Questions tagged [perfect-constructions]

Perfect constructions employ a form of HAVE as an auxiliary and the past participle of a lexical verb to express past events as a current state.

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Is it corect : I had been thinking , in my case?

Is it correct: I thought about killing myself for a couple of hours after I swallowed the pill. or I have to change in : I had been thinking of killing myself for a couple of hours after I swallowed ...
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Do these sentences mean the same: "He has been found not guilty" and "He has not been found guilty"

He has been found "not guilty". He has not been found guilty. In terms of daily life, both sentences mean the same. Although the first sentence seems to be correct in terms of grammar, I ...
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Present perfect or past perfect in a (specific) sentence?

I start with the assumption that the following sentence is correct. John told me that his father had been ill since Christmas. My question is whether the above sentence can also accommodate the ...
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What is perfect for a stative verb?

I have been struggling with understanding perfect tense since I started learning English. This is what I have learned so far: It is generally said that if an action happened in the past but it has ...
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past perfect to emphasize a contrast

the Byrds were now a family friends. Joan again "I remember meeting them inside Ciro's - at first they had seemed older than the English groups. But up close it was clear that they were very ...
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It would have been a good idea for him to have gone

It would have been a good idea for him to have gone to that school. Does sentence (1) alone provide sufficient information for the reader/listener to assume that "he" didn't in fact go to ...
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She has written novels vs. a novel

When someone says "She has written a novel", the salient interpretation is that the writing is complete: the whole situation is interpreted perfectively. However, I think it is also possible ...
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The United Kingdom had its coldest April night since 2018

Normally, you'd need the present perfect (or the past perfect) when accompanied by since, as in: The United Kingdom has had more than 1 million diagnosed cases of the coronavirus since the start of ...
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Is it possible to use past simple instead of past perfect in "...all the washing up HAD BEEN DONE..."?

There's the following sentence in my Grammar book: It was a lovely surprise to find that all the washing-up HAD BEEN DONE while I was asleep. The only answer mentioned in the answer key is past ...
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Left or had left? Older brother Tai Shan left/ had left the zoo for China in 2010

Her mother, Mei Xiang, gave birth to her first cub, Tai Shan, in 2005, but failed to get pregnant for years. Then, a cub born in 2012 didn’t survive. Mei Xiang has since had a third surviving cub, Bei ...
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It was several years since I had been travelling that road

Tell me please, do I understand correctly that we use "since" with the past tense, but we must only use "that" with perfect sentences like this: "It was several years since I ...
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why use "had had" instead of just using "had" in this context?

excerpt from a text: "He’d had a complicated childhood and was especially close to his brother, with whom he works. Friends suggested he was cheating. But I knew he was just trapped in an all-...
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have been painting vs was painting

Situation: Yesterday I painted half of my room (for any reason I'm not going to continue, maybe I've broken my leg). A friend of mine comes into the room the next day. He says: What's the smell? Which ...
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Do I have to use the perfect infinitive

I was taught that if we had some action which can happen before some moment in the future, I had to use Perfect. For example: I will have done it by the morning. Some days ago I had to say a ...
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Perfect tenses after since

guys! Can you please explain the use of two perfect tenses in one sentence with 'since'? The sentence is original and is taken from R.J. Palacio's book 'Wonder': "It had been a long time since I'...
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Past Perfect tense in "if clause" type 3

"If he had come here yesterday at 5 p.m., he might have seen his sister." What does this sentence mean and which situation do I imagine with this sentence? Do I imagine the situation that he came ...
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Perfect Forms Of State Verbs

We use perfect to denote our finished,fulfilled actions for example. I have done my homework İt implies that the action has been achieved,fulfilled and now my homework is done. I have been here for ...
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The present perfect semantics

How could these explanations be understood? McCoard (1978) (and also Sorensen, 1964: 78) takes great pains to disprove that 'He has died' means 'He is dead', a line of reasoning which he qualifies as &...
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Passive perfect tense.. Do both sentences have the same meaning?

Older versions of Google Chrome have been detected multiple vulnerabilities. Multiple Vulnerabilities have been detected in old version of Chrome. Do both sentences have the same meaning?
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done / having been done + once

Having been chased by street dogs once, he doesn't dare to take that path. An example relating to "___ (tell) many times, he still made the same mistakes" form http://forum.wordreference.com/threads/...
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She hoped to have done

I saw a sentence She hoped to have done Or a sentence, created with the same structure. I don'tunderstand how it works. Then I saw a full version of it: She hoped that she had done So, it's like a ...
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When + Past Perfect

Does Past Perfect sound good here? This sentence is from the book, but I am not sure why we need Past Perfect here. It would make more sense to use Past Simple there. He must, he thought, have ...
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“Had been + ing” or “have been + ing”

I’ve learned to use present perfect continuous for an action that began in past and is still continuing and past perfect continuous for an action that began in past and ended in past too before ...
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Have been trying or have tried?

Which of the following sentences is correct? For nearly 30 years he has tried to persuade the Commission to let him walk across the Falls. At last he has been granted permission. For nearly 30 years ...
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Why is it "have you gone to the gym" instead of "have you been to the gym"?

I would really appreciate it if you could help me with the following sentences: How many times have you gone to the gym this month? Have you ever gone to a game? I have double checked the ...
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Could you explain the usage of "would + perfect infinitive" in this example?

— Did you have anything to do with the things that were put on the wall there? — No, that would've been Sam. I've always seen would've been in conditional sentences, as in "If you were smarter, ...
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I've been to Japan many times since 2010

I've been to Japan many times since 2010. I've gone to Japan a few times since 2020. Are the two sentences both correct? In these sentences, does "been to" mean the same as "gone to&...
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Present perfect been/ gone: to or in?

Do we ask Has he ever been to Germany? OR Has he ever gone to Germany? OR Has he ever been in Germany? Negative: He has never gone to Germany. OR He has never been in Germany. ...
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I haven't been to the gym since June

I know it is right to say "I've gone to or been to the gym many times since June" according to the answers to my other recent question. But if I want to use the negative form, do both ...
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Is there any difference: "I had an accident." and "I have been in an accident."

I had an accident. I have been in an accident. Although the first sentence seems more common, today I have come across the second sentence and got suprised. I checked online and saw it frequently used ...
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Present perfect for actions that are still ongoing or have just finished

Can present perfect be used in the following situations? Present perfect continuous is the usual choice, but do native speakers use present perfect simple too? "It has rained for two hours" ...
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About present perfect continuous tense and present perfect tense

A : How much have we spent on food this week B : A lot. In A’s sentence, if ‘this week’ would be ‘for this week’ then, could I use the present perfect continuous tense? Instead of ‘have we spent’. For ...
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Past Simple or Past Perfect? Why do we use them this way in the quote?

Here is a quote from "To Kill a Mockingbird": When enough years had gone by to enable us to look back on them, we sometimes discussed the events leading to his accident. I maintain that the ...
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Emphasizing a Sentence in Perfect Tense

If we want to emphasize the predicate of a simple tense sentence, we only need to add the auxiliary verb “do” (or “did”). Example: I came here. I did come here. (emphasized) However, what can we do ...
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Is it okay to use present perfect in this sentence?

You've seen how it happened. So, you're the next that they will come for. Is it okay to use "have seen" in this sentence, or would past simple be more acceptable? I'm not sure which is ...
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Present Perfect or Simple Past for hypothetical situations?

I wonder what verb tense I should use when I'm making hypothetical sentences. For instance: Imagine you're writing a book with an intention in mind, and when people read your work, they get a ...
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What does this sentence imply? Past Simple

"I learned English 2 years ago". What does it imply? Like a fact: I did learning at some time 2 years ago or I finished learning English 2 years ago? As far as I know it means the first ...
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"Who's been here" vs "Who was here" [closed]

"Who's been here?" "Who was here" What's the difference between these sentences and when should I use them? And what "i've been here" means by itself?
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Why can't I use Present Perfect Continuous or vice versa Present Perfect forms in these sentences?

He has traveled so much recently that we have not managed to see each other much and I have met someone else. (why not "has been traveling") I have been eating fish and fruit since I got here. (...
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Use of the present perfect simple by persons in authority making a report

I read this report, made by a senior coroner at an inquest, and I wondered whether it has become common for the present perfect simple to be used in this way? "She had been missing for a few days ...
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"read and accepted" or "read and accept"?

Is this phrase correct? By purchasing this product, you certify that you have read and accepted the Privacy Policy and Terms and Conditions... Is it just me or it feels like "read and accepted" ...
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Present perfect (has/has been) [duplicate]

Just when I think I have understood Perfect tenses, something comes up and I just can't get my head around it. In my book it says that: We can also use the present perfect for states. 1. The shop has ...
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"I have completed" versus "I had completed"

I completed all the tasks assigned. How to convey this ? I have completed all the tasks. or I had completed all the tasks. Which one is correct ?
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Understanding “haven’t got very far” in this sentence

When I saw this sentence, there seems to be something weird to me. I got this sentence from Oxford Learner’s Dictionaries, entry number 17. I haven't got very far with the book I'm reading. 'Got' ...
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What is this "would have had to"?

This stranger talked to me. Usually, I would have had to think something bad would happen. But I followed him. (One Day in NY) BY Pat Mathew What does the phrase "would have had to" mean in ...
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why "has been telling" and not "has told"?

good morning,can someone explain the difference in this sentence I came across recently: "The point of both is say that the writer has been telling the truth". I found it on this site when ...
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usage of 'having been + past participle'

Is it okay to use 'Having been+third form' as the reduction of Passive Relative Clause in Simple Past Tense in order to put more emphasis? The actor who was chosen for the role is looking for a ...
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Can I use “has been” or “have been” if I’ve done something for a long time, and plan on continuing it in the future?

Can I use “has been” or “have been” if I’ve done something for a long time, and plan on continuing it in the future? First example: I have been doing this for a week. Does the above sentence ...
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I’ve been traveling quite a bit since we saw each other last Christmas [closed]

I’ve been traveling quite a bit since we saw each other last Christmas. I’ve travelled quite a bit since we saw each other last Christmas. He’s been spending a lot of time at the gym. He’s spent a ...
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Perfect participle of " While Studying late at night, he fell asleep" [closed]

Would it be: Having studied late at night, he slept. Or something else?

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