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"Levying and imposing a tax are the same; they're a government decision." — Can I replace "they're" with "it's", "these/those are" or "this/that is"?

"It/they" vs "this/these" vs "that/those" is a gray area to me. Could you help me please to understand the difference between the following sentences? wordreference.com: (...
Loviii's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
203 views

Can I find words with similar spelling using regular expressions or wildcards? [migrated]

I would like to find words that look similar in spelling. Is there a tool (document, web site/application, and/or software) that can allow me to do that by using wildcards or regular expressions? For ...
Tim's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
21 views

which is something you often do

a. Tom blames himself and Jack does too. Could that sentence mean that Jack blames Tom too, or does it always mean that Jack blames himself? b. I talked to my mother, and you did too. I think that one ...
azz's user avatar
  • 2,957
2 votes
1 answer
256 views

Should "this" be replace by "it"?

I remember I learned somewhere that when using "this" again, better change to "it"? But why does the book use "this" in the second question? Is the book wrong or what I ...
newbie forever's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
60 views

Can I use "they" to refer to the singular "population"?

Can I use "they" to refer to the singular "population"? An aging population can heavily strain public health systems, a drawback that far outweighs any potential benefits they may ...
newbie forever's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
69 views

What does "this" refer to?

The text below is from a book published by Cambridge University Press. Does "this" refer to the entire bold part or only the "so" clause? If it refers to only the "so" ...
newbie forever's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
39 views

He almost drowned(,) when he swam across the river(,) because of the bees

What is the difference in meaning between He almost drowned when he swam across the river because of the bees. He almost drowned, when he swam across the river because of the bees. He almost drowned ...
Mamamia's user avatar
  • 11
-1 votes
1 answer
55 views

What does 'which' refer to? [closed]

I wrote the sentence but I'm not sure what 'which' refers to exactly. Does which only refer to the holistic understanding of different areas of the businesses? The broad knowledge across different ...
newbie forever's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
52 views

Can a plural noun be referred to as it?

What does it refer to in the passage? Does it refer to the preceding sentence? Or, can a plural noun be referred to as it? That is, does the author refer to daily activities as it? The researchers ...
Lifeispicnic's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
28 views

What is the reference of the pronoun "which" in the following sentence?

To be more precise, the verb in the dependent clause may be included, which requires "than" to be treated as a conjunction. Cathy is more talented than he is.
Kaveh Behnia 's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
35 views

Is the referent of "which" clear?

My freelancer wrote the below sentence. I asked him if it is clear what "which" refers to? Does it refer to "all modes of transport" or "4,740 miles"? He wrote another ...
newbie forever's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
25 views

Does 'this' refer to three clauses?

Does this refer to all these: executives regularly combine business meetings with meals lobbyists invite politicians to attend receptions, lunches, and dinners major state occasions almost always ...
Lifeispicnic's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
771 views

Does "since then" mean "from then to NOW"?

I learned that "since then" means "from then to now". So I guess it is wrong to use "since then" in my text because what I want to mean is "to 2019" and not &...
newbie forever's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
113 views

Can I use "here" to refer to time?

I only know "here" can refer to a location. Can I use it to refer to time? If I can, does it refer to "1980" or "between 1920 and 1980"? The amount of time the average ...
newbie forever's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
41 views

What is/are the antecedent(s) of the relative pronoun "who" in the following sentence?

In the following sentence, what is/are the antecedent(s) of the relative pronoun "who"? Children include all biological children, legally adopted children, and stepchildren who are ...
Dataman's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
30 views

Can "doing so" refer to a conditional clause?

What "doing so" should refer to is the fact that he had mastered English but here what I have is "he had not mastered English". Is this okay? He would not have been able to go ...
newbie forever's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
36 views

Preposterositions

OK, as a German I'm a bit the pot calling the kettle black, but when I heard "Detroit Rock City" by Kiss ("Get up, everybody gonna move their feet, get down, everybody gonna leave their ...
Hauke Reddmann's user avatar
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0 answers
36 views

Reference of a word

Does the word throbbing here refer to the sun, or to the speaker herself? I always confront similar problems, so, are there any rules I should follow? thank you. O Love, Love, Love! O withering might! ...
Ezekiel Arram's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
21 views

"But a core of his practice even more so is observation and writing."

This is from a TIME article. Even as a teenager, Vitalik Buterin proved to be a pithy writer, able to articulate complex ideas about cryptocurrency and its underlying technology in clear prose. At 18,...
user avatar
2 votes
5 answers
1k views

What do these words refer to?

In telling the history of the United States and also of the nations of the Western Hemisphere in general, historians have wrestled with the problem of what to call the hemisphere's first inhabitants. ...
Sunderreal's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
23 views

is it clear that what "it" refers to in the following sentence?

Poverty seems to be the immediate cause of the unprecedented rate of crime. Lack of discipline also can be considered as the underlying cause of it. Does "it" in the above text clearly ...
a.toraby's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
45 views

Can we use "it" to refer to "something"? [closed]

Can we use "it" to refer to "something" in the following sentence or should we say "that thing"? It's a disapproving yet humorous thing to say when someone does ...
Mohammad's user avatar
  • 1,487
1 vote
1 answer
43 views

The reference of ‘that’ in this context?

To what does the highlighted ‘that’ refer? To ‘bond’ or to ‘climate policy’? Earlier, however, the Paris Agreement, adopted to general enthusiasm in December 2015, had foreshadowed the emergence of a ...
Sasan's user avatar
  • 2,068
0 votes
2 answers
23 views

To what ‘this shift’ in the following context refers? [closed]

In his vast writings, Heidegger provides the ontological axis to support referencing a norm, if only indirectly through a measure set by the propri- etorship of human dwelling (and the strife between ...
Sasan's user avatar
  • 2,068
0 votes
2 answers
47 views

Is "it" used correctly here?

Is "it" used correctly here? Does it clearly refer to the job? Landing a better job is one thing. Retaining it is a different proposition altogether. I think that it would be better if we ...
a.toraby's user avatar
  • 1,912
0 votes
1 answer
91 views

Does a subject “it” refer to the preceding subject or preceding object if both might fit semantically?

In a technical text, I once wrote a sentence similar to the following one: As the aforementioned notion of the maximal doodad is based on the long thingum, this notion targets extended hickeys, such ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
19 views

Is it possible to remove the pronoun from the second clause in the following sentence?

Please consider the following sentence: Therefore they can become bad-tempered easily when they face a problem. Is it ok If I remove the second they? Therefore they can become bad-tempered easily ...
a.toraby's user avatar
  • 1,912
1 vote
1 answer
45 views

What does "those" in the sentence refer to?

I got this long paragraph from this website. https://www.esl-lab.com/academic-english/cancer-treatment-script/ I want to know what the word "those" refer to. Indeed, one might ponder why God ...
jane's user avatar
  • 63
1 vote
0 answers
32 views

What does "that" refer to in this context?

Does "That" refer to "The abiding sense"? But don’t be fooled: enjoyment and happiness are not synonyms. Enjoyment is, at best, an answer to the rigors of routine; it is not the ...
user70732's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
120 views

Reference of pronoun it : "to read in English regularly" or "to read for pleasure"

My question is what the first and the second pronoun "it" mean in the 2nd paragraph below. I think that the first it means "to read English regularly" or "to read for pleasure,...
user152425MH's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
59 views

What does "its" refer to in this context?

As Karl Bürkli, a fervent democrat and trade union leader, wrote in 1869: Our law-makers, elected by the people, are incapable of making good laws for the working class, even if they make excellent ...
1amroff's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
86 views

What does “finish” mean and what does “things” refer in “most people can’t just 'finish' things with this software”?

An excerpt from "When M.I.T. Artist Shouts, His 'Painting' listens," an interview with Professor John Maeda conducted by Claudia Dreifus. (NYT) Q. When you are creating your own computer art ...
HypnoticBuggyWraithVirileBevy's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
34 views

Will the reference word "they" cause confusion in my sentence?

As I write the following sentence, I am wondering whether it will cause confusion: Don't trust those who leave their friends the moment they get into difficulties. Based on the meaning, I guess ...
HypnoticBuggyWraithVirileBevy's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
40 views

"that is one of the definitions of what Shakespeare-language does," that refers to?

At this very early and rather primitive stage, we could not give our student-subjects undiluted lines of Shakespeare because too much in the brain would light up in too many places: that is one of the ...
HypnoticBuggyWraithVirileBevy's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
29 views

reference of two "it" in a sentence

So I guess I wasn't much of a friend to him, when it came down to it, or at least had misrepresented the friend I was (From ACT) What does the two "it" refer? I think the first "it&...
HypnoticBuggyWraithVirileBevy's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
22 views

What does "such an introduction" refer to?

Within the United States, they are commonly taken from one area to another, both legally and illegally, to restock hunting areas and, presumably, because people simply want them to be part of their ...
HypnoticBuggyWraithVirileBevy's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
50 views

"And it goes without saying" is referring back or indicating the following sentence?

I mean as it flies all the way across the Gulf of Mexico, it uses up almost none of its body fat. But that doesn't mean it doesn't need to eat! So hummingbirds have to rely on plants in their natural ...
HypnoticBuggyWraithVirileBevy's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
38 views

Use of “the following”

I’m citing a theorem in a reference, and I want to say By Theorem 1 in [1] and the following paragraphs, we can know that...... I mean the paragraphs in that reference below the theorem, but my ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
33 views

The ’Rakers/ Hayley’s refrences

this passage is from Jerusalem by Jez Butterworth, what Hayley’s referring to? and where is The ’Rakers? JOHNNY. Serves you right. Why don’t you fuck off home like the rest of ’em. Stop round Hayley’s,...
user103409's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
1k views

"spoon up" someone's nose

IMO, English songs from 80 to early 00 were golden. Anyway, I don't know how many time I listened to Billy Joel's songs. One of his songs Big Shot has this line, Well, you went uptown Ridin' in your ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
46 views

does "revolving the disc" caused by "attachments" or "sliding the table"? what is the meaning of "follow" here?

does "revolving the disc" caused by "attachments" or "sliding the table"? what is the meaning of "follow" here? Mr. S. B. Brittan, editor of The Spiritual Telegraph, gives the following condensed ...
user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
45 views

does "town" and "city" are the same place in this context?

does "town" and "city" are the same place in this context? i mean. does the "city" refers to the mentioned "town"? This drives him to the consideration of whether these things may not be ...
user avatar
29 votes
3 answers
8k views

What is the Kool-aid reference?

I’ve heard the expression “someone’s been drinking/drank the cool aid” multiple times. I know coolaid is a drink or something but it doesn’t really make sense in the context. I feel like there’s some ...
Nathan 's user avatar
  • 433
0 votes
1 answer
47 views

does second "lights" refers to "candles" or to the first mentioned "light"? does "lit" means "ignited" or "being ignited"?

does second "lights" refers to "candles" or to the first mentioned "light"? does "lit" means "ignited" or "being ignited"? Many interesting and touching messages were conveyed to me by the usual ...
solesoul's user avatar
  • 355
0 votes
1 answer
38 views

does "about four inches square" refers to "some phosphorescent material" or "hand"?

does "about four inches square" refers to "some phosphorescent material" or "hand"? very extraordinary phase of Mrs. Fox-Jensen's mediumship was the production of luminous substances. In the ...
solesoul's user avatar
  • 355
0 votes
0 answers
108 views

in the following grammar

Consider we have the sentence My bird likes sunflower seeds. She eats a lot of seeds everyday. Using pronoun resolution we can replace she with the actual subject 'My birds'; converting 'She ...
Clash Warner's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
90 views

as it stands/as it is

What does "it" in "as it stands" and "as it is now" refer to? The situation or the evidence? The evidence, as it stands, cannot be conclusive. The evidence, as it is now, cannot be conclusive. ...
Apollyon's user avatar
  • 5,996
1 vote
1 answer
55 views

What does "its" refer to in "...Australia led the way in its development and application of a principled law of restitution..."

What does "its" refer to in "...Australia led the way in its development and application of a principled law of restitution..."? Here's the context: We were enthralled by the decisions and ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
30 views

Should I use "simple past" or "past simple" when talking about tense grammar?

It seems that wiki accepts both "simple past" and "past simple" The simple past, past simple or past indefinite, sometimes called the preterite, is the basic form of the past tense in Modern ...
peterpanai's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
223 views

What does "Mr growly pants" refer to?

So I've heard this expression in the "Trailer Park Boys" TV show (taking place in Canada). According to the context I understand that it probably means someone grumpy, who's complaining a lot. ...
May.D's user avatar
  • 265