Questions tagged [present-participles]

The Present Participle is a Verb used as an Adjective. It is formed by adding the suffix -ing to the infinitive form of the Verb.

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It made a pleasant change not having to work. (the identity of 'having')

It made a pleasant change not having to work. What's the identity of 'having' here? Gerund or Present participle?
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relative pronouns, to infinitive, present participle. Are they interchangeable?

Armstrong was the first man who walked on the moon. Armstrong was the first man to walk on the moon. Armstrong was the first man walking on the moon. Are they all the same? If not, what it the ...
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Only a few of them mention a block having specific shape

Myridon: There is a large number of definitions of "block" here: block - WordReference.com Dictionary of English Only a few of them mention a block having specific shape. Source: https://...
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is 'rolling' participle or adjective? [closed]

A rolling stone gathers no moss Here is "rolling" an adjective or a present participle? If it is both, which one is more accurate? If you have to choose one, which one would you choose? ...
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What is the function of 'having seen' in this sentence?

I am reading my text Why Do Friendships End? by Allison Hunter, there is a sentence confused me. She referred to having seen the question in one of my articles, Mystery of Friendship. I don't know ...
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The vanishing glass vs The vanished glass

I was reading a grammar book by M. Swan about present and past participle that are used as adjectives when I came across this example: a vanished civilization. In his book Oxford Grammar, he explains ...
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Do these sentences mean the same: "I sat watching the rain" vs "I sat while I was watching the rain."

1- I sat watching the rain. 2- I sat while I was watching the rain. In the beginning, I thought the two sentences were the same, 1st one being a shortened form the 2nd one. However, after I learnt ...
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is it correct that Present participle phrase could be considered to be a sentence?

is "Buying kitchen chairs and eating in restaurants and carrying on" a complete sentence? I think this sentence separated by common isn't a competition for sentence. but I often see this ...
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V-ing as noun modifier

Just about anyone living in the area at that time is at risk. (From CGEL, 2002, p. 162) I understand it's equivalent to Just about anyone who lived in the area at that time is at risk. I wrote a ...
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What are complete sentences of elliptic phrases such as "Or being lied about..."?

If you can wait and not be tired by waiting, Or being lied about, don't deal in lies, Or being hated, don't give way to hating, And yet don't look too good, nor talk too wise: Is the following their ...
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What difference would pre-modification and post-modification make?

https://news.weblioph.com/2022/01/24/the-pleasure-of-holding-grudges-and-forgiveness-intermediate/ "Try writing an aggressive email to the person involved without sending it to vent your rage. &...
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that running boy

a. Stop that running boy! b. Stop that boy running! You see a young boy running towards a street and you think he is going to try and cross it and put his life in danger. You shout to other people to ...
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Participle or Gerund when prepositions are present? [duplicate]

a) After having the meal, she went shopping. b) On being told the party was cancelled, the girl burst into tears. c) While walking along the street, Sandy answered. Please, advise whether the ing-...
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Can we use participle clauses as adverbial modifiers?

Most of the time, participle clauses are used in sentences like the ones that I have written below (all of which feature present participles): [1] Walking the dog, she breathed the fresh air. [2] He ...
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participial construction: the driver dying instantly

Is the boldfaced participial construction used properly? If not, why? The car crashed into the building, the driver dying instantly.
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the majority heading to Europe

Are the following sentences equivalent in meaning? How do (b) and (c) differ in usage? (a) Many Syrian people have been driven out of the country and the majority headed to Europe. (b) Many Syrian ...
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found my watch having disappeared

Is "having disappeared" correctly used in the following? If not, why? Before I left my room this morning, I found my watch having disappeared from the desk.
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How to use "Having + V3" and "Having been + V3" at the beginning of sentences

I am struggling to learn how to use "Having" in many cases. Through my reading on many sites, I understand that below are grammatically correct (if not kindly let me know): Having seen my ...
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"remove" vs "removing"

I saw this sentence in a book: So I move this into the intermediate data structure, removing it from the parameter list. I want to know whether it is equivalent to this sentence: So I move this ...
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Why doesn't this sound right?

All of these sound right: I found her dressed on the ground. I found her lying on the ground. I found her knocked out on the ground. I found her dead. But this sounds wrong. I found her fallen ...
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What does a gerund mean following comma?

I'm trying to understand the meaning of these sentences but I can't. For example: She hurried out the door, taking her coat with her. or Disappointed, they turned back, leaving a number of oxygen ...
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Can a present participle function adverbially?

She hit the ground running. He went flying. In these two examples, the present participles 'running' and 'flying' are clearly modifying their respective verbs. 'Running' complements 'hit', and '...
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Spent vs Spending

What is the difference between, The three pie charts below show the changes in annual spent by a particular school in 1981, 1991 and 2001. The three pie charts below show the changes in annual ...
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Why does the second clause of "Bob kicked the boy, injuring his left knee" use "injuring" instead of "injured"?

"Bob kicked the boy, injuring his left knee." I don't understand why the clause uses present participle (injuring) instead of the past tense (injured) of the verb? Does this sentence mean ...
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Their eyes looks identical or their eyes look identical? [closed]

Their eyes looks identical or their eyes look identical? Which one would be grammatically correct?
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they've got a cheek making you pay

How do you analyze the -ing phrase in the following? What role does it play in the sentence? What does it modify? I think they've got a cheek making you pay to park the car.
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Verb-ing (present participle) + noun

Can verb-ing + noun mean something which is done? For example, “drinking water.” “Drinking water” means water which is drunk, not water which drinks something.
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Brian was released without charge this evening after being detained

Brian was released without charge this evening after being detained by police for about ten hours. Brian was released without charge this evening, being detained by police for about ten hours. Being ...
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I don't understand sentence structure in the following example? Can anyone please break it down by parts of speech?

The Barcelona superstar scored the latest spectacular strike of his set-piece highlight reel this week, getting proceedings underway during the 2-1 win over Athletic Bilbao in La Liga. It seems to me ...
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Need some help with the use of Present Participle

He said that marking exams without knowing students' names, and having teachers discuss and review the grades they give with others, would reduce any possible biases caused by personality. In the ...
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emerging variants

In the following sentence, is the Delta variant an emerging one? The COVID-19 pandemic is increasingly becoming an arms race among the emerging variants of the virus, and at the moment, there is no ...
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Want someone ing, gerund? participle?

I was wondering when you say "I don't want you crying" or "I don't want you coming home late", Is the ings, here "crying" and "coming" are considered gerunds(...
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While crossing the road, the old man was hit by a bus [closed]

Should part 1 be like- while he was crossing the road because of passive structure in part 2.
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I lack confidence vs I am lacking in confidence?

I lack confidence I am lacking in confidence What's the difference in meaning between the two? Also, does lacking place emphasis on present state of lackingness (partial continuity) Is there a vessel ...
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Reduced adverb clause in the imperative sentences

1- (I - implied subject) Thank you for being a good listener unshortened situation: I thank you because you are a good listener 2- (You - implied subject) Promise her for being a good listener ...
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With Tom's being a VIP, we should treat him very well

With Tom being a VIP, we should treat him very well. With Tom's being a VIP, we should treat him very well. Do they both sound correct?
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Is it gerund or present participle and how?

I saw a running girl coming towards us. What is coming in it? I believe present participle but can you explain?
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people standing?

I saw some people who were in the process of standing up. So they were not 'standing' up yet. I was wondering if you could refer to them as people standing? For example, Can " people standing ...
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grammatical role of "using piano keys"

You just heard "Ebony and Ivory" by Paul McCartney and Stevie Wonder. This is a song about racial harmony using piano keys. The black keys on the piano are ebony, and the white ones are ...
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I can imagine him (being??) really angry

You could imagine sentence (a) (being??) uttered by someone consulting their diary and seeing that tomorrow's page is blank. I can imagine him (being??) really angry. I can't imagine elephants (...
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trouble/busy/at home/... doing something

I have a grammar question about the role of these bold "doing" in the below sentences and why they have "ing" form? I am busy doing my homework. I have trouble doing my homework. ...
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To be left to + present participle

Is this a correct way to write? I mean using present participle extemporizing. Too important to be left to 'extemporizing'
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Paraphrasing "Peter was abandoned by his parents at an early age and took to stealing." to participles

From my homework about participles, I have to paraphrase this to participles but I don't know how to. Peter was abandoned by his parents at an early age and took to stealing.
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Is it being faced, faced, or having been faced with the increasing unemployment?

In writing the following sentence, I am hesitating which one (Being faced, faced, having been faced) I should use at the beginning: _____ with the increasing unemployment, many people went on strike ...
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"The met official has discarded possibility of the celcius breaching forty degree in coming days."

I can not understand how the ing form has been used in the sentence with breach? Is it the shortening form? The met official has discarded possibility of the celcius breaching forty degree in coming ...
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the cop (who's) escorting him

One of the cops escorts Tim out of the house and toward a police car. Curious neighbors have gathered outside. Tim spits on the cop (who's) escorting him. Is "escorts" the more natural ...
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gerund and present participle

What are the differences between gerund and present participle? Is the following a case of present participle? People joining the association will have to pay.
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ing-clause grammar question

Anyone know why providing was used here? Is using which provides here correct? We have a weekly Western Canada newsletter written by our B.C. and Alberta bureau chiefs, providing a comprehensive ...
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"I cannot account for my (be) so talkative. It's just my character"

I cannot account for my (be) so talkative. It's just my character. What form of verb "be" should be used in this sentence? I can't come up with anything.
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Is sheltering in this sentence gerund or present participle

'Sheltering thieving juveniles causes harm to all' Can two present participles be used sequentially
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