Questions tagged [perfect-constructions]

Perfect constructions employ a form of HAVE as an auxiliary and the past participle of a lexical verb to express past events as a current state.

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To be or to have been

The parcel appears to have been opened before it was delivered. Could you let me know if it is possible to use 'to be opened' instead of 'to have been opened', and if not, why?
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Why can't I use Present Perfect Continuous or vice versa Present Perfect forms in these sentences?

He has traveled so much recently that we have not managed to see each other much and I have met someone else. (why not "has been traveling") I have been eating fish and fruit since I got here. (...
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hadn’t felt / hadn’t been feeling (in context)

Question with an assignment. Instructions: Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. Use the Past Simple, Past Perfect Simple, Past Perfect Continuous. Mum ...
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Is it possible to use past simple instead of past perfect in “…all the washing up HAD BEEN DONE…”?

There's the following sentence in my Grammar book: It was a lovely surprise to find that all the washing-up HAD BEEN DONE while I was asleep. The only answer mentioned in the answer key is past ...
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1answer
130 views

“Had been + ing” or “have been + ing”

I’ve learned to use present perfect continuous for an action that began in past and is still continuing and past perfect continuous for an action that began in past and ended in past too before ...
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1answer
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Should I write “expertise I will have gained” or “expertise I have gained”?

"Using the teachings, skills and expertise I have gained through this course I’d like to produce..." Do I need to add "I will have gained here" or rather not? Even though skills are not yet acquired,...
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have had to do something (for sometime)

Is it possible to use "have had to do something" in this sentence? I have had to give him a call for one week now. But I am lingering.
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22 views

would have done or had done

I would have appreciated it if my colleagues had done the same for me. I would have appreciated it if my colleagues would have done the same for me. Is the second sentence correct?
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30 views

Perfect tenses after since

guys! Can you please explain the use of two perfect tenses in one sentence with 'since'? The sentence is original and is taken from R.J. Palacio's book 'Wonder': "It had been a long time since I'...
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1answer
23 views

She hoped to have done

I saw a sentence She hoped to have done Or a sentence, created with the same structure. I don'tunderstand how it works. Then I saw a full version of it: She hoped that she had done So, it's like a ...
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Can/Could have done = Can/Could it be so that

I recently saw such a phrase: I can have done it Can it be a contraction of It can be so that I have done it ? The same with I could have done it = It could be so that I had done it Or these ...
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Could have escaped VS Couldn't have escaped

I am stuck with perfect infinitive: I could have done = I had a posisibility to do but I didn't Then conversely it should mean I couldn't have done = I didn't have a posisibility to do but I did it ...
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1answer
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Perfect Forms Of State Verbs

We use perfect to denote our finished,fulfilled actions for example. I have done my homework İt implies that the action has been achieved,fulfilled and now my homework is done. I have been here for ...
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1answer
313 views

Understanding “haven’t got very far” in this sentence

When I saw this sentence, there seems to be something weird to me. I got this sentence from Oxford Learner’s Dictionaries, entry number 17. I haven't got very far with the book I'm reading. 'Got' ...
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45 views

When + Past Perfect

Does Past Perfect sound good here? This sentence is from the book, but I am not sure why we need Past Perfect here. It would make more sense to use Past Simple there. He must, he thought, have ...
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1answer
237 views

Present Perfect Tense with State Verbs

Can I use the Present Perfect SIMPLE with State Verbs like “Thought” and “Know”? Like, for example, “I’ve thought you were my friend” and “I’ve known she was nice.” Can I use it? If I can’t, why?
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Past Perfect tense in “if clause” type 3

"If he had come here yesterday at 5 p.m., he might have seen his sister." What does this sentence mean and which situation do I imagine with this sentence? Do I imagine the situation that he came ...
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Past perfect / present perfect

Which one is correct? I had wet. I had got wet. I have wet. I have got wet.
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30 views

Replacement of “in” with “to”

Should I always replace "in" for "to" in Perfect Sentences after "to be" forms? I have been TO America\TO the party He said he had been TO America\TO the party When she comes he will have been TO ...
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1answer
154 views

“Has someone smoked” vs. “Has someone been smoking”

If I come into a room full of smoke, should I ask: A: "Has someone smoked here?" or: B: "Has someone been smoking here?" I can literally see the smoke, but the person who was smoking has ...
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2answers
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Do I have to use the perfect infitnitive

I was taught, that if we had some action which can hhapen before some moment in the future, I had to use Perfect. For example: I will have done it by the morning. Some days ago I had to say a ...
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1answer
82 views

done / having been done + once

Having been chased by street dogs once, he doesn't dare to take that path. An example relating to "___ (tell) many times, he still made the same mistakes" form http://forum.wordreference.com/threads/...
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“my being” vs. “my having been” (in my younger days)

I am having trouble with a practice exam question. Here is the text from the question: The good fortune of (my being/my having been?) your student in my younger days has helped me greatly in my ...
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Could be better or…? Usage of a perfect infinitive

The essay is not bad, but could be better or could have been better? The essay was written a few days ago, but is being discussed and edited right now. Which form is correct?
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This war has begun in the context of the crisis in Chavismo politics

This war has begun in the context of the crisis in Chavismo politics now marked by the lack of food, medicine and money for the people. Source: https://thewire.in/171850/venezuela-crisis-populism/ ...
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Should I revise translated sentences (Present Perfect Continuos)

The first excerpt is: A man ner the window is looking at us. - Yeah, and what of it? - I've been meeting him at the library lately. In this case "lately" inmplies the process of meeting as a ...
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Could ever imagine and could ever have imagined

Please tell me the difference between the following sentences and also when to use them. That was the best thing I could ever have imagined. That was the best thing I could imagine. This is the ...
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1answer
23 views

“Since they partnered up they have made a lot of money”

Since they partnered up they have made a lot of money. Or should it be Since they had partnered up they have made a lot of money. because first they partnered up and only then they have made a ...
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1answer
692 views

Since + past perfect continuous

I have read some examples in different dictionaries with the word "since". They all give the examples in either the present perfect or the present perfect continuous. I am going to make up an example ...
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1answer
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English studying tense

Accouncement:”BIKE RACE 9 a.m.-10 a.m” Someone said:„At 8 a.m. the race hadn’t started” Why someone used Past Perfect in this sentence? Accouncement:”SKI JUMPING COMPETITION 11 a.m.-1 p.m.” Someone ...
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What does ⎛had you studied⎞ imply in this sentence?

Can you explain this conversation? Can you explain what might have led to it? Or what might have happened before the exams by the speakers? assume that A and B are two persons talking with each ...