Questions tagged [reduced-relative-clauses]

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Using ''ever'' in Past Simple Tense

It's a movie subtitle and Morgan Freeman made the sentence that 'The only dog ever struck by lightning was right in here in Egypt''. I think there is a penalty there i dont know why he used like that. ...
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"follow a trend of" vs. "follow a trend which leads to be”

Is the following grammatically wrong? The global car companies follow a trend, which leads to be carbon neutral. My teacher change it to The global car companies follow a trend of carbon neutrality. ...
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1 answer
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Reduced relative clauses used with some particular adjectives

According to Practical English Usage by Michael Swan, Reduced structures are also used with the adjectives available and possible. Please send me all the tickets available. (=...that are available) ...
1 vote
2 answers
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“I saw him who was smiling”

I saw him smiling. Here the participle smiling acts as an adjective, right? I think something is omitted in the sentence. The complete sentence is: I saw him who was smiling. Is my concept ...
1 vote
2 answers
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Should I use a comma before a reduced and defining relative clause in this sentence?

A simple linear relationship between force and displacement known as Hooke's Law was discovered in the 1600s. I wrote this sentence and intended to use a reduced and defining relative clause, "...
1 vote
1 answer
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Reduced adjective/adverb clause with past action/completed event

Original sentence: 1) "Authorities are investigating whether a man who allegedly drove an SUV into a holiday parade in Waukesha, Wis., killing five people and injuring more than 40, was fleeing ...
1 vote
1 answer
287 views

Using "being" in reduced clauses

As far as I know, when two things happen at the same time, I can combine them with using participles. Such as : Kate is in the kitchen and she is making coffee. to Kate is in the kitchen ...
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1 answer
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Can I omit the relative pronoun from this non defining clause

Ram, whom I called yesterday, is a very good boy. Can this sentence be reduced to: Ram, I called yesterday, is a very good boy. My confusion arose after I saw somewhere that the relative pronoun can't ...
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I'm so confused whether these clauses can be reduced or not

We know that defining relative clauses can be reduced. Let's look at some examples. The boy whom I called yesterday knows you. = The boy I called yesterday knows you. (The relative pronoun is ...
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Can I reduce these sentences

The boy who lives in Kolkata is my brother. Can I reduce it to The boy living in Kolkata is my brother. Ram, who works in your company, is a good boy. Can I reduce it to Ram, working in your ...
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1 answer
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Confused about which meaning is to choose

Let's look at the following sentence. Working hard, Ram will definitely succeed. I think the sentence could have two meanings. There is a condition that if Ram works hard , he will definitely succeed....
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Can I omit 'why' and 'how' from these sentences [closed]

Is the reduction of these two sentences correct? 1.The reason why I'm single is I'm very shy. The reason I'm single is I'm very shy. 2.The way how he talks is so impressive. The way he talks is so ...
-1 votes
1 answer
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She came in , followed by a valet, carrying on his arm a big fur coat [closed]

Read the following She entered, followed by a valet, carrying on his arm a big fur coat The first comma is needed because there's a participle after it, but i don't get why the second comma was used. ...
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2 answers
310 views

Modifying a subject, or an object

Generally, patterns are produced in weft knitted structures either in the form of selected colours for face stitches or surface relief patterns based on a choice of different types of stitch. This ...
1 vote
1 answer
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omission of 'being' in relative clauses

Here is a sentence I've read in an article from BBC News: According to a new book, South Korean Popular Culture and North Korea, South Korea's government "targeted the export of popular media ...
1 vote
2 answers
197 views

Why "being" was not eliminated?

1- I come across with below sentence written by a professor from the US in a paper: All amorphous material are actually in states which are configurationally frozen, a particular configuration ...
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2 answers
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Can I use a relative clause and a reduced relative clause for the same noun?

I don't like the computer gifted to me by my father that doesn't have enough RAM. OR I don't like the computer that doesn't have enough RAM gifted to me by my father. Can I use these sentences?
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"it was printed using..."

Hi I couldn't figure out the usage "it was printed using the new steam presses..." Herschel’s Preliminary Discourse was a product of the industrial age: it was printed using the new steam ...
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Can a semi-colon be used like this? Are there more reduced forms of these sentences?

Is it understood when semi-colons and commas are used to combine long, similar clauses like this? Which one is correct of the following?: A) The color on the square to the right turned red, the one to ...
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82 views

Can 'who was' be omitted from "The woman (who was) arrested"?

The woman who was arrested denies all charges. Can 'who was' be omitted from this sentence?
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Is it necessary to replace the determiner "this" with the article "the" when I reduce relative clauses?

I don't know why the e-book I'm using to learn blames my answer when I'm asked to reduce this sentence: Cars that are parked in this street will be towed away. My answer: Cars parked in this street ...
0 votes
1 answer
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linking verbal clauses with conjunctions

Why is the case that the below sentence has three verbs that weren't linked with any conjunction? Also, why use the comma prior to the last clause. I don't know exactly why this sentence is structured ...
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1 answer
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''comma+ with+ noun phrase'' tense confusion

The problem here is the second part after the comma, The cigarette had drawn fire from critics ever since its popular introduction in the nineteenth century, with many of those opposed to smoking ...
1 vote
2 answers
51 views

Question about a sentence in a song

I was stranded on an island where I ran without direction. Is that the wind lifting me up? So my problem is with the last one, I would understand it completely if it were: "Is that the wind that ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Please explain the use of the word Easy in this sentence

The tennis player, easy through the opening set against her opponent, rallied to take the final two sets for the biggest victory of her young career. Of the following pattern, which one is implied ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Is the change in the tense of "do" understood when "done" is omitted?

I've always wondered about this kind of sentence: You can't do (it); you have to wait for it to be (done). Is the "done" necessary? Without done, is it allowed so in any other type of ...
1 vote
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which happened = happening? [closed]

I'd like to know whether the "which + verb" sequence can be rewritten as V-ing in the following sentences: a. The joy and excitement of the successful landing for the Perseverance rover and ...
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more examples of reducing relative clauses into an adverb/adverbial phrase

Here's a sentence with a relative clause: The man who is upstairs knows all about the mystery. It is possible to reduce the relative clause as such: the man upstairs knows all about the mystery. ...
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1 answer
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Are postpositive adjectives examples of reduced relative clauses?

We have a variety of products [that are] available to purchase. He found a house [that was] devoid of life. Traditionally, adjectives precede their associated noun. This, however, isn't the case ...
2 votes
2 answers
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Do we need "to be" when applying the rule of reduced relative clause?

I'd like to ask if "to be" is a must in the sentences below: [1] She was the first female to be employed. [2] She was the first female employed. [3] I am the first person given the ...
1 vote
1 answer
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taste or smell like (that of) a lemon

Sour things have a sharp, sometimes unpleasant, taste or smell like a lemon. Sour things have a sharp, sometimes unpleasant, taste or smell like that of a lemon. ("that"= the taste or smell)...
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Question about Reduced Clause

How to use reduce or enhance the following sentences? You shouldn't take that drug and you shouldn't see it as a cure. Apple who has a lion share of smartphone market is now forcing customer to pay ...
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Are these sentences correct: Having illness, I've to go to the hospital every week. Having fair skin, I've to stay away from the sun

I learned that present participles can be used to express why something happens, example: Being a man, I shave everyday. However, I noticed that in describing physical features it's better to avoid ...
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usage of 'having been + past participle'

Is it okay to use 'Having been+third form' as the reduction of Passive Relative Clause in Simple Past Tense in order to put more emphasis? The actor who was chosen for the role is looking for a ...
1 vote
1 answer
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It was one of a few houses (that were) (fully) built?

It was one of a few houses (that were) (fully) built. I want to say that the house was done, does just built mean that or should it be fully built ? and is that were necessary or optional?
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Reduced Relative Clauses which modify an object of the verb

a- I gave a book, which was written by Hemingway, to Mary last week. b- I gave a book, written by Hemingway, to Mary last week. As far as I know I can reduce the sentence a to b. But here the website ...
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Is it correct to explain a word using a phrase between two commas?

In the following sentence I placed "gases ejected from an engine as waste products" between commas to explain what exhaust fumes is? Curbing exhaust fumes, gases ejected from an engine as ...
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is it a correct usage of a reduced relative clause in sentence structure?

Is the following sentence grammatically correct? Specially I need to know if I have used the reduced clause "answering their parents back" correctly. Some children misbehave and become ...
1 vote
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Reduced relative clauses referring to a whole sentence

1a- The station chief was fired, meaning there is an open position. 2a- We argued over something meaningless, making me feel bad. 3a- Dr. Gregory House is often brooding, ill-humored, and pessimistic, ...
2 votes
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When can ı use -ing as participle or reduced relative clause?

As reduced relative clause: In fact, there is evidence suggesting that lower amounts are indeed efficacious. As (present) participle: In fact, there is suggesting evidence that lower amounts are ...
1 vote
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Can I use a non-defining and defining clause for the same noun?

I'm curious if I can use a non-defining and defining clause/phrase in a row for the same noun in a sentence. For instance, I sold the ring, an expensive one, that I bought a few years ago. (I intend ...
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"A student who is researching" vs "a student researching" [duplicate]

Can I shorten the sentence like this? 1- This is Peter, a student who is researching nuclear physics at a university . 2- This is Peter, a student researching nuclear physics at a university.
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1 answer
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the cop (who's) escorting him

One of the cops escorts Tim out of the house and toward a police car. Curious neighbors have gathered outside. Tim spits on the cop (who's) escorting him. Is "escorts" the more natural ...
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Why “dressed in blue” instead of “dressing in blue”?

The girl dressed in blue is my girlfriend. The girl dressing in blue is my girlfriend. I know the first sentence is correct, but how about the second one? Why do we say "The girl who dresses in ...
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"It ill behooves us alleged early film lovers to forsake their insights today.”

This is from one of the LSATs. "It ill behooves us alleged early film lovers to forsake their insights today.” I don't understand what's the omitted subject being reduced by "alleged .........
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omission of a subjective relative pronoun and be verb

The 4-year-olds often chose to look at the marshmallows while waiting, a strategy that was not terribly effective. Can I omit "that was" in the sentence above?
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Reduced relative clauses when a non-progressive verb is used (such as "have")

In subjective relative clauses, we can left out the relative pronoun and end its verb using "ing". For example: I can’t find my notebook that contains all my addresses. I can’t find my ...
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Exceeded or exceeding

This is a sentence extracted from a book named “Into thin air”: I’d written more than sixty pieces for Outside over the previous fifteen tears, and seldom had the travel budget for any of these ...
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A comma separating independent clauses

I want to reduce the length of this sentence by adding a comma. However, Grammarly is indicating me that I should avoid it. It is not clear to me since the comma is connecting two independent but ...
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Question about relative pronouns and clauses

My friend wants to share some sugar with me. I need a container for it. What should I say in the following situations? I'll go and look for something to put it in. I'll go and look for something that/...