Questions tagged [perfect-constructions]

Perfect constructions employ a form of HAVE as an auxiliary and the past participle of a lexical verb to express past events as a current state.

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“Has someone smoked” vs. “Has someone been smoking”

If I come into a room full of smoke, should I ask: A: "Has someone smoked here?" or: B: "Has someone been smoking here?" I can literally see the smoke, but the person who was smoking has ...
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“He found the bicycle that he had lost yesterday.” Past perfect with yesterday?

He found the bicycle that he had lost yesterday. Is this sentence correct? If so, which is the intended meaning: He lost the bicycle yesterday and he found it after that. He lost the bicycle ...
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Present Perfect Tense with State Verbs

Can I use the Present Perfect SIMPLE with State Verbs like “Thought” and “Know”? Like, for example, “I’ve thought you were my friend” and “I’ve known she was nice.” Can I use it? If I can’t, why?
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Understanding “haven’t got very far” in this sentence

When I saw this sentence, there seems to be something weird to me. I got this sentence from Oxford Learner’s Dictionaries, entry number 17. I haven't got very far with the book I'm reading. 'Got' ...
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21 views

When + Past Perfect

Does Past Perfect sound good here? This sentence is from the book, but I am not sure why we need Past Perfect here. It would make more sense to use Past Simple there. He must, he thought, have ...
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What is the origin of perfect continous?

I know we use present perfect tense for past actions which have present effects. We use it for unfinished actions which started in the past and still continuing as well. I have observed that we use ...
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2answers
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Correct error in perfect tense

I'm self-studying English and in an exercise I'm asked to correct the errors in perfect tense of a series of sentences. One of them is the following Supposing they would have got married, wouldn't ...
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4answers
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The use of the Future Perfect Continuous Passive in 'The apples will have been being eaten by him'

The apples will have been being eaten by him. This sentence above was offered in my English class as an example of the future perfect continuous tense. This seems to me too awkward to be correct. ...
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2answers
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To be or to have been

The parcel appears to have been opened before it was delivered. Could you let me know if it is possible to use 'to be opened' instead of 'to have been opened', and if not, why?
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Improve the bracketed part of the sentence

Last week Tim went camping with his friends. They seemed (to have a good time). To having a good time. To have had a good time. To be having a good time. No improvement. ...
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Is it possible to use past simple instead of past perfect in “…all the washing up HAD BEEN DONE…”?

There's the following sentence in my Grammar book: It was a lovely surprise to find that all the washing-up HAD BEEN DONE while I was asleep. The only answer mentioned in the answer key is past ...
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Using “when” with Present Perfect

I have never heard that we could use "when" with Perfect tenses especially with Present Perfect before. We use Past Simple when we are talking about the time. But today I have found one example: ...
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“Since they partnered up they have made a lot of money”

Since they partnered up they have made a lot of money. Or should it be Since they had partnered up they have made a lot of money. because first they partnered up and only then they have made a ...
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Past Perfect tense in “if clause” type 3

"If he had come here yesterday at 5 p.m., he might have seen his sister." What does this sentence mean and which situation do I imagine with this sentence? Do I imagine the situation that he came ...
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63 views

done / having been done + once

Having been chased by street dogs once, he doesn't dare to take that path. An example relating to "___ (tell) many times, he still made the same mistakes" form http://forum.wordreference.com/threads/...
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Which version of the word “dry” is suitable to question about the next step of instructions

Which one of these sentence is correct? 1) What do we need to do after we have dry our body? 2) What do we need to do after we have dried our body?
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Do I have to use the perfect infitnitive

I was taught, that if we had some action which can hhapen before some moment in the future, I had to use Perfect. For example: I will have done it by the morning. Some days ago I had to say a ...
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“Had been + ing” or “have been + ing”

I’ve learned to use present perfect continuous for an action that began in past and is still continuing and past perfect continuous for an action that began in past and ended in past too before ...
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Using present perfect continuous

One of the uses of present perfect continuous is: One continuing event We use the present perfect continuous for a single activity that began at a point in the past and is still continuing: ...
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had been and the day before

Are the following sentences grammatically correct? He asked me if I was depressed the day before. He asked me if I had been depressed the day before. Please explain. Thanks!
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“If” Clause, Type 3, and Perfect Tense

"If he had come yesterday, he might have seen his sister." This sentence implies he didn't come yesterday and didn't see his sister. "If he has come YESTERDAY, he may have seen his sister." İ ...
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Uncertain about future perfect

I'm trying to better acquaint myself with the future perfect tense, and I wanted to ask if the following sentence makes correct use of it: I believe the pressure to impeach President Trump would ...
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2answers
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Future perfect usage. Is the sentence correct?

When will you have collected enough money? I am talking about the time in future when you have collected enough money... I guess future perfect should be used here.
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Sentence construction in reported speech

Is the sentence construction below correct for reported speech? A woman has complained to the police that her husband had mailed her an instant triple talaq on a Rs 100 stamp paper after months ...
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Tenses in English

Sandra finds her mobile phone very useful. She uses it all the time She has been using it all the time. Which one is correct in the second sentence? Please tell me!
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Grammaticality and past perfect tense

Let's say there are two summers. Summer of 2012, summer of 2011. And summer of 2012 was bad time, whereas the summer of 2012 is the best summer I've had. Now, if I put it this way. "I knew that ...
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Should I write “expertise I will have gained” or “expertise I have gained”?

"Using the teachings, skills and expertise I have gained through this course I’d like to produce..." Do I need to add "I will have gained here" or rather not? Even though skills are not yet acquired,...
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“be in love” vs. “fall in love” in a perfect construction

Which one is correct grammatically? I've been in love with you ever since I saw you I've fallen in love with you ever since I saw you
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“my being” vs. “my having been” (in my younger days)

I am having trouble with a practice exam question. Here is the text from the question: The good fortune of (my being/my having been?) your student in my younger days has helped me greatly in my ...
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I want to have come there by the evening

I am a little confused with Perfect infinitives: I will have come there by the evening It's an action which will have happened before some moment in the future . Our moment here is "the evening". ...
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Present perfect been/ gone: to or in?

Do we ask Has he ever been to Germany? OR Has he ever gone to Germany? OR Has he ever been in Germany? Negative: He has never gone to Germany. OR He has never been in Germany. ...
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“read and accepted” or “read and accept”?

Is this phrase correct? By purchasing this product, you certify that you have read and accepted the Privacy Policy and Terms and Conditions... Is it just me or it feels like "read and accepted" ...
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Past perfect / present perfect

Which one is correct? I had wet. I had got wet. I have wet. I have got wet.
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What is the difference between “have interviewed” and “are interviewing” in this sentence?

Could you please explain the difference in meaning in the following sentences. The detectives have interviewed two people this week. The detectives are interviewing two people this week. ...
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Replacement of “in” with “to”

Should I always replace "in" for "to" in Perfect Sentences after "to be" forms? I have been TO America\TO the party He said he had been TO America\TO the party When she comes he will have been TO ...
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What is better: I'm (I have been being) in the middle of it all my life [duplicate]

What is better: I'm in the mainstream of it all my life. OR I have been being in the mainstream of it all my life. I want to emphasize that I am (or I have been being) in the center (in ...
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How can that be correct: “Have you ever been fishing”?

In a british movie, two students in a boarding school are sitting in a classroom environment and are talking about their school and teacher. Student A: I wish the teacher would let us go fishing. ...
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present simple + recently

Today I got into argument with my colleague about the answer of below question. She claims both are possible but choice 2 is the better one saying that "economics is a branch of science and if we ...
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English studying tense

Accouncement:”BIKE RACE 9 a.m.-10 a.m” Someone said:„At 8 a.m. the race hadn’t started” Why someone used Past Perfect in this sentence? Accouncement:”SKI JUMPING COMPETITION 11 a.m.-1 p.m.” Someone ...
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wrong subtitle in a film

In the film "Basse Normandie" of Simon Regiani and Patricia Mazuy, I saw this subtitle, is it possible I have been working while I wait for you I think it should be: while I was waiting or ...
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When should I use “didn't” instead of “haven't”?

Is haven't supposed to mean something I may still do and didn't not? Can I use didn't for something I might still do?
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How to differentiate between got and receive

If I ask someone "have you got my email?", is it wrong? Or should I ask "have you received my email?" Which one is gramatically correct, and other than this scenario, how do we differentiate these ...
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“My boss was furious with me and I have been fired” vs. “My boss was furious with me and I was fired”

I have a question and I hope you can help me. I've been learning English for many years but I'm still struggling with the difference between simple past and present perfect. For example this sentence ...
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“Have questions”, how to use the correct sentence to feedback “Have they finished painting the office yet?”

How to response Q&A Question sentence : Have they finished painting the office yet? Answers: 1. Yes, they finished yesterday. 2. No, he's still painting the ...
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Present perfect continuous for the verb to sign?

On the same exercise there is that sentence He has been signing up for a historical tour to exactly these places The reason of choosing the continuous form is that it is a temporary action. But ...
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Differences between “must have made”, “must have had made”, and “must have had”?

It must have made you cry! If I am remembering it correctly I have read this sentence in a drama book once and it made me think about it(if it is grammatically correct) and about other ways on how ...
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551 views

There is no big difference between reacting after 6h and after 20h

The context: It's like there are two reactions and one has reacted for 6h while the other one has reacted for 20h. But there is no difference between them. I want to say There is no big difference ...
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Present Perfect and Present Continuous tenses in one sentence with only one subject

Are the tenses in this sentence correct: We have placed order for required parts and waiting to get them.
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Perfect infinitive in the Future

Which is correct?: I will have had enough time to come by Monday I will have had enough time to have come by Monday I will have enough time to have come by Monday If all of them are ...
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Is “If he had come tomorrow, I would have gone.” grammatically correct

Is this sentence grammatically correct? If he had come tomorrow, I would have gone. I am trying to convey that He will not come and I can't go. Does it convey the same meaning? Can "If +had ...