Questions tagged [perfect-constructions]

Perfect constructions employ a form of HAVE as an auxiliary and the past participle of a lexical verb to express past events as a current state.

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To be or to have been

The parcel appears to have been opened before it was delivered. Could you let me know if it is possible to use 'to be opened' instead of 'to have been opened', and if not, why?
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Future perfect usage. Is the sentence correct?

When will you have collected enough money? I am talking about the time in future when you have collected enough money... I guess future perfect should be used here.
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Is it possible to use past simple instead of past perfect in “…all the washing up HAD BEEN DONE…”?

There's the following sentence in my Grammar book: It was a lovely surprise to find that all the washing-up HAD BEEN DONE while I was asleep. The only answer mentioned in the answer key is past ...
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1answer
88 views

“Had been + ing” or “have been + ing”

I’ve learned to use present perfect continuous for an action that began in past and is still continuing and past perfect continuous for an action that began in past and ended in past too before ...
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1answer
653 views

Should I write “expertise I will have gained” or “expertise I have gained”?

"Using the teachings, skills and expertise I have gained through this course I’d like to produce..." Do I need to add "I will have gained here" or rather not? Even though skills are not yet acquired,...
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1answer
55 views

Understanding “haven’t got very far” in this sentence

When I saw this sentence, there seems to be something weird to me. I got this sentence from Oxford Learner’s Dictionaries, entry number 17. I haven't got very far with the book I'm reading. 'Got' ...
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1answer
21 views

When + Past Perfect

Does Past Perfect sound good here? This sentence is from the book, but I am not sure why we need Past Perfect here. It would make more sense to use Past Simple there. He must, he thought, have ...
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1answer
37 views

What is the origin of perfect continous?

I know we use present perfect tense for past actions which have present effects. We use it for unfinished actions which started in the past and still continuing as well. I have observed that we use ...
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1answer
25 views

Present Perfect Tense with State Verbs

Can I use the Present Perfect SIMPLE with State Verbs like “Thought” and “Know”? Like, for example, “I’ve thought you were my friend” and “I’ve known she was nice.” Can I use it? If I can’t, why?
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Past Perfect tense in “if clause” type 3

"If he had come here yesterday at 5 p.m., he might have seen his sister." What does this sentence mean and which situation do I imagine with this sentence? Do I imagine the situation that he came ...
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20 views

Uncertain about future perfect

I'm trying to better acquaint myself with the future perfect tense, and I wanted to ask if the following sentence makes correct use of it: I believe the pressure to impeach President Trump would ...
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I want to have come there by the evening

I am a little confused with Perfect infinitives: I will have come there by the evening It's an action which will have happened before some moment in the future . Our moment here is "the evening". ...
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23 views

Past perfect / present perfect

Which one is correct? I had wet. I had got wet. I have wet. I have got wet.
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28 views

Replacement of “in” with “to”

Should I always replace "in" for "to" in Perfect Sentences after "to be" forms? I have been TO America\TO the party He said he had been TO America\TO the party When she comes he will have been TO ...
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39 views

“Has someone smoked” vs. “Has someone been smoking”

If I come into a room full of smoke, should I ask: A: "Has someone smoked here?" or: B: "Has someone been smoking here?" I can literally see the smoke, but the person who was smoking has ...
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45 views

Differences between “must have made”, “must have had made”, and “must have had”?

It must have made you cry! If I am remembering it correctly I have read this sentence in a drama book once and it made me think about it(if it is grammatically correct) and about other ways on how ...
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2answers
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Do I have to use the perfect infitnitive

I was taught, that if we had some action which can hhapen before some moment in the future, I had to use Perfect. For example: I will have done it by the morning. Some days ago I had to say a ...
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57 views

Improve the bracketed part of the sentence

Last week Tim went camping with his friends. They seemed (to have a good time). To having a good time. To have had a good time. To be having a good time. No improvement. ...
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1answer
63 views

done / having been done + once

Having been chased by street dogs once, he doesn't dare to take that path. An example relating to "___ (tell) many times, he still made the same mistakes" form http://forum.wordreference.com/threads/...
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96 views

had been and the day before

Are the following sentences grammatically correct? He asked me if I was depressed the day before. He asked me if I had been depressed the day before. Please explain. Thanks!
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1answer
819 views

“my being” vs. “my having been” (in my younger days)

I am having trouble with a practice exam question. Here is the text from the question: The good fortune of (my being/my having been?) your student in my younger days has helped me greatly in my ...
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Could be better or…? Usage of a perfect infinitive

The essay is not bad, but could be better or could have been better? The essay was written a few days ago, but is being discussed and edited right now. Which form is correct?
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This war has begun in the context of the crisis in Chavismo politics

This war has begun in the context of the crisis in Chavismo politics now marked by the lack of food, medicine and money for the people. Source: https://thewire.in/171850/venezuela-crisis-populism/ ...
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Should I revise translated sentences (Present Perfect Continuos)

The first excerpt is: A man ner the window is looking at us. - Yeah, and what of it? - I've been meeting him at the library lately. In this case "lately" inmplies the process of meeting as a ...
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5k views

Could ever imagine and could ever have imagined

Please tell me the difference between the following sentences and also when to use them. That was the best thing I could ever have imagined. That was the best thing I could imagine. This is the ...
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1answer
22 views

“Since they partnered up they have made a lot of money”

Since they partnered up they have made a lot of money. Or should it be Since they had partnered up they have made a lot of money. because first they partnered up and only then they have made a ...
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1answer
675 views

Since + past perfect continuous

I have read some examples in different dictionaries with the word "since". They all give the examples in either the present perfect or the present perfect continuous. I am going to make up an example ...
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1answer
40 views

English studying tense

Accouncement:”BIKE RACE 9 a.m.-10 a.m” Someone said:„At 8 a.m. the race hadn’t started” Why someone used Past Perfect in this sentence? Accouncement:”SKI JUMPING COMPETITION 11 a.m.-1 p.m.” Someone ...
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864 views

What does ⎛had you studied⎞ imply in this sentence?

Can you explain this conversation? Can you explain what might have led to it? Or what might have happened before the exams by the speakers? assume that A and B are two persons talking with each ...