Questions tagged [perfect-constructions]

Perfect constructions employ a form of HAVE as an auxiliary and the past participle of a lexical verb to express past events as a current state.

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54 views

Which is the gerund and participle?

What is compound gerund and how would I separate them from perfect participles? Like I heard of his having gained a promotion He went away having forgotten it
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Past tense,past perfect tense,present perfect tense in english

Are they possible if I use it in past events? Which are British English and which are American English E.g. They have just/already/never eaten 2 biscuits 2 minutes ago. They had just/already/never ...
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Can I use present perfect in this context?

After finishing my homework I will check for the mistakes that I have made I'm skeptical about if I can use present perfect in this context and besides with conjunction can present perfect be used ...
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Using “had just arrived”

I had just arrived at the hotel, checked in and gotten into my room. here, the reason we say "had arrived" is because we want to show the order, the series of actions, right? So arriving at the hotel ...
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Have and =Have been

What is difference between the two sentence below? I have delivered the file yesterday I have been delivered the file yesterday
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Future pluperfect

Has anyone encountered the future pluperfect before?? I knew a dishonest landlord who knew a dishonest constable. She hadn't yet served a deadbeat tenant with legal notice, but she said "don't worry,...
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“became” vs “has become”

The name of the team became a symbol of a fast and furious play The name of the team has become a symbol of a fast and furious play Is any of these two sentences wrong? When doing a test I ...
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What is the difference between “I am always busy” and “I have always been busy”?

Here is the question: Someone says: "Anyhow, I'd never have time to watch it." Which of the following choice could be correctly added to the sentence? A) because I was always busy ...
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1answer
158 views

“I have had this book for 10 years' or ”I have this book for 10 years"

Good day. Can I say "I have had this book for 10 years" if I want to say that I got the book 10 years ago and I have this book right now and i will have it in the future? Or should I say "I have ...
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Use of past perfect tense without before-and-after events

I have problem with understanding why we have put this sentence in the past perfect tense. Harold had known about it for a while There is no two actions one happened before the other like when we ...
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Have been trying or have tried?

Which of the following sentences is correct? For nearly 30 years he has tried to persuade the Commission to let him walk across the Falls. At last he has been granted permission. For nearly 30 years ...
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John has spoken to his uncle just now or John spoke…?

Recently I found a pair of sentences in a grammar practice book: John has just spoken to his uncle. John spoke to his uncle just now. The sentences are almost the same. They only differ in the ...
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608 views

“would you be surprised” vs “would you have been surprised”

Which of the following is right grammatically? And why? Would you be surprised if I had arrived yesterday without letting you know beforehand? Would you have been surprised if I had arrived ...
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“have been reading” vs “have read”

Is that valid to say: I've been reading 3 books this week. Is this sentence grammatically correct?, I know that it is better to say I've read 3 books this week, But Is it grammatical to say the ...
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Is it correct to say 'I have been waiting for you for an hour, and I am leaving now'?

I am pretty sure this statement is wrong, and I'd better use 'have waited for you for an hour', that is I got annoyed and now I am determined to leave. But, please dispel my doubts whether this may ...
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What is the difference between I was there, and I have been there? [duplicate]

I was there twice last year. I have been there twice in the last year.
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I haven’t slept or I haven’t been sleeping for two days

I’m just wondering what is the difference between the following two sentences: I haven’t slept for two days. and I haven’t been sleeping for two days. The context is about someone regrets ...
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Present perfect for situations before another past event

This is a conversation from the exercise from the Advanced Grammar in Use by Cambridge University Press: A: How was your weekend? B: Not great, actually. I'd really been looking forward to a ...
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Can we use Present perfect+past participle to express finished habit?

It has been 18 months since I worn the ring. (Does she still wear the ring or not? How to express she is still wearing it?)
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Why is term been is using in Present Perfect ?

I thought that been in using in Present Perfect Continious only. But i find out that sometimes it is using in Present Perfect also ?
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Is “have been enjoying” correct in “Since they were very young, the children have been enjoying…” ?

I am wondering whether the sentence below is right: Since they were very young, the children have been enjoying travelling by plane. Have been enjoying is appropriate here? Or any other more ...
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Is this grammatical? 'Having done the procedure allowed determining certain aspects of the problem in question'

Is this grammatical? 'Having done the procedure allowed determining certain aspects of the problem in question' Namely, can I use the perfect gerund here if what I mean is that only after the ...
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Is “I have been to Italy two years ago for 2 months” correct?

When someone asked me "Do you like to go on another/foreign country trip?" or "Have you experienced to go another country?" Can I answer using one of these: "Yes, I do. I have been to Rome in Italy ...
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What does “It has been five years since Peter worked here” mean?

Does it mean "Peter has been working here for five consecutive years" ? Or does it mean "Peter hasn't worked here for five years. Somehow, he quit five years ago.? What makes me confused is this ...
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Past Continuous and past perfect continuous for native English speakers

According to Martin Hewing's Advanced English Grammar: The difference between past continuous and past perfect continuous is as follows: When we met Simon and Pat, they had been riding.(=we met ...
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Is it wrote or written

I saw a blog where it shows "written by" and not "wrote by" someone. Anybody please explain why? Is writing wrote by wrong?
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Difference between “I have often observed” and “I often observe”?

What is the difference between these sentences? I have often observed that when she is anxious she doesn't talk much. I often observe that when she is anxious she doesn't talk much. Being a ...
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Present perfect passive question

I am a bit confused It has been believed that people who read have developed better imagination Is it still believed or is no longer believed? Is it closer to "it is believed" than "it was ...
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“I saw him before he had seen me” - paradoxical past perfect with before

Just saw this sentence in Quirke's Grammar: I saw him before he had seen me. full context: in 15.27 he says The last example "Sally stopped Ted before he had a change to reply' doesn't use the ...
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Shouldn't it be “HAVE been put on hold” instead of “HAD been put on hold”?

I'm studying TOEIC through a book published by ETS. As always, I was reading scripts and got stuck in one script. The repair of the 300-year-old building began nearly a decade ago but had been put ...
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“hasn't” or “hadn't”

Is the following sentence correct? The client can see the problem which hadn't been resolved in the following link: ... Or is changing the word "hadn't" to "hasn't" absolutely necessary to make it ...
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How to ask a person how long he has been working in an office?

Context : Let say, I have just joined to a company and I want to ask my new friend how long he has been working here. Using Present perfect: How long have you worked here ? Or using Present ...
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“The prince has chosen his wife for a week” - Does this sentence sound fine?

My friend and I are discussing the following task from our English exercise book. Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it. ...
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Should I use “would notice” or “would have noticed” in the following case?

Mary expected the foundation to be a mansion. Instead, she met such a ordinary apartment no one would (have) noticed if a demolition company destroyed it and drove it away in trucks. This excerpt ...
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“all the books I've read were written by her”: the author either is dead or doesn't write books anymore?

Does "all the books I've read were written by her" suggest that the author either is dead or doesn't write books anymore?
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“Have not heard” vs “Had not heard”

"have never heard" or "had never heard": Which one should I use in the sentence? "Today, I attended a birthday ceremony. I was there for a few hours. The place was decorated well. There I heard a ...
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Have been or was. Which one to use here? [duplicate]

I've been a teacher. VS I was a teacher. I no longer teach, but I used to teach. Can I used "have been" here? I have been a teacher
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Could be better or…? Usage of a perfect infinitive

The essay is not bad, but could be better or could have been better? The essay was written a few days ago, but is being discussed and edited right now. Which form is correct?
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“of all students, A has the highest” vs “A has the hightest marks of any students…”

We have a common usage in English like "Of all the students, Alice has got the highest marks in physics". So far so good. And I have always liked this usage. However, I have recently seen and heard ...
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Present perfect or past simple with since

I think it should be: Since my father has joined this post, he has not taken bribe. The book I am reading says the correct one is: Since my father joined this post, he has not taken bribe. ...
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This war has begun in the context of the crisis in Chavismo politics

This war has begun in the context of the crisis in Chavismo politics now marked by the lack of food, medicine and money for the people. Source: https://thewire.in/171850/venezuela-crisis-populism/ ...
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Haven't {eaten / ate}?

While chatting with somebody, I first used haven't eaten, then I thought that it was wrong, and switched to haven't ate. Apparently, haven't ate is the one which is wrong. Can someone explain the ...
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225 views

Correct structure/grammar [closed]

Which one of the following is correct? The report has been completed. Copies have been filed in the cabinet The report is completed. Copies are filed in the cabinet The report has been completed ...
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He was so sure that he “has” or “had” scored a home run?

Which of the two is correct? He was so sure that he has scored a home run, but he failed. Or He was so sure that he had scored a home run, but he failed.
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I wish it was longer vs I wish it had been longer for a video I just watched

Which one is right ? ''The video was great. I wish it was longer.'' ''The video was great. I wish It had been longer.'' I'm not sure what to choose because I know ''was'' is used for present ...
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How to use “never” with Present simple tense

I learned that we could use "never" with present perfect tense about experiences in someone’s life. However, I don’t understand when we use never with other tenses like present simple tense. I never ...
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I have been aware or I'm aware

I wrote this sentence "I have been aware, that my job is good" but my friend told me is not correct an answer. He said "I'm aware that my job is good" Why I can't use present perfect?
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What tense to use for an event that was no longer valid?

You know how I say I told my friend what had happened before she came to class. Above is a time line in red. Time goes to the right. Its arrow is the present. "came" is in the past, a little back in ...
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use and meaning of perfect gerund

I have read in http://www.grammaring.com/the-forms-of-the-gerund about perfect gerunds. There are two kind of usage in the website,one about "being" and other about "having". The website describes ...
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Using adverbial modifiers (“the whole day” vs “for the whole day”)

I found information that claims natives prefer to say "the whole day" rather than "for the whole day". Since then, I've been wondering what the situations are in which a speaker is more likely to say "...