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Questions tagged [phonetics]

For questions about the sounds that make up the English language. If your question is about how to pronounce a certain word, use the [pronunciation] tag instead.

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How do you pronounce the word "promptly"?

I have a question about the pronunciation of the word "promptly." I've checked several sites, but it seems there are two variations. One pronounces the word with the "T" as "...
Stev's user avatar
  • 11
8 votes
2 answers
3k views

Why English IPA is so different across its definitions?

I'm trying to create a website to help my partner learn phonetics. She is taking a class as part of her English degree. The issue is that I do not understand how phonetic translation works and ...
tteixeira's user avatar
  • 181
0 votes
1 answer
83 views

What's this linguistic, phonetic or phonologic phenomenon called?

I was enjoying the relaxing vibes that the hotel provided. When Americans say the above sentence, do they sometimes say "vibes that" as "vibesat"? Does it also happen in other ...
Tim's user avatar
  • 4,059
3 votes
1 answer
199 views

What kind of "a"-sound does IPA aɪ depict?

From what I know of English phonetics, in RP there're 3 similar monophthongs (that my Russian ear associates with the same Russian letter, "а"): ʌ, ɑ, æ. So far I've learned to more or less ...
Ruslan's user avatar
  • 557
5 votes
2 answers
761 views

What exactly is a long vowel sound?

I am having a hard time grasping the definition of the term 'long vowel sounds', a long vowel sound is defined as a sound with the same pronunciation as its letter. The long vowel a, e, i, o sounds ...
Devin Johw's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
166 views

Why can't we pronounce /b/ in 'climb' /mb/, while /p/ in 'limp' /mp/ can be pronounced?

I think it based on voicing and place of articulation. However, i'm not sure if the 'place of articulation' is correct since /m/,/p/,/b/ are all bilabial.
Emerald Ngo's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
152 views

Is it my ears or is it the narrator pronouncing"...JAGGED CLIFFS" something like ".... JAG IL TIFFS."?

Cornered, the seals keep close to the jagged cliffs. BBC (see:1:19-1:23) I listened to it more than 10 times and suprised to hear the "...jagged cliffs" was pronounced something like ".....
Yunus's user avatar
  • 7,617
-2 votes
1 answer
65 views

Is it a pronunciation mistake in Trump's inauguration speech? [duplicate]

Did Trump here mistakenly pronounce the "~ing ou~" of We must protect our borders from the ravages of other countries making our products, stealing our companies, and destroying our jobs. ...
shepherd's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
43 views

How can I find free British RP articulatory phonetics images?

I need some free images of British RP articulatory phonetics (for 44 sounds) like the following one. However, I can collect them from youtube video tutorials by taking snapshots. But the problem is ...
Mohammad Shohel Rana's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
67 views

Are "knees" and "needs" homophones?

I saw an English textbook has a /dz/ phoneme, wondering whether it is simply pronounced as [z] with a silenced [d] Are needs and knees simply homophones?
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
153 views

How are words divided to into syllables (consonant clusters)?

My question is more about the pronunciation of words like arbitrary, oblivion and experience. The way theses words are divided into syllables make them harder for me to pronounce them due to the lack ...
TumTUm's user avatar
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-2 votes
1 answer
216 views

Are nonsense words useful for learning to read? [closed]

In my son's 1st grade class they use nonsense words to assess "phonemic awareness". I can understand why that is useful for assessment: for words the child knows, it nullifies the ...
Matt Chambers's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
992 views

Aspirated voiceless plosives after consonants at the end of words

It is my understanding that: Voiceless stops are aspirated at the beginning of a word, and at the beginning of a stressed syllable. Voiceless stops are unaspirated at the beginning of an unstressed ...
Darvid's user avatar
  • 23
0 votes
1 answer
65 views

How to use the IPA chart?

I've studied in English medium institutions all my life. However, now I'd like to brush up my intonation and pronunciation well before an IELTS exam. I've got the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet)...
Nayeem Arefin Ratul's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
123 views

Are there more than 44 phonemes in English?

I was using English words to teach Malayalam consonants when I noticed that Malayalam has separate characters for the alveolar and retroflex versions of the same consonant. But I also noticed that ...
Kurien Kalarickal's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
100 views

Is there a difference between the pronunciation in UK and the US for words with the same phonemes?

The word "run" has the same phonemes in the UK and US, but, when I heard their pronunciations from Cambridge Dictionary, I heard a great difference between both of them. I want to know: Do ...
lcjury's user avatar
  • 123
1 vote
3 answers
316 views

Does a voiceless consonant always become voiced when between 2 vowels?

In American English, it seems when a voiceless consonant is between 2 vowels, it usually becomes voiced. For example, the "t"s in "bottle" and "water" are pronounced as &...
ProtossShuttle's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
52 views

Phonemic vs. phonetic notation: /m/ in mass vs. symphony

Dictionaries such as ldoceonline.com use a phonemic notation for the two words spelled: mass and symphony, i.e. /mæs/ vs /ˈsɪmfəni/ But this is hardly the whole story: to me (a non-native) the two ...
DanielC's user avatar
  • 125
1 vote
1 answer
74 views

Is the PER in Experience pronounced PEER or PIR? [duplicate]

In some dictionaries, the second i sound in experience is a short ɪ, Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English /ɪkˈspɪriəns/ Merriam-Webster \ ik-'spir-ē-ən(t)s \ But googling "pronounce ...
ProtossShuttle's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
415 views

Can the "ee" sound be pronounced as "ay" in songs

I always though that sometimes in songs, words like "me" were sometimes pronounced like "may", as in the month, but I was never a 100% sure and thought it could just be my ears not ...
Eduardo Machado's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
20 views

Where do i put the suprasegmental to indicate the stressed syllable when transcribing in phonetics ipa

In the words: union, /ˈjunjən/ discussion /dɪˈskʌʃən/ banana /bəˈnænə/ puppet /ˈpʌpət/ and entertainment /ˌɛntərˈteɪnmənt/ when transcribed where do I put the suprasegmental ' to indicate the ...
Rivky's user avatar
  • 11
0 votes
0 answers
213 views

Have difficulty in pronouncing /g/

I noticed myself have this problem recently. When I pronounce /g/, I get a result like a mix of /g/ and /d/, is there any suggestions on how to train and improve this point? I can hear the sound ...
user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
127 views

Which of the two different pronunciations of /z/ is correct?

When I was learning the English phonemes, I noticed that the phoneme represented by /z/ was pronounced significantly differently in the two tutorials I had purchased. I had thought that maybe one of ...
Andy's user avatar
  • 103
-1 votes
2 answers
175 views

final letter "y", following a vowel, yet representing another syllable

Is there a word in English, in which the final letter "y", while following a vowel, would represent another syllable? For example, in the words "worry", "story", "...
brilliant's user avatar
  • 4,303
4 votes
1 answer
618 views

Pronunciation of ‘deduce’ as duh-DOOS

When I look up some dictionaries, the pronunciation of the word 'deduce' is /dɪˈduːs/, but it is pronounced as duh·doos ([dəˈduːs]). Is there a rule when to pronounce the vowel /ɪ/ like that?
Edated's user avatar
  • 53
4 votes
3 answers
2k views

Do native English speakers pronounce every final letter when speaking fast? [closed]

I came across situations where it looks like they don't pronounce the final letter of every word in a sentence? Personally, I feel that skipping the final letter somehow seems beautiful? What is the ...
Muhammad Arslan's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
94 views

Why 'TEFL" is pronounced with Schwa /tef.əl/ although it's an abbreviation? [closed]

Why 'TEFL" is pronounced with Schwa /tef.əl/ although it's an abbreviation? What is the logic behind this of insertion a schwa sound?
NIA Team's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
65 views

"Constructor" pronunciation debate [closed]

I have a debate with my friend on the pronunciation of “constructor” word that he claims there cannot be a pronunciation which is of IPA phonetic as following unlike mine that /ˈkɑn.stɹʌktəɹ/ of which ...
Soner from The Ottoman Empire's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
84 views

Does /ŋz/ at the end of the word sound [ŋgs] with a hard 'g'?

The combination ŋ + -s in words like things, songs, sings etc. Is there a hard 'g' sound between ŋ and the -s (/z/)?
NIA Team's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
104 views

Does /eɪ/ sound make a slight 'y' sound in the word "DAY"?

I am really confused with this sound /eɪ/ It seems that it has a /j/ or 'aaaay' sound when it is at the end of the word like: Day - /deɪ/ pray - /preɪ/ Also with words like Played Some people (non-...
NIA Team's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
388 views

What is the difference between /ɔ/ and /ɑ:/? [duplicate]

Why they write the word 'Call' as /kɑːl/ (Cambridge) And some others, they write it like /kɔl/ (Collins) So, are they the same in American English?
NIA Team's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
185 views

can vs can't distinction, and can't followed by a vowel sound

Edit: I am talking about American English, particularly the one spoken in the Western United States I understood from this post that there are mainly these ways to distinguish between the two: the -...
user avatar
10 votes
5 answers
3k views

Why do we write /-ɪŋ/ instead of /-iŋ/?

When pronouncing words like "thing", "sing", or any word ending in -ing, I say it and have heard it as "eeng", which would be transcribed as /iŋ/. However, every ...
Luke's user avatar
  • 111
0 votes
1 answer
129 views

Can a sound or phoneme be an affix?

I was thinking that a sound or phoneme might go on, after, or before a word like the sound 'oh' going after the word 'that' or 'game' which might make the words 'thatoh' or 'gameoh' So I thought or ...
user6779864's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
136 views

Assimilation of /v/ followed by /f/

How do English speakers pronounce "I've found"? Is it pronounced like /aiv faʊnd/ or /aif faʊnd/?
Beowulf's user avatar
  • 35
1 vote
2 answers
222 views

Pronunciation of 'pronunciation' with an intrusive T

According to the dictionaries, pronunciation is pronounced pruh-nuhn-see-ey-shuhn. However, do native English speakers really say [see] instead of [tsee] even when talking fast? For instance, I hear [...
Probably's user avatar
  • 1,599
2 votes
1 answer
124 views

How to pronounce "used the" in the USA?

He changed the music style to fit trend and used the media as his new tragedy This above a line from a movie but what I heard instead of 'used the' was like 'use the'. So I wonder what's the right ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
107 views

Segmental -> [sɛɡ|mɛnt"ə"l] Can I omit the "/ə/" sound?

segmental [sɛɡ|mɛntəl] Can I omit the /ə/ sound? Due to another dictionary's pronunciation [seɡˈmentl]
gomadeng's user avatar
  • 4,646
1 vote
2 answers
612 views

Are the phonemes [i] and [i:] "allophones" of the phoneme [ɪ] in General American?

Are the phonemes [i] and [iː] "allophones" of the phoneme [ɪ] in General American? Why does the phoneme [ɪ] sound like [i] or [iː] in some words? Example words: it x sink. The phoneme [ɪ] ...
Aelson's user avatar
  • 13
17 votes
2 answers
4k views

Why are there three pronunciations for the plural "-s"?

I know all the pronunciation rules for the plural -s endings. After a voiced sound, it is z, after an unvoiced one it is s, after s, sh, ch it is iz. In phonetic notation, respectively, /z/, /s/, /ɪz/....
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
146 views

Why would the word "hooked" end with a "t" sound?

On the Cambridge dictionary website, if you search "hooked", the US IPA given is /hʊkt/. and if you click the audio button, it does indeed end with a "t" sound, I know the spelling ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
441 views

Does the word "discharge" sound more like /dɪstʃɑːʳdʒ/ or /dɪsdʒɑːʳdʒ/?

Does the word discharge sound more like /dɪstʃɑːʳdʒ/ or /dɪsdʒɑːʳdʒ/? How about exchange or disproportion? Do they sound more like /ɪkstʃeɪndʒ/ or /ɪksdʒeɪndʒ/? /dɪsprəpɔːʳʃən/ or /dɪsbrəpɔːʳʃən/? I ...
Stats Cruncher's user avatar
11 votes
3 answers
5k views

Why is "threepenny" pronounced as THREP.NI?

First of all, "threepenny" is a British word meaning "costing or worth three pence". It's quite an uncommon word. If you haven't heard it before, I'm pretty sure you would ...
user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
2k views

How to pronounce "changed"?

When pronouncing the word changed, how to do that? It is giving me a hard time because of the G and D part. It is so difficult to pronounce. Can I skip the G and pronounce chaned or what is the ...
user avatar
43 votes
3 answers
38k views

Why is "iron" pronounced "EYE-URN" but not "EYE-RUN"?

I just noticed that the word iron is pronounced EYE-URN in standard Englishes instead of what the spelling suggests. I have always been pronouncing it "EYE-RUN" but I just checked its ...
user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
128 views

What are the subtle differences between all these phonemes regarding the letter or sound "a"?

I'm a Spanish native speaker and to me, all these phonemes sound quite similar. What are the little details that make these sounds different?
Adrián Jaramillo's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
7k views

On the meaning of YgUDuh by E.E. Cummings

I'm currently trying to understand E.E. Cummings Poem "YgUDuh": ygUDuh ydoan yunnuhstan ydoan o yunnuhstand dem yguduh ged yunnuhstan dem doidee yguduh ged riduh ydoan o nudn LISN bud LISN ...
Polygnome's user avatar
  • 903
35 votes
4 answers
16k views

Why is the t in "often" silent?

Cambridge online dictionary pronounces "often" without the "t" but also gives the pronunciation with the t. I checked in many other dictionaries but it is silent. UK: /ˈɒf.ən/ /ˈɒf....
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
410 views

Are /s/ and /z/ really distinguishable at the end of a word?

I know /z/ is voiced and /s/ is not, but many times I heard /s/ when it should be /z/. For example, the word "yours", according to IPA, should be pronounced yourz /jɔːz/, but I almost always ...
CYC's user avatar
  • 3,019
3 votes
2 answers
185 views

How to pronounce the "n" in "wasn't really..." fast?

When people say "wasn't really" really fast, does the tongue position for /n/ in "wasn't" exactly the same as an usual /n/? (like in this description.) I ask this question because ...
CYC's user avatar
  • 3,019