Questions tagged [reduced-relative-clauses]

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223 views

Modifying a subject, or an object

Generally, patterns are produced in weft knitted structures either in the form of selected colours for face stitches or surface relief patterns based on a choice of different types of stitch. This ...
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What are the grammar of these sentence? (an IELTS writing, Task 1)

When I was reading this website "https://www.ieltsbuddy.com/ielts-task-1-map.html", I faced with some questions: Somewhere it was written: 1-There have been several changes, the most ...
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Reduced relative clauses used with some particular adjectives

According to Practical English Usage by Michael Swan, Reduced structures are also used with the adjectives available and possible. Please send me all the tickets available. (=...that are available) ...
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as + past participle

I’d like to know when it comes to the meaning of adjective phrase in a sentence, what’s the difference between the addition of as and the standard application of adjective phrase without as? For ...
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1answer
29 views

Omitting relative pronoun

He is the man whom I met yesterday. A relative pronoun can be omitted when it doesn't refer to the subject of the clause. So we can omit the relative pronoun 'whom' from the clause. But the clause is ...
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2answers
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Confused about the construction of the sentence

I have been trying to understand the actual construction of these type of sentences, but there still is a confusion to my understanding. I have seen many answers to questions regarding this type of ...
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When can we reduce a relative clause?

I got this information while learning about “reduced relative clause”. Is the given information correct? I know that we can reduce a relative clause even if it modifies an object of a verb. Thus we ...
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2answers
50 views

“I saw him who was smiling”

I saw him smiling. Here the participle smiling acts as an adjective, right? I think something is omitted in the sentence. The complete sentence is: I saw him who was smiling. Is my concept ...
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2answers
27 views

Omission of was

Court dismissed the plea filed by the victim. Above is the original sentence read by me in news paper Can I write the sentence as below, Court dismissed the plea (which was) filed by the victim.
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Is this sentence on CNN wrong with two relative pronouns:“There has been no American that has needed a ventilator that has not received one.”

I heard the following sentence on TV at a speech by a native speaker. "...There has been no American that has needed a ventilator that has not received one." As you can see, there are two relative ...
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27 views

reduction of an adjective clause that modifies a whole sentence to an adjective phrase

I know there’s a universal agreement that an adjective clause can be reduced to an adjective phrase. However, I’d like to know whether the same rule could apply to the informal use of an adjective ...
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70 views

Why “being” was not eliminated?

1- I come across with below sentence written by a professor from the US in a paper: All amorphous material are actually in states which are configurationally frozen, a particular configuration ...
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1answer
68 views

Using “being” in reduced clauses

As far as I know, when two things happen at the same time, I can combine them with using participles. Such as : Kate is in the kitchen and she is making coffee. to Kate is in the kitchen ...
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1answer
15 views

omission of 'being' in relative clauses

Here is a sentence I've read in an article from BBC News: According to a new book, South Korean Popular Culture and North Korea, South Korea's government "targeted the export of popular media ...
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23 views

reducing relative clause using prefer verb

I was curious to know what kind of reduction has used for the word "preferring" in the following sentence. I think punctuation is not correct. I guess it originally had been ", because they(students) ...
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2answers
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Is “It was she did” grammatically correct?

Someone asks me who did it if I answer "It was she did" Is it correct? Or is it preferable to say "It was she who did it" or other answer
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1answer
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What does “where” mean in “co-operating with liberal or conservative parties where possible to survive the entire term”?

In their 2020-02-05 column, “Minority report: German politics”, The Economist writes: In the 1970s West Germany’s two main parties, one centre-left, one centre-right, together captured over 90% of ...
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29 views

“She was first female president to be elected in 1919.”

She was first female president to be elected in 1919. Does the meaning of this sentence same as She was first female president who was elected in 1919.
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Reduced relative clauses

a. Trees which fell in the storm have resulted in several accidents. b. Trees falling in the storm have resulted in several accidents. a. Teams which have completed the first round go into the ...
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1answer
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Those managing development teams

Would it be correct to say/write: These are the essential skills for those managing development teams. meaning: These are the essential skills for those who are managing development teams. And ...
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Can one use a reduced relative clause for a past action/state?

Is this grammatical? The man living here two years ago was my uncle. I was wondering if one can use a reduced relative clause for a past action/state.
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Is this grammatical: He works for a company selling thousands of computers every month

I'd like to confirm if it is fine to use: He works for a company selling thousands of computers every month. to mean: He works for a company that sells thousands of computers every month. ...
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Do “running down the street” and “run down the street” have the same meaning?

I suddenly found myself running down the street. l suddenly found myself who run down the street. Is running down the street a gerund clause or reduced relative clause?
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1answer
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I have a bug eating plant vs I have a plant eating bugs

Is it OK to reduce the relative clause below: I have a plant which eats bugs. into: I have a plant eating bugs. If so, I suppose it is still more natural to say: I have a bug eating plant. ...
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2answers
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What is the name of this grammatical structure?

I found this structure while reading. Can anyone tell me what it is called? Aware of the situation, he answered the phone, and knowing what he has, he decided to enter the competition. Also, is ...
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Usage of past participles

1- The funeral is at 3.00, followed by a reception at Shawn's bar. I saw this sentence in a tv-series. Can I say that this sentence is a reduced form of the sentences below? 2- The funeral is at 3....
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Omitting “while”

1- I found a hundred dollar bill on the sidewalk walking down the street. (While I was walking down the street) 2- She was also attending to her email talking on the phone. (While she was ...
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197 views

While + Past Participle

To perform this pose, they rest on their legs while positioned wide apart, as if they were straddling an invisible horse. I am not sure whether this use is grammatically correct. Is it okay?
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Reducing adverbial clauses when the subject is different from main clause

To perform this pose, they rest on their legs while positioned wide apart, as if they were straddling an invisible horse. (while those legs are positioned) After I saw that sentence above, I ...
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103 views

“I will shortly leave the job that it has been the honour of my life to hold.”

This is the sentence which I heard on TV uttered by the British Prime Minister, Teresay May. She said : "I will shortly leave the job that it has been the honour of my life to hold." Something ...
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135 views

Using comma before “reduced non defining relative clauses”

As far as I know, I can reduce sentence one to sentence two. 1- My brother Ben, who lives in Hong Kong, is an architect. 2- My brother Ben, living in Hong Kong, is an architect. But I often ...
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Is the verb use in this sentence correct?

When finished with digging out ancient objects, archaeologists must interpret what they have found. As far as l know 'V+ing' must be used in this example because we use 'V3' with passive. Am I wrong?
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omission of a subjective relative pronoun and be verb

The 4-year-olds often chose to look at the marshmallows while waiting, a strategy that was not terribly effective. Can I omit "that was" in the sentence above?
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207 views

Reduction grammar [closed]

Is the below an adjective phrase? "to keep something warm, causing it to develop, esp. to keep eggs warm until the young are born:"
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Difference between these 2 reduced clauses

Is there any meaningful difference between these sentences? Are they replaceable in all situations? A man who narrated brutal videos has come out of the shadows after being captured by an American-...
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1answer
41 views

Omitting “which is”

In case you need to go online, our branch four blocks away will be open to serve you. I've known "which is" can be omitted, provided that noun is followed by participle or adjective. How can noun ...
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921 views

Is “I don't like girls smoking” a correct sentence?

I have two questions: 1. To express the same meaning as "I don't like girls who smoke." can I say "I don't like girls smoking."? It sounds kind of odd to me but I think it is not wrong. 2. ...
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663 views

What is wrong here in this sentence?

Would someone help me figure out why this sentence sounds off, and help me rewrite it? We're talking about a group of people so deeply-rooted in and so appreciative of their ancient past, yet ...
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1answer
43 views

Is it possible for a clause to be reduced when it uses the verb “to be”?

Is it possible for a clause to be reduced when it uses the verb "to be"? Here's an example sentence: When I'm lazy, I usually sleep. Can I reduce the when clause here to: When being lazy, I ...
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1answer
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Different ways to shorten the sentences

They denied that they had stolen the money. They denied stealing the money. They denied having stolen the money. My textbook says I can use the second and third sentences instead of the first one. So ...
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Reduction of adjective clauses

We reduce the adjective clauses to adjective phrases when the adjective pronoun is a subject pronoun right ? we can not reduce it when it is an object pronoun . Here is my question: we reduce this ...
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1answer
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Nuance of infinitive phrase `to stand watch` in the sentence

In the movie "The Hobbit", Erlond tells Gandalf: You are not the only guardian to stand watch over Middle-earth. I'm not sure if there's any nuance with the use of the form to stand watch. If I ...
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2answers
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that + past participle usage

I know how to use relative clause in reduced form i.e. I saw the dog barking.(I saw the dog which barked) But in a technical book, I see the following sentence and can't figure out. This function ...
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Reduced Relative Clause

I wonder if I can reduce below sentence : "The man who won yesterday's lottery lives next door." into "The man winning yesterday's lottery lives next door." If no, can you please let me know the ...
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Two multiple choice test about reduced adjective (relative) clause and meaning

The man ......... beside the host is guest. a. seating | b. who seats | c. seated | d. who seated I can't choose the answer between a or c. they both seem right to me. The glasses ........
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It is you I need to fix this

A certain Andy Tompson, who insists that he is a native English speaker (which we can't really know), gave this example, "It's you I need to fix this" as an active to the passive "I need this to be ...
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reduced-relative-clauses in a sentence

There is no friend not invited to my party. In this sentence, the writer uses "reduced negative passive relative clause". But it is too complicated for me to understand. Is this sentence"...
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Can “that” be dropped from: “It was __ that I __”?

In the book that I am learning, It taught me the sentence 'it is __ that __.' For example, there is I saw Mary at the station yesterday. I've heard that it can be changed to something like it ...
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2answers
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Should 'to be' be involved or it's optional?

Context: "The nervous system was so complex and highly developed as to leave Lake aghast. Though excessively primitive and archaic in some respects, the thing had a set of ganglial centres and ...
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Center embedding in modern English

I was reading about "Center embedding" in Wikipedia and am now interested whether this process of embedding a phrase in the middle of another phrase of the same type is used in modern English? A ...