Questions tagged [reduced-relative-clauses]

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8
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1answer
2k views

Reduced relative clause that has “NOT”

There are many examples that demonstrate how to reduce relative clause, but I can't find any example that reduces relative clause having "NOT" in it, like: I can't find my notebook that ...
7
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2answers
230 views

Present participle or relative clause: “writing this thing” in “You did too good of a job writing this thing”

You did too good of a job writing this thing. It is understood that "writing" is not a reduced relative clause which modifies job. The anchored subject of "writing" is clearly "you". Then what is the ...
5
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1answer
57 views

“says Vitali, a dagger at his hip”

From: Putin's biker gang lends muscle to rebel cause in east Ukraine by Maxime Popov: But in the club's sleeping quarters, Kalashnikovs still sit at the end of members' beds. "We are ready for ...
4
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1answer
426 views

Reduced relative clauses

a. Trees which fell in the storm have resulted in several accidents. b. Trees falling in the storm have resulted in several accidents. a. Teams which have completed the first round go into the ...
4
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1answer
284 views

Does “The girl feeling no pain is my sister” make sense?

This website provide this following info: Some action verbs reduce to the present participle (ing form) especially when the present tense is used. Remove the relative pronoun Change the ...
4
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3answers
205 views

Can “that” be dropped from: “It was __ that I __”?

In the book that I am learning, It taught me the sentence 'it is __ that __.' For example, there is I saw Mary at the station yesterday. I've heard that it can be changed to something like it ...
4
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1answer
115 views

Can I omit “being” with word “after” in a reduced relative clause?

When (being) happy, dogs wag their tails. As shown above, sometimes word "being" can be deleted. Does the word "after" work in the same way too? After offended, he sued the owner of the store. ...
3
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1answer
940 views

Two multiple choice test about reduced adjective (relative) clause and meaning

The man ......... beside the host is guest. a. seating | b. who seats | c. seated | d. who seated I can't choose the answer between a or c. they both seem right to me. The glasses ........
3
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2answers
402 views

Ambiguity in reduced relative clauses

Imagine a police officer spots the boy who is mentioned in the following sentence and reports or calls another related police officer.When the first police officer said this sentence, The boy ...
3
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1answer
255 views

Is “that had been” omitted here?

Among the biggest changes prompted by the scandal was political morality. Is this omitted here? Among the biggest changes that had been prompted by the scandal was political morality.
3
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3answers
2k views

Is “There's a parcel come for you” grammatical?

This is a sentence from a text book: There's a parcel come for you. I think it should be There's a parcel has come for you. Am I wrong? EDIT 20 OCT I know in some cases be-perfect is still ...
2
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2answers
132 views

Should 'to be' be involved or it's optional?

Context: "The nervous system was so complex and highly developed as to leave Lake aghast. Though excessively primitive and archaic in some respects, the thing had a set of ganglial centres and ...
2
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1answer
35 views

Difference between these 2 reduced clauses

Is there any meaningful difference between these sentences? Are they replaceable in all situations? A man who narrated brutal videos has come out of the shadows after being captured by an American-...
2
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1answer
126 views

relative pronoun omitted

I came across a sentence ReWalk was created by Argo’s founder, Amit Goffer, himself quadriplegic as the result of a 1997 ATV accident. "Who is" is omitted in it. Does that mean I can use ...
2
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1answer
41 views

Omitting “which is”

In case you need to go online, our branch four blocks away will be open to serve you. I've known "which is" can be omitted, provided that noun is followed by participle or adjective. How can noun ...
2
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1answer
28 views

What does “where” mean in “co-operating with liberal or conservative parties where possible to survive the entire term”?

In their 2020-02-05 column, “Minority report: German politics”, The Economist writes: In the 1970s West Germany’s two main parties, one centre-left, one centre-right, together captured over 90% of ...
2
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2answers
921 views

Is “I don't like girls smoking” a correct sentence?

I have two questions: 1. To express the same meaning as "I don't like girls who smoke." can I say "I don't like girls smoking."? It sounds kind of odd to me but I think it is not wrong. 2. ...
2
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2answers
717 views

Reducing sentences with which/who in the middle

The following two exercises from the TOEFL longman seems to be tricky. Which one is correct and which one is incorrect. ______ The food placing on the picnic table attracted a large number of flies ...
2
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1answer
56 views

A question about reduced sentences

i have been baffled. Hey, i have seen a girl who looks like you. Can we use the sentence which is below instead of the first sentence Hey, i have seen a girl looking like you. Thanks
2
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2answers
72 views

What is the name of this grammatical structure?

I found this structure while reading. Can anyone tell me what it is called? Aware of the situation, he answered the phone, and knowing what he has, he decided to enter the competition. Also, is ...
1
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2answers
119 views

“All the organizations involved have sent …” sentence structure problem

SOURCE (Longman's dictionary) Please do me a favor to teach me grammar structure as following sentence All the organizations involved have sent urgent appeals to the government, asking for extra ...
1
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1answer
53 views

Nuance of infinitive phrase `to stand watch` in the sentence

In the movie "The Hobbit", Erlond tells Gandalf: You are not the only guardian to stand watch over Middle-earth. I'm not sure if there's any nuance with the use of the form to stand watch. If I ...
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3answers
110 views

Reduced Relative Clause

I wonder if I can reduce below sentence : "The man who won yesterday's lottery lives next door." into "The man winning yesterday's lottery lives next door." If no, can you please let me know the ...
1
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1answer
71 views

Does “the man who is eating is my dad” = “the eating man is my dad”?

Ok, check this website It said: The desk which was stained was antique. → Reduced: The stained desk was antique. The elephant which was born in captivity was set free. → Reduced: The ...
1
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1answer
26 views

I have a bug eating plant vs I have a plant eating bugs

Is it OK to reduce the relative clause below: I have a plant which eats bugs. into: I have a plant eating bugs. If so, I suppose it is still more natural to say: I have a bug eating plant. ...
1
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2answers
197 views

While + Past Participle

To perform this pose, they rest on their legs while positioned wide apart, as if they were straddling an invisible horse. I am not sure whether this use is grammatically correct. Is it okay?
1
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1answer
76 views

Omitting “while”

1- I found a hundred dollar bill on the sidewalk walking down the street. (While I was walking down the street) 2- She was also attending to her email talking on the phone. (While she was ...
1
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1answer
64 views

Different ways to shorten the sentences

They denied that they had stolen the money. They denied stealing the money. They denied having stolen the money. My textbook says I can use the second and third sentences instead of the first one. So ...
1
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1answer
4k views

usage of 'having been + past participle'

Is it okay to use 'Having been+third form' as the reduction of Passive Relative Clause in Simple Past Tense in order to put more emphasis? The actor who was chosen for the role is looking for a ...
1
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1answer
113 views

Reducing the verb at the beginning of a sentence// dictionary form

I was reading a dictionary a few moments ago and I found this doubt in the meaning of this word. being the person, animal, thing, or idea which is nearby, esp. closer than something else. ...
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1answer
129 views

Reduced relative clause extraposition

I wrote: In PerTreebank each element of a compound verb is shown separately and is attached to a phrasal category named MV Could I write it as: In PerTreebank each element of a compound verb is ...
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2answers
2k views

“Two forms attached to the email”: is “attached” a verb or an adjective?

Could you please let me know that the "attached" is a 'verb' or an 'adjective' in the sentence given below. Please print the two forms attached to this email. If possible then please give a ...
1
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1answer
62 views

find something applies — grammatical construction

Example: To work through this book in its entirety, you should have access to a computer with Microsoft Access installed. The programs in this book were written in Microsoft Office 2007, ...
1
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1answer
14 views

as + past participle

I’d like to know when it comes to the meaning of adjective phrase in a sentence, what’s the difference between the addition of as and the standard application of adjective phrase without as? For ...
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2answers
36 views

Confused about the construction of the sentence

I have been trying to understand the actual construction of these type of sentences, but there still is a confusion to my understanding. I have seen many answers to questions regarding this type of ...
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2answers
27 views

Omission of was

Court dismissed the plea filed by the victim. Above is the original sentence read by me in news paper Can I write the sentence as below, Court dismissed the plea (which was) filed by the victim.
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1answer
103 views

“I will shortly leave the job that it has been the honour of my life to hold.”

This is the sentence which I heard on TV uttered by the British Prime Minister, Teresay May. She said : "I will shortly leave the job that it has been the honour of my life to hold." Something ...
1
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1answer
135 views

Using comma before “reduced non defining relative clauses”

As far as I know, I can reduce sentence one to sentence two. 1- My brother Ben, who lives in Hong Kong, is an architect. 2- My brother Ben, living in Hong Kong, is an architect. But I often ...
1
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1answer
43 views

Is it possible for a clause to be reduced when it uses the verb “to be”?

Is it possible for a clause to be reduced when it uses the verb "to be"? Here's an example sentence: When I'm lazy, I usually sleep. Can I reduce the when clause here to: When being lazy, I ...
1
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1answer
54 views

It is you I need to fix this

A certain Andy Tompson, who insists that he is a native English speaker (which we can't really know), gave this example, "It's you I need to fix this" as an active to the passive "I need this to be ...
1
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1answer
43 views

Do I have to put “that is” in this sentence?

A watch not worth a penny was being sold there. In this sentence, do I have to, must and should put "that is" like this? A watch that is not worth a penny was being sold there. Please help!
1
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1answer
174 views

“It's the people who love you >you're the hardest on<.”

In this sentence, the middle part "--who love you" is an attributive clause which depicts "the people", but how to explain the latter clause? Is it an emphatic sentence? Could someone explain the ...
1
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1answer
388 views

Here are sentences that I want to transform using participle phrases

Here are sentences that I want to transform using participle phrases. Rain was falling down. We were standing next to each other at a bar without saying anything, as we ran out of the things to talk ...
1
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1answer
15 views

omission of 'being' in relative clauses

Here is a sentence I've read in an article from BBC News: According to a new book, South Korean Popular Culture and North Korea, South Korea's government "targeted the export of popular media ...
1
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1answer
70 views

Why “being” was not eliminated?

1- I come across with below sentence written by a professor from the US in a paper: All amorphous material are actually in states which are configurationally frozen, a particular configuration ...
1
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1answer
68 views

Using “being” in reduced clauses

As far as I know, when two things happen at the same time, I can combine them with using participles. Such as : Kate is in the kitchen and she is making coffee. to Kate is in the kitchen ...
1
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2answers
601 views

Can I reduce “that corresponds” to “corresponding”?

I wrote: ID: the identifier of a word in the sentence that corresponds to the order of the word in the sentence, starting at 1 for each new sentence. Can I replace "that corresponds" with "...
1
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1answer
29 views

Omitting relative pronoun

He is the man whom I met yesterday. A relative pronoun can be omitted when it doesn't refer to the subject of the clause. So we can omit the relative pronoun 'whom' from the clause. But the clause is ...
1
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1answer
44 views

omission of a subjective relative pronoun and be verb

The 4-year-olds often chose to look at the marshmallows while waiting, a strategy that was not terribly effective. Can I omit "that was" in the sentence above?
1
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3answers
5k views

I see a bus come

If you are at a bus stop, and see a bus coming, which version would you say, 1 or 2? I see a bus come. I see a bus coming. If it is #2, then what does #1 mean exactly?