Questions tagged [perfect-constructions]

Perfect constructions employ a form of HAVE as an auxiliary and the past participle of a lexical verb to express past events as a current state.

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1answer
36 views

Which is the gerund and participle?

What is compound gerund and how would I separate them from perfect participles? Like I heard of his having gained a promotion He went away having forgotten it
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Can I use present perfect in this context?

After finishing my homework I will check for the mistakes that I have made I'm skeptical about if I can use present perfect in this context and besides with conjunction can present perfect be used ...
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Improve the bracketed part of the sentence

Last week Tim went camping with his friends. They seemed (to have a good time). To having a good time. To have had a good time. To be having a good time. No improvement. ...
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772 views

Using “had just arrived”

I had just arrived at the hotel, checked in and gotten into my room. here, the reason we say "had arrived" is because we want to show the order, the series of actions, right? So arriving at the hotel ...
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Have and =Have been

What is difference between the two sentence below? I have delivered the file yesterday I have been delivered the file yesterday
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What is the difference between “I am always busy” and “I have always been busy”?

Here is the question: Someone says: "Anyhow, I'd never have time to watch it." Which of the following choice could be correctly added to the sentence? A) because I was always busy ...
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“I have had this book for 10 years' or ”I have this book for 10 years"

Good day. Can I say "I have had this book for 10 years" if I want to say that I got the book 10 years ago and I have this book right now and i will have it in the future? Or should I say "I have ...
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77 views

When the guests had finished their soup they were brought plates of salad

When the guests had finished their soup they were brought plates of salad. But what if I say: When the guests finished their soup they were brought plates of salad. Which one is more ...
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2answers
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Use of past perfect tense without before-and-after events

I have problem with understanding why we have put this sentence in the past perfect tense. Harold had known about it for a while There is no two actions one happened before the other like when we ...
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Have been trying or have tried?

Which of the following sentences is correct? For nearly 30 years he has tried to persuade the Commission to let him walk across the Falls. At last he has been granted permission. For nearly 30 years ...
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1answer
398 views

“would you be surprised” vs “would you have been surprised”

Which of the following is right grammatically? And why? Would you be surprised if I had arrived yesterday without letting you know beforehand? Would you have been surprised if I had arrived ...
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2k views

“have been reading” vs “have read”

Is that valid to say: I've been reading 3 books this week. Is this sentence grammatically correct?, I know that it is better to say I've read 3 books this week, But Is it grammatical to say the ...
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820 views

Is it correct to say 'I have been waiting for you for an hour, and I am leaving now'?

I am pretty sure this statement is wrong, and I'd better use 'have waited for you for an hour', that is I got annoyed and now I am determined to leave. But, please dispel my doubts whether this may ...
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I haven’t slept or I haven’t been sleeping for two days

I’m just wondering what is the difference between the following two sentences: I haven’t slept for two days. and I haven’t been sleeping for two days. The context is about someone regrets ...
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233 views

Present perfect for situations before another past event

This is a conversation from the exercise from the Advanced Grammar in Use by Cambridge University Press: A: How was your weekend? B: Not great, actually. I'd really been looking forward to a ...
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done / having been done + once

Having been chased by street dogs once, he doesn't dare to take that path. An example relating to "___ (tell) many times, he still made the same mistakes" form http://forum.wordreference.com/threads/...
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Can we use Present perfect+past participle to express finished habit?

It has been 18 months since I worn the ring. (Does she still wear the ring or not? How to express she is still wearing it?)
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Why is term been is using in Present Perfect ?

I thought that been in using in Present Perfect Continious only. But i find out that sometimes it is using in Present Perfect also ?
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Is “have been enjoying” correct in “Since they were very young, the children have been enjoying…” ?

I am wondering whether the sentence below is right: Since they were very young, the children have been enjoying travelling by plane. Have been enjoying is appropriate here? Or any other more ...
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had been and the day before

Are the following sentences grammatically correct? He asked me if I was depressed the day before. He asked me if I had been depressed the day before. Please explain. Thanks!
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Is this grammatical? 'Having done the procedure allowed determining certain aspects of the problem in question'

Is this grammatical? 'Having done the procedure allowed determining certain aspects of the problem in question' Namely, can I use the perfect gerund here if what I mean is that only after the ...
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Difference met and had met in english

Lalwani, who is much younger to Mallya, had met him when she was hired as a flight attendant for Kingfisher Airlines in 2011. Is the above sentence construction is correct spcially use of "had met ...
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88 views

“Had been + ing” or “have been + ing”

I’ve learned to use present perfect continuous for an action that began in past and is still continuing and past perfect continuous for an action that began in past and ended in past too before ...
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Is “I have been to Italy two years ago for 2 months” correct?

When someone asked me "Do you like to go on another/foreign country trip?" or "Have you experienced to go another country?" Can I answer using one of these: "Yes, I do. I have been to Rome in Italy ...
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Past Continuous and past perfect continuous for native English speakers

According to Martin Hewing's Advanced English Grammar: The difference between past continuous and past perfect continuous is as follows: When we met Simon and Pat, they had been riding.(=we met ...
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Is it wrote or written

I saw a blog where it shows "written by" and not "wrote by" someone. Anybody please explain why? Is writing wrote by wrong?
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Difference between “I have often observed” and “I often observe”?

What is the difference between these sentences? I have often observed that when she is anxious she doesn't talk much. I often observe that when she is anxious she doesn't talk much. Being a ...
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“I saw him before he had seen me” - paradoxical past perfect with before

Just saw this sentence in Quirke's Grammar: I saw him before he had seen me. full context: in 15.27 he says The last example "Sally stopped Ted before he had a change to reply' doesn't use the ...
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Sentence construction in reported speech

Is the sentence construction below correct for reported speech? A woman has complained to the police that her husband had mailed her an instant triple talaq on a Rs 100 stamp paper after months ...
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Shouldn't it be “HAVE been put on hold” instead of “HAD been put on hold”?

I'm studying TOEIC through a book published by ETS. As always, I was reading scripts and got stuck in one script. The repair of the 300-year-old building began nearly a decade ago but had been put ...
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“Have never been” vs “never was”

"Have never been" or "never was", which one is grammatical in the following context? John: Hey Subha, can you please make pizza for us tonight? Me: You know I have never been/was never a good ...
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“The prince has chosen his wife for a week” - Does this sentence sound fine?

My friend and I are discussing the following task from our English exercise book. Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it. ...
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Should I use “would notice” or “would have noticed” in the following case?

Mary expected the foundation to be a mansion. Instead, she met such a ordinary apartment no one would (have) noticed if a demolition company destroyed it and drove it away in trucks. This excerpt ...
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“all the books I've read were written by her”: the author either is dead or doesn't write books anymore?

Does "all the books I've read were written by her" suggest that the author either is dead or doesn't write books anymore?
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“Have not heard” vs “Had not heard”

"have never heard" or "had never heard": Which one should I use in the sentence? "Today, I attended a birthday ceremony. I was there for a few hours. The place was decorated well. There I heard a ...
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Have been or was. Which one to use here? [duplicate]

I've been a teacher. VS I was a teacher. I no longer teach, but I used to teach. Can I used "have been" here? I have been a teacher
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What does “It has been five years since Peter worked here” mean?

Does it mean "Peter has been working here for five consecutive years" ? Or does it mean "Peter hasn't worked here for five years. Somehow, he quit five years ago.? What makes me confused is this ...
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823 views

“my being” vs. “my having been” (in my younger days)

I am having trouble with a practice exam question. Here is the text from the question: The good fortune of (my being/my having been?) your student in my younger days has helped me greatly in my ...
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Could be better or…? Usage of a perfect infinitive

The essay is not bad, but could be better or could have been better? The essay was written a few days ago, but is being discussed and edited right now. Which form is correct?
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This war has begun in the context of the crisis in Chavismo politics

This war has begun in the context of the crisis in Chavismo politics now marked by the lack of food, medicine and money for the people. Source: https://thewire.in/171850/venezuela-crisis-populism/ ...
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What is the difference between I was there, and I have been there? [duplicate]

I was there twice last year. I have been there twice in the last year.
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He was so sure that he “has” or “had” scored a home run?

Which of the two is correct? He was so sure that he has scored a home run, but he failed. Or He was so sure that he had scored a home run, but he failed.
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I wish it was longer vs I wish it had been longer for a video I just watched

Which one is right ? ''The video was great. I wish it was longer.'' ''The video was great. I wish It had been longer.'' I'm not sure what to choose because I know ''was'' is used for present ...
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214 views

Future perfect usage. Is the sentence correct?

When will you have collected enough money? I am talking about the time in future when you have collected enough money... I guess future perfect should be used here.
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“of all students, A has the highest” vs “A has the hightest marks of any students…”

We have a common usage in English like "Of all the students, Alice has got the highest marks in physics". So far so good. And I have always liked this usage. However, I have recently seen and heard ...
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Present perfect passive question

I am a bit confused It has been believed that people who read have developed better imagination Is it still believed or is no longer believed? Is it closer to "it is believed" than "it was ...
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666 views

Should I write “expertise I will have gained” or “expertise I have gained”?

"Using the teachings, skills and expertise I have gained through this course I’d like to produce..." Do I need to add "I will have gained here" or rather not? Even though skills are not yet acquired,...
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2answers
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John has spoken to his uncle just now or John spoke…?

Recently I found a pair of sentences in a grammar practice book: John has just spoken to his uncle. John spoke to his uncle just now. The sentences are almost the same. They only differ in the ...
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585 views

Future Pluperfect Tense

I was reading this question Future pluperfect and was really interested in how real is the Future Pluperfect tense. I found this information: This is from "The Future Pluperfect: Double Tenses in ...
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There is no big difference between reacting after 6h and after 20h

The context: It's like there are two reactions and one has reacted for 6h while the other one has reacted for 20h. But there is no difference between them. I want to say There is no big difference ...