Questions tagged [perfect-constructions]

Perfect constructions employ a form of HAVE as an auxiliary and the past participle of a lexical verb to express past events as a current state.

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191 views

Which of the following sentences are correct?

(A) Without correct mistakes, we could not improve. (B) Without having our mistakes corrected, we can not improve. Also: (C) Without had wings, birds could not fly. (D) Without wings, birds ...
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220 views

Correct structure/grammar [closed]

Which one of the following is correct? The report has been completed. Copies have been filed in the cabinet The report is completed. Copies are filed in the cabinet The report has been completed ...
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557 views

would have come / had come

Is this paragraph correct grammatically? Years ago, a star wandering blindly through space happened to come near the sun. It must have raised tides on the surface of the sun and created a ...
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2answers
93 views

Perfect construction in a complement

According to @StoneyB's Cannonical Post #2 . States cannot serve as the complement in Wh-cleft constructions. As an example there, What John did was have written three novels. – This is not ...
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Difference between “did you go” and “have you been to”

How can I ask someone if I want to know whether they went to some place? Which of the two sentences is correct? And is there a difference between the two? "Did you go to ABC before?" "Have you been ...
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“Carrie has arrived at the airport for two hours.” - Is this sentence grammatically correct?

I'm helping my friend with his English exercise related to the simple past & present perfect tenses: Rewrite each of the following sentences in another way so that it means almost the same as ...
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“has been” vs “had been”

Mr. Louise was asking after the health of my brother who has been suffering from typhoid for the past few weeks. I have a question about the bold part. Should it be has been or had been? Case 1: ...
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Difference between: “it has rained / been raining for two hours” [duplicate]

​I read that this is the difference between present perfect and present perfect continuous. A1: It has been raining for two hours [and I don't expect it to stop soon]. A2: It has rained for two ...
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3answers
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use and meaning of perfect gerund

I have read in http://www.grammaring.com/the-forms-of-the-gerund about perfect gerunds. There are two kind of usage in the website,one about "being" and other about "having". The website describes ...
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4answers
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The use of the Future Perfect Continuous Passive in 'The apples will have been being eaten by him'

The apples will have been being eaten by him. This sentence above was offered in my English class as an example of the future perfect continuous tense. This seems to me too awkward to be correct. ...
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7answers
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“I am finished” vs “I have finished”

What is the difference between "I am finished" and "I have finished"? For example, when finishing a task, should I say "I have finished" or "I am finished". Is there a difference in meaning?
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1answer
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perfect structure or simple structure in unreal conditionals with modals?

Consider this context: Person A was the only one who escaped from a prison. The prison had several inmates including A. Someone says that A bribed the guards. I want to reject that view by saying ...
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Complicated sentences in past perfect regarding hypothetical situations with reflection on the past?

Would have had to have been doing, e.g.: For him to have become a threat in the teachers eyes, he would have had to have been exhibiting severely bad behavior all the time. Would have had to be ...
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2answers
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Is a time expression always necessary with the future perfect?

I've been struggling with the following sentence: A: Let's meet at 4 PM tomorrow B: Ok. No problem. I'll have had lunch so It's fine with me The question is: Is a time expression like "By ...
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1answer
871 views

Can I use a past simple and a past perfect in the same sentence? If so, what logic does it follow?

"I didn't consider the possibility of someone asking me a question after I had crossed them off my list." Or, "I didn't consider the possibility of someone asking me a question after I crossed ...
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2answers
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Having vs. doing

I'm learning the -ing clauses and I have a question about an explanation on this website: (1) When one action happens before another action, we use having (done) for the first action, for example, "...
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2answers
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Is the phrase “are you come” in this sentence correct?

A man made big noise to rouse a Giant and the Giant rushed from his cave, crying: " You incorrigible villain, are you come here to disturb my rest?" This is from English Fairy Tales. I wonder ...
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What is the difference between these two sentences (“was created” vs “has been created”)? [duplicate]

What is the difference between these two sentences: The first feature-length comedy film was created by Charlie Chaplin. The first feature-length comedy film has been created by Charlie Chaplin. ...
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1answer
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Please explain the difference between these two sentences to me?

This package was supposed to have been delivered yesterday. This package was supposed to be delivered yesterday. Please explain the difference. And my doubt is generally we use simple past ...
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I will have offended every breathing entity

It doesn't occur to me that I haven't exactly showered him with love and adoration and overt affection, nor does it occur to me that within five seconds I will have offended every breathing entity ...
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1answer
3k views

Is 'She has been taken' active or passive voice?

She has been taken I want to know - Is it passive voice or active voice? If it is passive, then what is object, subject, verb in this sentence? If it's not a passive voice, then we use 2 two past ...
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3answers
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“I have submitted the application” is it a right sentence?

I want to respond my counterpart in another location that I submitted required application or form and request him to review the application and let me know in case of any additional information. My ...
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1answer
5k views

“Have questions”, how to use the correct sentence to feedback “Have they finished painting the office yet?”

How to response Q&A Question sentence : Have they finished painting the office yet? Answers: 1. Yes, they finished yesterday. 2. No, he's still painting the ...
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“became” vs “has become”

The name of the team became a symbol of a fast and furious play The name of the team has become a symbol of a fast and furious play Is any of these two sentences wrong? When doing a test I ...
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1answer
101 views

Help understanding how to use 'been'/present-perfect aspect

I want to know the actual meaning of been and where I can use this word. Now I have some questions: If someone asks me where my brother is, then if I say "he has been sleeping" it means he is still ...
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2answers
334 views

Using “would have had to have”

If I had had an apple, I would have had to have eaten it. If he had not earned much then they wouldn't have had to have been to the US. Is the usage of "would have had to have" correct in the above ...
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4answers
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Present perfect or past simple with since

I think it should be: Since my father has joined this post, he has not taken bribe. The book I am reading says the correct one is: Since my father joined this post, he has not taken bribe. ...
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1answer
73 views

Past simple or present perfect for an action in the past

Now she has become (become) a star in the world of music. Just listen to her and you know that God has given (give) her the voice of an angel. Would it be possible to use past simple for give: ...
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1answer
919 views

Expressing achievements with present perfect

"She has recently dyed her hair blue." Did we use the present perfect simple to express an achievement or a finished action in the past with a result in the present??
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2answers
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“The word histology has offered the German scientist Mayer in 1918”

I'm reading a book now, but since it was written in English by Russian woman, I'm not sure about the level of the English of this book. Let me cite to you one phrase: "The word histology has ...
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2answers
449 views

Difference in meaning between 'I'd be surprised if he hadn't/hasn't'

"Has he tried to flirt with you yet? I'd be surprised if he hadn't." "Has he tried to flirt with you yet? I'd be surprised if he hasn't." Is the first one more appropriate than the second? ...
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2answers
118 views

Can I substitute 'came' for 'have come' in this context?

Today I was given a task including following sentences. I would like to know whether or not I could substitute came for have come. Here is the sentence: You came to the party in your own car. It ...
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82 views

Is correct tense used? [closed]

I have talked with Tom and I found this project very interesting. To add some context : I talked with Tom about one hour ago via phone and he told me about the project.
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backshifting of the “had to”

There are many sites explaining the rules of backshifting in the reported speech but I am not able to find the one for backshifting of "had to". I had to do it, he said. Which is the correct form ...
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293 views

Is the sentence 'the nearest past' or 'I finished the thing and I have nothing to do.'?

I learned the sentence like "I have finished the work." But I can not understand the exact meaning of the sentence. 'The nearest past (I finished it just few minute ago)' or 'I finished the thing ...
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Tenses agreement..Have/had..and how backshifting works

It'd be great if you showed me the paintings you had drawn. It'd be great if you showed me the paintings you have drawn. Are both the above sentences grammatically correct? Should I backshift when ...
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What is difference between “has been taken residency” and “has been taking residency”?

Which one is correct, or if both, what is difference between "has been taken residency" and "has been taking residency"? EDIT: few more details about the question I write this phrase in "proof of ...
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“hasn't” or “hadn't”

Is the following sentence correct? The client can see the problem which hadn't been resolved in the following link: ... Or is changing the word "hadn't" to "hasn't" absolutely necessary to make it ...
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why did the author choose past perfect

For those of you who don't know this site has been in financial trouble for some time, today the website and database have disappeared. If you are one of the many sellers owed money by GEMM do not ...
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635 views

Asking question about event that happened some minutes ago

If someone giving me order on the phone and then after 1-2 minutes he/she comes in front of me, how I can ask him that he/she gives the order on phone or they come without giving order on the phone? ...
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985 views

When to use “has/have had” in a sentence?

I often see sentences like: I have had this car for 5 years. I have had Ice cream. I googled it but didn't understood it well.
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3answers
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Can we use a past form of verb with present form of linking verb 'be'?

I am learning English grammar from a book. The current section I am learning is Adverbial clauses of time (future reference).The section says to use present form after adverbial clause when referring ...
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Use of Perfect Infinitive

1 He is understood to have left India for good last year. 2 The scientist claim to have discovered cure for AIDS and the medicine will be put on sale very soon. 3 He pretended to have lost her ...
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modal + perfect

What would be the right way to express the thing: She can't have left yet because of the rain. or She's not been able to leave yet because of the rain.
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112 views

he had it checked by the manager

He had it [checked by the manager]. [passive] In the Cambridge Grammar of the English Language is on page 1174 written in connection with this sentence this: "The past participle form of the ...
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Didn't existed or hadn't existed?

I come across this in todays New Yorker: Birkenstocks, like an iPad, or an eight-dollar bottle of cold-pressed juice, are the covetable answer to a need that hadn’t existed before they came along. ...
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1answer
223 views

past simple or past perfect in this case

First, I feel sorry because I thought I had given our phone number, but may be I've forgotten, anyway here it is. Is it correct or shall I say "gave" and "forgot". I chose past perfect had given ...
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What does ⎛had you studied⎞ imply in this sentence?

Can you explain this conversation? Can you explain what might have led to it? Or what might have happened before the exams by the speakers? assume that A and B are two persons talking with each ...
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102 views

when to use “should have”?

I have a question, I have read this sentence: the Western powers now yielded when they should have resisted but I do not understand why they use the present perfect at the end of the sentence '...
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2answers
607 views

Present Perfect Tense Asking

I am a beginner for English grammar. I read following paragraph in my grammar book. I got your long email about two weeks ago and have been trying to find time to write you back ever since. I have ...