "choose the correct form" I did not know about it. Nobody (told/had told) me about what had happened I choose 'told' and the correct answer was 'had told' ...
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2answers
444 views

past perfect in a time clause

I would like to know if we could write "What had happened while we were away." I think past perfect is not obligatory in time clause. When we returned from our holidays, we found our house in a ...
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1answer
34k views

“I didn't know” or “I haven't known”?

Suppose that in a conversation, our conversational partner just said something completely new to us, and we want to express that we didn't know (or haven't known) about it before. For example, A: ...
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4answers
17k views

Future Simple and Future Perfect

I've read the question about Future Simple and Future Perfect, but I still can't understand the exact usage of these two tenses. Is there any diffrence between the following? I will do my homework ...
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2answers
316 views

“Was in labour for 3 hours” versus “had been in labour for 3 hours”

As a continuation to this question and AlicjaZ's beautifully explained answer, I would like to ask whether there is any difference in meaning between the following sentences? She was in labour for ...
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3answers
510 views

“…to understand what he did / had done.”

The context is that a mathematician solves a great problem and publishes his proof. He was known as a great mathematician and everyone wanted to understand what he had done. Everything is clear ...
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1answer
888 views

Meaning of perfect aspect in infinite clauses

Motivated by this question I've realised I have some difficulty in interpreting infinite clauses. What is an infinite clause? One of my grammar books says that an non-finite clause is a dependent ...
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“I had not noticed.” but “I did not know.”

Did you hear that the engine produced some sounds? No, I had not noticed. And also other verbs: I did not know. I did not see. I had not heard. With some verbs it is common to use ...
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2answers
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I've never *been* sailing

Murphy's grammar (Unit 63D) explains the usage of the structure go -ing: go swimming, go climbing etc. It gives a number of examples: How often do you go swimming? When did you last go ...
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8answers
113k views

What is the difference between “being” and “having been” in this context?

Being a teacher, she likes children. AND Having been a teacher, she likes children. What is the difference between these two?
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1answer
914 views

Book Recommendations Re: accessible English Tenses System

I would like to know some of the best books (or other accessible materials) out there with a thorough treatment of English tenses and in particular the perfect state. The book should be accessible to ...
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1answer
287 views

Is it ok to say “would have had to have played” and “to have even had”?

Are the bold parts grammatically correct? It sounds to me like the tenses are a bit redundant. In the second round, Djokovic faced Bobby Reynolds, a journeyman American making his Centre Court ...
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1answer
2k views

“They have been exempted” vs. “they are exempted”

What is the difference in meaning between the following two sentences? They have been exempted from paying tax. They are exempted from paying tax. Are both sentences grammatically correct?
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2answers
3k views

“I have never done it” vs “I have never been doing it”

"I have never been dating." I heard some non-native speaker said it. For me it should be just Present Perfect ("I have never dated.") Because my grammar book says that an absence of some action in ...
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1answer
114 views

Can Present Perfect with a time period tell about an action that stopped in the past

I spent 20 years in the software industry where... As I was taught, it implies that the talker doesn't work in this software industry now. Otherwise he would have said "I have spent 20 years..." My ...
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138 views

“We have broken this rule for 2 years.”

We have broken this rule for 2 years. Can I use the verb to break in a Present Perfect with a time period adverbial, like I use to stand in the sentence "This tree has stood here for many years."

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