Questions tagged [perfect-constructions]

Perfect constructions employ a form of HAVE as an auxiliary and the past participle of a lexical verb to express past events as a current state.

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1answer
551 views

There is no big difference between reacting after 6h and after 20h

The context: It's like there are two reactions and one has reacted for 6h while the other one has reacted for 20h. But there is no difference between them. I want to say There is no big difference ...
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581 views

Past tense,past perfect tense,present perfect tense in english

Are they possible if I use it in past events? Which are British English and which are American English E.g. They have just/already/never eaten 2 biscuits 2 minutes ago. They had just/already/never ...
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The meaning of already (before and completion)

I had already parked my bike near xyz when I saw the no parking sign. Do I really need past perfect because of "already". Already mean 2 things first the parking came before the seeing(it is obvious) ...
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Which one would be preferable here, Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous?

Sentences: Here you're! We have just talked about you. Here you're! We have just been talking about you. I think I made a little mistake when I chose to use Present Perfect instead of ...
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48 views

The preference of using Present Perfect Continuos

This is a translating task. The key says that the answer is "did you speak" (off topic: "speak" or "talk"). But I'm pretty sure that I should use Present Perfect Continuous. In this case it is an ...
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63 views

The corectness of the following sentences

Maybe someone consider it too silly but I want to clear it up: Are they equal and correct in grammar sense: You have never really worked / You haven't ever really worked in you life. What ...
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1answer
65 views

Perfect non-deictic: “For a long moment he thought he had gone too far” vs “…he have gone too far”

I'm trying to understand why in this sentence from a book I'm reading the past perfect is used instead of the present perfect: For a long moment he thought he had gone too far. vs For a ...
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4answers
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Future pluperfect

Has anyone encountered the future pluperfect before?? I knew a dishonest landlord who knew a dishonest constable. She hadn't yet served a deadbeat tenant with legal notice, but she said "don't worry,...
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2answers
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What tense to use for an event that was no longer valid?

You know how I say I told my friend what had happened before she came to class. Above is a time line in red. Time goes to the right. Its arrow is the present. "came" is in the past, a little back in ...
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2answers
609 views

'I have been queuing up for too long'

May I ask if it is correct and natural to say I have been queuing up for too long. to describe the condition in which I have been waiting for a long time in a queue? If not, how can this ...
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1answer
458 views

“With” usage in adverbial

"With" is a preposition which can be followed with present participle or past participle like: 1) He sat there with his eyes closed. 2) He fell asleep with the lamp burning. But can I say "He goes ...
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Grammatical Correctness: “he is lucky” vs “he's got lucky”

Which one is better? And could we use get lucky in Present Perfect? Person A: He has just sold two pictures of his. Person B: He is lucky. My husband has been painting for five years and hasn'...
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Help understanding the difference between “to have+verb” and “to+verb”

I'm always confused about using 'to have'. I know it is a perfect infinitive but the meaning of it must have a different usage than 'to+verb'! If you go there you need to have registered a room. ...
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Using “when” with Present Perfect

I have never heard that we could use "when" with Perfect tenses especially with Present Perfect before. We use Past Simple when we are talking about the time. But today I have found one example: ...
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Using adverbial modifiers (“the whole day” vs “for the whole day”)

I found information that claims natives prefer to say "the whole day" rather than "for the whole day". Since then, I've been wondering what the situations are in which a speaker is more likely to say "...
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Why is the past simple used in “As soon as I started the car I realised…”?

As soon as I started the car I realised that something was wrong with the engine I thought it would be possible to use present perfect "As soon as I've started the car...", meaning the action has ...
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Should I revise translated sentences (Present Perfect Continuos)

The first excerpt is: A man ner the window is looking at us. - Yeah, and what of it? - I've been meeting him at the library lately. In this case "lately" inmplies the process of meeting as a ...
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Can I use “has been” or “have been” if I’ve done something for a long time, and plan on continuing it in the future?

Can I use “has been” or “have been” if I’ve done something for a long time, and plan on continuing it in the future? First example: I have been doing this for a week. Does the above sentence ...
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2answers
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Why is “got” used in this context?

Our students got selected in top MNC My question is why is 'got' used so often in sentences of this type? Can I use some another word like 'was' in place of 'got'? Would it be correct?
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Has been to: a present perfect tense?

It is too early to tell whether [Martin Schulz's] popularity is a “soap bubble” destined to pop, says Manfred Güllner of Forsa, another polling firm. As the former president of the European Parliament,...
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difference between “has been too lonely” and “is too lonely”

I read lyrics of Some Say Love/The Rose and then a question came up in my mind which is little bit unclear for me. What is the exact differences between When the night, has been too lonely,... ...
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I have given something to someone in past but the exact time I do not remember

I had given my library card to someone in class but I don't seem to recall to whom I gave my card. According to information that I received from the library, someone has used it to issue x-book and ...
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1answer
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I knew I have never been your enemy or I knew I had never been your enemy?

I always struggle with "I knew" sentences, because I'm completely incapable of understanding what tense should follow it. For example I knew I have never been your enemy. or I knew I had never ...
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Could [“ought” + perfect infinitive] refer to the future, when such future is not obligatory?

The following text starts by explaining that Niggle (“he”) is unable to make up a plan how to complete his job. His job is to fix a magical country, to complete it as far as possible. The text is from ...
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usage of 'having been + past participle'

Is it okay to use 'Having been+third form' as the reduction of Passive Relative Clause in Simple Past Tense in order to put more emphasis? The actor who was chosen for the role is looking for a ...
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675 views

Since + past perfect continuous

I have read some examples in different dictionaries with the word "since". They all give the examples in either the present perfect or the present perfect continuous. I am going to make up an example ...
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493 views

was vs had been unemployed for seven months

My friend gave me three sentences and asked me to explain the difference. I have written them below. (1) Ten months ago, John was unemployed for seven months. (2) Ten months ago, John had been ...
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616 views

Can I combine present perfect tense with past perfect tense?

For example: I have gotten a bad stomach because I had eaten a wrong food earlier. Is that sentence grammatically correct?
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1k views

At completing vs at having completed

Here is an example sentence from http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/elation There's a sense of elation at having completed a race of such length. Is the part of this sentence “at ...
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Could ever imagine and could ever have imagined

Please tell me the difference between the following sentences and also when to use them. That was the best thing I could ever have imagined. That was the best thing I could imagine. This is the ...
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Can I say “something is happened to my phone”?

Can I say "something is happened to my phone"? The word 'is' in the phrase is showing still the problem 'is' existing and affecting me not to use my phone, no calling. But since it happened before ...
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I have “been writing” or “written” six letters since morning. Which is correct? [closed]

I have been writing six letters since morning. I have written six letters since morning.
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How can an event prove by itself?

I looked up in this online dictionary for the word, endeavour, http://www.englantisuomi.com/en/dictionary-english-finnish/endeavour but the example sentence even made me more confused. Here is the ...
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“I wish I got…” versus “I wish I had got…”

Are these sentences grammatically correct and do both possess almost the same meaning? I wish I got good marks. I wish I had got good marks.
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Which of the following sentences are correct?

(A) Without correct mistakes, we could not improve. (B) Without having our mistakes corrected, we can not improve. Also: (C) Without had wings, birds could not fly. (D) Without wings, birds ...
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1answer
211 views

Correct structure/grammar [closed]

Which one of the following is correct? The report has been completed. Copies have been filed in the cabinet The report is completed. Copies are filed in the cabinet The report has been completed ...
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1answer
470 views

would have come / had come

Is this paragraph correct grammatically? Years ago, a star wandering blindly through space happened to come near the sun. It must have raised tides on the surface of the sun and created a ...
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2answers
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Perfect construction in a complement

According to @StoneyB's Cannonical Post #2 . States cannot serve as the complement in Wh-cleft constructions. As an example there, What John did was have written three novels. – This is not ...
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1answer
12k views

Difference between “did you go” and “have you been to”

How can I ask someone if I want to know whether they went to some place? Which of the two sentences is correct? And is there a difference between the two? "Did you go to ABC before?" "Have you been ...
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“Carrie has arrived at the airport for two hours.” - Is this sentence grammatically correct?

I'm helping my friend with his English exercise related to the simple past & present perfect tenses: Rewrite each of the following sentences in another way so that it means almost the same as ...
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“has been” vs “had been”

Mr. Louise was asking after the health of my brother who has been suffering from typhoid for the past few weeks. I have a question about the bold part. Should it be has been or had been? Case 1: ...
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Difference between: “it has rained / been raining for two hours” [duplicate]

​I read that this is the difference between present perfect and present perfect continuous. A1: It has been raining for two hours [and I don't expect it to stop soon]. A2: It has rained for two ...
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3answers
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use and meaning of perfect gerund

I have read in http://www.grammaring.com/the-forms-of-the-gerund about perfect gerunds. There are two kind of usage in the website,one about "being" and other about "having". The website describes ...
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The use of the Future Perfect Continuous Passive in 'The apples will have been being eaten by him'

The apples will have been being eaten by him. This sentence above was offered in my English class as an example of the future perfect continuous tense. This seems to me too awkward to be correct. ...
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“I am finished” vs “I have finished”

What is the difference between "I am finished" and "I have finished"? For example, when finishing a task, should I say "I have finished" or "I am finished". Is there a difference in meaning?
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1answer
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perfect structure or simple structure in unreal conditionals with modals?

Consider this context: Person A was the only one who escaped from a prison. The prison had several inmates including A. Someone says that A bribed the guards. I want to reject that view by saying ...
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Complicated sentences in past perfect regarding hypothetical situations with reflection on the past?

Would have had to have been doing, e.g.: For him to have become a threat in the teachers eyes, he would have had to have been exhibiting severely bad behavior all the time. Would have had to be ...
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Is a time expression always necessary with the future perfect?

I've been struggling with the following sentence: A: Let's meet at 4 PM tomorrow B: Ok. No problem. I'll have had lunch so It's fine with me The question is: Is a time expression like "By ...
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681 views

Can I use a past simple and a past perfect in the same sentence? If so, what logic does it follow?

"I didn't consider the possibility of someone asking me a question after I had crossed them off my list." Or, "I didn't consider the possibility of someone asking me a question after I crossed ...
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2answers
690 views

Having vs. doing

I'm learning the -ing clauses and I have a question about an explanation on this website: (1) When one action happens before another action, we use having (done) for the first action, for example, "...