Questions tagged [present-perfect]

For questions about use of the present perfect, a verb construction which implies a present state arising out of a past eventuality.

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John has finished sawing a board (present tense narrative)

Man #2 is about to start winding up a cord when man #1 comes up to him. They have the following conversation (here's a link to the video on YouTube): Man #1: "What are you doing?" Man #2: &...
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she has been good?

There's a scenario like this : We are in the hospital. our friend is lying in the hospital bed. everything is going well and then he suddenly collapses. at that time the doctor comes in and asks us ...
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Difference between "haven't" and "didn't"

I'm having some difficulties with the Present perfect simple. I can't understand if there's any difference between sentences like: "I didn't buy him a present" and "I haven't bought ...
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Momentary verbs

1 I'm an athele and I have high jumped in competitions for over 7 years 2 I'm an athelte and I have been high jumping in competitions for over 7 years. Now, I'm sure that 2 is correct, but I have ...
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He [had] promised to help, but he [has] bailed out on us

John promises Bob and Bill that he will help them, but then he simply doesn't turn up at the agreed time. Bob calls Peter (who cannot answer the call at the moment) and leaves him a voice message: 1. ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Difference between 'Used to be' and 'have been'

There used to be four cinemas in the town. Now there is only one. There have been four cinemas in the town. Now there is only one. What's the difference between these two sentences?
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Understanding the Present Perfect Tense: An Advanced Question

Consider the sentence: "I have read the book you recommended." This statement clearly indicates that the action of reading the book is complete, yet it does not specify when this action ...
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I found out that a new restaurant has opened

On the way home from work, Sarah noticed a new restaurant a couple of blocks from her house. When she came home, she said to her husband: 1. I found out that a new restaurant has opened in our ...
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She has been for 3 hours.? [closed]

There is a scenario like this. There is a woman in a restaurant. The restaurant owner asks her to leave but she doesn't leave. The restaurant owner calls the police. When the police arrive, he tells ...
emilywenly's user avatar
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"She might have been living there for 8 years" = "Perhaps she has been living there for 8 years"?

"She might have been living there for 8 years" "Perhaps she has been living there for 8 years" Do these two sentences have the same meaning?
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A weird use of "could have" in a non-hypothetical situation

I saw a sentence in a book that I am reading now. That seems very weird to me and I need clarification. All this happened between sunrise and sunset, the boy thought. He was feeling sorry for himself,...
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Present Perfect and Past Perfect with before and after

I don't quite understand how present perfect and past perfect work with before and after. Could you explain that to me? For example: I'll telephone you before I come - I'll telephone you before I've ...
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Future perfect vs present perfect

"Oh dear, the lecture starts at 9 o'clock. I'm late." "Don't worry. This lecturer's always late. He (hasn't/won't have) started yet." Is there a possibility of using "hasn't ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Following the present perfect (I've cooked) with the simple past (I didn't make)

John gets up later than his wife does because his work day starts later than his wife's. His wife always cooks him breakfast before leaving for work. This time she's cooked him some mashed potato and ...
prof1589's user avatar
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"I've been to see the manager" -- meaning of "been to see"

What does "been to see" in this excerpt from a listening test mean? Tutor: Hello Sam, come in and sit down ... Sam: Thanks. Tutor: You’re here to discuss your company-based IT project aren’...
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Why we used present perfect here [duplicate]

What kind of feeling we give readers when we use present perfect continuous with present perfect. We have been waiting for Nancy for the last two hours, but she still hasn't arrived. the writter use ...
fatemeh khayat's user avatar
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What is the tense of this word and why?

The sentence: You see, I have dumped my iPhone and bought myself an old-style, internet-free dumb phone (or “feature phone”, as the new branding would call it). What is the tense of the word "...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Why is present perfect used here?

We have been waiting for Nancy for the last 2 hours, but she still hasn't arrived. It's really confusing for me that why they used present perfect at the end of sentence when the first part of the ...
fatemeh khayat's user avatar
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1 answer
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Using present perfect with for after the event ended with for

I had an English exam about two days ago, and one of the questions was My uncle ____(live) in Alexandria for 20 years. Now, he lives in Cairo what I answered is Has Lived. EDIT: The model answer is &...
Modo Shokry's user avatar
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Retreating Polish troops blew/have blown up the bridge [duplicate]

I was watching a World War II documentary, and I came across this scenario (which I've now changed a little bit for the purpose of contrasting the present perfect with the simple past). Context #1: ...
prof1589's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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Usage of present perfect continuous and present perfect simple in specific context

I got the following text in an exam: ...Ben has been handing out 'Food Justice' leaflets to people all morning. The march started at 9 a.m. Since then, over 1,000 people have followed/have been ...
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Present perfect and since f [closed]

1 Aunt Gloria has not visited us since she has been working abroad 2 Aunt Gloria has not visited us since she worked/ was workig abroad Is there any difcerence between these two sentences?
train bee 282's user avatar
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BBC: "She has planned abdominal surgery." | Does it mean: "She has undergone the surgery" OR "She has not."?

This is from the BBC: Princess of Wales has planned abdominal surgery. On seeing this sentence in big fonts, I thought she has made a plan about her surgery in the days to come, because I thought it ...
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They arrived when I wasn't around, but I had been there before. - 'does Had Been mean up to a particular moment'

' had been' isn't passive here In this sentence: They arrived when I wasn't around, but I had been there before. when we use 'had been', does it mean that something had been there up to a particular ...
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while + present continuous and present perfect [duplicate]

Good evening, Are correct the following? While I'm writing to you, I've packed my stuff. As I'm writing to you, I packed my stuff. The meaning is that while writing I sometimes stopped to pack my ...
Chiara Locatelli's user avatar
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A tragic bus accident has happened

John's brother Peter lives in city X. He gets on a bus which later crashes into a dump truck. Shortly after the accident, he calls John and tells him that he's been severely injured. John gets upset ...
prof1589's user avatar
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3 answers
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Been vs gone in present perfect negative sentences

Is it more correct to say "They haven't gone to the beach, they are still at home" (using gone as past participle)or "They haven't been to the beach, they are still at home (using been)?...
Sofia Gl's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is using words which denote a specific time with present perfect tense grammatically correct?

"We have seen many such cases now". Now,as far as I know,present perfect tense is never used alongside words which denote a specific time like now, yesterday, tonight, today etc. So, is it ...
Rayhan's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Using past perfect after past simple with specific reference point/time

May I please ask if the sentence below is correct. On 20th December 2023 the company announced that the bargain has been completed. If yes, I do not understand why does not the author use "had&...
Triol's user avatar
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has been taking or has taken too much of your spare time

This is an old question but I have not been satisfied by the answers given As I buy many records from Australia, I have an Australian friend who collects all the records I have bought there (I live in ...
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correct tenses: [I am doing something.] or [I have done something.]

I have made up the sentences below. (Suppose that I HAVE started cleaning the street.) (a) I said to John, "Today is the six day I have cleaned the street. (b) I said to John, "Today is ...
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5 votes
4 answers
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"L'Oréal did not immediately respond…" Since there is still no response, why does BBC use simple past?

"L'Oréal did not immediately respond to a BBC request for comment." (BBC: Françoise Bettencourt Meyer: L'Oréal heiress first woman to amass $100bn fortune) When you read the text, you ...
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Regarding the shift from Present Perfect to Past Simple

If in the second of the two sentences, "Mrs. Jervis, thank you for all your kindness. Heaven reward you for the good you have done me.", the "have done me" part gets changed into &...
Fallen Empire's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
572 views

Present perfect - I haven't lost my key

The present perfect tense (I have lost my key) is used when I lost my key, and I don't still have it. Is it right? Then, if I lost my key, but I found the key, and I have it now, can I say "I ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Present pefect / adverbs of time

It's 2023 this year. I can say "I've read ten books this year". Can I say "I've read ten books in 2023"?
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1 answer
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Present perfect tense - counting

I ate two hamburgers yesterday and I ate three hamburgers today. In this context, right after I ate the fifth hamburger, could I say "I've eaten five hamburgers now"? or "I've just ...
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Present perfect for three consecutive events

John, Peter and Sarah are at a ski resort. John loses his balance and falls down. He then tries to get up, but he can't, so Sarah and Peter call for an ambulance. When it arrives, the doctor says John'...
prof1589's user avatar
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1 answer
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Haven't spoken or haven't been speaking

Could you, please, provide me with an explanation as to why "haven't spoken" is an accepted answer instead of "haven't been speaking" in the following example: My downstairs ...
Penguin422's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
90 views

Why is it present perfect here?

I'm reading a book where the author describes the process of his work. Referring to what he wrote in the past, he says: Often in the notes and essays I have had to break off just at the point where a ...
Arseny Aleev's user avatar
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the best dancer I ever saw

a. When I was in high school, there was this guy in our class who was the best dancer I ever saw. Would you say that sentence corresponds to When I was in high school, there was this guy in our class ...
azz's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Tenses in subordinate clauses

In most subordinate clauses we can't use "will" to refer to the future. This is usually true after conjuntions of time, question words, if, whether and in defining relative clauses. However, ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Without context, is there any difference between "had been cancelled" and "was cancelled"?

I have an example sentence that goes like this: I rang the station, and they told me that the train had been cancelled. Is there any difference between that sentence and: I rang the station, and ...
user593306's user avatar
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2 answers
136 views

I <have> <had> never eaten sushi before

Suppose that Mary is eating sushi now. Which of the following sentences should Mary use? (1) "I have never eaten sushi before." (2) "I had never eaten sushi before."
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1 answer
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tense with until today

I have paid my electric bills until now. The change is imminent if there is one. I had paid my electric bills until now. The change has already been done meaning I had paid my electric bills until ...
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Present/Past Perfect/Past Simple with "Until now"

So, I've gone through a good number of results that I got from BNCweb English language corpus, and can conclude that all these three tenses are used with "until now". If we consider the ...
Fallen Empire's user avatar
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1 answer
66 views

I had never tried pomegranate until now

The past perfect is used to talk about an earlier past situation of two past situations. Supposing I started trying pomegranate a few seconds ago. Would it be natural in this case to say "I had ...
Let's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
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Whenever I am taking notes, I write down what the teacher taught / has taught - are both acceptable?

When it is a statement about a habit, a regular event, or things like that, what tense do we use in a noun clause: simple past or present perfect? Example 1 Whenever I am taking notes, I write down ...
vincentlin's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Fill in the blanks with Simple Past or Present Perfect Tense

It is Teachers' Day today, and so far, Sarah (receive) _____ three presents. Her class (give) _____ her a plant and two of her students (give) _____ her individual gifts. I am sure that the first ...
loloist's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
251 views

By implementing/By having implemented new technologies, the company is going to generate more revenue. - differences in meaning

The company has implemented new technologies, and as a result, the company will generate more revenue in the future. Which one is the correct simplified version Example 1 "By implementing new ...
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"How did you get in here? Security!" vs "How have you gotten in here? Security!"

I have been doing some exercises on Past Simple vs Present Perfect as that's the topic that gives me the most troubles... and I can't comprehend why this sentence is correct? "How did you get in ...
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