Questions tagged [perfect-constructions]

Perfect constructions employ a form of HAVE as an auxiliary and the past participle of a lexical verb to express past events as a current state.

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34 views

Which tense should l use?

"You are late! I have waited for 20 minutes" Or "You are late! I waited for 20 minutes" We are told if you see "for+ specific time" you should use present perfect so the first one must be true. ...
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Soon with Past Perfect

Can I use “soon” in the following manner? I had some garlic at lunch and smelled bad. But thankfully, the smell has soon worn off, and I smell fine now.
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She hoped to have done

I saw a sentence She hoped to have done Or a sentence, created with the same structure. I don'tunderstand how it works. Then I saw a full version of it: She hoped that she had done So, it's like a ...
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It is able to be possible/ She is able to have drunk

If "can" and "be able to" are interchangable sometimes, for example: She can speak Latin = She is able to speak Latin Can "be able to" be used instead of "can" in: She can't have drunk that much ...
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Could have - Would have been able - Could have been able

Is there any difference between: I could have done it I would have been able to do it I could have been able to do it I think the third one is excessive because it has two the same elements of ...
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Can/Could have done = Can/Could it be so that

I recently saw such a phrase: I can have done it Can it be a contraction of It can be so that I have done it ? The same with I could have done it = It could be so that I had done it Or these ...
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Could have escaped VS Couldn't have escaped

I am stuck with perfect infinitive: I could have done = I had a posisibility to do but I didn't Then conversely it should mean I couldn't have done = I didn't have a posisibility to do but I did it ...
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“Julie has cooked dinner Let's go and eat!” (PrPerf vs PrPerfCont)

Is it OK to use Present Perfect Continuous here, just like with "have you been crying? Your eyes are wet!" (crying-result-tears) ===>"Julie has been cooking, Let's go and eat!"(cooking-result-baked ...
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Difference between “I had already ordered” and “I already ordered”

I forgot that I had already ordered this book when I received it today. I forgot that I already ordered this book when I received it today. Think both are correct. The first means that the order ...
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Why can't I use Present Perfect Continuous or vice versa Present Perfect forms in these sentences?

He has traveled so much recently that we have not managed to see each other much and I have met someone else. (why not "has been traveling") I have been eating fish and fruit since I got here. (...
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Did you notice that I had changed some passages/I changed some passages in my article?

Context: I sent one of my articles to a friend of mine a week ago and yesterday I resent it with some corrections. So, today I am talking to my friend on the phone and ask: 1 - Did you notice that ...
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“I have lived…” talking about the past

My student said "My sister has lived in China", and of course I thought she still lived there, but then he said "now she lives in England", I said, "but you said she has lived in China, which means ...
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Perfect Forms Of State Verbs

We use perfect to denote our finished,fulfilled actions for example. I have done my homework İt implies that the action has been achieved,fulfilled and now my homework is done. I have been here for ...
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is past perfect continuous used in this case to emphasize the cause of something

We did not drink very much at all (one vodka each) but other young people had been drinking heavily all evening. Some of the dancers looked quite drunk. I don't understand why it is past perfect ...
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hadn’t felt / hadn’t been feeling (in context)

Question with an assignment. Instructions: Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. Use the Past Simple, Past Perfect Simple, Past Perfect Continuous. Mum ...
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Did you ever go? or Have you ever been?

Which answers would you pick as correct? Is it possible that both (Did you ever go/ Have you ever been?) are correct? A: France is the best country I've ever been. Did you ever go/ Have you ever ...
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We had been dating

I have a friend practicing English. He asked this: "We had been dating for three years before we had married". And, "I have been studying English since I have met Sally": Are these both usages right? ...
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61 views

Can present perfect be used for events occurred long time ago?

I had a discussion with my mate about the usage of present perfect tense, and he raised the point that it can only be used for recent past events. First off, it's illogical, because we can't agree ...
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“He found the bicycle that he had lost yesterday.” Past perfect with yesterday?

He found the bicycle that he had lost yesterday. Is this sentence correct? If so, which is the intended meaning: He lost the bicycle yesterday and he found it after that. He lost the bicycle ...
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206 views

Understanding “haven’t got very far” in this sentence

When I saw this sentence, there seems to be something weird to me. I got this sentence from Oxford Learner’s Dictionaries, entry number 17. I haven't got very far with the book I'm reading. 'Got' ...
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When + Past Perfect

Does Past Perfect sound good here? This sentence is from the book, but I am not sure why we need Past Perfect here. It would make more sense to use Past Simple there. He must, he thought, have ...
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What is the origin of perfect continous?

I know we use present perfect tense for past actions which have present effects. We use it for unfinished actions which started in the past and still continuing as well. I have observed that we use ...
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2answers
205 views

Correct error in perfect tense

I'm self-studying English and in an exercise I'm asked to correct the errors in perfect tense of a series of sentences. One of them is the following Supposing they would have got married, wouldn't ...
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“Since they partnered up they have made a lot of money”

Since they partnered up they have made a lot of money. Or should it be Since they had partnered up they have made a lot of money. because first they partnered up and only then they have made a ...
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132 views

Present Perfect Tense with State Verbs

Can I use the Present Perfect SIMPLE with State Verbs like “Thought” and “Know”? Like, for example, “I’ve thought you were my friend” and “I’ve known she was nice.” Can I use it? If I can’t, why?
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Using present perfect continuous

One of the uses of present perfect continuous is: One continuing event We use the present perfect continuous for a single activity that began at a point in the past and is still continuing: ...
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Past Perfect tense in “if clause” type 3

"If he had come here yesterday at 5 p.m., he might have seen his sister." What does this sentence mean and which situation do I imagine with this sentence? Do I imagine the situation that he came ...
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“If” Clause, Type 3, and Perfect Tense

"If he had come yesterday, he might have seen his sister." This sentence implies he didn't come yesterday and didn't see his sister. "If he has come YESTERDAY, he may have seen his sister." İ ...
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Which version of the word “dry” is suitable to question about the next step of instructions

Which one of these sentence is correct? 1) What do we need to do after we have dry our body? 2) What do we need to do after we have dried our body?
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Uncertain about future perfect

I'm trying to better acquaint myself with the future perfect tense, and I wanted to ask if the following sentence makes correct use of it: I believe the pressure to impeach President Trump would ...
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Tenses in English

Sandra finds her mobile phone very useful. She uses it all the time She has been using it all the time. Which one is correct in the second sentence? Please tell me!
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“be in love” vs. “fall in love” in a perfect construction

Which one is correct grammatically? I've been in love with you ever since I saw you I've fallen in love with you ever since I saw you
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Grammaticality and past perfect tense

Let's say there are two summers. Summer of 2012, summer of 2011. And summer of 2012 was bad time, whereas the summer of 2012 is the best summer I've had. Now, if I put it this way. "I knew that ...
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I want to have come there by the evening

I am a little confused with Perfect infinitives: I will have come there by the evening It's an action which will have happened before some moment in the future . Our moment here is "the evening". ...
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Past perfect / present perfect

Which one is correct? I had wet. I had got wet. I have wet. I have got wet.
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270 views

What is the difference between “have interviewed” and “are interviewing” in this sentence?

Could you please explain the difference in meaning in the following sentences. The detectives have interviewed two people this week. The detectives are interviewing two people this week. ...
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Replacement of “in” with “to”

Should I always replace "in" for "to" in Perfect Sentences after "to be" forms? I have been TO America\TO the party He said he had been TO America\TO the party When she comes he will have been TO ...
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What is better: I'm (I have been being) in the middle of it all my life [duplicate]

What is better: I'm in the mainstream of it all my life. OR I have been being in the mainstream of it all my life. I want to emphasize that I am (or I have been being) in the center (in ...
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124 views

“Has someone smoked” vs. “Has someone been smoking”

If I come into a room full of smoke, should I ask: A: "Has someone smoked here?" or: B: "Has someone been smoking here?" I can literally see the smoke, but the person who was smoking has ...
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42 views

present simple + recently

Today I got into argument with my colleague about the answer of below question. She claims both are possible but choice 2 is the better one saying that "economics is a branch of science and if we ...
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Present perfect been/ gone: to or in?

Do we ask Has he ever been to Germany? OR Has he ever gone to Germany? OR Has he ever been in Germany? Negative: He has never gone to Germany. OR He has never been in Germany. ...
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How to differentiate between got and receive

If I ask someone "have you got my email?", is it wrong? Or should I ask "have you received my email?" Which one is gramatically correct, and other than this scenario, how do we differentiate these ...
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How can that be correct: “Have you ever been fishing”?

In a british movie, two students in a boarding school are sitting in a classroom environment and are talking about their school and teacher. Student A: I wish the teacher would let us go fishing. ...
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“My boss was furious with me and I have been fired” vs. “My boss was furious with me and I was fired”

I have a question and I hope you can help me. I've been learning English for many years but I'm still struggling with the difference between simple past and present perfect. For example this sentence ...
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English studying tense

Accouncement:”BIKE RACE 9 a.m.-10 a.m” Someone said:„At 8 a.m. the race hadn’t started” Why someone used Past Perfect in this sentence? Accouncement:”SKI JUMPING COMPETITION 11 a.m.-1 p.m.” Someone ...
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Present perfect continuous for the verb to sign?

On the same exercise there is that sentence He has been signing up for a historical tour to exactly these places The reason of choosing the continuous form is that it is a temporary action. But ...
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Present Perfect and Present Continuous tenses in one sentence with only one subject

Are the tenses in this sentence correct: We have placed order for required parts and waiting to get them.
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63 views

Do I have to use the perfect infitnitive

I was taught, that if we had some action which can hhapen before some moment in the future, I had to use Perfect. For example: I will have done it by the morning. Some days ago I had to say a ...
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Perfect infinitive in the Future

Which is correct?: I will have had enough time to come by Monday I will have had enough time to have come by Monday I will have enough time to have come by Monday If all of them are ...
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Is “If he had come tomorrow, I would have gone.” grammatically correct

Is this sentence grammatically correct? If he had come tomorrow, I would have gone. I am trying to convey that He will not come and I can't go. Does it convey the same meaning? Can "If +had ...

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