Questions tagged [reduced-relative-clauses]

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Omission of was

Court dismissed the plea filed by the victim. Above is the original sentence read by me in news paper Can I write the sentence as below, Court dismissed the plea (which was) filed by the victim.
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reduction of an adjective clause that modifies a whole sentence to an adjective phrase

I know there’s a universal agreement that an adjective clause can be reduced to an adjective phrase. However, I’d like to know whether the same rule could apply to the informal use of an adjective ...
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Is this sentence on CNN wrong with two relative pronouns:“There has been no American that has needed a ventilator that has not received one.”

I heard the following sentence on TV at a speech by a native speaker. "...There has been no American that has needed a ventilator that has not received one." As you can see, there are two relative ...
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14 views

omission of 'being' in relative clauses

Here is a sentence I've read in an article from BBC News: According to a new book, South Korean Popular Culture and North Korea, South Korea's government "targeted the export of popular media ...
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1answer
23 views

reducing relative clause using prefer verb

I was curious to know what kind of reduction has used for the word "preferring" in the following sentence. I think punctuation is not correct. I guess it originally had been ", because they(students) ...
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1answer
70 views

Why “being” was not eliminated?

1- I come across with below sentence written by a professor from the US in a paper: All amorphous material are actually in states which are configurationally frozen, a particular configuration ...
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45 views

Is “It was she did” grammatically correct?

Someone asks me who did it if I answer "It was she did" Is it correct? Or is it preferable to say "It was she who did it" or other answer
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1answer
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What does “where” mean in “co-operating with liberal or conservative parties where possible to survive the entire term”?

In their 2020-02-05 column, “Minority report: German politics”, The Economist writes: In the 1970s West Germany’s two main parties, one centre-left, one centre-right, together captured over 90% of ...
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“She was first female president to be elected in 1919.”

She was first female president to be elected in 1919. Does the meaning of this sentence same as She was first female president who was elected in 1919.
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1answer
26 views

Those managing development teams

Would it be correct to say/write: These are the essential skills for those managing development teams. meaning: These are the essential skills for those who are managing development teams. And ...
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Can one use a reduced relative clause for a past action/state?

Is this grammatical? The man living here two years ago was my uncle. I was wondering if one can use a reduced relative clause for a past action/state.
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Is this grammatical: He works for a company selling thousands of computers every month

I'd like to confirm if it is fine to use: He works for a company selling thousands of computers every month. to mean: He works for a company that sells thousands of computers every month. ...
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Do “running down the street” and “run down the street” have the same meaning?

I suddenly found myself running down the street. l suddenly found myself who run down the street. Is running down the street a gerund clause or reduced relative clause?
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1answer
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I have a bug eating plant vs I have a plant eating bugs

Is it OK to reduce the relative clause below: I have a plant which eats bugs. into: I have a plant eating bugs. If so, I suppose it is still more natural to say: I have a bug eating plant. ...
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2answers
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What is the name of this grammatical structure?

I found this structure while reading. Can anyone tell me what it is called? Aware of the situation, he answered the phone, and knowing what he has, he decided to enter the competition. Also, is ...
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0answers
21 views

Usage of past participles

1- The funeral is at 3.00, followed by a reception at Shawn's bar. I saw this sentence in a tv-series. Can I say that this sentence is a reduced form of the sentences below? 2- The funeral is at 3....
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Reducing adverbial clauses when the subject is different from main clause

To perform this pose, they rest on their legs while positioned wide apart, as if they were straddling an invisible horse. (while those legs are positioned) After I saw that sentence above, I ...
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2answers
155 views

While + Past Participle

To perform this pose, they rest on their legs while positioned wide apart, as if they were straddling an invisible horse. I am not sure whether this use is grammatically correct. Is it okay?
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1answer
68 views

Omitting “while”

1- I found a hundred dollar bill on the sidewalk walking down the street. (While I was walking down the street) 2- She was also attending to her email talking on the phone. (While she was ...
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1answer
63 views

Using “being” in reduced clauses

As far as I know, when two things happen at the same time, I can combine them with using participles. Such as : Kate is in the kitchen and she is making coffee. to Kate is in the kitchen ...
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102 views

“I will shortly leave the job that it has been the honour of my life to hold.”

This is the sentence which I heard on TV uttered by the British Prime Minister, Teresay May. She said : "I will shortly leave the job that it has been the honour of my life to hold." Something ...
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1answer
107 views

Using comma before “reduced non defining relative clauses”

As far as I know, I can reduce sentence one to sentence two. 1- My brother Ben, who lives in Hong Kong, is an architect. 2- My brother Ben, living in Hong Kong, is an architect. But I often ...
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1answer
39 views

Is the verb use in this sentence correct?

When finished with digging out ancient objects, archaeologists must interpret what they have found. As far as l know 'V+ing' must be used in this example because we use 'V3' with passive. Am I wrong?
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41 views

omission of a subjective relative pronoun and be verb

The 4-year-olds often chose to look at the marshmallows while waiting, a strategy that was not terribly effective. Can I omit "that was" in the sentence above?
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Reduction grammar [closed]

Is the below an adjective phrase? "to keep something warm, causing it to develop, esp. to keep eggs warm until the young are born:"
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35 views

Difference between these 2 reduced clauses

Is there any meaningful difference between these sentences? Are they replaceable in all situations? A man who narrated brutal videos has come out of the shadows after being captured by an American-...
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1answer
36 views

Omitting “which is”

In case you need to go online, our branch four blocks away will be open to serve you. I've known "which is" can be omitted, provided that noun is followed by participle or adjective. How can noun ...
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1answer
43 views

Is it possible for a clause to be reduced when it uses the verb “to be”?

Is it possible for a clause to be reduced when it uses the verb "to be"? Here's an example sentence: When I'm lazy, I usually sleep. Can I reduce the when clause here to: When being lazy, I ...
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1answer
64 views

Different ways to shorten the sentences

They denied that they had stolen the money. They denied stealing the money. They denied having stolen the money. My textbook says I can use the second and third sentences instead of the first one. So ...
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104 views

Reduction of adjective clauses

We reduce the adjective clauses to adjective phrases when the adjective pronoun is a subject pronoun right ? we can not reduce it when it is an object pronoun . Here is my question: we reduce this ...
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1answer
53 views

Nuance of infinitive phrase `to stand watch` in the sentence

In the movie "The Hobbit", Erlond tells Gandalf: You are not the only guardian to stand watch over Middle-earth. I'm not sure if there's any nuance with the use of the form to stand watch. If I ...
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2answers
895 views

Is “I don't like girls smoking” a correct sentence?

I have two questions: 1. To express the same meaning as "I don't like girls who smoke." can I say "I don't like girls smoking."? It sounds kind of odd to me but I think it is not wrong. 2. ...
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2answers
79 views

that + past participle usage

I know how to use relative clause in reduced form i.e. I saw the dog barking.(I saw the dog which barked) But in a technical book, I see the following sentence and can't figure out. This function ...
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3answers
106 views

Reduced Relative Clause

I wonder if I can reduce below sentence : "The man who won yesterday's lottery lives next door." into "The man winning yesterday's lottery lives next door." If no, can you please let me know the ...
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1answer
901 views

Two multiple choice test about reduced adjective (relative) clause and meaning

The man ......... beside the host is guest. a. seating | b. who seats | c. seated | d. who seated I can't choose the answer between a or c. they both seem right to me. The glasses ........
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53 views

It is you I need to fix this

A certain Andy Tompson, who insists that he is a native English speaker (which we can't really know), gave this example, "It's you I need to fix this" as an active to the passive "I need this to be ...
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1answer
103 views

reduced-relative-clauses in a sentence

There is no friend not invited to my party. In this sentence, the writer uses "reduced negative passive relative clause". But it is too complicated for me to understand. Is this sentence"...
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1answer
163 views

Center embedding in modern English

I was reading about "Center embedding" in Wikipedia and am now interested whether this process of embedding a phrase in the middle of another phrase of the same type is used in modern English? A ...
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“All the organizations involved have sent …” sentence structure problem

SOURCE (Longman's dictionary) Please do me a favor to teach me grammar structure as following sentence All the organizations involved have sent urgent appeals to the government, asking for extra ...
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2answers
132 views

Should 'to be' be involved or it's optional?

Context: "The nervous system was so complex and highly developed as to leave Lake aghast. Though excessively primitive and archaic in some respects, the thing had a set of ganglial centres and ...
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108 views

What is the grammatical function of “knowing” in the sentence “he's grown up knowing your name.”?

Is the following a reduced form? He's grown up knowing your name. If yes, what has the original form been?
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1answer
4k views

usage of 'having been + past participle'

Is it okay to use 'Having been+third form' as the reduction of Passive Relative Clause in Simple Past Tense in order to put more emphasis? The actor who was chosen for the role is looking for a ...
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Punctuation in “wrappers in this language”

I wrote: We offer an algorithm to apply wrappers in this language to web pages. I guess the bold part is a reduced relative clause, right? if not what is it? We offer an algorithm to apply ...
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1answer
421 views

Reduced relative clauses

a. Trees which fell in the storm have resulted in several accidents. b. Trees falling in the storm have resulted in several accidents. a. Teams which have completed the first round go into the ...
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474 views

changing a sentence into passive and reducing the relative clause

I wanted to reduce the relative clause of the following sentence or change that into passive structure but unfortunately I couldn't be able to. Integrated transport systems that take into ...
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1answer
113 views

Reducing the verb at the beginning of a sentence// dictionary form

I was reading a dictionary a few moments ago and I found this doubt in the meaning of this word. being the person, animal, thing, or idea which is nearby, esp. closer than something else. ...
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659 views

Reducing sentences with which/who in the middle

The following two exercises from the TOEFL longman seems to be tricky. Which one is correct and which one is incorrect. ______ The food placing on the picnic table attracted a large number of flies ...
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1answer
660 views

What is wrong here in this sentence?

Would someone help me figure out why this sentence sounds off, and help me rewrite it? We're talking about a group of people so deeply-rooted in and so appreciative of their ancient past, yet ...
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284 views

Does “The girl feeling no pain is my sister” make sense?

This website provide this following info: Some action verbs reduce to the present participle (ing form) especially when the present tense is used. Remove the relative pronoun Change the ...
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Does “the man who is eating is my dad” = “the eating man is my dad”?

Ok, check this website It said: The desk which was stained was antique. → Reduced: The stained desk was antique. The elephant which was born in captivity was set free. → Reduced: The ...