Questions tagged [perfect-constructions]

Perfect constructions employ a form of HAVE as an auxiliary and the past participle of a lexical verb to express past events as a current state.

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The meaning of already (before and completion)

I had already parked my bike near xyz when I saw the no parking sign. Do I really need past perfect because of "already". Already mean 2 things first the parking came before the seeing(it is obvious) ...
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Which one would be preferable here, Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous?

Sentences: Here you're! We have just talked about you. Here you're! We have just been talking about you. I think I made a little mistake when I chose to use Present Perfect instead of ...
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The corectness of the following sentences

Maybe someone consider it too silly but I want to clear it up: Are they equal and correct in grammar sense: You have never really worked / You haven't ever really worked in you life. What ...
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57 views

The preference of using Present Perfect Continuos

This is a translating task. The key says that the answer is "did you speak" (off topic: "speak" or "talk"). But I'm pretty sure that I should use Present Perfect Continuous. In this case it is an ...
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18k views

Difference between “did you go” and “have you been to”

How can I ask someone if I want to know whether they went to some place? Which of the two sentences is correct? And is there a difference between the two? "Did you go to ABC before?" "Have you been ...
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'I have been queuing up for too long'

May I ask if it is correct and natural to say I have been queuing up for too long. to describe the condition in which I have been waiting for a long time in a queue? If not, how can this ...
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3answers
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What's the difference between the simple past tense and the present perfect?

The simple past tense indicates that an activity or situation began and ended at a particular time in the past. The present perfect expresses the idea that something happened (or never ...
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57 views

difference between “has been too lonely” and “is too lonely”

I read lyrics of Some Say Love/The Rose and then a question came up in my mind which is little bit unclear for me. What is the exact differences between When the night, has been too lonely,... ...
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601 views

“With” usage in adverbial

"With" is a preposition which can be followed with present participle or past participle like: 1) He sat there with his eyes closed. 2) He fell asleep with the lamp burning. But can I say "He goes ...
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Grammatical Correctness: “he is lucky” vs “he's got lucky”

Which one is better? And could we use get lucky in Present Perfect? Person A: He has just sold two pictures of his. Person B: He is lucky. My husband has been painting for five years and hasn'...
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Help understanding the difference between “to have+verb” and “to+verb”

I'm always confused about using 'to have'. I know it is a perfect infinitive but the meaning of it must have a different usage than 'to+verb'! If you go there you need to have registered a room. ...
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Why is the past simple used in “As soon as I started the car I realised…”?

As soon as I started the car I realised that something was wrong with the engine I thought it would be possible to use present perfect "As soon as I've started the car...", meaning the action has ...
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577 views

would have come / had come

Is this paragraph correct grammatically? Years ago, a star wandering blindly through space happened to come near the sun. It must have raised tides on the surface of the sun and created a ...
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Should I revise translated sentences (Present Perfect Continuos)

The first excerpt is: A man ner the window is looking at us. - Yeah, and what of it? - I've been meeting him at the library lately. In this case "lately" inmplies the process of meeting as a ...
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198 views

Can I use “has been” or “have been” if I’ve done something for a long time, and plan on continuing it in the future?

Can I use “has been” or “have been” if I’ve done something for a long time, and plan on continuing it in the future? First example: I have been doing this for a week. Does the above sentence ...
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Why is “got” used in this context?

Our students got selected in top MNC My question is why is 'got' used so often in sentences of this type? Can I use some another word like 'was' in place of 'got'? Would it be correct?
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Has been to: a present perfect tense?

It is too early to tell whether [Martin Schulz's] popularity is a “soap bubble” destined to pop, says Manfred Güllner of Forsa, another polling firm. As the former president of the European Parliament,...
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Can I combine present perfect tense with past perfect tense?

For example: I have gotten a bad stomach because I had eaten a wrong food earlier. Is that sentence grammatically correct?
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Can “have” in perfect tenses be used to make questions?

A: I have a bus. B:Have you a bus? Here have is used to make a question by bring have in the beginning of a sentence. My question is can we behave the same toward have in perfect tenses? For ...
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I have given something to someone in past but the exact time I do not remember

I had given my library card to someone in class but I don't seem to recall to whom I gave my card. According to information that I received from the library, someone has used it to issue x-book and ...
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48 views

I knew I have never been your enemy or I knew I had never been your enemy?

I always struggle with "I knew" sentences, because I'm completely incapable of understanding what tense should follow it. For example I knew I have never been your enemy. or I knew I had never ...
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Could [“ought” + perfect infinitive] refer to the future, when such future is not obligatory?

The following text starts by explaining that Niggle (“he”) is unable to make up a plan how to complete his job. His job is to fix a magical country, to complete it as far as possible. The text is from ...
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usage of 'having been + past participle'

Is it okay to use 'Having been+third form' as the reduction of Passive Relative Clause in Simple Past Tense in order to put more emphasis? The actor who was chosen for the role is looking for a ...
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“I wish I got…” versus “I wish I had got…”

Are these sentences grammatically correct and do both possess almost the same meaning? I wish I got good marks. I wish I had got good marks.
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692 views

Since + past perfect continuous

I have read some examples in different dictionaries with the word "since". They all give the examples in either the present perfect or the present perfect continuous. I am going to make up an example ...
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was vs had been unemployed for seven months

My friend gave me three sentences and asked me to explain the difference. I have written them below. (1) Ten months ago, John was unemployed for seven months. (2) Ten months ago, John had been ...
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At completing vs at having completed

Here is an example sentence from http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/elation There's a sense of elation at having completed a race of such length. Is the part of this sentence “at ...
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Could ever imagine and could ever have imagined

Please tell me the difference between the following sentences and also when to use them. That was the best thing I could ever have imagined. That was the best thing I could imagine. This is the ...
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Can I say “something is happened to my phone”?

Can I say "something is happened to my phone"? The word 'is' in the phrase is showing still the problem 'is' existing and affecting me not to use my phone, no calling. But since it happened before ...
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I have “been writing” or “written” six letters since morning. Which is correct? [closed]

I have been writing six letters since morning. I have written six letters since morning.
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How can an event prove by itself?

I looked up in this online dictionary for the word, endeavour, http://www.englantisuomi.com/en/dictionary-english-finnish/endeavour but the example sentence even made me more confused. Here is the ...
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196 views

Which of the following sentences are correct?

(A) Without correct mistakes, we could not improve. (B) Without having our mistakes corrected, we can not improve. Also: (C) Without had wings, birds could not fly. (D) Without wings, birds ...
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Perfect construction in a complement

According to @StoneyB's Cannonical Post #2 . States cannot serve as the complement in Wh-cleft constructions. As an example there, What John did was have written three novels. – This is not ...
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Having vs. doing

I'm learning the -ing clauses and I have a question about an explanation on this website: (1) When one action happens before another action, we use having (done) for the first action, for example, "...
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Is added or has been added

What is right way to write or speak? I am a developer and want to add message to my application once the record has been added to the database. So I am confused about the right way to write/speak ...
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What is this “would have had to”?

This stranger talked to me. Usually, I would have had to think something bad would happen. But I followed him. (One Day in NY) BY Pat Mathew What is this "would have had to"?
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Tense when saying “This is the first time” you've been somewhere

I'm very confused about tenses. I have examples in two different situations here. Situation 1: I went to New York two months ago and was talking to someone about it. A. This is the first time I've ...
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Is the phrase “are you come” in this sentence correct?

A man made big noise to rouse a Giant and the Giant rushed from his cave, crying: " You incorrigible villain, are you come here to disturb my rest?" This is from English Fairy Tales. I wonder ...
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Can I use a past simple and a past perfect in the same sentence? If so, what logic does it follow?

"I didn't consider the possibility of someone asking me a question after I had crossed them off my list." Or, "I didn't consider the possibility of someone asking me a question after I crossed ...
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“Carrie has arrived at the airport for two hours.” - Is this sentence grammatically correct?

I'm helping my friend with his English exercise related to the simple past & present perfect tenses: Rewrite each of the following sentences in another way so that it means almost the same as ...
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Difference between: “it has rained / been raining for two hours” [duplicate]

​I read that this is the difference between present perfect and present perfect continuous. A1: It has been raining for two hours [and I don't expect it to stop soon]. A2: It has rained for two ...
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2k views

“has been” vs “had been”

Mr. Louise was asking after the health of my brother who has been suffering from typhoid for the past few weeks. I have a question about the bold part. Should it be has been or had been? Case 1: ...
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230 views

To refer to some state after somehting action has completed

I want to refer to some state after somehting action has completed. For instance, I will be at home after I've completed all of my work. Is the present perfect common in the case?
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Asking question about event that happened some minutes ago

If someone giving me order on the phone and then after 1-2 minutes he/she comes in front of me, how I can ask him that he/she gives the order on phone or they come without giving order on the phone? ...
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Complicated sentences in past perfect regarding hypothetical situations with reflection on the past?

Would have had to have been doing, e.g.: For him to have become a threat in the teachers eyes, he would have had to have been exhibiting severely bad behavior all the time. Would have had to be ...
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Past simple or present perfect for an action in the past

Now she has become (become) a star in the world of music. Just listen to her and you know that God has given (give) her the voice of an angel. Would it be possible to use past simple for give: ...
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perfect structure or simple structure in unreal conditionals with modals?

Consider this context: Person A was the only one who escaped from a prison. The prison had several inmates including A. Someone says that A bribed the guards. I want to reject that view by saying ...
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Is a time expression always necessary with the future perfect?

I've been struggling with the following sentence: A: Let's meet at 4 PM tomorrow B: Ok. No problem. I'll have had lunch so It's fine with me The question is: Is a time expression like "By ...
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What is the difference between these two sentences (“was created” vs “has been created”)? [duplicate]

What is the difference between these two sentences: The first feature-length comedy film was created by Charlie Chaplin. The first feature-length comedy film has been created by Charlie Chaplin. ...
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Didn't existed or hadn't existed?

I come across this in todays New Yorker: Birkenstocks, like an iPad, or an eight-dollar bottle of cold-pressed juice, are the covetable answer to a need that hadn’t existed before they came along. ...