Questions tagged [reduced-relative-clauses]

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3
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1answer
331 views

Reduced relative clauses

a. Trees which fell in the storm have resulted in several accidents. b. Trees falling in the storm have resulted in several accidents. a. Teams which have completed the first round go into the ...
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1answer
50 views

Using “being” in reduced clauses

As far as I know, when two things happen at the same time, I can combine them with using participles. Such as : Kate is in the kitchen and she is making coffee. to Kate is in the kitchen ...
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2answers
66 views

What is the name of this grammatical structure?

I found this structure while reading. Can anyone tell me what it is called? Aware of the situation, he answered the phone, and knowing what he has, he decided to enter the competition. Also, is ...
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0answers
20 views

Usage of past participles

1- The funeral is at 3.00, followed by a reception at Shawn's bar. I saw this sentence in a tv-series. Can I say that this sentence is a reduced form of the sentences below? 2- The funeral is at 3....
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1answer
37 views

Omitting “while”

1- I found a hundred dollar bill on the sidewalk walking down the street. (While I was walking down the street) 2- She was also attending to her email talking on the phone. (While she was ...
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2answers
30 views

While + Past Participle

To perform this pose, they rest on their legs while positioned wide apart, as if they were straddling an invisible horse. I am not sure whether this use is grammatically correct. Is it okay?
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0answers
27 views

Reducing adverbial clauses when the subject is different from main clause

To perform this pose, they rest on their legs while positioned wide apart, as if they were straddling an invisible horse. (while those legs are positioned) After I saw that sentence above, I ...
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1answer
79 views

“I will shortly leave the job that it has been the honour of my life to hold.”

This is the sentence which I heard on TV uttered by the British Prime Minister, Teresay May. She said : "I will shortly leave the job that it has been the honour of my life to hold." Something ...
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1answer
36 views

Using comma before “reduced non defining relative clauses”

As far as I know, I can reduce sentence one to sentence two. 1- My brother Ben, who lives in Hong Kong, is an architect. 2- My brother Ben, living in Hong Kong, is an architect. But I often ...
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1answer
34 views

Is the verb use in this sentence correct?

When finished with digging out ancient objects, archaeologists must interpret what they have found. As far as l know 'V+ing' must be used in this example because we use 'V3' with passive. Am I wrong?
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1answer
35 views

omission of a subjective relative pronoun and be verb

The 4-year-olds often chose to look at the marshmallows while waiting, a strategy that was not terribly effective. Can I omit "that was" in the sentence above?
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1answer
76 views

Reduction grammar [closed]

Is the below an adjective phrase? "to keep something warm, causing it to develop, esp. to keep eggs warm until the young are born:"
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1answer
31 views

Difference between these 2 reduced clauses

Is there any meaningful difference between these sentences? Are they replaceable in all situations? A man who narrated brutal videos has come out of the shadows after being captured by an American-...
2
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1answer
28 views

Omitting “which is”

In case you need to go online, our branch four blocks away will be open to serve you. I've known "which is" can be omitted, provided that noun is followed by participle or adjective. How can noun ...
2
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2answers
497 views

Is “I don't like girls smoking” a correct sentence?

I have two questions: 1. To express the same meaning as "I don't like girls who smoke." can I say "I don't like girls smoking."? It sounds kind of odd to me but I think it is not wrong. 2. ...
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1answer
628 views

What is wrong here in this sentence?

Would someone help me figure out why this sentence sounds off, and help me rewrite it? We're talking about a group of people so deeply-rooted in and so appreciative of their ancient past, yet ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Is it possible for a clause to be reduced when it uses the verb “to be”?

Is it possible for a clause to be reduced when it uses the verb "to be"? Here's an example sentence: When I'm lazy, I usually sleep. Can I reduce the when clause here to: When being lazy, I ...
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1answer
63 views

Different ways to shorten the sentences

They denied that they had stolen the money. They denied stealing the money. They denied having stolen the money. My textbook says I can use the second and third sentences instead of the first one. So ...
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2answers
68 views

Reduction of adjective clauses

We reduce the adjective clauses to adjective phrases when the adjective pronoun is a subject pronoun right ? we can not reduce it when it is an object pronoun . Here is my question: we reduce this ...
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1answer
45 views

Nuance of infinitive phrase `to stand watch` in the sentence

In the movie "The Hobbit", Erlond tells Gandalf: You are not the only guardian to stand watch over Middle-earth. I'm not sure if there's any nuance with the use of the form to stand watch. If I ...
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2answers
77 views

that + past participle usage

I know how to use relative clause in reduced form i.e. I saw the dog barking.(I saw the dog which barked) But in a technical book, I see the following sentence and can't figure out. This function ...
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3answers
57 views

Reduced Relative Clause

I wonder if I can reduce below sentence : "The man who won yesterday's lottery lives next door." into "The man winning yesterday's lottery lives next door." If no, can you please let me know the ...
3
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1answer
612 views

Two multiple choice test about reduced adjective (relative) clause and meaning

The man ......... beside the host is guest. a. seating | b. who seats | c. seated | d. who seated I can't choose the answer between a or c. they both seem right to me. The glasses ........
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1answer
50 views

It is you I need to fix this

A certain Andy Tompson, who insists that he is a native English speaker (which we can't really know), gave this example, "It's you I need to fix this" as an active to the passive "I need this to be ...
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1answer
95 views

reduced-relative-clauses in a sentence

There is no friend not invited to my party. In this sentence, the writer uses "reduced negative passive relative clause". But it is too complicated for me to understand. Is this sentence"...
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3answers
193 views

Can “that” be dropped from: “It was __ that I __”?

In the book that I am learning, It taught me the sentence 'it is __ that __.' For example, there is I saw Mary at the station yesterday. I've heard that it can be changed to something like it ...
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2answers
131 views

Should 'to be' be involved or it's optional?

Context: "The nervous system was so complex and highly developed as to leave Lake aghast. Though excessively primitive and archaic in some respects, the thing had a set of ganglial centres and ...
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1answer
90 views

Center embedding in modern English

I was reading about "Center embedding" in Wikipedia and am now interested whether this process of embedding a phrase in the middle of another phrase of the same type is used in modern English? A ...
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2answers
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“All the organizations involved have sent …” sentence structure problem

SOURCE (Longman's dictionary) Please do me a favor to teach me grammar structure as following sentence All the organizations involved have sent urgent appeals to the government, asking for extra ...
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1answer
164 views

“It's the people who love you >you're the hardest on<.”

In this sentence, the middle part "--who love you" is an attributive clause which depicts "the people", but how to explain the latter clause? Is it an emphatic sentence? Could someone explain the ...
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2answers
92 views

What is the grammatical function of “knowing” in the sentence “he's grown up knowing your name.”?

Is the following a reduced form? He's grown up knowing your name. If yes, what has the original form been?
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1answer
2k views

usage of 'having been + past participle'

Is it okay to use 'Having been+third form' as the reduction of Passive Relative Clause in Simple Past Tense in order to put more emphasis? The actor who was chosen for the role is looking for a ...
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1answer
56 views

“says Vitali, a dagger at his hip”

From: Putin's biker gang lends muscle to rebel cause in east Ukraine by Maxime Popov: But in the club's sleeping quarters, Kalashnikovs still sit at the end of members' beds. "We are ready for ...
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0answers
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Punctuation in “wrappers in this language”

I wrote: We offer an algorithm to apply wrappers in this language to web pages. I guess the bold part is a reduced relative clause, right? if not what is it? We offer an algorithm to apply ...
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3answers
4k views

I see a bus come

If you are at a bus stop, and see a bus coming, which version would you say, 1 or 2? I see a bus come. I see a bus coming. If it is #2, then what does #1 mean exactly?
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0answers
426 views

changing a sentence into passive and reducing the relative clause

I wanted to reduce the relative clause of the following sentence or change that into passive structure but unfortunately I couldn't be able to. Integrated transport systems that take into ...
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1answer
109 views

Reducing the verb at the beginning of a sentence// dictionary form

I was reading a dictionary a few moments ago and I found this doubt in the meaning of this word. being the person, animal, thing, or idea which is nearby, esp. closer than something else. ...
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2answers
457 views

Reducing sentences with which/who in the middle

The following two exercises from the TOEFL longman seems to be tricky. Which one is correct and which one is incorrect. ______ The food placing on the picnic table attracted a large number of flies ...
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1answer
252 views

Does “The girl feeling no pain is my sister” make sense?

This website provide this following info: Some action verbs reduce to the present participle (ing form) especially when the present tense is used. Remove the relative pronoun Change the ...
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1answer
65 views

Does “the man who is eating is my dad” = “the eating man is my dad”?

Ok, check this website It said: The desk which was stained was antique. → Reduced: The stained desk was antique. The elephant which was born in captivity was set free. → Reduced: The ...
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1answer
122 views

Reduced relative clause extraposition

I wrote: In PerTreebank each element of a compound verb is shown separately and is attached to a phrasal category named MV Could I write it as: In PerTreebank each element of a compound verb is ...
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1answer
56 views

A question about reduced sentences

i have been baffled. Hey, i have seen a girl who looks like you. Can we use the sentence which is below instead of the first sentence Hey, i have seen a girl looking like you. Thanks
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1answer
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Asking about reducing sentence

I have a reduced sentence: "The line graph compares the amount of electricity produced in France using four different sources of power over a period of 32 years." I think the full sentence is: ...
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1answer
29 views

How to make this sentence shorter?

The membranes are layers of thin skin that are sensitive to dryness. How to make this sentence shorter? How to avoid two "are" in the sentence? Is it possible to rephrase it?
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2answers
207 views

Present participle or relative clause: “writing this thing” in “You did too good of a job writing this thing”

You did too good of a job writing this thing. It is understood that "writing" is not a reduced relative clause which modifies job. The anchored subject of "writing" is clearly "you". Then what is the ...
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1answer
75 views

Adverbs for reduced relative clauses

I wrote: A caption is usually a short text enclosed by a block-level HTML element, immediately following a table or an image. "following a table or an image" is a reduced relative clause in which ...
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1answer
43 views

Do I have to put “that is” in this sentence?

A watch not worth a penny was being sold there. In this sentence, do I have to, must and should put "that is" like this? A watch that is not worth a penny was being sold there. Please help!
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1answer
88 views

what does “up” stand for in the following sentence?

OP: US GDP for the second quarter was revised sharply higher at an annualised rate of 3.7%, up from the first estimate of 2.3%. In the sentence above, does it equal: US GDP for the second ...
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1answer
1k views

Reduced relative clause that has “NOT”

There are many examples that demonstrate how to reduce relative clause, but I can't find any example that reduces relative clause having "NOT" in it, like: I can't find my notebook that contains ...
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1answer
62 views

find something applies — grammatical construction

Example: To work through this book in its entirety, you should have access to a computer with Microsoft Access installed. The programs in this book were written in Microsoft Office 2007, ...