Questions tagged [perfect-constructions]

Perfect constructions employ a form of HAVE as an auxiliary and the past participle of a lexical verb to express past events as a current state.

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1answer
13 views

What goes after until?

Which is correct (or what's the difference between): He kept going until he saw the river. OR He kept going until he had seen the river.
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36 views

“be in love” vs. “fall in love” in a perfect construction

Which one is correct grammatically? I've been in love with you ever since I saw you I've fallen in love with you ever since I saw you
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11 views

I want to have come there by the evening

I am a little confused with Perfect infinitives: I will have come there by the evening It's an action which will have happened before some moment in the future . Our moment here is "the evening". ...
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23 views

Past perfect / present perfect

Which one is correct? I had wet. I had got wet. I have wet. I have got wet.
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35 views

What is the difference between “have interviewed” and “are interviewing” in this sentence?

Could you please explain the difference in meaning in the following sentences. The detectives have interviewed two people this week. The detectives are interviewing two people this week. ...
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28 views

Replacement of “in” with “to”

Should I always replace "in" for "to" in Perfect Sentences after "to be" forms? I have been TO America\TO the party He said he had been TO America\TO the party When she comes he will have been TO ...
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What is better: I'm (I have been being) in the middle of it all my life [duplicate]

What is better: I'm in the mainstream of it all my life. OR I have been being in the mainstream of it all my life. I want to emphasize that I am (or I have been being) in the center (in ...
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1answer
24 views

“Has someone smoked” vs. “Has someone been smoking”

If I come into a room full of smoke, should I ask: A: "Has someone smoked here?" or: B: "Has someone been smoking here?" I can literally see the smoke, but the person who was smoking has ...
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1answer
36 views

present simple + recently

Today I got into argument with my colleague about the answer of below question. She claims both are possible but choice 2 is the better one saying that "economics is a branch of science and if we ...
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1answer
20 views

Present perfect been/ gone: to or in?

Do we ask Has he ever been to Germany? OR Has he ever gone to Germany? OR Has he ever been in Germany? Negative: He has never gone to Germany. OR He has never been in Germany. ...
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1answer
22 views

How to differentiate between got and receive

If I ask someone "have you got my email?", is it wrong? Or should I ask "have you received my email?" Which one is gramatically correct, and other than this scenario, how do we differentiate these ...
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1answer
58 views

How can that be correct: “Have you ever been fishing”?

In a british movie, two students in a boarding school are sitting in a classroom environment and are talking about their school and teacher. Student A: I wish the teacher would let us go fishing. ...
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8answers
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“My boss was furious with me and I have been fired” vs. “My boss was furious with me and I was fired”

I have a question and I hope you can help me. I've been learning English for many years but I'm still struggling with the difference between simple past and present perfect. For example this sentence ...
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1answer
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English studying tense

Accouncement:”BIKE RACE 9 a.m.-10 a.m” Someone said:„At 8 a.m. the race hadn’t started” Why someone used Past Perfect in this sentence? Accouncement:”SKI JUMPING COMPETITION 11 a.m.-1 p.m.” Someone ...
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1answer
38 views

Present perfect continuous for the verb to sign?

On the same exercise there is that sentence He has been signing up for a historical tour to exactly these places The reason of choosing the continuous form is that it is a temporary action. But ...
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30 views

Differences between “must have made”, “must have had made”, and “must have had”?

It must have made you cry! If I am remembering it correctly I have read this sentence in a drama book once and it made me think about it(if it is grammatically correct) and about other ways on how ...
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2answers
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Present Perfect and Present Continuous tenses in one sentence with only one subject

Are the tenses in this sentence correct: We have placed order for required parts and waiting to get them.
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2answers
41 views

Do I have to use the perfect infitnitive

I was taught, that if we had some action which can hhapen before some moment in the future, I had to use Perfect. For example: I will have done it by the morning. Some days ago I had to say a ...
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1answer
35 views

Perfect infinitive in the Future

Which is correct?: I will have had enough time to come by Monday I will have had enough time to have come by Monday I will have enough time to have come by Monday If all of them are ...
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3answers
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Is “If he had come tomorrow, I would have gone.” grammatically correct

Is this sentence grammatically correct? If he had come tomorrow, I would have gone. I am trying to convey that He will not come and I can't go. Does it convey the same meaning? Can "If +had ...
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2answers
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Future perfect progressive tense with 'if'

I would just like to ask if the part of the sentence marked bold is correct. My friend started her chemo yesterday and will be checked next month to know if she will have been responding well to ...
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1answer
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When…+present perfect [closed]

Is Susan does not live here,When I first came here three years ago, she has moved to another city. Or Susan does not live here,When I first came here three years ago, she had moved to another ...
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2answers
237 views

“Have never won” v/s “had never won”

In a book I found a sentence like this: The 2010 FIFA World Cup culminated in an epic final with two teams that have never won the World Cup. I'm wondering why have never won is used instead of ...
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1answer
146 views

Passive infinitive + verb third form

Which kind of stretchers is it. Passive infinitive + verb third form. As it is written here (may have been decimated). May have been is passive infinitive and decimated is verb third form.
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44 views

Can WANT be used with PERFECT INFINITIVE to refer to the past?

It seems that "I want to have seen you when I was in USA" is not very correct. However, I can see the sentences like: So I do feel some sympathy for him, some feeling toward him. I want him to have ...
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1answer
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To be or to have been

The parcel appears to have been opened before it was delivered. Could you let me know if it is possible to use 'to be opened' instead of 'to have been opened', and if not, why?
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2answers
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Present perfect and since

I learned that present perfect is used with “since” when we talk about duration, something began in the past and continues to the present, with non continuous verbs, like: I have known her since I ...
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1answer
44 views

what do you think about these 4 past perfects?

Gillian visited (to visit) her friend Ann in Hull. She went (to go) there by train. Before she arrived (to arrive), Gillian had fallen (to fall) asleep and nearly missed the station. After she had ...
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Is it possible to use past simple instead of past perfect in “…all the washing up HAD BEEN DONE…”?

There's the following sentence in my Grammar book: It was a lovely surprise to find that all the washing-up HAD BEEN DONE while I was asleep. The only answer mentioned in the answer key is past ...
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3answers
122 views

How about “When I saw Debbie, she had played golf”?

Oxford Guide to English Grammar; John Eastwood; Oxford University Press 1994-09 Page 94 Compare the past continuous and past perfect continuous. When I saw Debbie, she was playing golf. (I ...
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2answers
45 views

Is the textbook wrong?

Hi everyone. Thank you for clicking into my question page. In my exercise book, I have a question as follows: It_____and the streets were wet. A. has been raining B.rains C. has rained ...
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1answer
58 views

wrong subtitle in a film

In the film "Basse Normandie" of Simon Regiani and Patricia Mazuy, I saw this subtitle, is it possible I have been working while I wait for you I think it should be: while I was waiting or ...
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2answers
55 views

Why is the present perfect simple used in this sentence (and not the present perfect continuous)

I'm looking for some advice on why this sentence (from a FCE book) is in the the present perfect simple: I have spent ages preparing for the party. This sentence requires the use of the present ...
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2answers
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Never in the present perfect and the past perfect

After another grammar repetition, I started thinking about adverb 'never' in the present participle and past participle. The rules say that using 'never' in the tenses is possible, but what is the ...
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1answer
1k views

“is said to be” vs. “is said to have been” [closed]

Can we use both of variants and are they interchangeable? The house is said to have been built a century ago. The house is said to be built a century ago.
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1answer
5k views

“they got married” vs “they have got married”

Is They got married the same as They have got married Is word "have" is ommited from the first sentence? But both have the same meaning. If not, why is got used with an adjective "married"?
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4answers
678 views

Why is it “He has appeared in several films” instead of “He appeared”?

I have seen this sentence in an English book. My brother is an actor. He has appeared in several films. I can't find out that why we use present perfect here. Can someone explain it, please? I ...
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1answer
34 views

Which is the gerund and participle?

What is compound gerund and how would I separate them from perfect participles? Like I heard of his having gained a promotion He went away having forgotten it
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Can I use present perfect in this context?

After finishing my homework I will check for the mistakes that I have made I'm skeptical about if I can use present perfect in this context and besides with conjunction can present perfect be used ...
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2answers
45 views

Improve the bracketed part of the sentence

Last week Tim went camping with his friends. They seemed (to have a good time). To having a good time. To have had a good time. To be having a good time. No improvement. ...
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1answer
436 views

Using “had just arrived”

I had just arrived at the hotel, checked in and gotten into my room. here, the reason we say "had arrived" is because we want to show the order, the series of actions, right? So arriving at the hotel ...
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2answers
58 views

Have and =Have been

What is difference between the two sentence below? I have delivered the file yesterday I have been delivered the file yesterday
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2k views

What is the difference between “I am always busy” and “I have always been busy”?

Here is the question: Someone says: "Anyhow, I'd never have time to watch it." Which of the following choice could be correctly added to the sentence? A) because I was always busy ...
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1answer
52 views

“I have had this book for 10 years' or ”I have this book for 10 years"

Good day. Can I say "I have had this book for 10 years" if I want to say that I got the book 10 years ago and I have this book right now and i will have it in the future? Or should I say "I have ...
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1answer
74 views

When the guests had finished their soup they were brought plates of salad

When the guests had finished their soup they were brought plates of salad. But what if I say: When the guests finished their soup they were brought plates of salad. Which one is more ...
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2answers
93 views

Use of past perfect tense without before-and-after events

I have problem with understanding why we have put this sentence in the past perfect tense. Harold had known about it for a while There is no two actions one happened before the other like when we ...
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2answers
3k views

Have been trying or have tried?

Which of the following sentences is correct? For nearly 30 years he has tried to persuade the Commission to let him walk across the Falls. At last he has been granted permission. For nearly 30 years ...
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1answer
324 views

“would you be surprised” vs “would you have been surprised”

Which of the following is right grammatically? And why? Would you be surprised if I had arrived yesterday without letting you know beforehand? Would you have been surprised if I had arrived ...
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1answer
1k views

“have been reading” vs “have read”

Is that valid to say: I've been reading 3 books this week. Is this sentence grammatically correct?, I know that it is better to say I've read 3 books this week, But Is it grammatical to say the ...
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1answer
481 views

Is it correct to say 'I have been waiting for you for an hour, and I am leaving now'?

I am pretty sure this statement is wrong, and I'd better use 'have waited for you for an hour', that is I got annoyed and now I am determined to leave. But, please dispel my doubts whether this may ...