Questions tagged [perfect-constructions]

Perfect constructions employ a form of HAVE as an auxiliary and the past participle of a lexical verb to express past events as a current state.

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What is the difference between these two sentences (“was created” vs “has been created”)? [duplicate]

What is the difference between these two sentences: The first feature-length comedy film was created by Charlie Chaplin. The first feature-length comedy film has been created by Charlie Chaplin. ...
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985 views

Please explain the difference between these two sentences to me?

This package was supposed to have been delivered yesterday. This package was supposed to be delivered yesterday. Please explain the difference. And my doubt is generally we use simple past ...
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I will have offended every breathing entity

It doesn't occur to me that I haven't exactly showered him with love and adoration and overt affection, nor does it occur to me that within five seconds I will have offended every breathing entity ...
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Is 'She has been taken' active or passive voice?

She has been taken I want to know - Is it passive voice or active voice? If it is passive, then what is object, subject, verb in this sentence? If it's not a passive voice, then we use 2 two past ...
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“I have submitted the application” is it a right sentence?

I want to respond my counterpart in another location that I submitted required application or form and request him to review the application and let me know in case of any additional information. My ...
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5k views

“Have questions”, how to use the correct sentence to feedback “Have they finished painting the office yet?”

How to response Q&A Question sentence : Have they finished painting the office yet? Answers: 1. Yes, they finished yesterday. 2. No, he's still painting the ...
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“became” vs “has become”

The name of the team became a symbol of a fast and furious play The name of the team has become a symbol of a fast and furious play Is any of these two sentences wrong? When doing a test I ...
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Help understanding how to use 'been'/present-perfect aspect

I want to know the actual meaning of been and where I can use this word. Now I have some questions: If someone asks me where my brother is, then if I say "he has been sleeping" it means he is still ...
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Using “would have had to have”

If I had had an apple, I would have had to have eaten it. If he had not earned much then they wouldn't have had to have been to the US. Is the usage of "would have had to have" correct in the above ...
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Present perfect or past simple with since

I think it should be: Since my father has joined this post, he has not taken bribe. The book I am reading says the correct one is: Since my father joined this post, he has not taken bribe. ...
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Past simple or present perfect for an action in the past

Now she has become (become) a star in the world of music. Just listen to her and you know that God has given (give) her the voice of an angel. Would it be possible to use past simple for give: ...
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840 views

Expressing achievements with present perfect

"She has recently dyed her hair blue." Did we use the present perfect simple to express an achievement or a finished action in the past with a result in the present??
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“The word histology has offered the German scientist Mayer in 1918”

I'm reading a book now, but since it was written in English by Russian woman, I'm not sure about the level of the English of this book. Let me cite to you one phrase: "The word histology has ...
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Difference in meaning between 'I'd be surprised if he hadn't/hasn't'

"Has he tried to flirt with you yet? I'd be surprised if he hadn't." "Has he tried to flirt with you yet? I'd be surprised if he hasn't." Is the first one more appropriate than the second? ...
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Can I substitute 'came' for 'have come' in this context?

Today I was given a task including following sentences. I would like to know whether or not I could substitute came for have come. Here is the sentence: You came to the party in your own car. It ...
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Is correct tense used? [closed]

I have talked with Tom and I found this project very interesting. To add some context : I talked with Tom about one hour ago via phone and he told me about the project.
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backshifting of the “had to”

There are many sites explaining the rules of backshifting in the reported speech but I am not able to find the one for backshifting of "had to". I had to do it, he said. Which is the correct form ...
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Is the sentence 'the nearest past' or 'I finished the thing and I have nothing to do.'?

I learned the sentence like "I have finished the work." But I can not understand the exact meaning of the sentence. 'The nearest past (I finished it just few minute ago)' or 'I finished the thing ...
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Tenses agreement..Have/had..and how backshifting works

It'd be great if you showed me the paintings you had drawn. It'd be great if you showed me the paintings you have drawn. Are both the above sentences grammatically correct? Should I backshift ...
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What is difference between “has been taken residency” and “has been taking residency”?

Which one is correct, or if both, what is difference between "has been taken residency" and "has been taking residency"? EDIT: few more details about the question I write this phrase in "proof of ...
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“hasn't” or “hadn't”

Is the following sentence correct? The client can see the problem which hadn't been resolved in the following link: ... Or is changing the word "hadn't" to "hasn't" absolutely necessary to make it ...
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why did the author choose past perfect

For those of you who don't know this site has been in financial trouble for some time, today the website and database have disappeared. If you are one of the many sellers owed money by GEMM do ...
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Asking question about event that happened some minutes ago

If someone giving me order on the phone and then after 1-2 minutes he/she comes in front of me, how I can ask him that he/she gives the order on phone or they come without giving order on the phone? ...
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When to use “has/have had” in a sentence?

I often see sentences like: I have had this car for 5 years. I have had Ice cream. I googled it but didn't understood it well.
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Can we use a past form of verb with present form of linking verb 'be'?

I am learning English grammar from a book. The current section I am learning is Adverbial clauses of time (future reference).The section says to use present form after adverbial clause when referring ...
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Use of Perfect Infinitive

1 He is understood to have left India for good last year. 2 The scientist claim to have discovered cure for AIDS and the medicine will be put on sale very soon. 3 He pretended to have lost her ...
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modal + perfect

What would be the right way to express the thing: She can't have left yet because of the rain. or She's not been able to leave yet because of the rain.
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he had it checked by the manager

He had it [checked by the manager]. [passive] In the Cambridge Grammar of the English Language is on page 1174 written in connection with this sentence this: "The past participle form of the ...
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Didn't existed or hadn't existed?

I come across this in todays New Yorker: Birkenstocks, like an iPad, or an eight-dollar bottle of cold-pressed juice, are the covetable answer to a need that hadn’t existed before they came along. ...
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past simple or past perfect in this case

First, I feel sorry because I thought I had given our phone number, but may be I've forgotten, anyway here it is. Is it correct or shall I say "gave" and "forgot". I chose past perfect had given ...
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What does ⎛had you studied⎞ imply in this sentence?

Can you explain this conversation? Can you explain what might have led to it? Or what might have happened before the exams by the speakers? assume that A and B are two persons talking with each ...
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101 views

when to use “should have”?

I have a question, I have read this sentence: the Western powers now yielded when they should have resisted but I do not understand why they use the present perfect at the end of the sentence '...
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Present Perfect Tense Asking

I am a beginner for English grammar. I read following paragraph in my grammar book. I got your long email about two weeks ago and have been trying to find time to write you back ever since. I have ...
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Difference between Simple Past and Past Perfect

What is the difference in meaning between the two examples below? When she returned home from office, she was shocked to see that her husband and daughter were missing. (Simple Past) When she ...
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Don't speak until I [tell, told, have told or what?] you?

I've one or two questions.. How [should or could?] you say this sentence? Don't speak until I [tell, told, have told or what?] you.
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“As if I had known you” vs “As if I have known you”

First, here's a material that made me keep thinking about this issue in the first place. http://www.grammaring.com/as-if-as-though I feel as if I had known you all my life. I haven't ...
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Did + past tense or past participle?

I don't know how to use did+present tense OR past tense Did sarah go to the party this Thursday? OR Did sarah went to the party this Thursday? Where had you been? OR Where have you been?
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“I would have liked [to have seen / to see] John …”

I've come across the following sentence on a BBC Learning English page: I would have liked to have seen John before he left for Canada, but Mary didn't want to. I was just wondering can we ...
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reported speech and past perfect

Several defense witnesses corroborated Sacco’s account of his day off, establishing a timeline of his activities from morning to late afternoon. Carpenter Dominick Ricci said he saw Sacco in the ...
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783 views

He had known what I had done VS He had known what I did

(1) "He had known what I had done." (2) "He had known what I did." What is the difference between them?? What does it mean by using past perfect in a clause when a main clause is past perfect? ...
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I have been aware or I'm aware

I wrote this sentence "I have been aware, that my job is good" but my friend told me is not correct an answer. He said "I'm aware that my job is good" Why I can't use present perfect?
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Present Perfect vs. Present Perfect Continuous

I've wondered/been wondering... Which one is correct? My teacher supposes that 'wonder' is a stative verb. But I've seen several times in texts the usage of 'been wondering'. So what does it mean? Is ...
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present perfect vs past perfect vs simple past

The dancers have rehearsed the ballet for almost three hours. They have displayed new CDs since Friday morning. She hasn't talked to her brother since he broke her cell phone. At first glance ...
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Can “have” in perfect tenses be used to make questions?

A: I have a bus. B:Have you a bus? Here have is used to make a question by bring have in the beginning of a sentence. My question is can we behave the same toward have in perfect tenses? For ...
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when to use have been

I have read that we use "have been" with the present perfect continuous as in the formula [has/have + been + present participle], e.g., You have been waiting here for two hours. But sometimes I ...
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Which tense should I use in this sentence?

I want to say that someone is my favorite actor for the last 10 years, and that he still is. Do I say He is my favorite actor for the last 10 years. He has been my favorite actor for the last 10 ...
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“Would have + past participle” in The Scarlet Letter

From The Scarlet Letter: Amongst any other population, or at a later period in the history of New England, the grim rigidity that petrified the bearded physiognomies of these good people would ...
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Is there a present perfect error [closed]

Zur Situation Von Konstruktionen b/w Les Mots Ètranges is Les Trucs first 7″ on fettkakao. well – at least a very own 45. they have had a split out in 2010 w/ Sex Jams and contributed a song to the ...
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What is this infinitive describing “to have +third form of verb” [closed]

What is this non finite describing "to have third form of verb " e.g,to have been,to have crossed etc.Is this showing any completeness of a work or something else. Edit is valid to above context
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present perfect progressive?

Which sentence is better? I have been trying to contact you for 4 weeks but did not get any answer and was disappointed. But today got one at last..... I tried to contact you for 4 weeks, ...