Questions tagged [reduced-relative-clauses]

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"it was printed using..."

Hi I couldn't figure out the usage "it was printed using the new steam presses..." Herschel’s Preliminary Discourse was a product of the industrial age: it was printed using the new steam ...
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"follow a trend of" vs. "follow a trend which leads to be”

Is the following grammatically wrong? The global car companies follow a trend, which leads to be carbon neutral. My teacher change it to The global car companies follow a trend of carbon neutrality. ...
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Can a semi-colon be used like this? Are there more reduced forms of these sentences?

Is it understood when semi-colons and commas are used to combine long, similar clauses like this? Which one is correct of the following?: A) The color on the square to the right turned red, the one to ...
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Can 'who was' be omitted from "The woman (who was) arrested"?

The woman who was arrested denies all charges. Can 'who was' be omitted from this sentence?
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Is it necessary to replace the determiner "this" with the article "the" when I reduce relative clauses?

I don't know why the e-book I'm using to learn blames my answer when I'm asked to reduce this sentence: Cars that are parked in this street will be towed away. My answer: Cars parked in this street ...
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linking verbal clauses with conjunctions

Why is the case that the below sentence has three verbs that weren't linked with any conjunction? Also, why use the comma prior to the last clause. I don't know exactly why this sentence is structured ...
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Question about a sentence in a song

I was stranded on an island where I ran without direction. Is that the wind lifting me up? So my problem is with the last one, I would understand it completely if it were: "Is that the wind that ...
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which happened = happening? [closed]

I'd like to know whether the "which + verb" sequence can be rewritten as V-ing in the following sentences: a. The joy and excitement of the successful landing for the Perseverance rover and ...
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Is the change in the tense of "do" understood when "done" is omitted?

I've always wondered about this kind of sentence: You can't do (it); you have to wait for it to be (done). Is the "done" necessary? Without done, is it allowed so in any other type of ...
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''comma+ with+ noun phrase'' tense confusion

The problem here is the second part after the comma, The cigarette had drawn fire from critics ever since its popular introduction in the nineteenth century, with many of those opposed to smoking ...
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more examples of reducing relative clauses into an adverb/adverbial phrase

Here's a sentence with a relative clause: The man who is upstairs knows all about the mystery. It is possible to reduce the relative clause as such: the man upstairs knows all about the mystery. ...
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Are postpositive adjectives examples of reduced relative clauses?

We have a variety of products [that are] available to purchase. He found a house [that was] devoid of life. Traditionally, adjectives precede their associated noun. This, however, isn't the case ...
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Do we need "to be" when applying the rule of reduced relative clause?

I'd like to ask if "to be" is a must in the sentences below: [1] She was the first female to be employed. [2] She was the first female employed. [3] I am the first person given the ...
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Reduced adjective/adverb clause with past action/completed event

Original sentence: 1) "Authorities are investigating whether a man who allegedly drove an SUV into a holiday parade in Waukesha, Wis., killing five people and injuring more than 40, was fleeing ...
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taste or smell like (that of) a lemon

Sour things have a sharp, sometimes unpleasant, taste or smell like a lemon. Sour things have a sharp, sometimes unpleasant, taste or smell like that of a lemon. ("that"= the taste or smell)...
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Question about Reduced Clause

How to use reduce or enhance the following sentences? You shouldn't take that drug and you shouldn't see it as a cure. Apple who has a lion share of smartphone market is now forcing customer to pay ...
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Are these sentences correct: Having illness, I've to go to the hospital every week. Having fair skin, I've to stay away from the sun

I learned that present participles can be used to express why something happens, example: Being a man, I shave everyday. However, I noticed that in describing physical features it's better to avoid ...
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Reduced Relative Clauses which modify an object of the verb

a- I gave a book, which was written by Hemingway, to Mary last week. b- I gave a book, written by Hemingway, to Mary last week. As far as I know I can reduce the sentence a to b. But here the website ...
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Is it correct to explain a word using a phrase between two commas?

In the following sentence I placed "gases ejected from an engine as waste products" between commas to explain what exhaust fumes is? Curbing exhaust fumes, gases ejected from an engine as ...
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is it a correct usage of a reduced relative clause in sentence structure?

Is the following sentence grammatically correct? Specially I need to know if I have used the reduced clause "answering their parents back" correctly. Some children misbehave and become ...
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Reduced relative clauses referring to a whole sentence

1a- The station chief was fired, meaning there is an open position. 2a- We argued over something meaningless, making me feel bad. 3a- Dr. Gregory House is often brooding, ill-humored, and pessimistic, ...
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When can ı use -ing as participle or reduced relative clause?

As reduced relative clause: In fact, there is evidence suggesting that lower amounts are indeed efficacious. As (present) participle: In fact, there is suggesting evidence that lower amounts are ...
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Should I use a comma before a reduced and defining relative clause in this sentence?

A simple linear relationship between force and displacement known as Hooke's Law was discovered in the 1600s. I wrote this sentence and intended to use a reduced and defining relative clause, "...
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Can I use a non-defining and defining clause for the same noun?

I'm curious if I can use a non-defining and defining clause/phrase in a row for the same noun in a sentence. For instance, I sold the ring, an expensive one, that I bought a few years ago. (I intend ...
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Can I use a relative clause and a reduced relative clause for the same noun?

I don't like the computer gifted to me by my father that doesn't have enough RAM. OR I don't like the computer that doesn't have enough RAM gifted to me by my father. Can I use these sentences?
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"A student who is researching" vs "a student researching" [duplicate]

Can I shorten the sentence like this? 1- This is Peter, a student who is researching nuclear physics at a university . 2- This is Peter, a student researching nuclear physics at a university.
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the cop (who's) escorting him

One of the cops escorts Tim out of the house and toward a police car. Curious neighbors have gathered outside. Tim spits on the cop (who's) escorting him. Is "escorts" the more natural ...
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Why “dressed in blue” instead of “dressing in blue”?

The girl dressed in blue is my girlfriend. The girl dressing in blue is my girlfriend. I know the first sentence is correct, but how about the second one? Why do we say "The girl who dresses in ...
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It was one of a few houses (that were) (fully) built?

It was one of a few houses (that were) (fully) built. I want to say that the house was done, does just built mean that or should it be fully built ? and is that were necessary or optional?
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"It ill behooves us alleged early film lovers to forsake their insights today.”

This is from one of the LSATs. "It ill behooves us alleged early film lovers to forsake their insights today.” I don't understand what's the omitted subject being reduced by "alleged .........
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Reduced relative clauses when a non-progressive verb is used (such as "have")

In subjective relative clauses, we can left out the relative pronoun and end its verb using "ing". For example: I can’t find my notebook that contains all my addresses. I can’t find my ...
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Exceeded or exceeding

This is a sentence extracted from a book named “Into thin air”: I’d written more than sixty pieces for Outside over the previous fifteen tears, and seldom had the travel budget for any of these ...
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A comma separating independent clauses

I want to reduce the length of this sentence by adding a comma. However, Grammarly is indicating me that I should avoid it. It is not clear to me since the comma is connecting two independent but ...
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Please explain the use of the word Easy in this sentence

The tennis player, easy through the opening set against her opponent, rallied to take the final two sets for the biggest victory of her young career. Of the following pattern, which one is implied ...
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Question about relative pronouns and clauses

My friend wants to share some sugar with me. I need a container for it. What should I say in the following situations? I'll go and look for something to put it in. I'll go and look for something that/...
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Sentence started with Verb+ing, but it's a really different structure

In the book Outliers by Malcolm Gladwell, I came across this confusing sentence: Facing the square is the Palazzo Marchesale, the palace of the Saggese family, once the great landowner of those parts....
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Sinks and baths have faucets (that are) attached to them [duplicate]

A faucet is a device that controls the flow of a liquid or gas from a pipe or container. Sinks and baths have faucets attached to them. This is the definition of the word faucet. My question is, if ...
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"There will be a translated clip tomorrow." equivalent to "There will be a clip that is/was/has been/will have been translated tomorrow."?

Can I reduce a relative clause like down below? For example: Right now, there is no translated clip. I say, "There will be a translated clip tomorrow." Can it be equivalent to "There ...
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REDUCTIVE RELATIVE CLAUSES

I've recently learnt about relative clauses from reading two websites. I see a conflict between them From the first source :https://www.ef.com/ca/english-resources/english-grammar/non-defining-...
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Can I reduce a relative clause like this?

Can I reduce a relative clause like this from (1) to (2)? (1) People who lift weights but eat unhealthy food and go to bed late are not going to lose wight. (2) People lifting weights but eating ...
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is 'we shall wage' in the following sentence a relative clause?

On the results of the survey depend the extent and the type of campaign, we shall wage. In the above sentence, is we shall wage a reduced version of the relative clause which we shall wage?
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'who' or 'whom'?

I'm learning relative pronoun and I'm using Cliffs Toefl as a reference book. As this book says, relative pronoun who should be followed by a verb and whom should be followed by a noun. According to ...
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I wonder if I can reduce a relative clause with perfect tense in it (present or past perfect)

Question: I wonder if I can reduce a relative clause with perfect tense in it (present or past perfect). It is a topic few sites talk about, so I ask it here. Examples I came up with: 1. Original: I ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Question about reduced relative clauses: Can "having..." mean both "which had... " and "which have..."?

I saw a question today asking which one is correct, and the answer is (2) (1) Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary men and women having been previously considered ...
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What are the grammar of these sentence? (an IELTS writing, Task 1)

When I was reading this website "https://www.ieltsbuddy.com/ielts-task-1-map.html", I faced with some questions: Somewhere it was written: 1-There have been several changes, the most ...
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Reduced relative clauses used with some particular adjectives

According to Practical English Usage by Michael Swan, Reduced structures are also used with the adjectives available and possible. Please send me all the tickets available. (=...that are available) ...
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as + past participle

I’d like to know when it comes to the meaning of adjective phrase in a sentence, what’s the difference between the addition of as and the standard application of adjective phrase without as? For ...
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Omitting relative pronoun

He is the man whom I met yesterday. A relative pronoun can be omitted when it doesn't refer to the subject of the clause. So we can omit the relative pronoun 'whom' from the clause. But the clause is ...
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2 answers
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Confused about the construction of the sentence

I have been trying to understand the actual construction of these type of sentences, but there still is a confusion to my understanding. I have seen many answers to questions regarding this type of ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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“I saw him who was smiling”

I saw him smiling. Here the participle smiling acts as an adjective, right? I think something is omitted in the sentence. The complete sentence is: I saw him who was smiling. Is my concept ...
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